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Public institutions for the feeble-minded From Powell: Proceedings of the 24th national conference of charities correction, 1897, p. 290

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1 From report of the commissioner of education, 1896-97, 2 : 2353-4.

Private schools for the feeble-minded
From report of the commissioner of education, 1896-97, 2 : 2355.

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FOR THE UNITED STATES COMMISSION TO THE PARIS EXPOSITION OF 1900

MONOGRAPHS ON EDUCATION

IN THE

UNITED STATES

EDITED BY

NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER Professor of Philosophy and Education in Columbia University, New York

16

SUMMER SCHOOLS
AND UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

BY

HERBERT B. ADAMS

Professor of American and Institutional History in the Johns Hopkins

University, Baltimore, Maryland

THIS MONOGRAPH IS CONTRIBUTED TO THE UNITED STATES EDUCATIONAL EXHIBIT BY THE

STATE OF NEW YORK

SUMMER SCHOOLS AND UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

CHAUTAUQUA SYSTEM OF POPULAR EDUCATION

The place— In America the name " Chautauqua" stands for a place, an institution, and an idea. The place is a summer town on Lake Chautauqua, in southwestern New York. It is a popular educational resort, during the months of July and August, for several thousand people, who go there from all parts of the country to hear lectures and music, to attend class courses of instruction, to enjoy college life and open air. Chautauqua is a well-nigh deserted village during nine months in the year, but in the summer season it has a cottage and hotel population ranging from 3,000 to 10,000 people.

It is a kind of educational Bayreuth for the people; indeed it has become a center of musical and social-economic training of no mean order. It is a vast summer encampment or cantonnement, 165 acres in territorial extent, on the upland terraces of a beautiful lake 18 miles long and from 1 to 3 miles wide, the highest navigable water on the continent, 730 feet higher than Lake Erie and 1,400 feet above the sea level. Chautauqua was the Indian name for this lake, the shores of which are a natural "divide " between waters which flow northeastward with the St. Lawrence from the great lake district and waters which flow southwestward to the Mississippi river and the Gulf of Mexico. Chautauqua is one of the highlands of New York, although it lies in the lowly southwest corner of the state, 70 miles south of Buffalo, 200 miles north of Pittsburg, and 450 miles west from New York city. Chautauqua is connected with the Lake Shore route to Chicago and easily reached by railroads from the east.

Von Hoist on Chautauqua — When Von Hoist, the German historian of the United States, was asked what are the

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