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[0.] Statement of accounts with the County Treasurers, showing the amou

of moneys belonging to the Trust Funds received by them up to Nov. 3 1851, under Act No. 25, of 1849, the amount paid over to the Sta Treasurer, and the balances due.

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Allegan Barry Branch Calhoun Cass Clinton Eaton Genesee Hillsdale. Ionia. Jackson Lapeer Lenawee. Livingston Macomb Monroe Montcalm Oakland Ottawa. Shiawassee St. Joseph Van Buren Washtenaw

$344 43

25 87 2,135 95 2,864 32 691 70 55 17

4 90 952 45 1,591 051

244 94 1,022 18

133 99
3,414 17
1,157 22

602 22
579 97

105 98
2,685 01

25 20

67 53! 2,066 54

434 75 2,883 50

01 115 96

678 95 1,101 42

84 82 1,046 22

133 99
3,414 16
1,011 26

602 22
579 97

76 59
1,943 31

25 20

67 53 2,634 86

357 58 2,844 92

29 39 741 70

77 17 38 58

$24,089 04 $21,521 50 $3,159 90

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ANNUAL REPORT of the Inspectors of the State

Prison, for the year ending November 30, 1851. To the Governor of the State of Michigan:

The Inspectors of the State Prison, in accordance with the requirements of law, submit their annual report. Several tables, embracing information required to be furnished by the Inspectors, are appended, as also others containing interesting statistics.

The reports of the Agent, Physician and Chaplain, herewith submitted, exhibit a full statement of the condition of the Prison, and of the conduct of its affairs during the year.

The number of convicts at the close of the fiscal year, exceeds that of any former period. The last year closed with one hundred and thirty-one, while at the date of this report there are one hundred and seventy-six. Last year average number was one hundred nineteen and one-half, while this year shows an average of one hundred and forty-one. It can hardly be expected that the relative increase the ensuing year will be so great as it has been during the year now closed; but the Inspectors do not doubt that the average will amount to nearly two hundred. This increase arises from two or three causes, but principally from



the greater efficiency of our courts of justice. Crime unquestionably keeps pace with the advance of our population; but there was a time when the number of convicts sensibly diminished, while crime in the State certainly did not retrograde. The establishment a few years since, of a judiciary system of doubtful character, and the election of many men under it, as judges, of questionable qualifications, will readily account for a diminution of convicts in the State Prison. The subsequent adoption, by constitutional provision, of a system of courts which will be respectable and responsible, and hence beyond the reach of petty influences, gives assurance that hereafter crime will be adequately punished.

The affairs of the prison since our last annual report, have been conducted, it is believed, with whatever of economy has been possible, keeping in view a due regard to the necessities which have surrounded us. The enhanced number of prisoners (the great increase having occurred towards the close of the year) has not augmented very much the receipts from convict labor; but there has been rather a large outlay in consequence of this increase, for clothing, bedding, finishing new cells, and the erection of additional shop room. There is an existing immediate necessity for building some thirty or forty cells, there being now but one hundred and sixty-four cells, and one hundred and seventy-six convicts, with a prospect of continued increase. Beyond this the Inspectors believe there need be no expenditure for building purposes, the coming year, except for ordinary repairs, and finishing the interior of the new main or centre building-the latter involving no considerable expense. Though it may be thought expedient so to a!ter some of the shops as to reduce the number of keepers employed therein.

When, however, there shall be a session of the Legislature, the Inspectors will urge in the most earnest manner the making of a suffi cient appropriation to eract a suitable building for the safe keeping and punishment of those convicts who have been or may hereafter be sentenced to solitary confinement at hard labor for life. There are at this time seven convicts under such sentence, only three of whom are kept in solitary confinement, and they in small cells not at all fitted for the purpose; the remainder, under a resolution of the Legislature of 1849, being released, by direction of the Inspectors,

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and employed in the same manner as the other convicts, constantly wearing, however, shackles upon their ancles. There are no cells for purposes of solitary confinement, and there cannot be any such within the walls of the prison buildings. For the views of the In. spectors upon this subject, more largely expressed, reference is made to their last annual report

The existing contracts for convict labor are as follows:

Joseph E. Bebee; wagon, carriage and sleigh making; from twenty-five to thirty-five convicts. This contract expires on the thirtieth day of April next. The price paid for each convict is thirty-five cents per day.

Harvey B. Ring, twice assigned, and now in the hands of Frank W. Anthony; the manufacture of boots and shoes; from fifteen to twenty-five convicts. This contract expires on the thirty-first day of August next. The price paid for each convict is forty cents per day.

Pinney, Connable & Co.; the manufacture of farming tools; from sixty to one hundred and twenty convicts. This contract expires on the thirtieth day of April, 1853. The price paid for each convict is thirty and one-fourth cents per day.

In view of the expiration of the wagon, carriage and sleigh making contract in April next, the Inspectors have directed the Agent to ad. vertise for proposals for the labor of from twenty five to fifty convicts, at the same business, for five years from the close of the present contract.

The discipline of the prison was never more perfect than at this time, and in this respect a marked improvement has taken place since the present Agent has been in office, he at all times having seconded the efforts of the Inspectors to secure improvement. Throughout the entire establishment a clock-work regularity prevails. The convicts themselves evince a large degree of contentment and a disposition to perform the duties imposed upon them. In this regard the change is visible, and it is attributable mainly to the faithful manner in which the Chaplain performs his duties, and to some regulations which were adopted by the Inspectors, at his suggestion, prohibiting the admission of newspapers among the convicts. The practice that has obtained within two or three years past of allowing convicts to subscribe for and receive newspapers, is bad in every respect. It is not in consonance with a proper idea of punishment The desire of the convicts to get hold of newspapers, with a view of ascertaining what is going on in the outward world, keeps them constantly discontented, and the gratification of that desire withdraws their minds from their appropriate duties. If they know that this class of reading is inaccessible to them, they are content with that furnished them by the Chaplain from the prison library. And from this source they obtain a great variety of reading, all of a useful and healthy character. The library belonging to the institution is already large, and the annual appropriation of one hundred dollars, expended semi-annually for the purchase of books, adds freshness and value to it.

Another cause of contentment among the convicts is the few pardons that have been granted by the present Executive. Heretofore there was scarcely a convict in the prison who did not hope for or expect a pardon, and consequently his thoughts and efforts were all in that direction. Now, however, it is understood that no pardon is granted, unless it can be shown that the conviction was erroneous, or for some other equally good reason; and the consequence is that few applications are made.

There are among the convicts five or six boys. one of whom is only eleven years of age ; and the records of tlie institution show that others have been brought into it at a tender age. The propriety of this is indeed questionable. What can be expected of a child whose nursery has been the State prison! If he be naturally wayward, the contamination with the hardened villains with whom he is associated is fatal. He is sent out of prison with the brand of disgrace upon him, and suspicion lurking continually at his heels. The probability is that he has no friends, and being shunned by all good influences, he necessarily leads a life of crime. For such youthful offenders there should certainly be some milder, or at least, less disgraceful and withering punishment provided.

The Inspectors bear willing testimony to the satisfactory manner in which the Agent and his subordinate officers have executed their duties. Some considerable building has been done, in a very creditable and economical manner, all under the immediate supervision of

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