« PreviousContinue »
ridian or 12 o'clock line. But the most exact DECO'CTION. 8. (decoctun, Lat.) The way for taking the declination of a plane, or act of boiling any thing, to extract its virtuves finding a meridian line, by thisinstrument, is, (Bacon). in the forenoon, about two or three hours Decoction. (decoctum, from decoquo, to before 12 o'clock, to observe tivo or three boil.) In pharmacy, any medicine boileri in heights or altitudes EF of the sun; and at the a watery flui!. In a chemical point of view same time the respective angnlar polar dis- it is a continued ebullition withi water, tv setances GE from Go write thein down; and in parate snel parts of bodies as are only soluble the afternoon watch for the same, or one of the at that degree of heat. The following are the samne altitudes, and mark the angular distances chief preparations in modern dispensatories. or distance on the quadrant AG: pow', the D, althæa. This preparation, directed in division or degree exactly between the tiro the Edinburgh Pharmacopeia, inay be exhinoted angular distances will be the true meri- bited as a common drink in nephralgia, and wian, and the distance at which it may tall many diseases of the urinary passages, with from the C of the divisions at G will be the advantage. declination of the plane. The reason for oh- D. chiamameli. A very common and exserving two or three altitudes and angles in the cellent vehicle for tonic powders, pills, &c. It morning is, that in case there should be clouds is also in frequent use for fermentation and in the afternoon, you may have the chance of clysters. one corresponding altitude,
D. cinchone. This way of administering The quadrant occasionally takes off at C, in the bark is very general, as all the other preorder to place it on the surface of a pedestal or parations may be mixed with it as necessity plane intended for an horizontal dial; and requires. It is a very proper fomentation for therehy from equal altitudes of the sun, as prolapsus of the iterus and rectum. above, draw a meridian or twelve o'clock line D. cornu cervi. Decoctum album. This to set the dial br.
preparation of hartshorn possesses absorbent The base ABIK serves to take the inclina- and antacid qualities, and is a very excellent tion and reclination of planes. In this case, drink in ferers attended with diarrhea, and the quadrant is taken ost, and the plunimet P acidities of the prima viæ. is fitted on a pin at the centre C: then the siile D. (ieoffrææ. This is by far the most proIGK being applied to the plane proposed, as per form for administering this medicine, QL (tig. 10.) if the plumb-line cuts the semi- irbich possesses laxative, narcotic, and anthelcircle in the point G, the plane is horizontal; mintic virtnes. or if it cut the quadrant in any point at S, D. guaiaci compositum. This possesses stithen will GCS be the angle of inclination. mulant and diaphoretic qualities, and is geneLastly, if applying the side ACB (lig. 10.) to rally exhibited in cutaneous diseases which are the plane, the plummet cuts (i, the plane is dependant on a vitiated state of the humours. vertical; or if it cuts either of the quadrants, D. hellebori albi. The itch and some ernp. it is accordingly the angle of reclination. tions of the scalp are occasionally removed by Hence, if the quantity of the angle of inclina. this application, wbich should be used as a los tion be compared with the clevation of the tion. pole and equator, it is easily known whether D. hordei. Barley decoction is a very nuthe plane be inclined or reclined.
tritive and softening drink and the most proTO DECLINE. v. 1. (dleclino, Lit.) 1. To per of all liqnors in intlammatory diseases. It Jean downward (Shakspeare). 2. To deviate; is an excellent gargle in intiainmatory sore to run into obliquities (Exodus). 3. To shuni throats, mixed with a little nitre. to avoid to do any thing. 4. To sink ; to be 1). lordei compositum. From the pectoral impaired; to decay (Denham).
and demulcent qualities of this decoction, it To DECLINE. 1. a. 1. To bend downward; may be administered as a common drink in to bring down (Spenser). 2. To shun; to catarrh, and several atlections of the chest. avoid ; to refuse (Clarendon). 3. To modify D. mezerei. Anacrid and very stimulating it word by various terminations; to infect decoction, sometimes exbibited in indolent (Watts.).
glandular swellings. DECLI'NE. &. The state of tendency to the D. pro enemate. A very excellent form for worse; diminution ; decay (Prior).
an emollient clyster. A variety of medicines DECLIVITY. $. (ileclivis, Latin.) Incli- may be added to answer particular indications. nation or obliquity reckoned downward; gra- D. pro fomento. This preparation possesses dual descent; the contrary to acclivity (Swift). antiseptic properties, and may be directed with
DECLI VOUS. a. (itecliris, Latin.) (ra. advantage in sphacelus. dually descending ; not precipitous,
1). sarsaparillæ. This is much extolled by TO DECO/CT. v. a. (decoquo, decoctum, some practitioners in plithisis, and serves to reLat.) 1. To prepare by boiling for any use; store the strength: after a long course of mercury. w digest in hot water (R'ncon). 2. To iligest D. sarsaparillæ compositum. The alterative by the heat of the stomach (Daries). 3. To property of this compound is very great : it is boil in water (Bucon). 4. To boil up to a con. generally given atter a course Cot
mercury, sistence (Shakspenre).
where there has been nodes and indolent ulcerDECOCTULE. u. (from dicuci.) That ations, and with great benefit. may be boiled, or prepared by boiling:
D. senchæ. The chief qualities of the sc
pela are contained in this form. An addition DECORA'TOR. s. (from decorate.) An of a small quantity of liquorice obviates an un- adorner. pleasant sensation otherwise produced by it in DECO'ROUS. a. (decorus, Lat.) Decent; the sauces,
suitable to a character ; becoming (Ray). D. ulni. This may be employed, with To DECO'RTICATE. v. a. (decortico, great advantage, as a collyriam in chronic Latin.) To divest of the bark or husk (Arapatkalaria. It is given internally in some buthnot). catanecas eruptions.
DECORTICA'TION.s. (from decorticate.) DECO/CTURE. 8 (from decoct.) A sub. The act of stripping the bark or husk. stane drawn by decoction.
DECO'RUM. s. (Latin.) Decency; bebaDECOLLATION. 8. (decollatio, Latin.) viour contrary to licentiousness; seemliness The act of beheading (Brown).
(Wotton). DECOMPO'SITE. a. (decompositus, La- Decorum, in architecture, is the suitabletin.) Compounded a second time (Bacon). ness of a building, and the several parts and
DECON POSITION, in chemistry, the dis. ornaments thereof, to the station and occanon of substances already joined together; sion. a change which is uniformly succeeded by the To DECOʻY, v. a. (from koey, Dutch, a formation of new compounds. Few chemical cage.) To lure into a cage; to entrap (L’Eprocesses take place without a decomposition strange). of souje kind ; and hence decompositions are Deco'y, 8. Allurement to mischief (Berka almost innumerable in their variety, and de. ley). pend upon the nature of the chemical sub. Decoy, a canal, river, pond, or sheet of stances employed. See ANALYSIS.
water, in a marshy situation, surrounded with Decos POSITION OF FORCES. See Paral• reeds, and appropriated to the purpose of taking LELOGRAM OF FORCES.
wild-ducks and teal.. The management of it To DECOMPOUND. v. a. (decompono, requires much art, and the decoy-ducks much Latin.) 1. To compose of things already com- dexterous training Wild fowi sleep for the pounded; to compound a second time (New- most part during the day, and seek their food low). 2. To resolve a compound into simple towards evening and through the night. Hence parts.
as soon as evening sets in the decoy rises, as DECOU PO'UND. a. (from the verb.) Com- it is termed, and the sport commences. The posed of things or words already compounded; machinery consists of a great variety of pipes compounded a second time (Boyle).
or tubes terminating in nets, which are called DECOMPOUND LEAF. In botany, when the tube or funnel pets; reed-skreens, which are primary petiole is so divided that each part placed at certain intervals along every pipe, and furons compound leaf. The different kinds prevent the decoy-man or his dog from being of the decompound leaf are BigEMINATE, seen, excepting when necessary, and over the BITERNATE, and Bipinnate : which see in whole is suspended a large net upon hoops, their proper places.
extending over the entire pond or decoy space, DE CORAMENT. 8. (from decorate.) Or. and open only at one end. Just before the nament; embellishment.
decoy-ducks are ordered by the whistle of the To DE/CORATE. v. a. (decoro, Lat.) To decoy-man, whose sound they know and obey, adorn ; to embellish ; to beautify.
to commence their alluring stratagems, a small DECORATION. 8. (from decorate.) Or. quantity of hemp seeds is thrown over the bament; added beauty (Dryden).
skreens to tempt the wild-fowl to advance : DECORATION, in architecture, any thing the trained birds now begin their piping, the that adorns and enriches a building, churcli, wild-fowl make their appearance, and pass trinuphal arch, or the like, either without slowly, but generally in considerable numbers, side, or within. The orders of architecture over the skreens, and become completely surcontribute greatly to decoration ; and paint. rounded by the suspended net. If the wildings, rases, festoons, &c. are often very suc- fowl be inactive, the dog receives a signal to cessfully applied.
paddle a little at a distance, and they are sure DECORATION is more particularly applied to to advance in the hope of catching and devourthe scenes of theatres. 'In operas, and other ing what they suppose to be small fishes rising theatrical performances, the decorations must to the surface of the water. The decoy-man be frequently changed conformably to the sub- now rises and makes his appearance at the ject. The ancients had two kinds of decora- opening of the net where the wild-fowl entertings for their theatres: the first, called versa- ed; they cannot therefore retreat in that directiles, having three sides, or faces, which were tion, and the net effectually prevents them from turred successively to the spectators : the other ascending perpendicularly; they follow therecalled ductiles, showing a new decoration by fore the trained birds into the respective pipes, drawing or sliding it before another. This which become narrower and narrower by delatte! sort is still used, and apparently with grees, so that at last not more than one at a much greater success than among the ancients, time can pass forwards: another man is secret510 were obliged to draw a curtain whenever ed at the end of each pipe, who, after suffering they made a change in the decoration; whereas the decoy to escape upon the land on which on uur stage the change is made in a moment, the funnel terminates, receives the rest one 2011 almost without being perceived.
after another, and breaks their necks as he
receives them : in doing which much dexterity decree be obtained and inrolled, so that the seems to be required.
cannot be reheard, then there is no A decoy in some seasons is astonishingly remedy but by bill of review, which must be Jucrative : in 1795 the Tillingham decoy in on error appearing on the face of the decree, Essex, at that time in the occupation of Mr. or on matters subsequent thereto, as a release Mascall, netted, after every expense, eight or a receipt discovered since. hundred pounds sterling ; and the only birds DECREES OF COUNCILS are the laws made taken were ducks and mallards. In 1999 ten by them, to regulate the doctrine and policy thousand heads of wigeons, teals, and wild- of the church. ducks were caught in a decoy of the Reverend DE'CREMENT. 8. (decrementum, Latin.) Bate Dudley, in the same county. They are Decrease; the state of growing less; the quangenerally contracted for by the London poul- tity lost by decreasing (Brown). terers, who formerly gave eighteen shillings per DECREMENTS, in mathematics, the dozen (which, except in the case of duck and small parts by which a variable and decreasmallard, includes twenty-four, or the double ing quantity becomes less and less. dozen); though the price is now advanced to DECREPIT. a. (decrepitus, Lat.) Wasted a guinea or five and twenty shillings. and worn ont with age (Addison). Decoy-DUCK, a duck that lures others. To DECRE'PITATE. v. a. (decrepo, La
To DECREASE. v.a. (decresco, Lat.) To tin.) To calcine salt till it has ceased to grow less; to be diminished (Newton). crackle in the fire (Brown).
To DECREASE. V, n. To make less; to di- DECREPITATION. (decrepitatio, from minish (Daniel).
decrepo, to crackle.) A kind of crackling DECREASE. 8. (from the verb.) J. The noise, which takes place in bodies when state of growing less ; decay (Prior). 2. The heated : it is peculiar to some kinds of salt; wain of the moon (Bacon).
which, from a state of solution, are crystallized DECREASING PROGRESSION,
one whose so rapidly, that the crystals formed burst into terms decrease by some regular rule, as the minute pieces. arithmetical progression 9, 7, 5, 3, 1, which DECREPITNESS. Decreri'tude. decreases by the constant subtraction of the (from decrepit.) The last stage of decay ; the pumber 2. But the phrase is generally re
latst effects of old age (Bentley). strained to geometrical serieses, whose terms DECRESCENT. a. (from decrescens, decrease in a regular proportion: as
Latin.) Growing less; being in a state of for example, 1, 3, 4, 5, By, 14, &c.
decrease. and again 1, ja to ni zih BT, &c. DECRETAL. a. (decretum, Latin.) ApIn the first of these examples the sum of all pertaining to a deeree ; containing a decree the terms, in infinitum, is 2; the sum of the (Ayliffe). second progression, in infinitum, is 1 1. What DECRÉTAL, in the canon law, a letter of a is here meant, and what ought to be under- pope determining some point or question in stood in all such cases, is, that, whatever be the ecclesiastical law. The decretals composed the number of terins in any such progression, the second part of the canon-law. The first their amount can never equal the determined genuine one acknowledged by all the learned finite quantity called the sum, though it may as such, is a letter of pope Siricius, written in approach to it in such a manner, that their the year 385, to Himerus bishop of Tarragona difference will become smaller than any as- in Spain, concerning some disorders which signable quantity. The sum of any intinite bad crept into the churches of Spain. Gratian geometrical series decreasing, is equal to the published a collection of decretals, containing square of the first term divided by the differ- all the ordinances made by the popes till the ence between the first and second, as is demon. year 1150. Gregory IX. in 1227, following strated by Malcolm in his Arithmetic. See the example of Theodosius and Justinian, SERIES.
formed a constitution of his own; collecting To DECRE/E. v. n. (decretum, Latin). To into one body all the decisions, and all the make an edict; to appoint by edict (Milton). causes, whichi served to advance the papal
To DECRE'E, v. a. To doom or assign by a power ; which collection of decretals was decree (Job).
called the Pentateuch, because it contained Decre'E. 8. (decretum, Latin.) 1. An edict; five books. a law (Shukspeare). 2. An established rule DECRETIST. s. (from decree.) One that (Job). 3. A determination of a suit. studies the decretal (Ayliffe).
Decree, in the civil law, is a determina. DECRETORY. a."(trom decree.) 1. Ju. tion that the emperor pronounces upon bear- dicial; definitive (South). 2. Critical ; detiing a particular cause between plaintiff and nitive (Brown). defendant,
DECRIAL. 8. (from decry.) Clamorous DECREE is a sentence pronounced by the censure; hasty or noisy condemnation. lord chancellor in the court of chancery, and To DECRÝ'. v. a. (decrier, French.) To it is equally binding upon the parties, as a censure ; to blame clamorously; to clamour judgment in a court of law. By the laws of against (Dryden). England, a decree (notwithstanding any con- DECUBITUS, in medicine, the manner or tempts thereof) shall not bind the goods or posture in which a sick person lies in bed. See moveables, but only charge the person.
If a MEDICINE,
DECUMARIA. In botany, a genus of
DEDE/COROUS. a. (dedecus, Latin.) the class dodecandria, order monogynia, Calyx Disgraceful; reproachful; shameful. ten-leaved, superior; petals ten; capsule eight DEDENTI'TION. 8. (de and dentitio, er nine celled, many seeded. Two species, Latin.) Loss or shedding of the teeth (Brown). both natives of Carolina : one a climbing, and T. DE'DICATE. v. a. (dedico, Latin.) 1. the other a creeping plant.
To devote to some divine power (Numbers). DECC'MBENCE. Decu'mbency. 2. To appropriate solemnly to any person or (decumbo, Latin). The act of lying down; the purpose (Clarendon). 3.' To inscribe to a porsture of lying down (Brown).
patron (Peacham). DECUMBENT FLOWER. In botany. De'DICATE. a. (from the verb.) ConseDecumbens flos. Having the stamens and crate; devote; dedicated; appropriate (Spelpistils declined or bending down to the lower man). side of it; as in cassia. Stem: caulis decum- DEDICATION, the act of consecrating a beos, lying on the ground with the base higher temple, altar, statue, palace, &c. to the honour than the other parts.
of some deity. The use of dedications is very DECU'MBITURE. s. (from decumbo, ancient, both among the worshippers of the Latin.) 1. The time at which a man takes true God, and among the heathens; the Heto his bed in a disease. 2. (In astrology.) A brews call it noan hhanuchah, imitation; which scheme of the heavens erected for that time, by the Greek translators render tyxaiyidin and
уха. which the prognostics of recovery or death are yoplos, renewing. discovered
In the scripture we meet with dedications DE/CUPLE. (decuplus, Latin.) Tenfold of the tabernacle, of altars, of the first and se(Rey).
cond temple, and even of the honses of private DÉCURIO, a subaltern officer in the Ro- persons. "There are also dedications of vessels, man armies. He commanded a decuria, which and garments of the priests and Levites, and consisted of ten men, and was the third part of even of the men themselves. a torma, or the 30th part of a legion of horse, The heathens had also dedications of temwhich was composed of 380 men, There ples, altars, and images of their gods, &c. were certain magistrates in the provinces called Nebuchadnezzar held a solemn dedication of decuriones municipales, who formed a body to his statue (Dan. iii. 2). Pilate dedicated gilt represent the Roman senate in free and cor- bucklers at Jerusalem to Tiberius (Philo purate towns. They consisted of ten; whence legat). Petronius would have dedicated a the same.
statne to the emperor in the same city (ibid. p. DECURRENT LEAF. Folium decur. 791.) Tacitus (Hist. lib. iv. c. 53) mentions rens. In botany. A sessile leaf having its the dedication of the capitol, upon rebuilding base extending downwards along the stem; as it by Vespasian, &c. in symphytum, verbesina, carduus, sphæran- The Christians finding themselves at liberty thas. Applied also to the petiole, and the under Constantine, in lieu of their ruinous stipale.
churches, built new oncs in every place; and DECU'RSION, 8. (decursus, Latin.) The dedicated them with a deal of solemnity. The act of running down (Hale).
dedication was usually performed in a synod; DECU'RSIVELY - PINNATE LEAF. at least they assembled a number of bishops to Haring the leaflets decurrent, or running assist at the service. We have the description along the petiole.
of those of the churches at Jerusalem and DECURTATION. s. (decurtatio, Latin.) Tyre in Eusebius, and many others in later The act of cutting short, or shortening: writers.
DECURY, ten persons ranged under one DEDICATION, in literature, is an address chief, or leader.
prefixed to a book, soliciting patronage, or tesTo DECU'SSATE. v. a. (decusso, Latin.) tifying respect for the person to whom it is To intersect at acute anglese Rayler
made. The dedication of the fourth part of DECUSSATED LEAVES AND Mr. Edward's History of Birds is preserved BRANCHES. Growing in pairs, which al. here, not as one we think worthy of imitation, ternately cross each other at right angles; so but on account of its singularity. It is this : that if the stem be viewed vertically, or the “ To God! the one eternal! the incompreere be directed right down it, the leaves or hensible! the omnipresent! omniscient and branches will appear to be in fours.
Almighty Creator of all things that exist! DECUSSA'TION, a term in geometry, from orbs immeasurably great, to the minutest optics, and anatomy, signifying the crossing of points of matter, this ATOM is dedicated and 190 lines, rays, or threads, when they meet in devoted, with all possible gratitude, humiliaa point, and then go on separately from one tion, and worship, and the highest adoration
both of body and mind, by his most resigned, DEDDINGTON, a town in Oxfordshire, low, and humble creature, tema with a market on Tuesdays. Lat. 52. 2 N. DEDICA'TOR. 8. (from dedicate.) One Lon. 12. I W.
who inscribes his work to a patron with comT. DEDE/CORATE. v. a. (dedecoro, pliment and servility (Pope). lat.) To disgrace; to bring a reproach upon. DEDICATORY.a. (from dedicate.) Com.
DÉDECORATION. 8. (from dedecorate.) posing a dedication; adulatory (Pope).
DEDIMUS POTESTATEM, in law, a
commission granted to one or more persons, by the queen, that she sent over two physicians for the forwarding and dispatching some act
to attend him. lle returned as soon as lie was appertaining to a judge, or some court; as to recovered, and went to reside at Mortlake, take answers in chancery, depositions of wit. where be collecteıl a great library, which queen pesses in a cause depending in that court, and Elizabeth went to see in 1575. Her majesty levy a fine in the common pleas, &c. where also liekl frequent conversations with "Dee persons live in the country or cannot travel. pon philosophical subjects; but he seems to
DEDIDITII, among the Romans differed have received hardly any particular marks of from CAPTIVES in this, that the latter were ber royal favour. In 1351 be and Edward taken by force, whereas the former surrendered Kelly began their magical operations, which themselves.
lasted two years, in which they were joined by DEDITION. s. (deditio, Latin.) The act a Polish nobleman calleil Laski, who persuaded of vielding up any thing ; surrendry (Male); them to go to his castle. The confederates
TO DEDUCE. v. a. (deduco, Latin.) 1. accordingly set out for Poland, where they re. To draw in a regular connected series (Pope), mained some time. Their adventures abroad 2. To form a regular chain of conscquential made so much noise that the queen thought propositions (Locke). 3. To lay down in regu- proper to send for Dee home again, who aclar order (Thomson).
cordingly returned in great pomp. In 1596 DEDUCEMENT. 8. (from deduce.) The he was made warden of Manchester college, thing deduced; consequential proposition and dier at Mortlake in 1608. Dee continued (Dryden).
his magical studies to the last; and was someDEDUCIBLE, a. (from deduce.) Collec- times very rudely treated by the common peotible by reason: consequential (South). ple as a conjuror. He published several 'ma
DEDUCIVE. u. (trom deduce.) Perform- thematical works in Latin and English, and ing the act of deduction.
wrote many more which were never printed ; ?', DEDC'CT. v. a. (deduco, Latin.) 1. but in 1639 Dr. Wieric Casauben published a To subtract; to take away; to cut off; to de. True and faithful Relation of what passed for falcate (Vorris). 2. To separate; to dispart: many Years between Dr. John Dee and some not in use (Spenser).
Spirits, &c. ont of the original copy written DEDICTION. s. (aleductio, Latin.) 1. with Dr. Dec's own liani, liept in tlie library Consequential collection; consequence (Itup.). of sir Thomas Corton, kint. 2. That which is deducted, defalcation (Pope). DEED. s. (dæo, Saxon.) 1. Action; thing
DEDUCTIVE. a. (trom deduct.) Dédú. dlone (Smallrider). 2. Exploit; performance cible.
(Dryden). 3. Poirer of action: agency (MilDEDUCTIVELY. al. Consequentially; ton). 4. Act declaratory of an opinion (Hook. by regular deduction (Brown).
er). 5. Written evidence of any legal act DEDOTTIONE, the name viven by Gnido (Bacon). 6. Fact; reality; the contrary to to the gradual rising of the voice, in solmiza- tiction (Lee). tion: the falling of the voice, lie called reilut. DEED, an instrument written on paper or tione,
paremment, which relates principally to the DEE, a river which rises in the county of conveyance or transferring of property, and the Merioneth, in two springs which unite rear validity of which consists in the following es. Pimble Meer into one stream. It passes sential particulars: 1, Proper parties to contract through that lake, crosses Denbighshire, and with one another, and a proper subject matter separates that county from Cheshire, then to be contracted for; 2. A good and sufficient runs into the Irish Sea, about 15 miles N.W. consiileration; 3. Writing on parchmen:, or from Chester. The same name is given to two paper, duly stamped; 4. Sutfcient and legal rivers in Scotland, and one in Ireland. words, properly disposeil; 5. Reading (if it be
Dee (John), an English mathematician, desired) before execution; 6. By stat. 29 Car. born at London in 1527, and educated at St. li. c. 3, sealing, in many cases signing also ; John's college, Cambridge. On the founding and, lastly, delivery, which must be done either of Trinity college he was chosen one of the by the party himself, or by his attorney, lawfellows. Falling under the suspicion of mia- fully authorised, and expressed in the attestagical practices, he went abroad, and took his tion. If any of these requisites be wanting, degree of LL.D. at Louvain. He read lec- the deed is absolutely void, from the begin. tures in the mathematics there, and at other ning. universities, with great applause. In 1551 he DEED-POLL, is a deed polled, or shaved, returned to England, and obtained the rectory quite even; in contrailistinction from an inof Upton-upon-Severn. Soon after the acces. venture, which is cut unevenly, and answersion of Mary to the throne he was taken up able to another writing that comprehends the and committed to the Tower, on suspicion of same words. A deedl-pollis properly single, or treasonable practices; but after some time he of one part, and is intended for the use of was discharged. In 1570 bie edited sir Henry feottee, grantee', or lessee; an indenture alBillingsley's translation of Euclid, to which he ways consists of two or more parts and parties. prefixed a preface, and added notes, which Every deed that is pleaded shall be intended to show him to have been a deep mathematician. be a deed-poll, unless it is alleged to be inThe rear following he was at Louvain, where denivel. he fell very ill, and soliighly was die esteemeel DEEDLESS. 1. (from decd.) Unactive