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fully understood. And if ever a hard thought was cberished against him by either friend or foe, it was because his situation at the time was not understood.
He was not a hypocrite who had assumed the christian profession, and who had cultivated christian acquaintance merely to make all subservient to some political project. Nor was he a religicus enthusiast, who supposed that upon his becoming a christian he was to renounce at once and forever all connexion and intercourse with the world and with the men of the world. He had connected himself with the church of the living God, for the sole purpose of promoting his own personal salvation, the salvation of his family, and of his fellow men. His political principles were also decidedly opposed to any connexion, even the most distant, between church and state. Hence he was from principle equally opposed to making his civil and political connexions subservient to his religious character, or his political character subservient to the views and to the party measures of his religious friends.
Ile bad devoted himself, soul and body, to his Maker and his Saviour—but he was to serve his God and his Saviour by attending to the duties of his profession, and by his having, while doing his own business, and while transacting the business of others and of the commonwealth, frequent and extensive, and, in some cases, intimate connexion with men who were not only strangers to religion, but with men who were hostile to the very forms of christianity. And to maintain a christian profession, and to live a life of piety under such circumštances was no easy task. That he succeeded in acting
out the christian life in all its extent under these circumstances we affirm not. If we say we have no sin, wé deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. But this much we say, that under all circumstances, and in every situation, there was a something about Joseph Cabell Breckinridge which at once distinguished bim from the men of the world, and from those who had only a name to live while dead. His general principles were uncom: monly correct. Like all other men, he sometimes failed in applying these principles to particular cases. But even in these failures he gave decisive evidence of his being under the influence not only of christian princi: ple but of ardent piety.
The commencement of his public life was as flattering as could have been desired. The largest vote which ev. er had been given in Fayette county marked at once the respect which the community paid to the talents and services of the deceased father, and the hopes and contidence which they cherished towards the son. Nor amidst the ever changing opinions, and changing political parties which are inherent in the very nature of popular governments, did he in the course of his life lose either his independence of mind, or in any degree his honours, or his influence. It is believed that he enjoyed at his death the public confidence to as great an extent as any other individual in the state did, and was, both as a statesman and a lawyer, on the high road to the first honours and emoluments which his country bad to bestow,
He was one of the handful of friends who united in projecting and building the place of worship in Market
Street. Of the church, which was afterwards organized in that house, he was one of the first members and first officers, and in all that concerned the welfare of the establishment he took a deep interest.
It has already been stated in a former article that the regular worshippers in that house have never yet been numerous. It may be farther stated that on two particular occasions, and each of those a period of several months, twenty or thirty persons were considered as a large audience. With that handful Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, with as many of his family as could be brought out, was on both these occasions found regularly to worship, and he and others. who are now, in glory can attest, that the Master of Assemblies himself was not often absent on these otherwise gloomy days.
It was his habit to attend as frequently as possible on the ecclesiastical courts of the church to which he was attached. It is related that on one of those occasions, while attending a meeting of the West Lexington Presbytery, application was made by a pious and promising young man, of the same town originally with himself, for licensure by the Presbytery. There were some difficulties in the case, and the youth was in danger of being crushed by an effort from a sister court, by being denied the privilege of preaching the gospel of Christ. Mr. Breckinridge was immediately roused to a concern and an effort for the sufferer, and made a powerful appeal to the court then in session, which had a great share of influence in bringing the candidate triumphantly forward inte the ministry of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Shortly afterwards a warm-hearted member of the Presbytery, who had withdrawn after Mr. B's speech, was met out of doors by another member weeping very profusely, and on being asked the reason, said, "Brother, I have just been praying to God to convert more lawyers.”
As a writer, he was almost unrivalled in the western country. His professional employments of course prevented bim from presenting to the public eye any production more extensive than an oration or short essay. But from his correspondence with his friends, from his style of pleading, and especially from the pages of those anniversary orations which were from time to time given to the community, it is believed that we have never boasted a more refined, bold, and classical writer. And we have all felt what power was thrown into his written thoughts by his commanding and chaste, but ardent elocution.
The circumstances of his death were interesting. The increasing sickness of Frankfort and its vicinity, during the autumn of 1323, induced him to remove his little flock of children to Cabell's Dale, the family residence of his mother. Mrs. Breckinridge had been induced to remain behind on account of the indisposition of some members of the family, and of a sick relative from à distance, whom the providence of Goil had thrown upon their care. “They were not forgetful to entertain strangers," and "use hospitality," especially "to the sick.” As soon as his children were conveyed to a place of safety, he returned without delay to aid in administering to the necessities of his afflicted houses hold. It was in sustaining the sinking stranger far from home-it was in nursing wbat he feared were the last remains of parting life, that he met the disease which terminated his existence.
The stranger was restored to health again;-but on the 24th of August, 1823, he was severely attacked by the prevalent fever of the season and place. It seemed in the course of the week ensuing to yield to the application of medicine, and at the close of the week very sanguine hopes were cherished of a rapid recovery.
On Sabbath; the 31st, his disease seemed to undergo a'sudden and most unlooked for change, and brought him rapidly to the grave. September 1st, at a very early hour in the morning, while his attendants thought him resting, he lay upon his side, and softly fell "asleep in Jesus," without a groan,
“How many fall as sudden, not as safe!" During his last illness he was usually silent and contemplative. He expressed a calm submission to the will of his heavenly Father, and a confiding christian trust in his divine Redeemer. He repeatedly had different passages of the sacred volume read to him :Christ's seçmon on the mount, and especially Matthew's 11th chapter, ending, “come unto me all ye that labour and are heavy laden and I will give you rest,” &c. &c. were favourite passages with him.
It would be inconsistent with the objects of the work to which this sketch is intended to be affixed, to enter in to a detailed account of his person, manners, natural disposition, and future prospects had he lived. But does he not yet live? 'Yes; we believe he is now at the fourt