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. They know if I speak truth or lie;
Every pensioner:* a room did gain,
For service done and to be done;
This I'll let the reader understand,
The name both of the men and land,
Which they possesed, it is of truth,
Both from the lairds and lords of Buckleugh,

Accordingly dismounting from his Pesagus, Satchells gives us in prose, the names of twenty four gentlemen, younger brothers of ancient families, who were pensioners to the house of Buccleuch, and describes the lands which each possessed for his border service. In time of war with England, the garrison was doubtless augmented. Satchells adds, “These twenty three pensioners, all of his own name of Scott, and Walter Gladstanes of Whitelaw, a near cousin of my Lord's, as aforesaid, were ready on all occasions when his honor pleased cause to advertise themIt is known to many of the country better than it is to me, that the rent of these lands, which the lairds and lords of Buccleuch did freely bestow upon their friends, will amount to above twelve or fourteen thousand merks a year.” History of the name of Scott, p. 45. An immense sum in those times.

* Room, portion of land.

And with yedwood axe at saddlebow....Ver, 5, p. 17.

* “Of a truth,” says Froissart, “the Scottish cannot boast great skill with the bow, but rather bear axes, with which in time of need, they give heavy strokes.” The Jedwood axe was a sort of partizan, used by horsemen, as appears from the arms of Jedburgh, which bear a cavalier mounted, and armed with this weapon. It is also called a Jedwood or Jeddart staff. - o

They watch against southern force and guile,
Lest Scroope, or Howard, or Percy's powers,
Threaten Branksome's lordly towers,
From Warkworth, or Naworth, or Merry Carlisle.”
- - Verse 6, p. 17.

Branksome castle was continually exposed to the

attacks of the English, both from its situation and the restless military disposition of its inhabitants, who were seldom on good terms with their neighbours. The following letter from the earl of Northumberland to Henry VIII. in 1533, gives an account of a successful inroad of the English, in which the country was plundered up to the gates of the castle. It occurs in the cotton MS. Calig. B. VIII. f. 222.

* “Pleasith yt your most gracious highnes to be adu

ertised that my comptroller with Raynald Carnaby

desyred licence of me to invade the realme of Scotoz -

land, for the annoysaunce of your highnes enemyes, where they thought best exployt by theyme might be done, and to haue to concur withe theyme the inhabitants of Northumberland, suche as woas towards me according to theyre assembly, and as by theyre discrecions vppone the same they shulde thinke most convenient; and soo they dyd mete vppon Monday, before nyght, being the iiiday of this instant monethe, at Wawhop, vppon northe Tyne water, above Tyndaill, where they were to the nombre of xv c men, and so invadet Scotland, at the howre of viii of the clok at nyght, at a place called Whele Causay; and before xi of the clok dyd send forth a forrey of Tyndaill and Ryddisdaill, and laide all the reysdewe in a bushment, and actyvely dyd set vppon a towne called Branxhom, where the lord of Buclough dwellythe, and purpesed theymeselves with a trayne for him lyke to his accustomed manner, in rysynge, to all frayes; albeit, that nyght he was not at home, and soo they brynt the said Branxhome, and other townes, as to say Whichetre, Whichestrehelme, and Whelley, and haid ordered theymeself soo, that sundry of the said lord Buclough servants whoo dyd issue fourthe of his gates, was takyn prisoners. They dyd not leve one house, one stak of corne, nor one sheys, without the gate of the said lord Buclough, vnbrynt; and thus scrymaged and frayed, supposing the lord .

of Buclough to be within iii or iiii myles to have traymed hym to the bushment ; and soo in the breyking of the day dyd the forrey and the bushment mete, and reculed homeward, making theyr way westward from theyre invasion to be over Lyddersdaill, as intending yf the fray frome theyre furste entry by the Scotts waiches, or otherwyse by warnyng shulde haue bene gyven to Gedworth and the countrey of Scotland theyreabouts of theyre invasion ; whiche Gedworthe is from the Wheles Causay, vi myles, that thereby the Scotts shulde have comen further vnto theyme, and more owte of ordre ; and and soo vppon sundry good consideracons, before they entered Lyddersdaill, as well accompting the inhabitants of the same to be towards your highnes, and to inforce theyme the more therby, as alsoo to put an occasion of suspect to the kinge of Scotts and his counsaill, to be takyn anenst theyme amongs theymeselves, maid proclamcions commaunding vppon payne of dethe, assurance to be for the said inhabitants of Lyddersdaill, without any prejudice or hurt to be done by any Inglyssman vnto theyme, and soo in good ordre abowte the howre of ten of the clok before none, vppon Tewsday, dyd pass through the said Lyddersdaill, when did come diverse of the said inhabitants there to my servauntes, under the said assurance, effering theymeselfs with any service they couthe make and thus, thanks be to Godde, your highnes subjects abowte the howre of xii of the clok at none the same day, came into this youre-highnes realme, bryging wt theyme above xl Scottsmen prisoners, one of theyme named Scot, of the surname and kyn of ths said lord of Buclough, and of his howsehold ; they brought alsoo coc nowte, and above by horse and mares, keping in safetie frome losss or hurte all your said highnes subjects. There was alson a towne called Newbyggyns, by diverse fotmen of Tyndaill and Ryddersdaill takyn vp of the nyght, and spoyled, when was slayne ii Scottsmen of the said towne, and many Scotts there hurte: your highmes subjects was xiiii myles within the grounde of Scotland, and is from my house at werkworthe, above lx myles of the most evill passage, where great snawes doth lye ; heretofore the same townes nowe brynthaith not at any tyme in the mynd of man in any warrs been enterprised unto nowe; your subjects were thereto more encouraged for the better advancement of your highnes service, the said lord of Buclough beyng always a mortal enemy to this your graces realme, and he dyd say within xiiii dayes before, he wolde see who durst lye near hym, wt many other cruell words, the knowledge whereof was certaynly-haid to my said servaunts, before theyre enterprice maid vppon him ; most humbly beseech

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