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proved by the confession of Bates (one of the conspirators), who had carried a written message to that effect. On his arrival, he was greeted gladly with the welcome, ‘Here is a gentleman that will live and die with us !' On his departure, he undertook to do his best to summon some influential Romanists living in the neighbourhood, and in Lancashire, to their aid. Eventually, fully conscious of his guilt, he saved his life by escaping to the Continent.
Finally, with reference to the case of Garnet, I should like to call attention to the two following little-known facts which reveal the low estimation in which this Jesuit was held by the majority of English Roman Catholics in the seventeenth century. During the year 1624, a representative of the English Secular Roman Catholic clergy, whilst staying at Rome, was surprised at reading underneath a portrait of Garnet the words • Propter fidem Catholicam.' He forthwith complained to the Pope, stating that Garnet was not regarded by English Roman Catholics as a martyr, and the inscription was accordingly changed into 'Ab haereticis occisus.' Later on, in the next reign, Panzani, the Papal agent, finding how unpopular the Jesuits were in London, was instructed by Pope Urban VIII, to assure Charles I. that Garnet would not be • beatified."
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
EXECUTION OF THE CONSPIRATORS
(From a print dated 1794) THE HOUSE OF GUY FAUKES AT LAMBETH
TO FACE PAGE
THE CHIEF CONSPIRATORS
(From an old print) THOMAS WINTER .
(From a print dated 1794) JOHN WRIGHT
(From a print dated 1794) GUY FAUKES.
(Prom a print dated 1794) THOMAS PERCY
(From a print dated 1801) THOMAS BATES
(From an old print) THE GUNPOWDER PLOT CELLARS
(Drawn by J. Capon in 1799)
(From a print dated 1807) ROBERT WINTER
(From a print dated 1794) WESTMINSTER HALL AND PALACE YARD From an etching by Hallar).