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ADDRESSED TO SIR THOMAS HANMER, ON HIS EDITION OF
Sir, While, born to bring the Muse's happier days, A patriot's hand protects a poet's lays, While nursed by you she sees her myrtles bloom, Green and unwithered o'er his honored tomb; Excuse her doubts, if yet she fears to tell What secret transports in her bosom swell: With conscious awe she hears the critic's fame, And blushing hides her wreath at Shakspeare's name. Hard was the lot those injured strains endured, Unowned by Science, and by years obscured: Fair Fancy wept; and echoing sighs confessed A fixed despair in every tuneful breast. Not with more grief the afflicted swains appear, When wintry winds deform the plenteous year; When lingering frosts the ruined seats invade Where Peace resorted, and the Graces played.
Each rising art by just gradation moves, Toil builds on toil, and age on age improves: The Muse alone unequal dealt her rage.
And graced with noblest pomp her earliest stage.
Preserved through time, the speaking scenes impart
Each changeful wish of Phaedra's tortured heart;
Or paint the curse that marked the Theban's reign,
A bed incestuous, and a father slain.
With kind concern our pitying eyes o'erflow,
Trace the sad tale, and own another's woe.
To Rome removed, with wit secure to please, The comic Sisters kept their native ease: With jealous fear, declining Greece beheld Her own Menander's art almost excelled; But every Muse essayed to raise in vain Some labored rival of her tragic strain: Ilissus' laurels, though transferred with toil, Drooped their fair leaves, nor knew the unfriendly soil.
As Arts expired, resistless Dulness rose;
But Heaven, still various in its works, decreed
Yet, ah! so bright her morning's opening ray, In vain our Britain hoped an equal day! No second growth the western isle could bear, At once exhausted with too rich a year. Too nicely Jonson knew the critic's part; Nature in him was almost lost in art. Of softer mould the gentle Fletcher came, The next in order, as the next in name; With pleased attention, 'midst his scenes we find Each glowing thought that warms the female mind; Each melting sigh, and every tender tear; The lover's wishes, and the virgin's fear. His every strain the Smiles and Graces own; But stronger Shakspeare felt for man alone: Drawn by his pen, our ruder passions stand The unrivalled picture of his early hand.
With gradual steps and slow, exacter France
But wilder far the British laurel spread,
There Henry's trumpets spread their loud alarms,
And laurelled Conquest waits her hero's arms.
Here gentler Edward claims a pitying sigh,
Scarce born to honors, and so soon to die!
Yet shall thy throne, unhappy infant, bring
No beam of comfort to the guilty king:
The time shall come when Glo'ster's heart shall bleed,
In life's last hours, with horror of the deed;
When dreary visions shall at last present
Thy vengeful image in the midnight tent:
Thy hand unseen the secret death shall bear,
Blunt the weak sword, and break the oppressive spearT
Where'er we turn, by Fancy charmed, we find
0, more than all in powerful genius blest,