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action advance guard ammunition animals arms army artillery assigned attack authority belligerent body brigade called camp carried cavalry charge column combat commander convention convoy cover decision defensive Department detachments detailed direction distance distributing division duty effective enemy enemy's engineer equipment established field field army fire flank force front give given ground halts hand hold hospitals hostile hour immediate important independent infantry Instructions issued keep latter leader line of communications means ment miles military move movements naval necessary night occupied officer operations orders organizations outpost patrols permit personnel plans position possible posts practicable prevent prisoners protection railways ration rear reconnaissance regiment regulations reserve retreat roads rule sanitary selected sent sick signal staff station strength supply taken tion train transport troops units usually wounded yards
Page 210 - Neither requisitions in kind nor services can be demanded from communes or inhabitants except for the necessities of the army of occupation. They must be in proportion to the resources of the country, and of such a nature as not to involve the population in the obligation of taking part in military operations against their country. These requisitions and services shall only be demanded on the authority of the Commander in the locality occupied.
Page 213 - ... is absolutely necessary. It shall be sent back as soon as possible to the country of origin. A neutral power may likewise, in case of necessity, retain and utilize to an equal extent material coming from the territory of the belligerent power. Compensation shall be paid by one party or the other in proportion to the material used, and to the period of usage.
Page 204 - To be commanded by a person responsible for his subordinates : 2. To have a fixed distinctive emblem recognizable at a distance; 3. To carry arms openly; and 4. To conduct their operations in accordance with the laws and customs of war. In countries where militia or volunteer corps constitute the army, or form part of it, they are included under the denomination "army.
Page 209 - An armistice suspends military operations by mutual agreement between the belligerent parties. If its duration is not defined, the belligerent parties may resume operations at any time, provided always that the enemy is warned within the time agreed upon, in accordance with the terms of the armistice.
Page 213 - To lay unanchored automatic contact mines, except when they are so constructed as to become harmless one hour at most after the person who laid them ceases to control them; 2. To lay anchored automatic contact mines which do not become harmless as soon as they have broken loose from their moorings; 3.
Page 210 - No general penalty, pecuniary or otherwise, shall be inflicted upon the population on account of the acts of individuals for which they cannot be regarded as jointly and severally responsible.
Page 219 - The emblem of the red cross on a white ground and the words Red Cross or Geneva Cross may only be used, whether in time of peace or war, to protect or designate sanitary formations and establishments, the personnel and materiel protected by the convention.
Page 205 - Prisoners of war are in the power of the hostile Government. but not of the individuals or corps who capture them. They must be humanely treated. All their personal belongings, except arms, horses, and military papers, remain their property.
Page 213 - Article 17, letter (b) : (a) Supplies furnished or loans made to one of the belligerents, provided that the person who furnishes the supplies or who makes the loans lives neither in the territory of the other party nor in the territory occupied by him, and that the supplies do not come from these territories; (b) Services rendered in matters of police or civil administration.
Page 217 - The personnel charged exclusively with the removal, transportation, and treatment of the sick and wounded, as well as with the administration of sanitary formations and establishments, and the chaplains attached to armies, shall be respected and protected under all circumstances. If they fall into the hands of the enemy they shall not be treated as prisoners of war.