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and the adjoining states, are now in successful operation, and applications are frequent to increase their number.—West-Chester Republican.

Availing ourselves of the opportunity, we visited with great pleasure, a collection of paintings, consisting of portrails, landscapes, &c. from the classical pencil of Miss Esther Strode. As an artist, we may safely say, Miss S. promises to become a brilliant ornament to our country. To the possession of superior native talents, she has added the highest cultivation. She studied with much reputation under Nagle, the celebrated portrait painter of Philadelphia, and it is no detriment to that eminent artist, to assert that the pupil is worthy of her distinguished tutor. Miss Strode possesses a peculiar and delicate richness in her style of painting, which we have seldom seen equalled—and her likenesses are true as nature's self.-Ib.


DIED-At Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, on the 6th September last,in the 70th year of his age, WILLIAM Jones, Esq. late Collector of this port. The deceased was a native of this city, and took an early and active part in our revolutionary struggle.When about sixteen years of age, he joined a volunteer company, commanded by Captain Fitzsimmons, and he was present at the battle of Trenton and Princeton, suffering all the hardships of a winter campaign. He afterwards served on board of various armed vessels, during the revolutionary war. He was once severely wounded, and twice made prisoner, during that evenful contest. * He was Lieutenant with Commodore Truxton, in the Saint James, of twenty guns, when she encountered and beat off a British ship of war, greatly her superior in force: for his conduct in which action, Captain Truxton spoke in high terms of the subject of this notice. After the close of the war, Captain Jones entered the merchant's service; in which profession he continued until the year 1790, when the settled in Charleston, S. C. from whence he removed to this city, in the year 1793, He represented this city in the Congress of the United States, during the years 1802 and 1803; but finding the duties of that station, to interfere with his business, he declined a re-election. He was Secretary of the Navy, during Mr. Madison's administration. He was afterwards appointed President of the Bank of the United States. The last public situation he held, was that of Collector of this port. Shortly after the general government was removed to Philadelphia. Captain Jones made the acquaintance of Mr. Jefferson, and approving of his public policy, he became a zealous supporter of the public measures of that illustrious statesman. All parties, however, bore testimony to the purity of his patriotism, and to the integrity of his principles. Although the deceased was extensively engaged in commercial affairs, he always found time to devote to science and literature. He was nearly twenty-six years a member of the American Philosophical Society, and he furnished that learned body with many valuable communications. In the social circle, and at the domestic fireside, he dif. fused joy and cheerfulness to all around. In the day of adversity, he was the firm, unshaken friend. Within two years previous to his death, he lost the companion of his bosom, after having lived together nearly half a century, a model of conjugal affection. Captain Jones had no children, but he has left numerous relatives and friends, who mourn his irreparable loss—who cherish a lively recollection of his virtues, a profound gratitude for his services, and in whose affec

DESCRIPTION OF THE LEHIGH WATER GAP. The Lehigh gap, in Lehigh township, Northampton county, Pennsylvania, about seventy miles north-west of Philadelphia, is an opening in the blue ridge, a branch of the great Allegheny mountains; so called from the river Lehigh, which winds its course through this narrow passage, and with the steep heights on both sides, forms here one of the most picturesque prospects in the state. That beautiful little river, which in its course, through a fertile country, receives numerous tributary rivulets, and at length empties into the Delaware at Easton, flows through the Gap, in a gentle, but majestic stream, deeply shaded by the reflection of the inpending mountains.

The eastern bank is bordered for the distance of about a mile by craggy cliffs, towering to an amazing height, and of forms the most bizarre, between which wall of rocks and the river the road winds along. Hastening to leave these black abodes, which seem to afford shel. ter to none but the ravenous beasts of the forest, the Lehigh appears eagerly moving on towards the fertil low lands which succeed in view on the western bank. Ascending the eastern height, the traveller is amply rewarded for the exertion of climbing from rock to rock, in scaling the pine covered side of the mountain, by the rich and extensive prospect which the eye there commands. . At his feet the waters of the majestic stream; on the opposite side a towering ridge, near the summit which appears, right opposite, emerging from the surrounding woods, a lonely pile of rocks, whimsically styled the Devil's Pulpit, which indignantly suf. fers but a few blasted pines to shade its sullen brow; at a distance an extensive country, variegated with woods and farms, watered by the meandering Lehigh, and ridge retiring behind ridge, till lost in the faint tints of the horizon—all burst upon the sight, and fill the mind with sublime ideas of thegreatness of the Creator. The travel ler may procure refreshments at the house marked in the view as standing in the Gap.

The shattered rocks thrown together in wild confusion, and the frequent layers of round stones, which are found in the Gap, have given rise to the supposition that the Lehigh being obstructed in its course by the Blue Ridge, was formerly dammed up into a lake, which at length bursting the barrier, formed the chasm now called the Lehigh Gap. Let the learned decide the question, if of importance.—Atkinson's Casket.

On Wednesdey evening the 12th ult. a boat arrived at this place from Nanticoke, via. the North Branch Canal, ladened with shingles, bed-posts and cheese. This we believe is the first boat which effected a passage through, from Nanticoke to Danville, and it would have proceeded further, but the levels between this and Northumberland are not yet sufficiently supplied with water, to float, a loaded boat; consequently the owners sold their shingles for what they would bring here, stored their bed-posts, peddled off their cheese at a low price, and returned home,

If the water is not drawn off, and no accident occurs the North Branch Division will be navigable the whole distance, after this week.-Beaver Republican.

FINE Gnarks-Several wagon loads of delicious Pennsylvania Grapes lately were exposed for sale in Market strot, between Eighth and Ninth. They were the product of a vineyard of Mr. Amos Garrett, of London Grove Township, Chester county. The vineyard occupies an acre of ground, and has been three years in cultivation. The crop of the present year is the first, but it is liberal, and the grapes are very fine. We are glad to learn, that many of our citizens evidenced their satisfaction at this agricultural enterprize, by purchasing liberally of Mr. Garrett, who we trust will fully and profitably suc

tions his memory will forever remain embalmed.

ceed in rendering his vineyard valuable—Inquirer.


The Meteor.—A very brilliant meteor exploded to the north, or north-west of this on the night of the 11th inst. about twelve minutes past eleven o'clock, succeeded by a heavy report, which shook the earth very sensibly. A bright flash of light was seen to burst in at the windows, and in a few seconds was followed by a loud report resembling distant thunder or the report of artillery. The light was very intense, and would have enenabled one to discover the minutest article upon the floor. It was witnessed by two of our family, particularly, who had not yet retired to bed. A friend in Shippen, (about ten miles west of this,) informs us that he was walking homewards at the tirae mentioned above, when, suddenly, the ground became enlightened, like noon-day—on looking up he saw a broad flame, more brilliant than he ever before witnessed, coursing its way from the northwest to the north, in a descending direction. When nearly to the northern point it vanished and all was darkness—in a few seconds from this he heard a loud report in the direction in which the meteor disappeared, which very sensibly shook the earth—he thinks at the time of the light, he heard a low, hoarse rumbling noise in that direction, but in that he may have been deceived. The report was heard by many people in this neighborhood, and all join in corroborating the above statement; some thought it the report of a cannon—others an earthquake—and some thunder, but no clouds we believe were to be seen above the horizon.

It may be observed for the benefit of the philosophical reader, who will enquire for causes, that the night was very cold and frosty, and that for several mornings previous the earth in this vicinity had been covered with a very white frost.—Wellsborough Phenia.

UNIvensity of PENNsylvania.-At an adjourned meeting of the Trustees, held October 21, 1831, the following report was made, and the resolution attached thereunto adopted, with instructions to the Secretary to communicate a copy of the same to Professor Physick, and to the Medical Faculty.

University of Pennsylvania, Oct. 21, 1831.

The Committe to whom was referred, on the 14th inst. the resolutions of the Medical Faculty, respecting the resignation of Professor Physick, fully coinciding with the views and feelings expressed by the Faculty, beg leave to recommend to the Board of Trustees the adoption of the following resolution:

Resolved, That in consideration of the important services rendered to the Medical Department of the University by Professor PHILIP SYNG PHYSICK, in the the chair of Surgery, as well as of Anatomy, during a period of twenty-six years, and for the purpose of continuing his connexion with the School, to the fame and usefulness of which he so largely contributed, there be conferred on the said PHILIP SYNG PHYSICK, the honorary appointment of Emeritus Professor of Surgery and Anatomy in this University.

From the minutes,
(Signed,) JAMES C. BlDDLE,
Secretary, &c.

Lewistown, October 15th.

Deer.—It has been remarked by several gentlemen with whom we have conversed, that these finely flavored animals, were never known to be so numerous in this county, as they are at the present season; to which we can add our own experience. On one occasion, when on an excursion of pleasure, on the mountains, having a few good trail dogs along, we witnessed them in pur: suit of eight Deer in one gang. It was a pleasing and beautiful sight. We have it from a gentleman of Centre, where the deer formerly were very numerous, that they are very scarce this fall.

The merit of a communication always follows a P. S. Two Bears were killed, one on Thursday and the other on Friday last, by two persons of this place.-Gazette.

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Franklin, Sept. 20, 1831.

RM125Ation.—Messrs. Riley and scott, of the city of New York, own a large body of land in the upper end of this county, and extending into the south west corn. *"...of Mercer county. A great accession of settlers has taken place lately on those lands. we are authorised from an authentic source, to say, that between one and two hundred families of new settlers will be on them next spring, priocipally fadin Massachusetts and New Jersey. The tide of emigration is nearly equally rapid to other parts of the county. , Almost every day we hear of new settlers. This is as it should be. we have long been satisfied that if the resources of West Pennsylvania were fully developed, they hold out to emigrants much stron. ‘ger inducements than those of Illinois, &c. westward. We sincerely wish our new and enterprising settlers, health and prosperity.—Venango Democrat.

Wheat was never more needed in Milton, than at the present time. Not a grain of wheat or a pound of flour can be purchased within the borough—yet, many of our citizens are in distress for want of it. why do not our formers thresh out a quantity and supply the demands of the neighborhood?–Miltonian

Price of wheat, $1 12, flour $5 624.


OCTOBER 29, 1831.

We understand that three boats—two of them loaded with flour and whiskey, and one with Lehigh coal, have passed through the Morris Canal, from Easton to Newark—and one boat has arrived at Easton from Newark. The planes were all passed without the least difficulty. This canal passes through the most populous counties of New Jersey—thickly studded with establishments for the manufacture of iron, which will furnish an extensive market for our abundant anthracite coal.

A letter from N. York states, that 6 boats with Lehigh coal, have arrived at Patterson, N. Jersey.

Snow fell in York co, on the 11th inst., and in Huntington co. on the 14th.

The Penn Society celebrated its anniversary on the 24th inst.; and on the same day Job R. Tyson, Esq. delivered the anniversary oration, before the Penn'a Historical Society, which we hope to have the pleasure to lay before our readers. -

We have been applied to, by some of our subscribers

in the city, to know the reason of their receiving a du

plicate number of our paper of the week before

last, through the Post office. In explanation to others,

we observe—that extra copies of that number were

printed “by the Society for alleviating the miseries of prisons”—and distributed by them to their members— among whom it appears are some of our subscribers.

Printed every SATURDAY MORNING by WILLIAM. F. GEDDES, No. 9 Library Street. Philadelphia; where, and at the PUTELICATION OFFICE, IN FRANKLIN PLACE, second door baek of the Post Office, (back room) subscriptions will be thankfully received. Price FIVE DOLLARS per annou, payable annuairy by subscribers residing in or near the city, or where there is an agent. Other subscribers pay in advance,



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1 culvert of 6 feet chord,

1 do 6 do (65 ft. long,)

1 small house to be removed, Trenching, and filling with stone for bearing

550 00 20 00

sills 652 cubic yards, at 60 cts. 391 20

1,760 white oak sills, 10 by 12 inch. 7.6 long, notched and laid, at 60 cts. 1,056 00

21,120 linear feet of rails, best yellow pine, 53 by 9, dressed, jointed, and laid, 8 cts. , 1,689 60

21,120 linear feet of iron plates, 3 by 2 inch. weighing 32 tons, at 60 cts. 1,920 00 4 inch spikes, 179 00 Fitting and spiking on plates, 125 00 Castings for turn-outs and ends of plates, 205 00 Stoning horse path, 977 cubic yards, at 35 cts. § 95 - - - 52 00


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5,952 cubic yards of excavation, 9 cts. $535 68 7,401 do do 8 do 592 08 660 do rock do 50 do 330 00 8,983 do embankment, 15 do 1,347 45 64 chains of grubbing, 192 00 1 bridge over turnpike, 250 00 2 culverts, 6 feet chord each, 750 00 Superstructure, &c. - - - 5,907 75 Fencing, - - - - 155 00 Total cost of 3d mile, - - - $10,059 96

Mile 4th-Twenty-nine chains continues on hill side in woods—crossing a branch, an eight foot culvert, and considerable embankment are required. The line then passes through the farm of P. Vastine, on good o

ground. 9,592 cubic yards of excavation, 10 cts. $959 20 5,676 do embankment, 11 do 624 36 5,531 do do 12 do 663 72 37 chains of grubbing, one 8 foot culvert, and one 6 foot do - - - 811 00 Superstructure, &c. - - - 5,907 75 Fencing, - - - - 265 00 Total cost of 4th mile, ,- - - $9,231 03

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30,531 cubic yards of excavation, 22 cts. $6,716 82 |
12,772 do rock do 75 do 9,579 00
1,408 do do 10 do 140 80
3,560 do do 9 do 320 40
556 - do embankment, 10 do 55 60
49,248 do do 12 do 5,909 76
53 chains grubbing, 159 00
2 four foot culverts, 350 00
1 bridge over public road at Campbell's, 200 00
1 do Shamokin creek, 1,800 00
Superstructure of rails. &c. 5,907 75
Friction rollers, &c. for two planes, 400 00
Machinery at head of planes, 1,300 00
Rope, weighing 18,642 lbs. 12 cts, 2,237 04
Buildings for keepers 600 00
Fencing, - - - - - 135 00
Total cost of 7th mile, - - - 35,811 17

Mile 8th.—Passes through bottom land of Shamokin creek, with embankment for some distance—then is carried on favourable ground past Reid’s brick house, and terminates at a slate bluff at edge of creek: here requiring some wall. Reid’s old house to be removed.

11,043 cubic yards of embankment, 7 cts. $773 01 5,476 do do 12 do 657 12 928 do excavation, 9 do 83 52 1,528 do slate do 20 do 305 60 571 perches of slope wall, * 1 doll. 571 00 24 chains grubbing, 64 00 2 cross drains, - - - 40 00 1 house to be removed, - - 300 00 Superstructure, &c. - - - 5,907 75 Fencing, - - • - 400 00 Total cost of 8th mile, - - - 9,102 00

Mile 9th.-Part of this distance, the line is traced at at foot of hill on good ground; it then passes on moderately sloping ground, and after some cutting terminates above Hughes' mill.

5,080 cubic yards of excavation, 8 cts. $406 40 7,502 do do 11 do 825 22 1,450 do hard pan do 13 do 188 50 200 do rock do 50 do 100 00 3,764 do embankment, 10 do 376 40 3,872 do do 8 do 309 76 43 chains grubbing, - - - 63 00 2 cross drains, - - - 25 00 Superstructure, &c. - - - 5,907 75 Fencing, - - - - 300 00 Totol cost of 9th mile, - - - 8,502 03

Mile 10th and 40 chains.—This distance terminates about half a mile above Stambach's, and includes ground generally favourable for the line. Some extra work is, however, encountered by the interference with the turnpike in the last thirty chains.

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1,952 do do 9 do 175 68
1,897 do do 12 do 227 64
350 do rock excavation, 50 do 175 00
300 do loose rock do 40 do 120 00
3,249 do embankment, 8 do 259 92
2,728 do do , 11 do 300 08
5,883 do do 13 do 764 79
49 chains grubbing, - - 157 00
1 culvert of six feet span, 250 00
1 do four do 170 00
1 cross drain, - - - 20 00
Superstructure &c., 120 chains, at $5,907 75
per mile, - - - - 8,861 62
Fencing, - - - - 256 00
Total cost of 10th mile and 40 chains, $12,460 03

BRANch LINE FRoxi surn Burt Y.

Mile 1st–Commences opposite Dewberry street in Sunbury, and passes down on the bank of the river. The line then is carried with moderate excavation and embankment through the town, principally on open

ground. In passing the lots back of the town, consid-
erable embankment is necessary.
904 cubic yards excavation, 8 cts. $72 32
3,500 do embankment, 15 do 525 00
19,467 do do 10 do 1,946 70
1 bridge over gut, - - 350 00
6 cross drains, - - - 125 00
3 small houses to be removed, 200 00
Superstructure, &c. - - - 5,907 75
Fencing, - - - - 410 00
Total cost of 1st mile, - - - $9,536 77

Mile 2d.—In this mile the line passes round the hill bounding the creek valley, where some extra cutting occurs—thence it is carried by a moderate embankment, over the flats of Shamokin creek, crossing that stream and little Shamokin by bridges.

20,544 cubic yards excavation, 12 cts, $2,465 28 732 do do 7 do 51 24 16,592 do embankment, 10 do 1,659 20 16 chains grubbing, - - 58 00 1 bridge over M'Carty's mill race, 75 35

1 do Shamokin creek, 1,913 00

1 do Little Shamokin creek, 457 00 Superstructure, &c. - - - 5,907 75 Fencing, - - - - 512 00 Total cost of 2d mile, - - - $13,098 82

Mile 3d.—Runs principally at foot of hill slope, road formed by excavation; remaining part of the mile crosses the creek again, with some filling on bottom land, and ends at H. Bucha's farm.

10,068 cubic yards excavation, 10 cts. $1,006 80 600 do slate rock do 25 do 150 00 2,582 do excavation, 14 d 361 48 6,888 do embankment, 8 do 551 04 60 chains grubbing, - - 140 00 1 culvert of 4 feet span, and 2 drains, 110 00 1 bridge over creek, - - 1,800 00 Superstructure, &c. - - - 5,907 75 Fencing, - - - - 256 00 Total cost of 3d mile, - - - $10,283 07

Mile 4th.-This mile is located on gound requiring some extra cutting and embankment at Bartsher's place

8,944 cubic yards excavation, 10 cts. $894 40 2,804 do do 11 do 308 44 9,016 do embankment, 9 do 811 44 9,016 do do 8 do 721 28 16 chains grubbing, - - 32 00 1 bridge for water way on creek flats, 150 00

1 do run at Bartsher’s, 120 00 Superstructure, &c. - - - 5,907 75 Fencing, - - - - 512 00 Total cost of 4th mile, - - - 9,457 31

Mile 5th.-Passes over good ground through farms of Martz and Cline.

6,584 cubic yards excavation, 8 cts. $526 72 3,676 do do 10 do 367 60 5,040 do embankment, 9 do 453 60

7 chains grubbing, - - 28 00

2 culverts of 4 feet chord, - - 235 00 Superstructure, &c. - - - 5,907 75 Fencing, - - - - 512 00 Total cost of 5th mile, - - - $8,030 67

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Superstructure, &c. 132 chains, at $5,907 75
per mile, - - - - 9,747 75
Fencing, - - - - 610 00
Total cost of 10th mile, &c. $16,099 39

Estimate of the cost of 148 Chains, beginning at the end of the fifth and ending with the 7th mile, Danville Line.

16,288 cubic yards of embankment, 10 cts. $1,628 80
Tunnel at Shamokin Hill.

Length 2444 feet. Second area,
132 feet, equal to 11,948 cubic

yards, - - - $2 20 26,285 60

Excavation of shafts, 811 do - 2 50 2,027 50

Probable arching required, - 4,500 00

Masonry at ends, 115 perches, - 2 50 287 50.

Draining and clearing water, - 1,900 00

2 Culverts of 4 feet span, - 200 00
Inclined plane on the Shamokin
side, 42.318 cubic yards of em-

bankment, - - - 12 5,078 16

Friction rollers and fixtures on rails, 260 00

Machinery at head, - - 660 00

Rope, weighing 12,428 lbs. - 12 1,491 00

Building for Keeper, - - 300 00

3,130 cubic yards of embankment, 10 313 00

Bridges over road and Shamokin creek. 2,000 00

Superstructure of rails for 148 chains,

in part single track, - - - 11,147 24

Fencing, - - - - - 512 00

Total cost of 148 chains, $58,591 16

Mile 1st. - - - $12,347 63

- - - 11,227 05

3d. - - - 10,059 96

4th. - - - 9,231 03

5th. - - - 8,168 11

6th. - - - 24,730 39

7th. - - - 35,811 17

8th. - - - 9,102 00

9th. - - - 8,502 03

10th and 40 chains, - 12,460 03

Mile 1st. Branch line, - 9,536 77

2d. - - - 13,098 82

3d, - - - 10,283 07

4th. - - - 9,457 31

5th. - - - 8,030 67

6th. - - - 8,630 09

7th. - - - 7,955 15

8th. - - - 10,124 51

9th. - - - 8,461 55

10th and 52 chains, - 16,099 39

$243,316 73

Add for contingencies, superintendence, &c. 24,331 67

21 miles 12 chains.—Total cost, - $ 267,648 40

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Thursday evening, Oct. 27, 1831.

SELECT COUNCIL.-Mr. DuANE was called to the Chair.

Mr. WoRRELL offered the following resolution which was agreed to, and Messrs. WoRRELL and Masser were appointed the committee.

Resolved, That a committee of two be appointed to examine whether there be any unfinised business lying over by the last Councils, and if so, to report the same to this Council.

Mr. DuANE offered the following resolution which was laid on the table.

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