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meeting-house, opened. his door and his heart for the reception and accommodation of the Commission.
The second day of their sessions they "took under consideration the case of Mr. James Hawe, as stated in the report of the committee” (of the Synod) “and were unanimously of opinion that the Presbytery had acted illegally in receiving him, as a regular minister of the Níethodist Republican Church, without examining him upon divinity, or requiring him to adopt the Confession of Faith of the Presbyterian Church.” (Min. Com. p. 4.) They next invited, and entered into a friendly conference with the Presbytery, and thereby, together with their records, received all the evidence necessary to the establishment of the charge of licensing and ordaining men to preach the gospel contrary to the rules and discipline of the Presbyterian Church.” Being fully satisfied on this point, "the Commission then requested, in a friendly manner, the majority of the Cumberland Presbytery to give the reasons, why, in licensing and ordaining persons to preach the gospel, they required them to adopt the Confession of Faith so far only, as they in reason think it corresponds witb the scriptures?" The answer was, "that the Confession of Faith was human composition and fallible, and that they could not in conscience feel themselves bound any further than they believe it corresponds with Scripture." Whereupon the Commission adopted the following preamble and resolution :-“Whereas it appears to the Commission of Synod, from the Records of Cumberland Presbytery, from the dissent of the minority of said Presbytery, and from the open confession of those who
were at the time of the dissent a majority, that they did license a considerable number of meo to preach the gospel, and administer ordinances in the church, contrary to the rules and regulations of the Presbyterian Church in such cases made and provided;--and whereas, those men have been required by said Pres, bytery to adopt the said Confession of Faith and Discipline of said Church no farther than they believe it to be agreeable to the word of God, by which no man can know what they believe in matters of doctrine;--and whereas, it is alleged, by said Presbytery, that those men possess extraordinary talents, by which they have been induced to license and ordain them, without at: tending to the method prescribed by the Book of Dis cipline;-therefore, on motion, Resolved, that the Commission of Synod now proceed to examine those irregularly licensed, and those irregularly ordained by Cum. berland Presbytery, and judge of their qualifications for the gospel ministry.".
To this resolution the majority of the Presbytery, who had been active in bringing these young men into the ministry, objected, and refused to surrender them to an examination, alleging, that "they had the exclusive privilege of examining and licensing their own candidates, and that Synod had no right to take the business out of their hands." The young men also, when called upon, refused, individually, to submit to the examination required, in consequence of all which conduct, the following resolution was adopted by the Commission, viz: “Resolved, that, as the above named persons never had regular anthority from the Presbyte
sy of Cumberland to preach the gospel, &c. the Commission of Synod prohibit, and they do hereby solemnly prohibit the said persons from exhorting, preaching, and administering ordinances in consequence of any authority which they have obtained from the Cumberland Presbytery." No further steps were taken by the Commission relative to the majority of the Presbytery who refused submission to their authority, but to cite them to appear before the next Synod, to answer for their conduct, and likewise to answer to a charge of common fame, for "propagating doctrines contrary to those contained in the Confession of Faith of the Presbyterian Church."
No appeal having been taken from the decision of the Synodical Commission, the parties said to have been aggrieved have never in due form been before either the Synod or the General Assembly. The whole case, however, and all the circumstances of the case, were in fact, at two subsequent meetings of the Synod and Assembly, calmy and deliberately reviewed, and the proceedings of the Commission fully and unequivocally approved.
The following extracts from the Report of the Synodical Committee of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, dated Russelville, Logan county, Ky. Oct. 22, 1823, will exhibit the present state of that Church as accurately, as can at present be ascertained.
"No departures from the excellent standards of your church have been discovered, but a more marked attachment to those rules.
“Your committee think the doctrioes of your confession, founded on the Bible, embracing the main points of doctrine believed by every christian denomination, and so congenial with christian experience, which always views,a fulness in Christ for all, and security to every believer: that an humble dependence on God will be succeeded by the smiles of a divine Jesus, notwithstanding you may be hated of all men for his name's sake.
“The heaven directed and highly approved method of promoting the work of God, by encamping on the ground four days and four nights in succession, which was introduced in the glorious revival of 1800, has been continued and owned of heaven. Very considerable accessions to the church have been made, and a great many candidates for the ministry received; there are many more on whom the church has her eye, who may yet step forward and take her by the hand. Many have been licensed, and a goodly number ordained.
“But be assured the fields are yet large and white already to harvest, and the demand for ministerial la. bours increasing faster than the labourers. "Pray ye the Lord of the harvest that he may send forth more labourers into his vineyard.'
"Your committee are pleased to find the different Presbyteries attentive to the improvement of their candidates and licentiates in literature and divinity. They also manifest and inculcate that spirit whicli so highly adorns the character of a ninister, and leads him not to preach in word only, but also in power, with the Holy Ghost sent down from Heaven, whose influence alone can add seals to his ministry, and be the best proof that he is
called of God to preach the unsearchable riches of Christ; and when he has done all to count himself an unprofitable servant, and give glory to God alone.
"Your committee think if there be joy in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, you have much cause to rejoice.
"The number of conversions in the different Preshy. teries, and adults baptized since last Synod, who bad pot received that ordinance in infancy, is as follows: Presbyteries. Conversions.
Making in the aggregate 2372
500 “Besides a number in the Alabama Presbytery, of whom we have no official account."
By this report it appears, that the Synod consists of at least nine Presbyteries. Not more than two of these, however, are in the state of Kentucky.
At a meeting of Synod, held at Creek, Tennessee, April, 1814, a revised form of the Confession of Faith, of the Shorter Catechism, the Form of Church Government, and of the Directory for Worship, was adopted. These revised forms do not appear to be dif