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Public institutions for the feeble-minded From Powell: Proceedings of the 24th national conference of charities correction, 1897, p. 290
$400 000 300 500 375 000 350 000 60 620 80 oDo 250 000
75 000 359 720 200 000
118 123 423 200 574
Randall's Island ...
West ....... Washington...
1 From report of the commissioner of education, 1896-97, 2 : 2353-4.
Private schools for the feeble-minded
FOR THE UNITED STATES COMMISSION TO THE PARIS EXPOSITION OF 1900
MONOGRAPHS ON EDUCATION
NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER Professor of Philosophy and Education in Columbia University, New York
HERBERT B. ADAMS
Professor of American and Institutional History in the Johns Hopkins
University, Baltimore, Maryland
THIS MONOGRAPH IS CONTRIBUTED TO THE UNITED STATES EDUCATIONAL EXHIBIT BY THE
STATE OF NEW YORK
SUMMER SCHOOLS AND UNIVERSITY EXTENSION
CHAUTAUQUA SYSTEM OF POPULAR EDUCATION
The place— In America the name " Chautauqua" stands for a place, an institution, and an idea. The place is a summer town on Lake Chautauqua, in southwestern New York. It is a popular educational resort, during the months of July and August, for several thousand people, who go there from all parts of the country to hear lectures and music, to attend class courses of instruction, to enjoy college life and open air. Chautauqua is a well-nigh deserted village during nine months in the year, but in the summer season it has a cottage and hotel population ranging from 3,000 to 10,000 people.
It is a kind of educational Bayreuth for the people; indeed it has become a center of musical and social-economic training of no mean order. It is a vast summer encampment or cantonnement, 165 acres in territorial extent, on the upland terraces of a beautiful lake 18 miles long and from 1 to 3 miles wide, the highest navigable water on the continent, 730 feet higher than Lake Erie and 1,400 feet above the sea level. Chautauqua was the Indian name for this lake, the shores of which are a natural "divide " between waters which flow northeastward with the St. Lawrence from the great lake district and waters which flow southwestward to the Mississippi river and the Gulf of Mexico. Chautauqua is one of the highlands of New York, although it lies in the lowly southwest corner of the state, 70 miles south of Buffalo, 200 miles north of Pittsburg, and 450 miles west from New York city. Chautauqua is connected with the Lake Shore route to Chicago and easily reached by railroads from the east.
Von Hoist on Chautauqua — When Von Hoist, the German historian of the United States, was asked what are the