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1831.]

From the Berks and Schuylkill Journal.

IRON MANUFACTORIES.

Aware that the accompanying Statements of Iron Manufactures of this county, are not as relatively correct as could be wishes, I neverthel-ss have been induced to lay them before the public in their present im. perfect form, to elicit correction from those immediate. ty interested in their details. They are based partly upon returns from several of the specified iron works, and partly from data furnished by the experience of J. U. Schneiler, Esq. and Mr. Simon Seyfert, and were thus hastly thrown together to convey to the recent “Convention of the friends of American Industry, held in New York,” a feint outline of this important source of wealth to the country. Wishing in complance with the requisitions of that body to perfect them as nearly as possible, I would particularly request any statistical in

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STATEMENT OF THE

FURNACES, FORGES, LABORERS EMPLOYED, &C.
I N B E R K S C O U N T Y.

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$98. MILITARY STATE convKNTION.—PROCEEDINGs of The LEGISLATURE.

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From the American Sentinel. STATF MILITARY CONVENTION.

Pursuant to public notice, the Field, Staff, aud Commissioned officers of the First Division, held a meeting at the Miliary Hall, on Friday evening, 4th inst. Col. Joseph S. Riley was called to the chair, and Col. Wm. P. Smith and Col. Henry Simpson, appointed secretaries. The call of the meeting having been read, Colonel James Page offered the following preamble and resolutions, which were unanimously adopted. Whereas, the acts of Assembly, now in force for the regulation of the Militia and Volunteers of this Commonwealth, are altogether ineffectual as a means of sustaining the military arm of this state, and their execu. tion has become not only matter of ridicule in the eyes, but proves greatly offensive to the moral sense of the community, and is fraught with consequences of a highly injurious and degrading character. And whereas, the existence of a military force is not only enjoined by the Constitution, but is as much rerequired as any other branch of the national power, and it is the policy of every Government to prepare for war in time of peace, so as to put down domestic insurrection, and resent foreign insult and aggression, taking care uot to make the performance of military duty too onerous to the citizen soldier; and it is the opinion of this meeting, that a proper organization of the Militia, and suitable encouragement of the Volunteers, is imperatively required, and would meet with the approba. tion of all classes of our fellow citizens. And whereas, without a concentration of opinion and action, no hope can be entertained that the change so much desired can be effected. Therefore be it resolved, That it is highly necessary that a Military Convention should be held in the course of the ensuing winter, for the purpose of taking into consideration the propriety of a full and complete revision of the Militia Laws of this Commonwealth, and adopting such measures as will have a tendency to res. cue the military character of the state from the disgrace and decay into which it is rapidly falling, and placing the system upon a safe and respectable footing. Resolved, That this meeting do earnestly and re. spectfully recommend to the several military divisions in the state, the election of delegates in proportion to their number of representatives, to attend said convention, and that the same be held at Harrisburg, on the first Monday of January, 1832. On motion of Col. Robert M. Lee, Resolved, That the commanding officers of each regiment of the first division be requested to notify the offi ers of their regiments of the time to which this meeting may adjourn, and to request their special attentlance. Un motion of Col. Page, Resolved, That when this meeting adjourns it will adjourn to meet on Friday, the 11th inst. at this place, at 7 o'clock, for the purpose of electing nine delegates to represent the First Brigade, and ten delegates to represent the Second Brigade, in said Convention. Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be published in all the newspapers of the city and county of Philadelphia. JOSEPH S. RILEY, Chairman. W.M. P. SM1th, HENRY s:::::,3 Secretaries.

At an adjourned meeting of the Field, Staff and Com missioned Officers of the First Division, P. M. held at the Military Hall, on Fridav evening the 11th inst. Col. Joseph S. Riley, in the chair, Co.'s. Wm. P. Smith, and Henry Simpson, secretaries.

The proceedings of the last meeting.were read and adopted.

on motion of Col. James Page, it was

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed

for each Brigade, to nominate their respective dele. gates to the Military Convention, to be held at Harrisburg, on the first Monday of January next. Whereupon the committees were appointed, reti. red and in a short time reported the following names: For the First Brigade—cols. Page, Riley, Cooper Murray, Simpson, an i Lee, and Majors Fritz, Boer. and W. C. Browne. - For the Second Brigade—Cols. John Thompson, Wolf, Roumfort, Knapp, and Lieut. Col. Paynter Capts. Worrell, Nixon, A. T. Smith, Snyder, and Lieut. Joseph P. Mort. . Which nomination was approved of by the meeting. Resolved, That the delegates have power to fill any vacancy that may occur in their body. Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be published in all the newspapers in the commonwealth friendly to an alteration and improvement of the present Military System. Adjourned. W.M. P. SMITH, HENR r SIMrson,

JOS. S. RILEY, Chairman. ; Secretaries.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE LEGISLATURE.

The Legislature has been principally occupied thus far, with the presentation of petitions—and the election of Officers; and Senator of the United States, in the room of J. D. Barnard, resigned.

IN SENATE.

WEDxxsDay, Dec. 7. The speaker announced the following standing committees. .Accounts—Messrs. Miller, Blythe, Mechling, Jackson, of Huntingdon, and Kern. Claims-Messrs. Sullivan, Krepps, Smyser, Mathews, and Drumheller. Judiciary System–Messrs. Kerlin, Packer, Miller, Livingston, and Burden. Mililia System–Messrs. Ringland, Piper, Robinson, Mathews and Cnnningham. Banks—Messrs. Boyd, Jackson of Huntingdon, Bertolet, Houston, and Taylor. Education—Messrs. Hassinger, Jackson of chester, Livingston, Fullerton, and Morris. Roads, Bridges, and Inland Navigation—Messrs. Cunningham, Petriken, Hays, Drumheller and Hassinger. .Agriculture and Domestic Manufactures—Messrs. Drumheller, Jackson of Chester, Bertolet, Wilber, and Robinson. Election Districts—Messrs. Kreps, Klingensmith, Piper, Blythe, and Fullerton. Vice and Immorality—Messrs. Fullerton, Boyd, Drumheller, Robinson, and Mechling. Compare Bills and present them to the Governor for his approbation—Messrs. Kreps, Piper, Bertolet, Miller, and Kern. Corporations—Messrs. Packer, Hays, Miller, Hassinger, and Klingensmith. Estates and Escheats—Messrs. Morris, Miller, Petriken, Ringland, and Boyd. Revenue Bills from the House of Representatorrs— Messrs. Taylor, lurden, Jackson of Huntingdon, Klingensmith, and Boyd. State Library—Messrs. Burden, Piper, and Wilber. On , Public Buildings–Messrs. Stoever, Ringland, Bertolet, Miller, and Hassinger,

Thomspar, Dec. 8, OFFICERS ELECTED. CLERx.

Walter S. Franklin, unanimously, who nominated as his assistant L. L. Minor,

1831.]

Pitt NTER ENGL1sh Joch NAL. Henry Welsh, GEmxAN JourtNAL. John Herbst, on the second ballot. Bills.

Hugh Hamilton and Son,

Seng EANT-AT-ARMs. Joseph Black, unanimously.

Doorak EEPER.

Robert Dickey, unanimously.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

Thursday, Dec. 8. StANDING Com MITTEEs. Committee of Ways and Means—Messrs. Patterson, (of Washington,) Riddell, Stewart, Ashmead, Anderson. Hopkins, and Wallace. Judiciary System–Messrs. Shannon, McCullough, Fuller, Findlay, Smith, Greenough, and Ramsey. Claims—Messrs. Ramsey, Stewart, McWilliams, Piatt, Campbell, Collar, and Shearer. ..Agriculture—Messrs. Oliver, Kerr, Potteiger, Picking, Kneppley, Lynn, and Ilinckle. Education—Messrs. Antlerson, Stokes, Houston, Wansant, Kerk, 1) unlop, and Buchanan. Domestic Manufactures—Messrs. Dunlop, Wanner, Bayne, Boileau, Mackey, Donnel, and Griffith. .Accounts—Messrs. Huntzinger, Shearer, Ried, (Armstrong.) Irvin, McKeehan, Weyand, and Porter. Militia System–Messrs. Davis, Power, McWilliams, Patterson, (Fayette,) Gross, Mathiot, and Buchanan. Election Districts—Messrs. Boyer, Hoover, Felton, Whitehill, Weida, Bartels, and Cocklin. Banks—Messrs. Peltz, Riddle, Brown, Bratton, Jiro disead, Beecher, and Moorhead. Estates and Escheats—Messrs. Waugh, Goodman, Fox. Coplan, Marshall, Burrowes, and Mitchell. Bridges, State and Turnpike Roads--Messrs. Gebhart, Johnston, Strohm, Tomlison, Martin. Stokes, and Spayd. Corporations—Messrs. Read, (Susque.) Goodman, Rhule. Ashbri'ge, Rankin, James, and High. Inland Navigation and Internal Improvement—Messrs. Hemphill, Read, (Susque.) Power, Crawford, Beaver, Galbraith, Heston, Walker, Oliver, Valentine, Overfield, Kelchner, and Purviance. Local Appropriations—Messrs. Hopkins, Andrews, Gebhart, Flickinger, Sharon, Kerr, and Ried, (Armstrong.) Vice and Immorality—Messrs. Tomlinson, Pennypacker, Kauffman, Roush, Fox, Hoover, and McKeehan. To compare Bills and present them to the Governor— Messrsr Miller, Piatt, and Lovett. Library–Messrs. Kerk, Roush, and Hinckle. On the Public Buildings–Messrs. Vansant, Ashbridge, Bratton, Picking, and Wanner.

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Jesse R. Burden, 18 Samuel B. Davis, 2 THIRD BALLOT. George M. Dallas, 35 Joseph Hemphill, H. A. Muhlenberg, 17 Richard Rush, Jesse It. Burden, 19 Samuel B. Davis, 2 FOURTH BALLOT. George M. Dallas, 37 Joseph Hemphill 26 H. A. Muhlenberg, 15 Richard . - 33 Jesse R. Burden, 19 Samuel B. Davis, 2 On-motion, the Convention adjourned till o'clock, at which time it met and proceeded to !. as follows: FIFTH BALLOT.

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One of the greatest annoyances to human comfort, in the cool season of the year, is a sinuky chimney, in an occupied room of any description, either kitchen, parlor or sitting-room; and to construct a chiinney which would carry smoke, has been found in practice, one of the most precarious objects of mechanism. So little has the theory of smoke and draft been understood, that if ever a chimney was constructed to draw well, it was evidently a matter of accident; for no mechanic seemed to have any rule for constructing chimneys, which would ensure a good one. We have been extremely gratified within a few days, by the inspection of a flue, and a set of fire-places, constructed upon a plan entirely new, in principle, invented by Mr. He war Antis, a respectable merchant of our borough. We had not the pleasure of seeing Mr. Antis' model; but we saw the practical effect of his discovery, by a chimney and fire-places in operation, in the house of Mr.

Joseph Wallace, in Front street, the success of which is complete, and triumphantly sustains Mr. Antis' theo

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ry on the subject. His theory is, that cold atmospheric air tends to the centre of gravity, till it meets with some obstruction, which gives it another direction—that heated or magnified air, is exactly vertical in motion, following the surface of solid matter by the dense surrounding atmosphere—that hence the flue to carry it off, should be perfectly vertical, and in no place of smaller dimensions than at the bottom or first inlet.— That it matters not how many inlets there be to it, provided the area of a cross-section of the flue be equal to those of all the inlets combined. It may be greuter, but must never be smaller. He, therefore, starts a single flue, from the cellar, regulating the size to cover the area of all the contemplated inlets, from bottom to top. He carries it up, all the way of the same size, in exact perpendicular direction—nor need the wall be more than the width of one brick, in thickness. Wherever he wants a fire-place, he attaches jambs of the usual shape, leaving the conmon perpendicular wall of the flue, for a back, throwing an arch across, at the proper place, in the usual form, covering it tight to the back wall. Immediately opposite or below the covering of the arch, he leaves a horizontal aperture in the flue, the whole width of the fire-place, from jamb to jamb, in size according to calculation previously male, and according to the height of the arch, which for jambs from 24 to 30 inches high, must not be less than three inches perpendicular in the opening. There seems to be philosophy in this theory; and practice, so far as tried, proves that there is truth in it. And we have no doubt the plan will on a little farther trial, be universally adopted, by builders. Beneath each grate, fited in a fire-place, is an opening left, which descends obliquely into the flue. . In this opening on a level with the hearth, is a fine grate fixed through which the ashes descend, from the grate above. And such is the effect, that while a strong current of air is produced, by the heat from the fire in the grate, through the horizontal aperture above, a moderate draft is also maintained in the oblique one below, which carries off all the dust, so that from a coal fire, not a particle of dust escapes into the room. He also affixes a valve to each inlet, hurg in such an ingenious manner, that the mere pulling a small brass knob, closes it entirely; and thus in case the chimney should take fire, all the currents of air may be stopped in a moment, and the fire dies at once. Not a particle of soot can ever enter your room or your fire-place; for that, as well as the ashes, all descend to the bottom of the flue, in the cellar, where an opening with a sheetiron door is constructed, from which these articles can be taken, and through which a sweep may enter and perform his duties, without disturbing the business, or amusements, or quiet of any part of the family. Where necessary, he also carries up side flues in the jambs, by which air can be introduced, to regulate the temperature of your room, or the force of your drafts. The advantages of this improvement are. 1. Fewer materials are used, which cheapens the work. 2. Less room is engrossed by dead brick-work. 3. No annoyances from soot or ashes, in your rooms —not even when a sweep ascends to clean out your flue. 4. Power to regulate the temperature of your rooms, without opening doors or windows. 5. Perfect security against smoke, in every room in your house.—Harrisburg Paper.

The Beaver Argus of Friday last, says:-"Winter has set in upon us unusually early this season. ...Beavor Creek, on the 30th ult. was frozen over sufficiently hard for a man to cross on it, and we have tolerable good sleighing. Our oldest inhabitants say they have never experinced such severe weather thus early in the season, in this part of the country.”

The wheeling Times of December 7, says-“Since our last two steamboats have arrived from Pittsburg

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WILKEs-man Rx, Dec. 7.

We have clear wintery weather and good sleighing.

The North Branch canal is closed with ice, and the prospect is, that it will not be navigable again this season

ERIE, Dec. 2. Snow StonM.—On Sunday evening last, commenced

a snow storm, which we are told by some of the early settlers of this place, has never been equalled within their recollection. The snow continued falling, except at very short intervals, until Wednesday morning, accompanied with high blust, ring wind, which did considerable damage to the shipping in the Lake and in the Bay. The extent of damage is not known, as several vessels which had cast anchor near the piers soon ofter the storm commenced, broke loose from their moorings during the night of Monday, and have not been heard of since. The snow is supposed to have tallen about three feet, and is very much drifted. On Tuesday and Wednesday, the mails had to be carried on horseback, it being impossible to get along with sleighs. The travelling is now good, and the bells are jinsling merrily.

The storm extended as far as we have been able to hear from, to the east and west. At Buffalo, the harbor is closed, and several vessels laden with merchan. dize to come up the lake, are completcly embargoed.

The large schooner America, of Cleaveland, laden with goods, went ashore at Dunkirk, on Tuesday night and bilged.—Observer.

The severity of the weather has continued throughout the week—A fall of snow on Wednesday sufficient to produce a little sleighing—Thursday night and Fri. day cold, very severe—Rivers both closed—lnfluenza prevalent throughout the city and country—Wood still high and scarce. [Philadelphia.)

Hazand's REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

DEvoted to THE PIt Eslert WATION OF EVERY kind or userUL INFort MATIon ResPECTING THE STATE.

EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.

VOL: VIII.-NO. 26. PHILADELPHIA, DEC. 24, issi. No. 208. AUDITOR GENERAL'S REPORT No. V.

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Samuel W. Lippincott, $2,000 00
Richard F. Allen, 2,000 00
Samuel C. Ford, 2,000 00
John Jennings, 2,000 00
Mahlon Gillingham, 2,000 00
Moses Thomas, 1,000 00
Charles J. Wolbert, 300 00
John D. Goodwin, 300 00
Archibald Murphy, 200 00
Joseph Thomas, 200 00
George Riter, 100 00
12,100 00
No. III.
AUCTION DUTIFS.
Richard F. Allen, $30,016 67
Mahlon Gillingham, 22,065 23
Samuel C. Ford, 21,974 04
John Jennings, . 19,610 25
Samuel W. Lippincott, 13,395 15
Peter Graham, 8,419 51
Moses Thomas, 3,438 29
Henry C. Corbit, 2,991 01
George W. Richards, 1,939 52
Henry Erwin, 847 55
C. J. Wolbert, 496 47
David Lynch, 402 67
George Riter, 281 04
P. M'Kenna, 261 16
T. B. Freeman, 241 30
John D. Goodwin, 81 77
Archibald Murphy, 43 22
— 126,504 85
No. IV.
DIVIDENDS ON BANK STOCK.
Bank of Pennsylvania, $90,000 00
Philadelphia Bank, 13,082 50

Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank, 3,416 00

106,498 50

Vol. VIII. 51

DIVIDENDS ON BRIDGE, CANAL AND TURN- PIKE STOCK.

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