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ENTERED according to Act of Congress, in the year 1860, by

TIE TRIBUNE ASSOCIATION,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the l' nited States for the Southern District of New York.

W. H, TINdon, Stereotyper,

1960

619

A D V ERTISEMENT.

The single end of this book is the presentation, in a compact and convenient form, of the more important facts, votes, resolves, letters, speeches, reports and other documents, which elucidate the political contest now agitating this country. It has been our aim to let every candidate and other important personage speak for himself, make his own platform, and vindicate (if he may) his own consistency and the soundness of his views on the great questions which underlie our current politics.

Of course, such a work can have but a comparative merit. Make it ever so large, and still many things must be omitted that the compiler would wish to insert; and every critic will plausibly ask, “Why insert this and omit that ? Why give so much of A. and so little of B.?” Beside, it is not always possible to remember, or, if remembered, to find, all that would be valued in a work like this. We can only say that we have done our best : let him do better who can.

Inaccuracy of citation is one of the chief vices of our political discussions. You can hardly listen to a set speech, even from a well-informed and truthful canvasser, which is not marred by some misapprehension or unconscious misstatement of the position and views of this or that prominent statesman. Documents, heedlessly read and long since lost or mislaid, are quoted from with fluency and confidence, as though with indubitable accuracy, when the citations so made do gross injustice to their author, and tend to mislead the hearer. We believe the documents collected in this work are so printed that their general accuracy may be safely relied on.

By canvassers of all parties, we trust our Text-Book will be found convenient, not to say indispensable. But those who only listen, and read, and reflect, will also find it a manifest help to a clear understanding of the issues and contentions of the day. They will be interested in comparing the actual positions taken by Mr. Lincoln, or Mr. Douglas, or Gen. Cass, or Mr. Everett, as faithfully set forth in this work, with those confidently attributed to that statesman in the fluent harangue of some political opponent, who is intent on blazoning his inconsistency or proving his insincerity. To verify and correct

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the citations of a frothy declaimer is sometimes the easiest and most convinci. ing refutation of his speech.

If a trace of partisan bias is betrayed in the thread of narrative which par. tially unites the successive reports, bills, votes, etc., presented in this work, the error is unintentional and regretted. Our purpose was to compile a record acceptable and convenient to men of all parties, and which might be consulted and trusted by all. Whatever is original herein is regarded as of no use or merit, save as a necessary elucidation of the residue. Without apology, therefore, or further explanation, the Text-Book is commended to the favor of the American public.

New-YORK, August 1st, 1860.

CONTENTS.

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PAGI

ABOLITION Conv, at Warsaw, N. Y., 1839. 12 BELL, John, of Tennessee, nominee of the

ABOLITIONISTS (Garrisonians) for Disunion. 173 Union party for President, 1860. .................

His Compromise Proposition......

ACCEPTANCE of Presidential candidates.... 210! His letter accepting the nomination for Presi-

ADAMS, CHARLES Francis, of Massachusetts,

.........

President Buffalo Convention, 1848; Nominee of BENJAMIN, Judah P., of Louisiana, on Pop-

do, for Vice-President......

..... 17! ular Sovereignty.........

194

Adams, GOVERNOR, of South Carolina, re.

His opinion of Douglas....

196
commends in a Message the reopening of the Afri-

the reopening of the Afri. BIRNEY, JAMES G., of Michigan, Abolition
can Slave-Trade.......

..... 208 candidate for President in 1840...
Adams, Jonx, of Massachusetts, chosen

Liberty Party candidate for President in 1844..
President 1796–7: Reëlection defeated '1800-1.... 9 BONHAM, MILLIDGE L., of South Carolina,
Adams, John Quincy, of Massachusetts,

for Dissolution.................................. 172
elected President 1824 ; defeated candidate for Boyd, Linn, of Kentucky, defeated for

do. 1828....................................... 10 Vice-President by Democratic Convention, 1856..
ALLEN, CHARLES, of Massachusetts, offers BRECKINRIDGE, John C., of Kentucky,

Resolve in Whig National Convention, 1848....... 15 nominated Vice-President by Democratic Con-

AMERICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1856.... 23

vention, 1856.....

Elected Vice-President 1856........

AMERICAN National Council, 1856......

Speech on General Politics at Frankfort Ky.,

in 1859...........................

Anti-Masonic NationAL CONVENTIONS of

Gives casting vote against Free Homestead bill 187

1830 and 1831.........

Accepts nomination for Presidency ............

ANTI-SLAVERY ORDINANCE of 1784......

Bronson, Judge GREENE C., on Slavery,

Anti-SLAVERY ORDINANCE of 1787....... letter affirming Slavery to exist only by positive

Asamun, GEORGE, of Massachusetts, Presi-

dent Republican National Convention, 1860.......

Brown, AARON V., of Tennessee, de-

ATCHISON, David R., of Missouri, beaten

feated for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-

tion 1856..... ............................

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1852 20

....

Banks, NATHANIEL P., of Massachusetts,

BUCHANAN, JAMES, of Pennsylvania, beaten

defeated for Vice-President in Rep. Conv., 1856...

for President in Democratic Convention, 1844....

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven.

Supported for Vice-President in Republican Na-

tion, 1849....

tional Convention, 1860..........

Nominated for President by Democratic Con-

BATES, EDWARD, of Missouri, President

vention, 1856.......

Whig National Convention, 1856.

Elected President of the United States, 1856....

Candidate for President before Republican Con-

Message on Lecompton.....

113

vention, 1860......

Special message on do......

117

Letter to the Missouri delegates to the Republi.

Veto of Homestead bill........

191

can Convention........................... 199 BURR, AARON. chosen Vice-President.

His letter in support of Lincoln and Hamlin.:

1800-1.. ......

BARBOUR, PHILIP P., of Virginia, beaten

for Vice-President.........

10

BUTLER, WILLIAM O., of Kentucky, Demo-

BARBOUR, JAMES, of Virginia, President

cratic nominee and defeated candidate for Vice.

President, 1848.. ......

16

first National Republican Convention...

Defeated for President and Vice-President in
President Whig National Convention, 1939..... 12

Democratic National Convention, 1852...... 20
BARNBURNERS of New York retire from De-

CALHOUN, JOHN C., of South Carolina,
mocratic National Convention.....

elected Vice-President in 1824, and reelected in

Nominate Van Buren and Dodge for President

1829.....

............ 10

and Vice-President........

CAMBRELENG, C. C., of N. Y. on Slavery... 204

BARTLETT, G. B., of Kentucky, President

American National Council, 1856................ 23

Cameron, Gen. Simon, of Pennsylvania,

I candidate for President before Republican Na.

BAYARD, JAMES A., of Delaware, defeated

tional Convention, 1860 .... ................... 27

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1856

Presides over Seceders' Convention at Charles-

CAMPBELL, LEWIS D., of Ohio, offers a re-

... 41 l solve in Whig National Convention, 1848. ....... 15

.....

von........................

...........

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PAGS

CARROLL, Gov. William, of Tennessee,

Fourth Democratic National Convention, 1844 .. 13

President of the third Democratic National Con-

Fifth Democratic National Convention, 1848....

vention, 1840..............

Sixth Democratic National Convention, 1852....

Seventh Democratic National Convention, 1856.

Cass, Gen. LEWIS, of Michigan, beaten for

Eighth Democratic National Convention, 1860 ..

President in Democratic Convention, 1844.......

Mr. Avery's (N. C.) Majority Report, from Com-
Democratic nomineee for President, 1848;

mittee on Platform; Mr. H. B. Payne's Mi-
beaten for President, 1843........

nority Report from Committee on Platform;
Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

Senator Wm. Bigler's Compromise proposition

tion, 1852.......

Mr. Avery's amended Majority Report ; Mr.

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

Avery's remarks in favor of same; Mr. H. B.

tion, 1856..

Payne of Ohio in reply .............

Nicholson Letter on Popular Sovereignty...... 179 His extracts from Breckinridge, Orr, and Ste-

CHAPMAN, Gen. John G., of Maryland,

phens; Mr. Samuels's (of Iowa) Minority Re-

President, Whig National Convention, 1852......

port..

Minority Report adopted, 165 to 138; Alabama

CHASE, Salmon P., of Ohio, candidate for

protests and withdraws......................

President before Republican National Conven-

Mississippi withdraws ........

tion, 1860......

South Carolina, Florida, and Texas withdraws...

, 1000......................................

Proposes to Allow People of Kansas to prohibit

Arkansas retires.........................

Slavery .......

81 Georgia retires.........................

CLAY, Cassius M., of Kentucky, supported

Louisiana withdraws; Speech of Wm. B. Gaulden

of Georgia in favor of the Slave-Trade .......

for Vice-President in Republican National Con-

Fruitless ballots (57) for President; Adjournment

vention, 1860 .........

.......... 28

to Baltimore; The Seceders at Charleston ; Se-

CLAY, HENRY, of Kentucky, beaten for

nator Bayard, of Delaware, Chairman; They

President, 1832...

adopt the Avery Platform ..........

:. ..............
Defeated for President in Whig Convention at

They adjourn to Richmond ; They meet at Rich-
Harrisburg, 1839. Defeated for President in

mond June 11; They finally adopt Breckin-

ridge and Lane; The adjourned Convention at
Defeated for President in Whig Convention,

timore; Gen. Cushing's opening Speech ......
1848.........

Mr. Howard, of Tennessee, moves admission of

original Delegates; Mr. Kavanagh, of Minne-
CLINGMAN, Thomas L., of North Carolina,

sota, moves to lay on table ; Previous question

for Dissolution.....

defeated........

Proposition of Mr. S. E. Church, of New-York;
Clinton, De Witt, defeated for President 9

Report of Committee on Credentials ......
Clinton, GEORGE, choseu Vice-President,

Minority Report of do.; Admission of Douglas

1804............

Delegates from Louisiana and Alabama ....

Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Maryland

Cochrane, John, of New-York, presents

and California withdraw.....

Anti-Slavery Resolves to Mass Meetings......... 207 | Delaware, and part of Kentucky, and Missouri

withdraw; Gen. Cushing resigns the Chair;
CONSTITUTIONAL UNION CONVENTION, 1860 29

Gen. Butler, of Massachusetts, offers a pro-
CRAWFORD, MARTIN J., for Dissolution 172 vesu.......................................
CRAWFORD, William H., of Georgia, beaten DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM (Davis's Resolu-
in Democratic Caurus for President in 1816;

tions), adopted by the United States Senate, affirm-
Democratic Caucus candidate for President, 1824

ing the duty of Congress to establish a Slave Code

Beaten for President 1824......

in the Territories ..................

............ 194

CURRY, J. L. M., of Alabama, for Dissolu DICKINSON, DANIEL S., of New-York, sup-

tion......

ported for President in Democratic National Con-

CoShing, Gen. CALEB, of Massachusetts, vention, 1860. .....

.... 41

President of Democratic National Convention,

Dix, Gen. JOHN A., advocates Freedom

1860.....

Retires from the chair at Baltimore...

for the Territories in the United States............

Presides over the Seceders' Convention at Bal-

DISUNION Avowed by Southern Statesmen

timore...

*•.....................

in the event of the election of a Republican Presi-

Dallas, George M., of Pennsylvania, nomi-

dent ........................................... 170

nated for and elected Vice-President, 1844........

DOBBIN, JAMES C., of North Carolina, beaten

Davis, GARRETT, of Kentucky, defeated for

for Vice-President in Democratic National Conven-

President in the American National Convention... 28

tlon, 1856....................................... 24

Davis JEFFERSON, of Mississippi, supported, Dodge, Gen. Henry, of Wisconsin, nomi-

1860, for President in National Democratic Con nated for Vice-President by New-York Radicals in

1848, but declined...............................

His resolutions as they passed the Senate....... 194

in :::::.......

Davis, John, of Massachusetts, defeated for

| DoNelson, ANDREW J., of Tennessee, nomi-
Vice-President in Whig National Convention, 1844. 13

nated for Vice-President by American Convention.

Indorsed by Whig National Convention, 1856 ...
Davis, John W., of Indiana, President De-
mocratic National Convention, 1852.............. 20 DOUGLAS, STEPHEN A., of Illinois, beaten

for President in Democratic Convention, 1852....
DAYTON, WILLIAM L., of New Jersey, Re-

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

publican nominee for Vice-President, 1856; de

tion, 1856.........

feated therefor.........

Nominated at Baltimore in 1860
DEJARNETTE, DANIEL C., of Virginia, for Dis-

Proposes to extend the Missouri Compromise to

solution ....

the Pacific ..............................

Mr. Douglas' reply to Lincoln at Freeport......
DELAWARE Declares for Free Territories

Mr. Douglas' " Harper" Essay on Popular So-

through Legislative resolves in 1820..............

vereignty in the Territories.....

Also in 1849 .........

Speech at Springfield, III., June 12, 1857.......

DEMOCRACY OF Maine for the Wilmot Pro-

Speech on the John Brown raid, July 16, 1860,

proposing a Sedition Law....

VISO ................ ..........................

He tells what Popular Sovereignty has done for

DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTIONS. -First

Slavery.....

at Baltimore in 1832.......

Accepts Nomination for Presidency....
Second at Baltimore in 1835 ....

Extract from Speech in favor of Missouri Com-
Third Democratic National Convention,

promise.....

22

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