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And drink will be dear to Willie,
When sweet milk; gars him die.

Ah wae light on ye, Stobs!
And ill death mot ye die
Ye're the first and foremast man
That e're laid hands on me ;
That e're laid hands on me ;
And took my mare me frae;
Wae to ye, Sir Gilbert Elliot,
Ye are my mortal fae :

The lasses of Ousenam water
Are rugging and riving their hair,
And a' for the sake of Willie,
His beauty was sae fair ;
His beauty was sae fair,
And comely for to see,
And drink will be dear to Willie,
When sweet milk gars him die.
Black lord Archibald's battle laws,
In the old Douglas' day—Ver. 31, p. 97.

The title to the most ancient collection of Bors der regulations runs thus :

# A wretched pun on his antagonist's name,

“Be it remembered, that on the 18th day of December, 1468, earl William Douglas assembled the whole lords, free-holders, and eldest Borderers, that best knowledge had, at the college of Linclouden; and there he caused those lords and Borderers bodily to be sworn, the Holy Gospel touched, that they justly and truly, after their cunning, should decrete, decern, deliver, and put in order and writing, the statutes, ordinances, and uses of marche, that were ordained in Black Archibald of Douglas's days, and Archibald his son's days, in time of warfare ; and they came again to him advisedly with these statutes and ordinances, which were in time of warfare before. The said earl William, seeing the statutes in writing decreed and delivered by the said lords and Borderers, thought them right speedful and profitable to the Borderers; the which statutes, ordinances, and points of warfare, he took, and the whole lords and Borderers he caused bodily to be sworn, that they should maintain and supply him, at their goodly power, to do the law upon those that should break the statutes underwritten. Also the said earl William, and lords, and eldest Borderers, made certain points to be treason in time of warfare to be used, which were no treason before his time, but to be treason in his time, and in all time coming.”

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The Bloody Heart blazed in the van,
Announcing Douglas, dreaded name *
Verse 4, p. 103.

The chief of this potent race of heroes, about the date of the poem, was Archibald Douglas, seventh earl of Angus, a man of great courage and activity. The bloody heart was the well known cognizance of the house of Douglas, assumed from the time of the Good lord James, to whose care Robert Bruce committed his heart to be carried to the Holy Land.

Beneath the crest of old Dunbar,
And Hepburn's mingled banner's, come,
Down the steep mountain glittering far,
And shouting still “A Home 1 A Home *
Verse 4, p. 104.
The earls of home, as descendants of the Dunbars,

ancient earls of March, carried a flon rampant, argent ; but, as a difference, changed the colour of the shield from gules to vert, in allusion to Greenlaw, their ancient possession. The slogan or war-cry, of this powerful family, was, “A Home ! A Home!” It was anciently placed in an escroll above the crest. The helmet is armed with a lion's head erased gules, with a cap of state gules, turned up ermine.

The Hepburns, a powerful family in east Lothian, were usually in close alliance with the Homes. The chief of this clan was Hepburn, lord of Hailes ; a family which terminated in the too famous earl of Bothwell.

Pursued the foot-ball play—Ver, 6, p. 105.

The foot-ball was anciently a very favourite sport all through Scotland, but especially upon the Borders. Sir John Carmichael of Carmichael, warden of the middle marches, was killed in 1600, by a band of the Armstrongs, returning from a foot-ball match. Sir Robert Carey in his Memoirs, mentions a great meet- ing appointed by the Scottish riders, to be held at Kelso, for the purpose of playing at foot-ball, but which terminated in an incursion upon England. At present the foot-ball is often played by the inhabitants of adjacent parishes, or of the opposite banks of a stream. The victory is contested with the

atmost fury, and very serious accidents have sometimes taken place in the struggle.

'Twixt truce and war, such sudden change
Was not unfreqment, nor held strange,
In the old Border-day.—Ver, 7, p. 106.

Notwithstanding the constant wars upon the Boro. ders, and the occasional cruelties which marked the mutual inroads, the inhabitants on either side do not appear to have regarded each other with that violent and personal animosity which might have been expected. On the contrary like the out posts of hos-, tile armies, they often carried on something resembling friendly intercourse, even in the middle of hostilities ; and it is evident from various ordinances, against trade and intermarriages between English, and Scottish Borderers, that the governments of both. countries were jealous of their cherishing too inti-. mate a connection. Froissart says of both nations, that “Englyshemen on the one party, and Scottes on the other party, are good men of warre ; for when they meet, there is a harde fight without sparynge. There is no hoo (truce) between them as longe as spears, swords, axes, or daggers will endure, but lay on eche upon other,

and whan they be well beaten, and that the one Pao,

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