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Relsey is devysed to be done secretly, by Tyndaih and Rydisdale. And thus the holy Trynite and *** your most Royal estate, with long lyf and as muche increase of honour as your most noble heart can desire. At Werkworth, the xxiith day of Oct.” (1522.)

Wat Tinlinn–Verse 4, p. 77.

This person was, in my younger days, the theme of many a fire-side tale. He was retainer of the Buccleuch family, and held for his border-service a small tower on the frontiers of Liddesdale. Wat was by profession a sutor, but, by inclination and practice, an archer and warrior. Upon one occasion, the captain of Bewcastle, military governor of that wild district of Cumberland, is said to have made an incursion into Scotland, in which he was defeated, and forced to fly. Wat Tinlinn pursued him closely through a dangerous morass : the captain, however, gained the firm ground ; and seeing Tinlinn dismounted, and floundering in the bog, used these words of insult, “Sutor Wat you cannot sew your boots ; the heels risp, and the seams rive.” “If I cannot sew,” retorted Tinlinn, discharging a shaft which nailed the captain's thigh to his saddle, “If I cannot sew, I can yerk.”t

* Risp—creak, Rive–tear.

t Yerk-totwitch, as shoemakers do, in securing the stitches of their work.

- * Bilhope Stag—verse 5, p. 78. o - There is an old rhyme which thus celebrates the places in Liddesdale, remarkable for game. * Bishope braes for bucks and raes, And Carit haughs for swine, And Tarras for the good bulltrout, If he be ta'en in time.

- The bucks and roes, as well as the wild swine, are now extinct ; but the good bulltrout is still famous.

of silver broach and bracelet proud—Ver. 5, p. 78.

As the Borderers were indifferent about the furniture of their habitations, so much exposed to be burned and plundered, they were proportionally anxious to display splendor in decorating and ornamenting their females. See LESLEY de Moribus Limita*2Cortants

Belied Will Howard—ver 6, p. 79.

Lord William Howard, third son of Thomas, duke of Norfolk, succeeded to Naworth Castle, and a large domain annexed to it, in right of his wife Elizabeth, sister of George Lord Dacre, who died without heirs male, in the 11th of queen Elizabeth. By a poetical anachronism, he is introduced into the

romance a few years earlier than he actually flour. ished. He was warden of the western marches ; and from the rigor with which he repressed the Border excesses, the name of Belted Will Howard is stilf famous in our traditions. . In the castle of Naworth, his apartments, containing a bedroom, oratory, and library, are still shewn. They impress us with an unpleasing idea of the life of a lord warden of the marches. Three or four strong doors, separating these rooms from the rest of the castle, indicate apprehensions of treachery from his garrison ; and the secret winding passages, through which he could privately descend into the guard-room, or even into the dungeons, imply the necessity of no small degree of secret superintendance on the part of the governor. As the ancient books and furniture have remained undisturbed, the venerable appearance of these apartments, and the armour scattered around the chamber, almost led us to expect the arrival of the warden in person. Naworth Castle is situated near Brampton, in Cumberland. Lord William Howard is ancestor of the earls of Carlisle. * - ... Lord Dacre—Verse 6, p. 79. The well known name of Dacre is derived from the 'exploits of one of their ancestors at the siege of Acre or Ptolemais, under Richard Coeur de Lion.

There were two powerful branches of that name: The first family called lord Dacres of the south, held the castle of the same name, and are ancestors to the present lord Dacre. The other family descended from the same stock, were called lord Dacres of the north, and were barons of Gilsland and GraystockA chieftain of the latter branch was warden of the west marches during the reign of Edward VI. He was a man of a hot and obstinate character, as appears from some particulars of lord Surrey's letter to Henry VIII. giving an account of his behaviour at the siege and storm of Jedburgh. It is printed in

the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, appendix to

the introduction.

a The German hagbutmen—Ver. 6, p. 79.

* In the wars with Scotland Henry VIII. and his successors employed numerous bands of mercenary troops. . At the battle of Pinky, there were in the English army six hundred hack-butteers on foot, and two hundred on horseback, composed chiefly of foreigners. On the 27th September, 1549, the duke of Somerset, lord Protector, writes to the lord Dacre, warden of the west marches: “The Almains, in number two thousand, very valiant soldiers, shall be sent, to you shortly from Newcastle, together with Sir Thomas. Holcroft, and with the force of yeur

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wardenry (which we would were advanced to the most strength of horsemen that might be,) shall make the attempt to Loughmaben, being of no such strength but that it may be skailed with ladders, whereof, beforehand, we would you caused secretly some number to be provided ; or else underminded with the pyke-axe, and so taken : either to be kept for the king's majesty, or otherwise to be defaced, and taken from the profits of the enemy. And in like manner the house of Carlaverok to be used.” Repeated mention occurs of the Almains, in the subsequent correspondence; and the enterprise seems finally to have been abandoned from the difficulty of providing these strangers with the necessary “victuals and carriages” in so poor a country as Dumfries-shire. Iłistory of Cumberland, vol. i. Introd. p. 61. From the battle-pieces of the ancient Flemish, painters, we learn that the Low Country and German soldiers marched to an assault with their right knees, bared, And we may also observe, in such pictures, the extravagance to which they carried the fashion of Ornamenting their dress with knots of ribband. This custom of the Germans is alluded to in the Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 121. - - ...

* . . . . . . Their pleited garments therewith well accord, All jagde and frounst, with divers colours dect...,

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