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THE

ANCIENT HISTORY

OF THE

EGYPTIANS, CARTHAGINIANS, ASSYRIANS, MEDES
AND PERSIANS, GRECIANS AND

MACEDONIANS.

BY CHARLES ROLLIN,

LATE PRINCIPAL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS, PROFESSOR OF ELOQUENCE
IN THE ROYAL COLLEGE, AND MÊMBER OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY

OF INSCRIPTIONS AND BELLES LETTERS.

TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH

TO WHICH IS PREFIXED,
A LIFE OF THE AUTHOR,

BY THE REV. R. LYNAM, A. M.

ASSISTANT CHAPLAIN TO THE MAGDALEN

OSPITAL.

IN EIGHT VOLUMES.

FROM THE FIFTEENTH LONDON EDITION, REVISED AND CORRECTED.

Vol. II.

NEW YORK:
PUBLISHED BY PRATT, WOODFORD & CO.,
No. 63 WALL STREET.

1844.

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CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLUME.

BOOK II. Continued.

Page

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1. The walls

2. The quays and bridge

3. The lake, ditches, and canals made for the draining of the river

4. The palaces, and hanging gardens

5. The iemple of Belus

CHAP. II. The second Assyrian empire, both of Nineveh and Babylon

Kings of Babylon

Nineveh

III. The history of the kingdom of the Medes

IV. The history of the Lydians

48

49

50

51
52

60
ibid.

61
72
82

BOOK IV.

THE FOUNDATION OF THE EMPIRE OF THE PERSIANS AND MEDES, BY

CYRUS : CONTAINING THE REIGNS OF CYRUS, OF CAMBYSES, AND

SMERDIS THE MAGIAN.

CHAP. I. The history of Cyrus

91

Art. I. The history of Cyrus from his infancy to the siege of Babylon

92

SECT. I. Cyrus's education

ibid.

Il Cyrus's journey to his grandfather Astyages, and his return into Persia 94

III. The first campaign of Cyrus, who goes to succour his uncle Cyaxares

against the Babylonians

97

IV. The expedition of Cyaxares and Cyrus against the Babylonians. The

first battle

V. The battle of Thymbra, between Cyrus and Cræsus

118

VI. The taking of Sardis and of Cresus

. 127

Art. Il. The history of the besieging and taking of Babylon by Cyrus

130

Sect I. Predictions of the principal circumstances relating to the siege and the taking

of Babylon, as they are set down in different places of the Holy Scrip.

tures

ibid.

• 107

in

CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLUME

Page

1. The prediction of the Jewish captivity at Babylon, and of the time of its

duration

131

2. The causes of God's wrath against Babylon

ibid.

3. The decree pronounced against Babylon. Prediction of the calamities

that were to fall upon her, and of her utter destruction

4. Cyrus called to destroy Babylon, and to deliver the Jews

133

5. God gives the signal to the commanders, and to the troops, to march

against Babylon

ibid.

6. Particular circumstances set down relating to the siege and the taking of

134

Sect. II. A description of the taking of Babylon

137

III. The completion of the prophecy which foretold the total ruin and destruc-

tion of Babylon

140

IV. What followed upon the taking of Babylon

143

ART. III. The history of Cyrus, from the taking of Babylon to the time of his death 149

Sect. I. Cyrus takes a journey into Persia. At his return from thence to Babylon,

he forms a plan of government for the whole empire. Daniel's credit and

power

ibid.

U. The beginning of the united empire of the Persians and Medes. The

famous edict of Cyrus. Daniel's prophecies

Reflections upon Daniel's prophecies

153

III. The last years of Cyrus. The death of that prince

- 158

Character and Eulogy of Cyrus

158

IV. Wherein Herodotus and Xenophon differ in their acccunts of Cyrus 164

CHAP. II. The history of Cambyses

166

III. The history of Smerdis the Magian

174

V. The manners and customs of the Assyrians, Babylonians, Lydians, Medes
and Persians

178

Art. I. Of their government

179

SECT. I. Their monarchical form of government. The respect they paid their kings.

The manner of educating their children

ibid.

II. The public council, wherein the affairs ofstate were considered

III. The administration of justice

183

IV. The care of the provinces

- 157

V. Administration of the revenues

193

ART. II. Of their war

- 195

SECT. I. Their entrance upon military discipline

196

Il. Their armour

ibid.

III. Chariots armed with scythes

197

IV. Their discipline in peace as well as war

- 198

V. Their order of battle

200

VI. Their manner of attacking and defending strong places

- 202

1. Their way of attacking places

ibid.

2. Their manner of defending places

203

VII. The condition of the Persian forces after Cyrus's time

204

ART. III. Arts and sciences

205

SECT. I. Architecture

206

II. Music

207

III Physic

208

IV. Astronomy

- 210

V. Judicial astrology

212

ART. IV. Religion

- 214

Their marriages, and the manner of burying the dead

220

ART. V. The causes of the declension of the Persian empire, and of the change that

happened in their manners

221

SECT. I. Luxury and magnificence

222

II. The abject submission and slavery of the Persians

224

III. The wrong education of their princes another cause of the declension of the

Persian empire

228

IV. Their breach of faith and want of sincerity

- 229

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