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passes down the river annually, we may safely calculate order of the president and managers, to take into conon an immense sum and almost an unlimited trade up. sideration the subject of the construction of the said on this line of our improvements, believing that the Rail Road, and the prosecution of the work until com. worn out arguments of watermen, and the opposers of pleted, as authorised by the charter; and the canaling system, will fade away before actual and Whereas, it satisfaciorily appears to the stockholders successful experiments, and the whole of the Susque. now convened, from the reports of Moncure Robinson, hanna trade find its way to market through the Canal. and F. W. Rawle, Esqrs. engineers of the company,

Although the river at times may afford a speedier that the Danville and Portsville Rail Road can be made passage for the descending trade, yet when the loss of (in a less distance, on a more favorable location, and lives, the destruction of property, aud the risk encoun- with 354 feet less ascent and descent, than by the first tered, under the most favorable circumstances, from survey) for a reasonable sum, and in a superior manner, storms, and other causes, to which may be added, the fitted in every respect for the application of locomotive difficulties which are met with by our lumber and pro- power for the conveyance of passengers, and the transduce merchants, in selling, at a fair price, at a common portation of every kind of tonnage; therefore, depot, where an immense amount of property is thrown Resolved, That the president and managers be request. into market at our annual spring freshets; every pru.ed to put under contract as soon as practicable, with a dent man cannot but choose the safe and easy channel view to its speedy completion, so much of the eastern of the canal.

section of the said Road, commencing at the point of The fact, that the descending trade of the river will, connexion with the Mount Carbon Rail Road, and ex: at no distant day, be transferred to the Canal, is fairly tending to the mouth of the Shenandoah creek, and deducible by arithmetical calculation of the actual er. thence towards the Susquehanna, as far as the present pense incurred by the two modes: Take for instance, funds of the company will

, in the opinion of the presi. the article of Coal, which will shortly exceed all the dent and managers, justify. descending trade of the North Branch.

Resolved, that the president and managers be auThe following will exhibit the expense of transport. thorised to receive subscriptions for the balance of the ing sixty tons of Coal from the waters' edge at Wilkes- stock of the company, authorised by law, or so much barre or Plymouth, by the river in an Ark, and a Boat thereof, as may be sufficient to complete the whole of that burthen, on the Canal, making the market at work. Harrisburg.

Resolved, that the president and managers be auBy the River.

thorised and requested to make application to the leAn Ark of 60 tons burthen, will cost

$60 00 gislature, to be allowed five years in addition to the Loading of Ark,

5 00 time now authorised for the completion of the wbole Allowing 3 days to a trip, at an average pitch

work-for permission to transport the mail and passenof water.

gers, or to receive such toll as may appear to the preFor Pilot, including board, at $2 00 $7 00 sident and managers reasonable for the same. And also Stearsman,

1 50 5 25 for permission, if at any time hereafter, the tolls should Common hand,

1 00 3 50 not enable the company, after paying all repairs and Risk, at 10 per cent. on 60 tons of Coal,

other necessary expenses, to divide six per cent. per at $1 25 per ton, and the Ark at $60 00, 13 50 annum on the capital stock expended, that then, and in Hands returning, 3 days,

13 50 such case, the tolls may be increased by the company, Loss on the Ark,

40 00 so that the dividends shall amount to ten per cent. per

annum, and that whenever the tolls shall exceed fifteen

$87 75 per cent. per annum on the capital expended, they shall By the Canal,

be reduced so as not to exceed that amount. Loading Boat,

$5 10

A letter from Mr. Wm. McCarty to the managers of 45 days passage on canal with 2 men, boy and

the company was read, in which he offers to contract 2 horses, viz.

for making the whole road, at the estimate of the engiSuper cargo, $1 25 per day,

5 624 neers, and to subscribe for stock of the company to the Common hand, 1 00

4 50 amount of fifty thousand dollars, to be received in part Boy, 50

2 25 payment for the work. 2 horses, each 75

6 75 The following resolution offered by Richard Peters, Boat bire, at 50 per day,

2 25 Esq. was then unanimously adopted. Toll on 60 tons, for 110 miles, at ct. per ton

Resolved, that the thanks of this meeting be tender. per mile,

33 00 ed to the stockholders of Danville and Sunbury, for Toll for Boat at 3 cents per mile,

3 30 their very liberal conduct, in relation to the prosecu4 days returning empty, including toll,

22 30 tion of this great work.
(Signed,)

DANIEL MONTGOMERY, $84 97)

Chairman, Leaving a balance in favor of Canal naviga

H. C. CAREY, Secretary. tion of

$2 77 But as a return cargo, sufficient to pay the expense of returning, may be safely calculated upon—the sum

For the Register of Pennsylvania. of $22 30 should therefore be added to the balance, in SKETCHES OF WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA. favor of the Canal, and we then have a nett saving on the Canal of $25 07.

NO. I.

That part of Pennsylvania, lying west of the AllegbeDANVILLE AND POTTSVOLLE RAIL ROAD. ny mountain, comprising the counties of Westmoreland. At a meeting of the stockholders of the Danville and ler, Mercer, Crawford, Erie, Warren, Venango, ara

Fayette, Washington, Greene, Allegheny, Beaver, But Pottsville Rail Road Company, held agreeably to public notice, on Saturday, 12th instant, on motion of Stephen strong, Indiana, Jefferson and McKean, and parts of Girard, Esq. Gen. Daniel Montgomery was called to the Somerset, Cambria, Clearfield, and Potter, is generally chair, and H. C. Carey, was appointed secretary. denominated Western Pennsylvania. Wbat is known

The following preamble and resolutions, moved by by the name of the dividing ridge, or top of the AlleRichard Peters, Esq. were unanimously adopted.

Whereas, the stockholders of the Danville and gheny mountain, passes through the four last named Pottsville Rail Road Company, have been convened by counties; all the streams rising east of this ridge for

.

1831.)

SKETCHES OF WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA.

331

eastwardly, generally forming tributaries of the Sus. | with such toil and danger, forced his way, has been quehanna; while those having their sources on the converted into fruitful fields, and become the quiet western side flow west ward, and find their way to the babitation of civilized men. What a change in seventy Ohio. The geographical division is strongly marked, years! The wildest fancy would have fallen far short and the term very appropriate,

of the reality; its parallel is only to be found in the same History. There are men yet living who assisted in western regions, where art seems to have become ma. the arduous enterprise of settling this extensive and gic, and the effects of human enterprise, industry, and Aourishing section of our commonwealth. The writer perseverance, indicate a power only short of omnipo

tence. of this has seen and conversed with many of these venerable pioneers, much of whose lives has been spent in

The next demonstration made by the British against the privations and hardships incidental to new and re. Fort Du Quesne, was commanded by General Grant, mote settlements, in contests with savages, often obliged at the head of 800 Scotch Highlanders. He marched to betake themselves to blockhouses for safety, and to the top of a hill which overlooked the fort, and there who for many years, encountered innumerable perils; imprudently beat a reveille in the hearing of the French but who, through perseverance and industry, have and Indians, in the garrison. The latter unseen, salCaused the wilderness to blossom as the rose.

lied out, Aanked him right and left, attacked and cut Long before the revolution, tiris section of country the troops to pieces. The unfortunate Grant was made was in the possession of the French, who built and oc. prisoner. This bill is now known by the name of "Grant's

Hill" cupied Fort Du Quesne, at the junction of the Alleglie.

In 1763, Gen. Forbes commanded on the third expe. ny and Monongahela rivers, where Pittsburg now stands. This was their principal fort. They had also dition against this place. Profiting by the dear bought anothe fort on French creek, a tributary of the Alle experience of bis predecessors, he resorted to stratagheny, called Le Beuf.

gem. On arriving near the garrison, be marched his During what we now call the old French war, the The Indian spies, finding what they supposed an inter

men in single file, and extended as much as possible. British government made numerous attempts to dig.

minable line of troops approaching, hastened to the lodge the French, and their Indian allies, from Du garrison with the intelligence. The French, adopting Quesne. In the year 1755, General Braddock,in making the sage maxim of the renowned Falstaff, blew up their this attempt, met with his disastrous defeat. After a

works, and made a hasty retreat down the Ohio, leaving fatiguing march through the wilderness, he had arrived this important station in quiet possession of the British. within eight miles of the fort, when he was met by a Treaties were concluded with the neighboring Indian strong force of French and Indians. Ignorant him

tribes; the garrison rebuilt at considerable expense, and self of Indian warfare, and perhaps too proud to named Fort Pitt in honor of the Earl of Chatham.* take advice, he drew up his army in the usual order of

At this period emigration, from the eastern side of the battle, to contend with an enemy skulking behind mountains, began to be general. Various inducements trees and logs. The result was what might have been

were held out to settlers by the government of Pennexpected: his men were slaughtered by an unseen foe, sylvania, both before the separation from Great Britain and a defeat the most disastrous perhaps that ever took and since. Redstone settlement, on the Monongahela, place upon the continent; and a precipitate retreat, was the first. Soon after other settlements were formleaving the wounded among their merciless conquerors.ed, principally in what are now Westmoreland and AlThe brave but imprudent Braddock received a mortal legheny counties. Pittsburg began to be built, and wound. He was carried about fifty miles by his men,

a town called Hannalistown, the first seat of justice of when he expired; and his solitary grave is yet pointed Westmoreland county, laid out, about 32 miles east of out to the traveller, in the mountainous region, near

Pittsburg. A number of houses were erected, and it the line dividing the counties of Somerset and Fayette,

was the centre of a flourishing settlement, when it was on the side of the national road. In this action our burnt, and the inhabitants driven off for a time, by a own Washington, then a young man, a Major at the marauding party of savages. It was never rebuilt; the head of the Virginia troops, first displayed that pru. seat of justice was transferred to Greensburg, about Jence, firmness, coolness, and intrepidity, which after three miles distant. The ruins are yet to be seen. wards marked his character, and gave him a place

The burning of Hannahstown, and the numberless among the first of men. After sustaining the furious

depredations of the Indians, did not much retard the onsel, and doing all that man could do, to make head current of emigration. The country was fine, and land against the overwhelming force of the enemy, he co

to be had for little more than the expense of surveying; vered the retreat, and saved the army from total destruc- and although separated by almost inaccessible mountion.

Tains from the rest of the civilized world; and though On the theatre of this bloody and unfortunate affair, the pack horse was for many years their only means of & Aourishing Female Seminary is now established.

conveyance, they still persevered, looking forward to Light and playful steps tread the soil which drank the better times. Many venerable and worthy men are blood of the warrior; and the ploughshare of the hus

now living, in affluence, who endured these difficulties. bandman disturbs his mouldering uninterred bones. The

Previous to the year 1772, all this section of country fortress in dispute is now the scite of a great and flour. isbing city. The wilderness through which Braddock,

• Hence the name of Pittsburg.

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was comprised in the single county of Bedford. In that bard sterility, whieh denies the labours of the cultiva year, Northumberland county was erected, which, with tor a full reward. a large section east of the mountains, comprehended a Mountains.—The Allegheny mountain, as was be. considerable portion of the western, lying east of the fore observed, bounds this section of Pennsylvania Allegheny river. In the following year, Westmoreland on the east. When we speak of the Allegheny moun. was erecied, compreliending all that part of Bedford sit- tain in particular, we mean the great central elevation uated west of the Allegheny mountain; being the first which divides the eastern from the western waters, and county, the seat of justice of which was situated west of of which all the others are but spurs or branches: althe mountains, As the population increased, new though all are frequently comprehended under the gen. counties were erected, in the order following:

eral denomination of Allegheny mountains. In almost Washington, from Westmoreland in 1781.

all respects this mountain differs from the others. In Fayette, from

1783.

approaching it from the eastward, it presents a bold and Allegheny, from

1788.

precipitous front, and from two 10 five miles will bring Lycoming, from Northumberland, in 1795. This is the traveller to the summit, from whence the desent now an eastern county; but at that period it extended westward is scarcely perceptible. Much of it might be across the mountains, comprehending all that part of called table-land; for even on the summit, tracts of lewestern Pennsylvania, formerly belonging to Northuinvel, and frequently, escellent land extends for miles. berland.

Many fine farms are to be met with in these tracts; and, Somerset, from Bedford, in 1795.

although it is what farmers denominate a cold soil, it Greene, from Washington, in 1796.

well repay, the labour of cultivation. But it is along Beaver, from Allegheny and Washington, in 1800. the water courses that the genuine mountain features

Butler, Mercer, Crawford, and Erie, from Allegheny, are to be seen. Rugged, precipitous hills, rocks and in 1800.

precipices, pine, laurel, and every variety of mountain Warren and Venango, from Allegheny and Lycoming shrubbery, together with the roaring of the wild in 1800.

and agitated stream, crowding at once upon the mind Armstrong, from Allegheny, Westmoreland, and J.y. of the beholder, form a combination in the highest decoming, in 1800.

gree, picturesque and romantic. Indiana, from Lycoming and Westmoreland, in 1803.

The Laurel Hill, is the first branch of the Allegheny Jefferson, from Lycoming, in 1804.

on its western side; and its direction is parallel with, Cambria, from Huntingdon, in 1804.

and but a short distance from it. It forms the dividing Clearfield, from Lycoming, in 1804.

line between Westmoreland and Somerset counties, M'Kean,

1804.

tience passing through Fayette county, it leaves the Thus settlement after settlement was formed, until State. In elevation it falls but little short of the nearly all was filled up. The pack horse was superce- Allegheny. Steep, rugged, and rocky, it cannot be ded by the wagon; and this last is now giving place to cultivated. Its scenery is wild, and its aspect generally the canal-boat and rail road car. The rude cabins of dreary and forbiding. The Conemaugh and Youghiothe first settlers are mouldering away; their thrifty gheny rivers have broken passages through it. occupants having long since deserted them, for more

The Chesnut Ridge is the next and last elevation enticommodious, comfortable, and, in many instances, ele. tled to the appellation of mountain. It passes through Ingant mansions. Smiling villages, occupy the scites of diana, Westmoreland and Fayette counties, to the YoughIndian encampments; and a peaceful, intelligent com- iogheny river, where it appears to terminate. In altitude munity now bave their happy homes upon the very soil and rugged features it falls far short of the Laurel which, within the memory of men now living, was the

Hill. unimproved, uncultivated home of wandering, unsettled

The Allegheny river, and many of its tributaries, bare tribes, who roamed, in gloomy solitude, or in predatory their source in what may be termed mountainous regions: hordes, through the interminable forest.

regions having all the features of mountains except their The physical features of this section of country are regular elevation. strong, and extremely various." In one section we find

Rivers.—The Allegheny, which traverses the north; the bold, picturesque scenery of mountainous regions, ern section of western Pennsylvania, first claims atten. often too wild to be reduced to order, or made subser. tion. It rises in Potter county, wbence, flowing in a vient to the use of man. In another, the fertile plain, north-western direction, it enters the state of New inviting to the husbandman from its fertility, and pleas- York; thence inclining more and more to the south, it ing to the eye of the traveller, as the abode of peace re-enters Pennsylvania, at the N. E. corner of Warren and plenty. In a third, alternate hills and vallies, in county, and continues in a direction nearly south, paspleasing variety, affording, together with a fruitful and sing through the counties of Warren, Venango, Armgenerous soil, the two richest blessings of life, good wa- strong, and Allegheny, unites with the Monongabela at ter and good health. In a fourth, vallies watered by Pittsburg, and forms the Ohio. beautiful limpid streams form a scene, which of all oth The Obio was considered by the Indians as the coners, the lover of nature the most delights to contem- tinuation of the Allegheny. The names are synonyplate. Here, in a word, nature has scattered her boun. mous: Allegheny being a word in the dialect of the ties with a liberal hand-bas) equally removed it from Delaware Indians, and Ohio in the Seneca, both signis the enervating influenec of extreme fertility, and the fying Fair river.

1851.]

SKETCHES OF WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA.

333

course.

The importance of the Allegheny, consists chiefly it is important, however, as being the sole feeder of the in the lumber business, more than twenty millions of western section of the Pennsylvania Canal, which fol. feet of which descend annually, from the vast pine for- lows the valley of this river, almost throughout its entire ests through which it and its tributaries pass. A steam

About twenty miles from its mouth, this river boat, built purposely for the navigation of this river, of receives the waters of a creek, called Loyal Hannah; from sixty to eighty tons burden, plies regularly be froin which place the name of the river is absurdly tween Pittsburg and Warren, a distance of about two changed from Conemaugh, to Kiskiminetas,—thus pro. hundred miles; and in-one instance ascended to Olean ducing confusion in the mind of strangers. It may have Point, in the State of New York, a distance from Pitts- been the result of accident or misunderstanding; but, burg little short of three bundred miles.

however this may be, it is high time that the name of This river is universally admired for the unrivalled Kiskiminetas was stricken from the map. purity of its water; which is so transparent that the The Youghiogheny, the principal tributary of the pebhles at the bottom may be frequently seen at a Monongabela, rises in the Allegheny mountain, near depth of twenty feet; for its smooth, yet lively current; the Maryland line, whence pursuing a north-western and for the clean pebbly channel through which it flows. | direction, through Fayette and Westmoreland counties, Its navigation is safe and easy; and it is a remarkable it unites with the Monongahela, a few miles above Pittsfact, that, although it is, through a great part of its burg. It is difficult to navigate, but affords fine water course, closely environed by high, steep, and frequently power, and flows, for a considerable part of its course, rocky hills, its channel is almost entirely free from through a highly fertile and flourishing section of counrocks. Its scenery is highly romantic, and in some try. places assumes a wild grandeur, but rarely to be met There are many other fine streams in this section of with. The country along its banks partakes of a great country, some of which are navigable for a considerable variety of features: some of it is very fertile, and well distance. Water power is abundant, mills and other settled and improved, some steril, and incapable of cul- | manufactories are numerous, and to be met with in all tivation, and other parts are highly valuable on account quarters. Nearly all these streams have clean pebbly of the fine timber with which they are covered. channels, lively currents, and little or none of that grass,

The Monongahela rises in Virginia, whence Aowing and other vegetable matter, which, putrifying, engennorthward, enters Pennsylvania, forming the dividing der a variety of diseases. Hence agues are almost un. line between Fayette and Greene, Westmoreland and known in Western Pennsylvania. Washington, counties, then enters Allegheny county, The soil of the vallies, in the mountainous regions, in which it unites with the Allegheny river at Pitts- is excellent, and well watered. Leaving the mountains, burg. Its current is mostly gentle, and its waters ra- the country consists principally of arable hills, alternate ther muddy. It appears at first view of equal size vallies, or, as it is commonly called, rolling ground. with the Allegheny; but it falls far short of the latter However, near water courses, the hills are frequently in the quantity of water it discharges. The country too steep for cultivation, although possessing a fine soil, through which the Monongahela meanders is perhaps and clothed with the most luxuriant growth of timber. the finest in western Pennsylvania. Large tracts of Such hills, having the proper exposure, would be well alluvial soil skirt its borders, and the hills are generally adapted to the culture of the vine. This latter descripeasy of ascent, and well calculated for cultivation. tion, holds good generally, respecting the greater part Steam boats ply regularly on this river between Pitts- of Westmoreland—the western part of Fayette-all burg and Brownsville, in Fayette county, about forty Washington—Allegheney-Beaver, and Indiana, for the miles. The name in the Indian dialect, signifies "the most part, may be placed in the same class, The three river of the falling in banks.”

first named counties, possess the finest land, and WashThe Ohio, formed by the united waters of the Alle- ington is generally supposed to rank first in this respect. gheny and Monongahela, has but a short course in wes- Mercer, Crawford and Erie, bave large bodies of level tern Pennsylvania. Passing through part of Allegheny land, of excellent quality; but better adapted to grazing it enters Beaver county, thence, leaving the State, it than grain.growing. Butler, Armstrong, Venango and pursues its course of a thousand miles into the far west, Warren, have soils so extremely various, that it would till it mingles its waters with those of the Mississippi. be impossible to give them a general character. Whilst It retains the general features of the Allegheny, rather large bodies might almost be pronounced worthless, than of the Monongahela, though the current is more and other large bodies are valuable only for the timber gentle, and the water less limpid. This is decidedly with which they are covered, there are many extensive the most important river in this section of country, tracts, which will not suffer in comparison with any forming as it does the great channel of communication land in Pennsylvania. with the vast and flourishing regions of the west and Timber. There is no better criterion of soil than the south. Its width is from one third to half a mile. timber which it produces. The soil best adapted to

The Conemaugh, a tributary of the Allegheny, has "small grain,” will be found to produce abundance of its source in the Allegheny mountain, whence it pur- white oak; yet almost invariably mixed plentifully with sues a north-wester: direction, till it meets the Alleghe. either hickory, chesnut, walnut, the other species of ny, thirty miles above Pittsburg. It is in many places oaks, ash, or with several, or even all of these. But the a rough, impetuous stream, of dangerous navigation. I white oak will predominate. On that best adaptod to

FREE TRADE CONVENTION.

334

(NOVEN DES

Indian coun--hickory, walnut, cherry, or sugar maple ardent lover of nature may rusticate with delight amidst will predominate. Beech, maple, black ash, &c, indi- its solemn, wild, and romantic scenes, the political econcate good grass land; although hickory and the various omist may calculate with pleasure its vast resources; and species of oaks, except rock vak, frequently abound on the philanthropist rejoice in the view of this favoured such soils. Pine lands cannot be said to be good for any abode of simplicity and virtue, of plenty and contentof the grains - they produce grass, when favourably ment. situated, pretty well.

[To be Continued.) Almost every species of timber abounds on the Allegheny mountain; except white oak. The various spe

PROCEEDINGS OF FREE TRADE CONVENTION. cies of pine predominale. Poplar, beech, sugar maple, chesnut and birch, are next in abundance. Some

(Continued from page 261.) kinds of shrubbery are found which I bave met with Mr. POINDEXTER, of Mississippi, offered the follow.

ing resolutions: (on the 3d day.) no where else. Wild cherry abounds in some parts, as

Resolved, That we feel the strongest attachment to also black, red and rock oaks, walnut, ash and hickory, the Union of the States composing the Confederacy of Pines, poplars and chesnuts grow to huge size. In some the United States; and that we pledge our lives, our places, where the soil is rich and humid, it is cover- fortunes, and our sacred honor, to defend the same ed with a vegetation so dense and luxuriant as to seem

against all encroachments, internal and external, which

may threaten its duration; which sentiment we cannot absolutely impenetrable.

be induced, by any emergency, to yield, while the libChesnut, and red, and rock oak predominate on the ferty of the people is preserved, and the rights of the Laurel Hill. On the Chesnut Ridge, chesnut is most parties to tlie compact respected according io the pro.

visions of the Constitution. abundani; poplar, the oaks, and most timber usually

2. Resolved, That all laws regulating labor by penal found on high grounds, also abound. It is heavily tim. enactments, by bounties,or monopolies, are inconsistent bered. No pine is met with except along a few of the with the principles of free Government, and a palpable

violation of the inherent and inalienable rights of a water-courses. Except in the mountainous regions, and in the north-Constitution of the United States.

free people; and contrary to the letter and spirit of the eastern section, no pines, properly so called, are found 3. Resolved, that the obvious and legitimate object in Western Pennsylvania. One species, the bemlock, of a written Constitution, is to define the powers of the skirts the borders of some of the streams. Cedar is protect the rights of the minority from invasion, by a

Government; to limit the action of the majority, and to rarely met with in any part.

usurpation of puwers not enumerated in the grant. In the vallies, and along the water courses, hickory, 4. Resolved, that the law of Congress, entitled "An ash, sugar-maple, cherry, elm, &c. &c, abound; the ma. act in alteration of the several acts imposing duties on jestic sycamore skirts the borders of most of the larger equal in its operation on the great interests of the na.

imports," passed on the 19th day of May, 1828, is unstreams. Leaving the vallies, the different species of tion; oppressive on Agriculture, Commerce and Navioak are found greatly predominant. Black walnut gation. That said act recognizes and imposes a system abounds in some places, and always indicates a soil of of taxation, falling with peculiar injustice on those who

cultivate the soil, and supply, by their industry, the ex. extreme fertility,

port trade of the United States, and on all others not In the neighborhood of Lake Erie, beech and sugar immediately engaged in manufactures; that, in effect, it maple predominate. The soil is very good, but hard to assumes a power unknown to the Constitution, to regu. clear, owing to the long, spreading roots of these trees. exercise of which power, a free people cannot, and

late labor by bounties and monopolies, to the unlimited On the heads of the Allegheny and some of its tributa. ought not to submit, when all hopes of redress shall ries, there are immense forests of white pine, from have vanished. which the country bordering the Ohio is supplied with

5. Resolved, That a solemn appeal be made to the

patriotism and justice of the people of the United boards and shingles of the finest quality, and at very States, to unite in obtaining such modifications of the low prices.

existing Tariff as may be essential to all the important The forest trees generally are of a large size, healthy interests of the people, and calculated to quiet the and luxuriant in appearance, and frequently as thick as fears and satisfy the reasonable deniands of every secthey can stand. Wood is plenty and cheap. Fruit import, be addressed to the Congress of the United

tion of the Union; and also, that a Memorial, of like trees are abundant, and the soil and climate well adapt- States, to be presented at their next session. ed to their fruitfulness. Grapes in great variety are 6. Resolved, that the preceding resolutions be refound growing spontaneously; and some of them are offerred to such Committee as may be appointed to pre.

pare the aforesaid Address and Memorial.” excellent quality, and would be well worthy of cultiva. tion. This branch of rural economy is beginning to at.

Fourth day.-Wednesday, Oct. 5th, 1831. tract attention; and, so far as tested, the experiment

At 12 o'clock the President took the Chair, when has been successful.

the minutes of the preceding session were read. In a word, whether we consider this section of cou The following Delegates appeared and took their

seats. try as regards its bold and variegated scenery; the fruit

From Virginia, Littleton Upsher.- New York, James fulness of its soil; the purity of its waters; the salubrity Heard, E. D. Comstock, Silas M. Stilwell.-Maryland, of its climate; the veriety and vigorous growth of its George Hoffman.-- Massachusetts, John Pickens. ---South vegetable productions, or the well cultivated fields, North Carolina, N. Bruner. - Connecticut, Roger Minot

Carolina, Thomas Fleming. - New Jersey, R.F.Stockton. and the pleasant dwellings of its industrious, virtuous Sherman. and happy population, we find much to admire. The The President laid before the Convention a commu

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