« PreviousContinue »
By Col. Thompson—The Memory of the brave General Montgomery–His pure and precious blood was cheerfully shed to procure for us Liberty and Independence; while the rocks of Quebec Tower are the plains of Abraham; his name will be held in grateful remembrance by the friends of Freedom. The Chairman having retired, and the Vice President, Mr. Gowen, having conducted the Vice President, Mr. Binns, to the Chair, he gave, and the company drank, with cheers, the following toast— Our respected and talented Chairman, M. Carey, Esq. —In Ireland, the editor of the Volunteer's Journal; in the United States, the author of The Olive Branch—we wish him health long to labor for the public good. By Dr. J. McHenry—The glorious recollection of the Irish Volunteers of 1781, with whom first originated that spark of religious liberty in Ireland, which has at length been so happily achieved in the accomplishment of Catholic Emancipation. By Matthew M'Bride—The pleasure we feel in par. ticipating in the company of this venerable friend of Civil and Religious Liberty; may we ever cherish in our hearts those virtues which have adorned his life and rendered him dear to society. By James L. Dougherty—Irishmen—They have successfully drawn the sword and wielded the pen in the cause of liberty in every clime; God grant that the day is not far distant when their patriotic efforts shall shine forth in refulgent splendor, in the cause of liberty and the rights of man in their native isle. By George Pepper—Daniel O’Connell, the distinguished senator, the incorruptible patriot; Ireland cannot say like Sparta, that she has better sons. By Mordecai Cullen—Our happy Republic, the Asylum of the Oppressed—No armed Police, no equipped Yeomanry, no Insurrection Act, where the sword of Gideon is turned into ploughshares. By James Maher—The Mayor, Recorder and Alderman of the city of Philadelphia—Justly entitled to the gratitude of the united sons of Erin, for their impartiality in the late trials in the Mayor's Court, for the riot on the 12th of July last. By william W. Haly, Esq.-The Law—The only sovreignty acknowledged amongst us; administered by functionaries like those that occupy the seats of our criminal jurisprudence; its reign must be prosperous and perpetual. - - - By Alexander Diamond—The Constitution of the United States, the inestimable charter of freedom which guarantees to all men equal rights and liberty of conscience. By c. G. Nagle—The Laws of Pennsylvania—They are just and equitable, and may they ever be administered by such talented and impartial judges as those who lately presided in the Mayor's Court. by Thomas Burke—The Memory of the Irish Patriots who died for their country—Their blood has enriched the soil of Irish Freedom, and caused it to produce some of the fairest flowers of Liberty. . By John Keefe—The Honorable Daniel O’Connell, the able Advocate of Ireland–May he soon stand on the Altar of Liberty in his own country, and proclaim to the world that Erin’s chains are broken, and the laniented EMMET's Epitaph may be written for Ireland is free and Independent. - By Bernard Maguire—The City of Philadelphia--The first in sympathy for the suffering Irish, and the first to do honor to one of her most distinguished sons. By Thomas Black—Destruction to the monster, “Domestic Faction,” which is the sole cause that has prevented Ireland from obtaining her independence, long ere this. By John Maguire—the Right Rev. Dr. Doyle, the Patriarch of Patriotism, who has wreathed the crosier with the olive of freedom, and shown the world that the mitre may be as the cap of liberty. - - - By James D. Boylan—May the feuds and animosities
DINNER TO COUNSELLOR SAMPSON.
of Irishmen be forever drowned in the waters of eternal oblivion, and peace and harmony the only pass-word by which they may be known to each other. By Dennis Sweeney—Counsellor Sampson, the virtuous patriot, and terror of wicked men. By Peter Woods—Joseph M'Ilvaine, Esq. Recorder of the City of Philadelphia—An impartial, independent and talented administrator, of our criminal jurisprudence; in his hands the sword of justice has destroyed the demon of fanaticism and bigotry, and rescued us from its fearful ravages. By John Waters—George Washington Custis, the nephew of the illustrious Washington, the friend of civil and religious liberty, and by Ireland he should be remembered. By Augustine P. Quigg—The proper authorities of the city and county of Philadelphia—May they frown indignantly on any attempt to disturb the peace of society and nullify the author thereof by judicial distribu. tion. By Joseph McIlvaine, Esq. the Recorder of Philadelphia—The Irish Emigrant–Ever welcome to our shores, doubly welcome when he leaves behind him those local feuds and unnatural appetites which the policy of a despotic government has created and cherished; but which are inconsistent with the spirit of our free insti. tutions. By David S. Hassinger—The Irishman’s Motto— “Where Liberty dwells there is my country.” By B. W. Richards, Esq. the Mayor of Philadelphia —The Patriotic Irish Advocate—Who in his zeal for his fellow countrymen, forgot not what was due to the laws and the peace of his adopted country. His fellow countrymen derive honor in honoring him. By Thomas Maguire—The venerable Counsellor Sampson, the fearless defender of the rights of man, in his native and adopted country, he has stayed the progress of the destroying angel. The sword of Gideon is sheathed, never more to be drawn against the defenders of American freedom. 13 y Bw. Graves—May the recollections of the cause which brought us together this day, be the means of producing a unanimity amongst Irishmen, never to be broken, and may they recollect that division was their ruin at home, and that union will make them respected abroad. By James Gowen, Esq. one of the Vice Presidents— The Naturalised Citizens of the United States—The discords that divide and enslave their native land, admonish them to harmonize in the land of their adoption; may the freedom they enjoy ever be reciprocated by the most ardent devotion to the laws and the constitution and may their rulers recognize in them citizens under a Constitution that does not discriminate. After the toast of Mr. Gowen had been drunk, Mr. Binns addressed the meeting. “I will not, sir,” said he, “occupy many minutes of your time, nor would l at all claim your attention, if I did not feel that very extraordinary circumstances have brought us together. We have assembled to pay the homage of our high, consideration to a distinguished fellow countryman; but can we overlook the cause which brought him here? If we could overlook it, would not our fellow-citizens think that we were strangely regardless of the peace and good order of this, our generally tranquil and quiet city? I would touch lightly on this unpleasant topic— its circumstances, indeed, are known to all our citizens; every one that hears me is at least as well acquainted with the disgraceful facts as I am. A riot, attended with much violence and bloodshed, took place in the middle of the day, in the heart of our city; our police were called upon, and, for some time, the scene was alarming. Who were those who thus raised their bloody weapons against each other? I need not answer the question! Sir, I should feel my cheeks glow with shame for the conduct of my countrymen, on the occasion referred to, if I did not feel that they have noble
MANUFACTURE OF EDGE TOOLS.
and redeeming qualities, and even claims to the grati- tons of first rate iron per annum, with proportionate
tude of their adopted country.
These claims rest on quanities of steel, &c. Thirty grind stones, worth from
their affectionate devotion to her from the earliest days 35 to 30 dollars each, and weighing more than a ton,
of the revolution to the present hour.
was not more zealous to assert the rights of America,
than have been thousands of his countrymen at every period since. In that dark and gloomy hour of the revolution, when the Pennsylvania Line—chiefly Irish—could
be tracked by their blood, goaded by what they regard. ing many persons, horses, &c.
Montgomery being about 5 feet in diameter and about 12 inches wide
are annually used. They are supplied from York county. The transportations of materials and goods make a heavy item of expense—for about 2,000 bushels, of mineral coal and 15,000 of charcoal are used, employForty workmen are
ed as an ungrateful neglect, mutinously arrayed them. employed in the factory, and the wages paid amount
selves against the old Congress.
In that dread and to 7000 dollars per annum—which, with the various
trying hour came the emissaries of the British Govern: other disbursements, in cash, give a rapid and whole
ment, and tendered to the Pennsylvania Line food and raiment, and increased pay; but they faltered not in their allegiance to their adopted country; they gave up the tempters, and overcame the enemy who would have seduced them. In the late war, also, the Irish were not few in number, who flocked around “the Star Spangled Banner;' around that Banner they bravely fought and cheerfully died. Let these things be remembered of the Irish, when they are blamed, as they deserved to be blamed, for having brought their prejudices and hatreds into action here, to the disturbance of the public peace. I have the honor, Sir, to be a United Irishman, and to take the oath that I would “persevere in endeavouring to form a brotherhood of affection among Irishmen of every religious persuasion.” For this act, and for acts done in pursuance of this obliga. tion, I was long pursecuted and many times imprisoned. I am well aware that, at that time, some who were active in the late riot, would have willingly taken my life, and the lives of those who acted with me. are now citizens of another country, and live under another Government. Were all sensible of the blessings of toleration and freedom, and of the peace, plenty, and happiness here enjoyed, notwithstanding recent events, I am as sure as I am that I live, that the very men who, in Ireland, would have taken our lives, would here rally with us, in brotherly love, under the standard of our common country, and march, shoulder and shoulder, with us to the water’s edge, to meet and drive back her foes. I will detain you no longer, Sir, than to read the tost I hold in my hand:
. “Naturalized Irishmen—Whatever may be their prejudices or their enemies, they will always be, as they always have been, among the first to m orch, shoulder to shoulder, to avenge the wrongs and assert the rights of the country of their adoption—her enemies are their enemies—her friends are their friends—and, for her, like their gallant countryman, Montgomery, they are ready to fight, bleed and die.”—U. S. Gazette.
MANUFACTURE OF EDGE TOOLS.
In the last volume, page 394, we briefly noticed a valuable factory of edge-tools at Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. Since then we have learned some other particulars, which we shall state with great pleasure—to show the success that has attended an important branch of manufactures, which we had apprehended would be a much longer time in reaching that degree of perfec. tion which is indispensably necessary to obtain the home market, because of the quality and price of the articles offered to the consumption. This establishment owes its present extension, if not its origin, to the tariff of 1828, though its products are rather incidentally than fully protected. It is seated in the borough of Chambersburg on the Conococheague, (meaning, in the language of the Delawares, “Clear Water”) creek—the supply of which is abundant, and the fall, within the town, is 40 feet. It was commenced in 1828, with 5 or six smith's fires, and now has 14. In 1828, the value of the goods manufactured was 6,000 dollars—in 1830, $18,000; and that of the current year is expected to exceed $30,000; and new works are errecting to increase the manufacture to 50,000 dollars a year. The present consumption is at the rate of 40
But, Sir, we
some circulation to money. The chief articles manu. factured are axes, hatchets, adzes and hammers, in all their varieties—drawing and straw knives, socket chissels, cleavers, choppers, inshaves and screw drivers; and trowels, butcher's and other knives, fleshers, workers and currying knives, have been made to advantage, but the demand for the first named articles has lessened the manufactures of the latter, and the quality and cheapness of these things, so far as their extent goes, places Bri: , tish competition at defiance, and has effect to keep and circulate a large amount of money at home, afford employment in many interesting departments, and give value to articles which otherwise would have none, because of the want of demand. We mentioned that certain goods from this factory had been sent to England as patterns, and the result is shown in the following very interesting extract of a late letter from Mr. Dunlop, one of the proprietors. He says, “We (Dunlop and Madeira) a few days ago received a letter from Messrs. Lesley and Meredith, hardware merchants in Philadelphia, stating in substance, that they had just received a long letter from James Cam, of Sheffield, England, to whom they had forwarded, by order of his son, 50 dolls. worth of our goods as patterns, in which he says—“he is very much pleased with them, and that they are exceedingly neat and well finished, but that the prices are too low, and that he cannot furnish such tools at their price to suit any market in the United States. . We sold him the goods at och metail price. He wishes to know your wholesale prices. The English workman has great disficulty in hitting your patrons, and asks a considerable advance on any new article. We need not fear any competition with the English. American tools of the larger sort are from 10 to 20 per cent, better than the British, any how.” Such is the prompt effect of the enterprize and talents of Messrs. Dunlop and Madeira. The Mr. Cam alluded to is one of the largest manufacturers of heavy cutlery in England; and he shrinks from the competition of quality and price. Those who recollect that the British manufacturers for the foreign and the home market are very different persons—will easily understand this. The quality of American manufactured goods generally, because of an equal responsibility, is the same, (if not better in some cases), as of those which are manufactured in England for home consumption, and their price is generally about the same. This fact is especially known to all the chief manufacturers of leather, skins and furs, wood, &c. such as boots and shoes, hats and caps, ships and cabinet wares, for examples—all which are handsomely protected in the United States. The aggregate value of the class of manufactures last alluded to, cannot fall short of 70 or 80 millions of dollars a year—or much more than the whole amount of our domestic exports. [Niles' Register.
Iron Manufacturer's Meeting.—In addition to the information required by the Treasury Department, returns were also made to this meeting of the quantity of agricultural produce consumed at the several iron establishments of the county, in the last three years, ending on the 30th September, 1831; which, after being summed together, exhibits the following amount:
The above, in some measure, explains why it is, that a bushel of rye, corn and wheat, or a pound of pork, usually affords as great a price in Huntingdon county, as in Philadelphia.
As a further evidence of the salutary influence of the existing policy of our general goverment, on the interests of this county, the fact may be stated that in the years 1815 and 1816, before the enactment of the present tariff the farmer of Huntingdon county had to pay 140 dollars, per ton, at the works, for all the iron he consumed, whereas it can now be purchased for 85 and 90 dollars, per ton; equal in quality, and generally susuperior in variety and excellence of workmanship.– Huntingdon Gazette.
Comparative cost of transportation.—A merchant residing in Towanda, Bradford county, Pa. visited our borough last week for the purpose of superintending the transmission to the place of his residence, of certain merchandize received by the Schuylkill Navigation. In reply to our inquiry, whether the expense would not be lessened by sending his goods into the Union Canal; he informed us, that the time saved by the route he had adopted, more than counterbalanced any diminution in expense which might take place by using the other as a medium of transportation. It would seem therefore that the expense incurred in a land carriage of 40 or 50 miles was by him preferred to the unavoidable delay, owing to the increased distance of 52 miles, encountered in the canal transportation. The present cost of transportation across the mountain is about eight dollars per ton; but when the Danville and Pottsville Rail Road is completed, the cost of porterage, computing the distance at 44 miles, and allowing five cents per ton per mile, will only amount to two dollars and twenty cents. Thus the sum of five dollars and twenty cents per ton will be gained, and between two and three days in time will be diminished, making in the aggregate a very considerable saving. Who now will doubt the important advantages of the Danville and Pottsville Rail Road.—Miner's Journal.
Large Products.—We have been presented with four Irish (American) potatoes, exhibiting much peculiarity of form, and of unusual size—the produce of a farm in
this neighborhood. We cannot attempt a description of the quadruple lot in detail. One measuress 113 inc. in length, by 9 in breadth–another 10 by 9% inches, and another 113 by 6 inches—they are cylindrical in general shape, having numerous literal prongs projecting upwards and downwards,of nearly similar size, covered with minor knotty protuberances, and forming “en masse” a curious spectacle. These potatoes are of the Mercer kind, were raised in the ratio of two bushels to the perch, twelve perches having yielded twenty-four bushels. The productiveness of our soil has been frequently called into question by superficial observers, and those who echo the opinions of such. Numerous proofs of unusual thriftiness in various kinds of produce have amply refuted such groundless notions, and only require promulgation to silence them forever. Our friends are invited to call and examine the foresaid potatoe specio of which will amply teward their curiosity.—1b.
Mammoth Potatoe.—A Potatoe weighing two pounds and seven-eighths, was raised this season in the garden of Mr. Garrett Lemasny, in the borough of Chambersburg, Pa.
. Large Apple.—Mr. Faras, I have often seen notices in newspapers, respecting large turnips, radishes and apples; and I think, therefore, that the following description of an apple, that grew in my orchard, near Mr. Pitt’s tavern, on the limekiln road, would not be an uninteresting paragraph in your excellent paper. The apple is of the pippin kind, is of handsome growth -weighs 15 pound, and measures in circumference 143 inches. The apple may be seen at the Rev. B. Keller's, to whom I presented it, as a token of my regard. Yours respectfully, Gro: Hrist. [Germantown Telegraph,
At the Quarterly Meeting of the Franklin Institute, held in this city on the 20th inst., a committee was appointed to aid the corresponding secretary of the Insti. tute, on ascertaining the number and extent of the ma. nufacturing establishments and mechanic institutions in this state, and to obtain statistical and general informa. tion concerning them.
The committee consists of the following gentlemen: Wm. H. Keating, C. C. Haven, Walter it. Johnson, Frederick Fraley, Alexander D. Bache, S. V. Merrick, Thomas Fletcher, A. S. Roberts, and James Ronaldson. It is proposcq to transmit into all the counties of the commonwealth circulars containing interrogatories on a uniform plan, addressed to those concerned in the vari ous manufacturing and mechanic establishments, and to other intelligent citizens, with a view of eliciting the desired information.
“ALBANY AND BUFFAlo RAIL Road.—Among the notices of the intended applications to the next legislature of this state, is one for the construction of a rail road communication between the Hudson river and lake Erie; and the Albany Argus states that a combined and powerful effort will be made to ensure its success. The enterprising citizens of Buffalo and Rochester have already expressed their opinions in favor of the project, and resolved that it is expedient to adopt such measures, in concurrence with the citizens of other places, as will lead to its accomplishment. The Ruffalo Circular suggests that it will operate as an auxiliary to the Erie ca. nal, instead of becoming a competitor.--N. Y. Journal of Commerce.
HAZARD's REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.
D Eyoted To Th E PREs Ervation of EveRY KIND or US EFU L INFort M.Ario N RESPECTING THE STATE.
EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARI).
WOL. VIII.-NO. 20. PHILADELPHIA, NOVEMBER 12, 1831. NO. 202
To the Board of Managers of “The Franklin Institute,”
that in pursuance of the plan sanctioned by the Board, their Seventh Exibition of Domestic Manufactures was held at the Masonic Hall on the 4th Oct., and that it cortinue, open until the 8th inclusive; during which time, it was visited by an immense number of our fellow citi. zens, as well residents of this city as strangers. The Committee estimate the visitors to have exceeded 40,000. Notwithstanding the great extension given to free admission, including the members of the Institute, depositors of goods, Committees of Arrangements and Judges, persons connected with the press, and strangers of distinction, to each of whom tickets admitting three individuals at any one time were issued, the receipts at the door amounted to $1,218 50-100 which shows that about 10,000 persons paid for their admission. The expenses of the Exhibition were, it is believed, somewhat higher than usual, but the committee entertain a hope that this sum will be sufficient to defray them entirely. The accounts are not yet settled, when this is done, a full statement of receipts and expenditures will be submitted. Among other benefits attending the present exhibition, the Committee enumerate an accession of sewenty six members, and the sale of a few copies of the Journal.
But as the objects of the Institute in holding their exhibitions were in no manner of a pecuniary nature, it is to the benefits which they are calculated to produce on our manufactures, that we look as a reward for past exertions, and as an incentive to future ones. It is gratifying to observe the great improvement which each successive exhibition manifests in the manufactures already established as well as the increase, resulting from the new ones now for the first time noticed. Among the articles in which most improvement has been made in the last twelve months, we may mention the carpets, the flannels, the printed cottons, the stoves for anthracite, the writing paper, the Britania ware, &c.
Among those now seen for the first time are the natural yellow nankeens, the cotton hose, the silk plush, and the manufactures of iron by coke alone, the cutlery, &c.
Great improvement in the taste of the manufactures is evinced in the chaster and more graceful forms of the cabinet ware, most of the pianos, the grates and other articles, the good workmanship of which often suffered much formerly by the abuse of ornaments. Even now we occcasionally observe forms too massive, or inappropriate to the uses expected of the goods—colours too gaudy or inharmonious—gildings too lavishly spread upon objects of furniture. But it is gratifying to see the disposition to improve as evinced in many of our manufacturers. Among the articles the good taste of which united all suffrages, we might cite the beautiful Brussels carpets from Lowell and Carlisle, the handsome sofa by white, the admirably executed chandelier of Cornelius, &c.
Vol. VIII 39
The Committee would observe that while the quality of the goods was decidedly superior to that on former occasions, the quantity and variety of articles was also greater: the only branches in which our former exhibitions presented a richer display, were in cabinet ware, marble mantels and grates. These are all very cumbersome articles to move, and in the case of the marble mantels, the erection of them is attended with so much expense, that the Committee did not make much exertion to persuade the makers to send them. To this
circumstance, and to the highly improved distribution
of the goods, introduced by the Committee of Arrangement, we attribute the greater confort of the vivitors, even during the periods when those rooms were more crowded than we had ever known them to be be. fore.
The Committee have pleasure in stating that, with the exception of a few trifling articles mislaid, the goods were all returned in perfect order to their own. ers.
Annexed, we present, first, a list of the premiums which we conceive to be due,and which we recommend to the Board to award—-secondly, the catalogue or invoice of the goods deposited—and thirdly, the reports of the Judges, many of which contain observations which we think will enrich the Journal of the Institute. They appear to have been, for the most part, drawn up with much more care than on former occasions.
Of the eighty-nine premiums proposed by the Institute. fourteen are adjudged to be due; by adding to these the fifteen extra premiums which the Committee think ought to be awarded, we obtain the number of 29, which we respectfully recommend to you to grant. They are as follows:
' On Cotton Goods.
1. Premium No. 54, for the best sample of rich chinta prints for ladies' dresses, not less than three colours, and not less than 5 pieces of 28 yards each; is due to Andrew Robison, of for specimen No. 237, deposited by Hacker, Brown, & Co. which are remark. able for their firmness, colouring and elegance of execution. 2. Premium No. 57, for the best sample of two blue prints (same quantity to be exhibited,) is due to the Eagle Works of Bellville, N. J. for specimen No. 382, deposited by Gill, Ford & Co. which were the best and finest exhibited, and fully entitled to premium. 3. Premium No. 60, for the best sample of 4.4 fancy gingham, in imitation of the Scotch, of yarn No. 45 or upwards, not less than ten pieces of stripes and checks of equal lengths to be exhibited, is due to John Steel, of Philadelphia, for his specimens No. 266, manufactured from yarns from No. 60 to 80. The Committee understand that these are the finest yarns at present to be obtained in this market; and that this manufacturer deserves encouragement for the ability and industry which he has manifested. 4. Premium No. 49, for the best sample of white Canton flannel, 26 inches wide, not less than 200 yards to be exhibited, and to be superior to any before offered, is due to the Blockley Works of Philadelphia, for specimens No. 34, which were the best exhibited.
5. An extra premium is due to John Colt, of Patter
son, N. J. for specimens, No. 187, deposited by Craig, & Sargeant, being six pieces of cotton canvass, which the Committee consider to be an object of great importance to the country. The experiments made on board of public and private ships, have established its character, and the attention of the public cannot be too frequently called to it. 6. An extra premium is also due to the Hon. John Forsyth, of Augusta, in Georgia, for the spirit of enterprise which has induced him to cultivate the variety of cotton from which the Aerumina nankeens were made. These goods (No. 104) deposited by Thomas & Martin, manufactured by Collet and Smith, of Patterson, N. J. are deserving of particular notice—as the color is said to stand the severest test, and as the extension of this variety of cotton bids fair to supply us with an excellent substitute for the Indian yellow nankeens. 7. In like manner, an extra premium is due to Collet and Smith, of Patterson, N.J. for the skill and ingenuity manifested by them in the manufacture of these mankeens, and for the success with which they have overcome the difficulties arising from the shortness of the staple, &c. 8. An extra premium is also due to Cunningham and Anderson of Richmond, Virginia, for specimen No. 415, deposited by Hacker, Brown, & Co. being their Bochellas, dyed blue in this city. They are well calculated for a cheap wearing apparel, and being stout and well made, will supply a desideratum which has been anxiously looked for. These are also interesting to us, as being the first specimens of Cotton Goods received from a manufactory south of the Potomac; and being five pieces found in the ware-houses in this city, and not sent expressly by the manufacture rs, they may be inferred to be a fair specimen of the goods they make. 9. Although premium No. 63 and 64, are not strictly due, yet the Committee think that the Newburyport Hose Manufacturing Company deserve a medal for their extensive display of Cotton and Worsted Hose and Drawers, No. 220 and 221, deposited by A. Wright; they are the first of the kind exhibited here in any quantity. They are substantially and well made, and deserve encouragement, as constituting another branch of Cotton Manufacture in this country. Honorary mention is due to Cornelius Vancourt, a pupil of the Pennsylvania Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, for the beauty, fineness and finish of the checks No. 28, exhibited by that praiseworthy Institution. They are the best presented this year, but are preclusled from the premium, because checks equally good have at former exhibitiona been presented by the same institution and rewarded with a medal. The Committee understand that Vancourt is only 14 years of age, and has been but a short time in the weaving department of the Deaf and Dumb Institution. To Joseph Smithurst, of Philadelphia, they also award an honorary mention for his jaconet cambric handkerchiefs, No. 334, which are woven of the best yarn now in the market; they are thought well made and deserving of notice.
10. Premiums No. 73 and 74, on superfine blue and black cloth, and on $3 blue cloth, are withheld, but the committee believe that an extra premium is due to the Oxford Manufacturing Company, of Massachusetts, for specimens No. 23, deposited by C. C. Haven, of which the judges report that “it is said to be of American wool; that it is the best specimen of Cloth at $4 per yard, which they were called to examine; and that it will vie with any of foreign manufacture,as to texture,finish and mixture, in all of which it bears ample testimony to the skill and ability of the makers.
11. Premium No. 78, for the best sample of fine white gauze flannel, is due to J. and T. Kershaw, of Blockley, Pennsylvania, for No. 53, which was the finest specimen of this article that had ever come under
the notice of our judges: the wool is of the finest description, and the goods are remarkably well made, the only objection being a slight blueish tinge which should be obviated in any future manufacture of the article. 12. An extra premium is due to the Salisbury Manu. facturing Company of Mas, for specimen No. 22, depos. ited by C. C. Haven, being a great variety of flannels, exhibiting all the different kinds and qualities made by them, and shewing a decided improvement in their manufacture; in the opinion of the judges they are in every respect equal to the imported article. The scar. lets were particularly rich and brilliant in color. 13. An extra premium is due to Joseph Ripka, of Philadelphia, for his green summer Cloth, (No. 141,) cotton and worsted, the only imitation of the English of this description which has come under our notice. We consider this manufacturer as deserving of especial com. mendation, as well for this particular article as for his manufactures in general, which stand deservedly high in all markets of the Union. 14. Premium No. 62 is awarded to the Middlesex Manufacturing Co. of Lowell, Mass... for their merino cassimere, (No. 111, deposited by Lewis and Whitney) made of cotton and wool. It is the best specimen of men's summer wear exhibited, and is in every respect equal to the imported article; evincing great perfection of texture and finish, as well as superior style in putting it up. 15. Premium No. 84, is due, we think, to the Buffalo Manufacturing Company of New York, for specimen No. 24, deposited by C. C. Haven, being 2 pair of white Mackinaw blankets, which will, in every respect, com’ pete with the foreign article. An honorary mention is also due to the same Company for a large parcel of bed blankets, No. 469, which are considered equal to the best English blankets. 16. An extra premium is due to Col. John E. Col. houn, of Pendleton, South Carolina, for the specimens of blankets (No. 542) manufactured by him. The warp is of cotton, and the filling is of wool. These are very good samples of a coarse but substantial article, calculated for the use of negroes on plantations, and better than English goods of the same description. This is the first manufactory of the kind established in South Carolina, and deserves encouragement. An honorary mention is due to Houston and Groveville, for specimen No. 188, being 5 pieces of mixed sattinetts; the mixtures of which are remarkably well done, the fabric strong, and well cleaned from impurities and imperfections.
17. Premium No. 81, for the best sample of Venitian carpeting, is due to John M'Fee, of Philadelphia, for specimen Nos. 7, 8 and 9, being three pieces of 3-4, 44 and 5-8 Venitian carpeting, which is a superior article, and the best of American manufacture that our judges had seen.
18. Premium No. 82, for the best specimen of Brussels carpeting, is due to Samuel Given, of Carlisle, Pa. for specimen No. 21, deposited by John Hastings, being a piece of handsome and durable Brussels carpet, entirely of American manufacture and material. It is of excellent quality.
19. An extra premium is due to the Lowell Company of Massachusetts, for the handsome display of Brussels and ingrain carpets (Nos. 5, 6, &c.) deposited by C. C. Haven. The Brussels are made of foreign yarn, dyed in this country. The patterns are very handsome and tasteful, and the quality remarkably good. The ingrains are of superior quality, but not exclusively of American materials, the warp having been imported in the grease. Were these carpets exclusively of American manufacture and materials the premium would be due to them as a matter of course; under existing circumstances we think that Company has a just claim to a medal,