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have an organ of communication, called “The Journal of psycho-asthenics."

As the methods of teaching the feeble-minded and the other defective classes have become understood, they have modified the old methods of teaching children of normal intelligence. Child study is now interesting teachers, and already has led to the sending of many feeble-minded children to special schools for their training. The city of Providence, R. I., has recently led the way in a new movement, that of teaching in special classes the dull or backward pupils of the public schools. The movement is slowly spreading elsewhere, and, in justice both to the dull and the bright children, is of inestimable value, and, as such, is a hopeful sign of the times.?


The deaf American annals of the deaf. Washington, D. C. Arnold, Thos. The education of the deaf and dumb. London, 1872.

– The .anguages or the senses. Margate, 1894. Bell, A. G. Condition of articulation teaching in American schools for the deaf. Boston, 1893. — Deaf-mute instruction in relation to the public schools. Volta bureau, 1884. - Education of the deaf. The little aear child, vol. 2, no. 2, 1898.

– Growth of the oral method of instructing the deaf. Boston, 1896. Bell, A M. English visible speech. Volta bureau, 1899. Clarke institution. Addresses at the 25th anniversary of. North

ampton, 1893. Encyclopædia Brittanica. Art. deaf and dumb.

Note: A very radical experiment is being tried, particularly at the Kansas institution. The operation of castration has been performed on several boys, after which they have been found to be so improved that some were transferred from the custodial to the school department, some sent home.

The bibliographies here printed constitute but a small part of what might be given.

Fay, E. A. Index to American annals of the deaf. Vols. 31-40 (1886–1895), and previous indexes.

Marriages of the deaf in America. Volta bureau, 1898. Gallaudet, E. M. The combined system of educating the deaf.

Volta bureau, 1891. - The deaf and their possibilities. Chicago, 1898. - Values in the education of the deaf. Colorado Springs, Col.,

1893. Gillett, P. G. Some notable benefactors of the deaf. Rochester,

N. Y., 1896. Gordon, J. C. The education of the deaf, being evidence of Drs. Gallaudet and Bell, presented to the royal commission of Great Britain. Volta bureau, 1892. - Notes and observations on the education of the deaf. Volta bureau, 1892. - The difference between the two systems of teaching deaf-mute

children the English language. Volta bureau, 1898. Green, Francis. Vox oculis subjecta, part 1. Boston, 1897. Histories of American schools for the deaf. 3 vols. Volta bureau,

1893. Hubbard, G. G. The story of the rise of the oral method in

America. Washington, 1898. Johns, Rev. B. G. The land of silence and the land of darkness.

London, 1857. Kitto, John. The lost senses. New York, 1852. Mann, Horace. Life and works of. 3:244. Boston, 1891. Proceedings of American association to promote the teaching

of speech to the deaf. Proceedings of conferences of principals and superintendents of

the deaf. Proceedings o. conventions of American instructors of the deaf. Reports of American institutions for the deaf. Seguin, E. Education of the deaf and mute, in report on education. Milwaukee, 1880.

The blind Anagnos, M. Education of the blind. Boston, 1882. Armitage, T. R. Education and employment of the blind.

London, 1886.

Cary, T. G. Memoir of Thomas Handasyd Perkins. Boston,

1856. Diderot. An essay on blindness. London reprints, 1895. Education of the blind, from “The North American Review,"

vol. 37. Encyclopædia Brittanica. Art. The blind. Hauy, V. An essay on the education of the blind. Lonaon

reprints, 1894. Howe, Julia Ward. Memoir of Dr. S. G. Howe, Boston, 1877. Howe, S. G. 43 annual reports of the Perkins institution. 1833–

1875. Jubilee celebration, Yorkshire school for the blind. London,

1884. Kitto, John. The lost senses. New York, 1852. Mell, A. Encyclopädisches handbuch des blinden-wesens. Wien

und Leipzig, 1899. Prescott, W. H. The blind, in “ biographical and critical essays."

Boston, 1846. Report of the conference of the blind and their friends. Royal

normal college, July, 1890. Reports of the biennial conventions of American instructors of

the blind. Reports of American institutions for the instruction of the

blind. Robinson, E. B. F. The true sphere of the blind. Toronto,

1896. Rutherford, John. William Moon and his work for the blind.

London, 1898. Sizeranne, M. de la. Les Aveugles par un Aveugle. Paris, 1891. Sturgis, Dinah. The kindergarten for the blind. New England

magazine, December, 1895, p. 433. The Mentor. Boston, 1891-94. Wickersham, J. P. History of education in Pennsylvania. Lancaster, Pa., 1886.

The deaf-blind Anagnos, M. Helen Keller; a second Laura Bridgman. Boston,

1888. - Reports of the Perkins institution. 1887–98.

Chamberlain, J. E. Helen Keller, as she really is. Annals of the

deaf, June, 1899, pp. 286–301. Chappell, Jennie. Always happy, or the story of Helen Keller.

London. Fuller, Sarah. How Helen Keller learned to speak. Annals of

the deaf, Jan. 1892, p. 23. Dickens, C. An account of the Institution for the blind at Boston.

"American Notes,” vol. 1. London, 1842. Gilman, A. Miss Helen Adams Keller's first year of college pre

paratory work. Volta bureau, 1897. Hall, G. S. Laura Bridgman, from "Aspects of German culture.”

Boston, 1891. Howe, S. G. Education of Laura Bridgman; extracts from reports

of. Boston, 1890. Lamson, Mary S. Life and education of Laura Dewey Bridg.

man. Boston, 1878. Sullivan, Annie M. How Helen Keller acquired language.

Annals of the deaf, April, 1892, p. 127. The language of the deaf-blind. Annals of the deaf, April,

1899, p. 218.

The feeble-minded Association of medical officers of American institutions for idiotic

and feeble-minded persons. Proceedings, 1876-98. Barr, M. W. Children of a day. Phila., 1896. - Mental defectives and the social welfare. Popular science

monthly, April, 1899. Doren, G. A. Our defective classes. Columbus, O., 1897. Fernald, W. E. Feeble-minded children. Boston, 1897. - The history of the treatment of the feeble-minded. Bos

ton, 1893. Henderson, C. R. Dependent, defective and delinquent children.

Boston, 1893. Howe, S. G. Report on idiocy. Boston, 1850. Indiana bulletin of charities and correction. Indianapolis, 1898. Johnson, Alexander. Concerning a form of degeneracy. Amer.

ican journal of sociology, November, 1898. - The mother-state and her weaker children. Boston, 1897.

Johnson, G. E. Contribution to the psychology and pedagogy

of feeble-minded children. Pedagogical seminary, 3: 246. Kerlin, Isaac N. Feeble-minded children. West Chester, Pa.,

1879. - The mind unveiled. Philadelphia, 1858. Powell, F. M. Care of the feeble-minded. Boston, 1898. Psycho-Asthenics, journal of. Faribault, Minn. Report of roth anniversary and annual meeting of the associa

tion of the New Jersey training school for feeble-minded

children. Vineland, 1898. Reports of commissioner of education. Washington, D. C. Reports of institutions for the feeble-minded throughout the

country. Seguin, E. Education of idiots and feeble-minded children from

report on education. Milwaukee, 1880. - Idiocy and its treatment by the physiological method.

New York, 1870. Shuttleworth, G. E. Mentally deficient children. London, 1895. Sollier, Paul. Psychologie de l'idiot et de l'imbecile. Paris, 1891. Tuke, D. Hack. Modes of providing for the insane and idiots in

the United States and Great Britain. Medical rec., 1887. Warner, A. G. American charities. A study in philanthropy

and economics. Crowell & Co., pub. Wilbur, W. B. Suggestions on principles and methods of ele

mentary instruction. Albany, 1862.

Statistics of schools for defective classes
Compiled from report commissioner of education 1896–77, 2: 2335-60

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