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Assembly, in Chillicothe, on the last Thursday of October, 1814. R. G. Wilson was appointed to open it.

The Synod of Kentucky agreed on the 11th of Octo; ber, 1816, to request the General Assembly to grant another division, so as to form a new Synod in Tennessee. This request was granted by the Assembly in May, 1817, at which time it was directed that the Preś. byteries of Union, Shiloh, West Tennessee, and Mississippi, should form a new Synod to be known by the name of the Synod of Tennessee, and that it should hold its first meeting in Nashville, on the first Wednesday of October. James W. Stephenson was appointed to open

it. Union Presbytery had at that time eight ministers, John M'Campbell, Samuel Rainey, Charles Coffin, Andrew S. Morrison, Isaac Anderson, Matthew Donald, Thomas H. Nelson, and Robert Hardin.

Shiloh had eight also, Robert Henderson, George Newton, Samuel Donnell, John Gillispie, Hugh Shaw, Samuel Hodge, William Hodge, and Jacob Lake.

West Tennessee had six, Gideon Blackburn, Duncan Brown, James W. Stephenson, James H. Bowman, Thomas J. Hall, and David Wier.

Mississippi had four, Joseph Bullin, Thomas Montgomery, Jacob Rickbaw, and James Trimble.

According to the published official report of 182), the state of the Synod, and the state of religion within its bounds, stood thus:

The Synod of Kentucky at present embraces the state of Kentucky and a considerable portion of the states of Indiana and Illinois. It contains forty-one or

dained ministers who are divided into five Presbyteries, and have under their charge ninety-nine organized congregations.

The Presbytery of Ebenezer, the first in geographi cal order, is between Licking and the Ohio rivers. It consists of eight ministers, who have the charge of fourteen congregations. Five years ago there were only three ministers within this bounds, and the churches were generally in a declining state. They are at the present upon the whole in a vigorous and prosperous state. There have been added to the churches within the bounds of this Presbytery during last year, seventy.

The Presbytery of West Lexington is between Licking and Kentucky rivers. It consists of eight ministers who have the charge of seventeen congregations. Four of these congregations have been organized and supplied with pastors during the last five years. There have been added to the church within the bounds of this Presbywry during the last year sixty-three.

The Presbytery of Transylvania is on the head waters of Salt and Green rivers, and is the oldest Presbytery in the state. It consists at present of nine ministers, who have the charge of seventeen congregations. There have been added to the church within the bound's of the Presbytery during last year forty-one.

The Presbytery of Muhlenburg is south of Green riyer. It consists of five ministers, who have the charge of twenty-two congregations. All of these have been organized and furnished with a regular dispensation of gospel ordinances within the last five years. There:

have been added to the church within the bounds of this Presbytery during last year forty-five.

The Presbytery of Louisville consists of six ministers who are settled in the state of Kentucky, and five in the state of Indiana. Of the congregations under the care of this Presbytery the greater part have been or. ganized and furnished with a regular dispensation of gospel ordinances within the last five years. Theré have been added to the church within the bounds of this Presbytery during last year eighty-five. T'he number of congregations is thirty-one.

There bas been collected within the bounds of the Synod, during last year, for missionary and other charitable purposes, $951 11 cents. And the demand for missionary labours and additional ministers within the bounds of Synod is great and pressing.

As to the real state of religion within the bounds of the Synod of Kentucky, it is extremely hard to form any thing like a correct opinion. The ministry, it is hoped, are at their posts, devoted to their work, preaching the word, being instant in season and out of season. Attention to the public preaching of the word, and a disposition to be active in supporting and propagating the gospel, are evidently on the increase, and the spirit of peace and brotherly love mark the churches generally. Bible classes, and public and private prayer ineetings, and the monthly concert of prayer, are attended to with interest and advantage in the most of the congregations.

Yet still the difficulties and discouragements are numerous and great. Errors of a damnable nature are

boldly propagated in almost every county. Upon an average not more than one half of the population attend regularly public worship any where. The addition to the churches in connection with the Synod, and to other evangelical churches within the bounds of Synod, are few when compared with the population, or with the number of baptized persons to whom the gospel is regularly preached. The contributions to the support of Missionary and Education Societies are small when compared with the contributions which are made for these purposes in other sections of the christian churches, or when compared with the wealth which the meinbers of the church within the bounds of Synoil have at their command. The religious instruction of youth, on the part of parents, is evidently much neglected, and family worship, it is to be feared, is not very punctually attended to.

The Sabbath is often profaned in a great variety of respects by the members of families who bear the christian name, and, generally speaking, there is a great deal of indifference with respect to the divine authority instamped upon the ordinances of the gospel, so that a mere difference of opinion about a very triling matter, for instance about the occupiers of the pews in the chụrch, will occasion sometimes very considerable disturbances in congregations which were considered as flourishing.

Yet notwithstanding all these and similar discouragements, the members of Synod believe that they are labouring under the authority and protection of their Lord and Master, and labouring in the very spot where

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he has fixed them; they would therefore thank him for what he has been pleased to do by them, and take cour


Hitherto hath the Lord helped them, and the prom. ise of the divine protection and of the divine blessing to rest upon his own word and his own ordinances, is as good as ever. They would wish for a faith to be more dependant upon the good word of promise than they have hitherto been, and to continue to devote their time and best talents their Master hath committed to them to his service, and leave the results of their labours to him who views the end from the beginning.

According to the official report of 1823, the state of
the Synod stood thus.
Presbyteries. Minis. Congre. Commu.


550 West Lexington, 7


407 Transylvania, 11


697 Muhlenburgh, 9


381 Louisville,




2700 The Presbytery of Louisville, consisting of twelve ministers, some in Kentucky and some in the state of Indiana, was, at the meeting of the Synod of 1823, divided, so that the seven members, who are settled in Indiana, might constitute a new Presbytery, to be known by the name of Salem, leaving the Presbytery of Louisville wholly within the state of Kentucky, to consist of five members.

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