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Lewis, Ellis, opinion on liability of a county for costs 123
Lewisburg, notice of 2 286
Lewistown and vicinity described, 8—freshet at, 31
deer unusually plenty, 283—two bears
killed at, -88—early snow at
Library—Philadelphia, first directors of 317
of Foreign Literature and Science, report
and constitution of ib
Licenses—tavern, amount of 403—hawkers&pedlars,404

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Lime-abundant in Chester co. 367
Limestone—discovered in Luzerne co. 24
quarry at Wilksbarre, 48
Loans—obtained by the state, and premiums on 405
interest on - 407
Logan, James—letter from, on lightning, 40
Loganian Library—account of 414
ilongevity—instances of 25,192
Luzerne co–singular adventure of a citizen of 151
Lycaeum of West Penn'a—constitution of 12
of Nat. Science of Jefferson College, 109

McAdamizing Chesnut street, resolution, 182
Madison, James, letter on Bank U. S. 58
Mail-machine for conveying, invented, 128
Manufactures of Philadelphia, ih
of several towns, 1792, 223
of edge tools at Chambersburg, 302

Franklin Institute propose to ascer-
tain extent of 304
of glass at Dundaff, Susq. co. 366

of cotton cards near Pittsburg, 389
eyphering slates at Easton, 368
straw paper at Chambersburg, 367
Manufactories of Iron in Huntingdon co.—articles
of provisions, &c. consumed by
address of friends of domestic indus-

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Susquehanna, 292
Tyson's address before Historical
Society—a survey of the history
and prospects of 309
sketch of judicial history, 311
changes in criminal system, 312
penitentiary system, 312,316
of the improvements in, 313

early proceedings respecting slavery, 316

wes'ern, sketches of, 330, 378

reasons of the Quaker’s of, and N.J.
for not engaging in the war of the

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rules adopted by apprais of damages 109

tolls collected on 109, 365
Josiah White, appointed Engineer on

Del. division 128

first boat from Nanticoke to Danville 287

rise progress and present state of 389

annual report of canal commissioners 417

form of agreement with contractors 428

Pennsyl’a Hospital, donation of a bust of B. West to 412
Philadelphia, meeting relative to rail road to con-

nect, with the coal region

Horticultural Society of, notice of 7

Presbytery of History of 13, 22, 52, 76,

83, 104

Proceedings of Councils 22, 56,79

88, 117, 150, 181, 200, 224

246, 269,291, 327, 359
a claim set up to the marsh to the

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report of watering committee, expen-
ses of laying iron pipes in southern

section of 117
petition of Robert Morris' hose com-
pany 118, 183
lot purchased on Chesnut and Schuyl-
kill Front st. 118
new market between 11th and 13th ib
revolutionary town meeting 1768, 119
instructions to Represents 121
society for political inquiries 125
manufactures of 128
navy yard, opinion on right to tax 140
action against shinners for occupying
stalls in market 141
crimes committed by prisoners from
1790 to 1815 144
violent storm at 144
sewer in Dock st. repaired 151
committee to inquire respecting rate of
steam boats 151
premium offered for plans of Wills'
Hospital 151
alteration of width of foot pavements
in Gaskill st. 151

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Philadelphia, three decker at navy yard, described 183

meeting in favour of the Poles 199
brass letters recommended 200
articles of agreement with Spring Gar-
den for use of Schuylkill water 203
sketch of John Key, the first born in 207
meeting of friends of Amer. industry,

proceedings and resolutions 216
sales of real estate 223, 366
and Reading rail-road proposed 224

remonstrance of Stephen Grard against
Hollingshead, Platt and Co's applica-
tion ib
Gov. Mifflin's message on the equip-
ment of foreign privateers in 1794, 228
grapes brought for sale from Chester,
county 238
consecration of Bishop of N. Carolina 238
city elections 239, 256, 270

free trade convention at, proceedings 239

241, 261, 334, 343, 358
petition respecting culvert in Dock st. 247
report on W. Rush's plan for improving

Schuylkill property 248
statistical tables of prisons and crimes in 219
B. W. Richards elected Mayor 272

proposal for engraving Declaration of
Independence on a brass plate, to be
placed in the Hall of Thdependence

292, Res. 329
Drawbridge wharf recommended as a
steamboat wharf 292
memorial of shoe dealers, relating to
stands in market 360
city expenditures report on 292
dinner to Counsellor Sampson 298
library, first Directors of 317
American Philosophical Society, letter
from B. Franklin in 1744 318

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justification of the, in relation to war, 309
opinion of J. P. Brissot, (Warville,) 315
of General Washington ib.

two testimonies published by meetings of,

in 1775 and 1776, giving reasons for
not uniting in the revolution 351

Quarry, Col. Roberts' information against the go-
vernment 218,220
William Penn's answers, to 220


Rail Road meeting at Newtown 6
in Montgomery and Berks 7

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Rail Read, Danville and Pottsville, reports and éti-
mates of M. Robinson and F. W. Rawle
279, 282, 289
proposed from Hudson river to Lake Erie 304
Danville and Pottsville meeting at Philad.
proceedings of 331
Little Schuylkill, celebration on opening of 361
Rawle, F.W. report on Danville & Pottsville Iailroad 282
Religious excitement at Warren 38
Reports of Bucks County Academy of Nat. Science 1
of Committee of Legislature on silk flag 3
of Philadelphia Society for support of cha-

rity Schools 20
of collections for Fayetteville sufferers 44
of committee of Towanda Convention on
Susquehanna and Lehigh canal 76
on victuallers petitions 79,94
of Pennsylvania Temperance Society 1.65
Triennial, of Bank United States 163, 185
report on rail road from Gettysburg to
Maryland line 199
of J. Edgar Thompson on Philad. & Read-
ing rail road 224
of Benjamin Wrighton Trenton and Dela-
ware Falls’ co. canal
of Fue Saving Society on anthracite coal
stoves for the poor 262
of committee on Gettysburg and Maryland
rail road 269.
of committee and managers of Danville
and Pottsville railroad 278
of Moncure Robinson on ditto 279,289
of F. W. Rawle do 282

of committee in relation to a new society
to aid the poor 284;

of city comm’rs on their expenditures 292

and constitution of the Library of Foreign

Literature and Science 376
of Franklin Institute on premiums award-
ed 305,376
of Secretary of the Treasury U. States in
favour of Bank of U. states 410
of Canal Commissioners, 417
on internal improvement fund 429
Revolutionary 119,121,131,132
Town meeting in 1768 119.

Instructions to the Representatives
in 1768

Petitions of Assembly to king

to Parliament 132
letter from Committee of Correspon-
dence to agents in London
reasons of Quakers for not uniting in
the war, 1775, 1776


Roads, citizens of Bucks co. turn out to repair 148
Robinson, Moncure, report and estimate of i)anville
and Pottsville rail road 279
Rock, blasting, new mode invented 136
Rousseau, J. C. essay on hydrophobia 5,17
Rush, Wm. proposes to councils to purchase statue
of Washington 182
Sales of public stocks at Philadelphia 16,28
Wyoming Bank Stock 21
real estate in Philadelphia 223,366
Sampson, Counsellor, speech at dinner to him in
Philadelphia 298
Sanford, Rev. Joseph, death of 432
Saw mill, Strode's improved at West Chester 286
Schuylkill river, marsh in, claim set up to 23
large rock fish taken in 178
co, water not become scarce by clear-
ing land 367

Senator, United States, votes given for, in Legisla-
ture, (Dallas elected)

Sharp, Abia, appointed Marshal of eastern district 144

Silk-worms, Pennsylvania described 16,40

viii INDEX.

Silk-worms, letter from P. S. Du Ponceau to C.

Miner on 131 letter to P. S. Duponceau from France on 149,168 slavery, early proceedings on the subject of 316 Snake, bite of, death by 38 large copperhead killed 118 Snow, early at York and Huntingdon * 288 throughout the state 367 Society for political inquiries, minutes of 125 Somerset, early snow at 368 spicer, James, invents a machine for conveying the mail with great dispatch! 128 Spring, sinking of Bedford co. 37 York, and warm, noticed 92 spring Garden, agreement between city and, for Schuylkill water 203 Steamboats, anthracite used by 13,93 on the Delaware, inquiry as to their rate proposed in councils 151

explosions in the United States, list of 159 Stocks, sales of public at Philadelphia 16,24,28 Straw paper, manufactured at Chambersburg, 367

Strode, Miss E. a native artist 286 Strode's improved saw mill 287 Sun, singular appearance of 192 susquehanna and Lehigh Canal Convention at Towanda 76

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T Tables— time of opening of the navigation of Lake Erie from 1893 to 1831 56 of Inspections of flour and meal 64 census of Philadelphia city and county 65

population of city and county, comparative views, &c. of as to ages, sexes, colours, births, deaths, denseness, number of houses, &c. &c. 70 - meteorological 100,195,247,326,416 showing #. cost of prisons and criminal courts of Philadelphia county 102 census of the principal public institutions of Philadelphia - 107 of crimes of which prisoners in jail were convicted 1790 to 1815 144 of steam boat explosions in United States 189 of the prisoners in the western penitentiary 173 of United States officers from 1789 to 1831 184 showing the exchange operations of the Bank United States 189 a statement of the criminal business of the several courts of the city and county of Philadelphia for 1830 showing the offences, ages and numbers remaining in Walnut street prison, western penitentiary, also the courts where sen; tenced, and place of birth and number of

convictions - - 250 showing the number of commitments in the Arch street prison 251

in each month of 1830, 4 preceding years ib.

of annual sick report of the Philadelphia prison in 1830 ib.

showing the diseases and deaths of each month in the hospital of the Philadelphia

prison 252 the same of Arch street prison 253 of the coal trade from 1820 to 1831 320

of the exportation of wheat from Canada from 1793 to 1831—and consumption 342

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United States Bank.- See Bank U. S. Chronological list of officers'

from 1789 to 1831 184

Census of 1830 271. Vaux, Roberts, resigns as president of controllers

of public schools 416

Venango Co.—described Iron works in decision respectiug taxes on unseated town lots 366Vessels—built, lost, condemned and belonging to U. S. and Penna, 1829 and 1830 347

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First ANNUAL REPORT Of the Bucks County Academy of Natural Science. The Committee appointed to make and publish the first Annual Report of the commencement, progress and present situation of the Academy, in obedience to a resolution adopted, and in conformity with a custom obtaining in similar institutions, submit the following sketch — In January, 1829, public attention was first called to the formation of a society for promoting the study of nature in this county by an Editorial paragraph in the Intelligencer. In February following, a number of public spirited gentlemen from different parts of the county, met at Doylestown, and resolved that it was expedient to form such a society, and in the same month the draft of a constitution was submitted and adopted. On the 29th of April, following, officers pro tempore were appointed, and in accordance with the adopted draft of the constitution, the first stated meeting of the Academy was held on the 25th of May, 1829; at which the constitution was finally ratified and signed by twenty five members. The spirit which prompted a commencement so promising, stimulated to active exertions for the purpose of surmounting the many difficulties which immediately presented themselves on the untried field we were about entering. Very few of the members had made themselves acquainted with even the rudiments of classification in any branch of natural history. An offer therefore, made by Jonathan C. Jones, one of the youngest, but most zealous admirers of nature, belonging to the Academy, to deliver an introductory public address on the study of Botany, was gladly accepted which was carried into execution on the 6th of June, and thus a new impulse given to the zeal of those who were disposed to foster “the knowledge of things.” We cannot refrain from here mentioning the immense loss sustained by the Academy in particular, and by the friends of science generally, in the premature decease of this enterprising and amiable young man. We know we shall again awaken the unavailing sigh of sorrow, with those who had the pleasure of his personal acquaintance, and re-inflict the pang of disappointed hope on his bereaved relatives and friends—but we know also that the memory of their sorrows brings also with it the consolatory recollection of inestimable worth and never dying virtue. Before the next annual meeting, the Academy were called also to lament their loss by the death of John Moore, Esq. their first President. Thus deprived almost at the outset of two of their most valuable and efficient members, it began to be feared that our strength would fail—but fortunately the example of Jones had pointed to the true path of successful progress, and at the annual meeting in May, 1830, a series of introductory addresses on several departments of Natural History, was determined on. The gentlemen, to whom this task was assigned, labored diligently to acquaint themselves in a way to be useful—and by these means, a mass of information was obtained and spread abroad, which cannot fail of being highly useful in all our future operations;–and which tended immediately to keep alive the spirit of improvement that had actuated us at the first. A division of the members into classes corresponding with the objects of inquiry soon followed, which when duly appreciated and acted on in the prop. Vol. Vo. 1


* - NO. 183.

er spirit of the measure, we trust will be productive of the most beneficial results. Some of our members are now actively prosecuting thieir researches in accordance with this division of labor, and it is confidently be: lieved that others will be influenced by their example, and by praise worthy ambition to contribute to the common stock of usesúl information, by judicous observation and the careful treasuring, of natural objects. Many specimens, particularly of minerals hsve already been obtained, and a taste for the study of the riches of the animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms, has been widely diffused. Owing to the want of a place specifically appropriated for the purposes of a Cabinet or Museum, we have not been able to embrace in our collection, subjects of the animal and vegetable empires. It is hoped that the liberality of our citizens and the increasing importance of collections of objects in the study of nature, will ere long authorize the appropriation of a room in some of our public buildings to supply this deficiency —or that the increasing public spirit of the citizens of Doylestown, will effect the same purpose in some other mode. Having thus traced the general view of our labors from the commencement to the present time—having glanced at the greatest difficulty we have yet to provide for, and intimated the possible means by which that provision may be made, we turn to the more particular details of the present situation of the Academy, which ot present occupies in common with the Doylestown Library, a room in the Union Academy, which is also of. ten used for various other purposes. Two convenient cases are nearly filled with specimens, principally as above noticed of minerals. The Curators have just finished a scientific arrangement of the most valuable of these specimens, and the study of mineralogy may now be methodically pursued with the advantage of having the distinctive properties of minerals elucidated by reference to the Čabinet. Several valuable works have been procured; and as the room is open every Saturday afternoon, for the use of the Library, we would suggest the propriety of our members taking that opportunity for becoming acquainted with the characteristic difference of mineral substances. It is in contemplation also, to construct a Geological column as fast as the materials can be obtained, and many of them are already in the Cabinet, which will enable the student to embrace at one view the whole theory of this important study: Two of our members are also prosecuting the study of Entomology, particularly with reference to those insects whici are injurious, and those which may be made useful to husbandry and domestic economy. One member has undertaken to collect information relative to the natural history of the most valuable fishes that frequent

the waters of the county, among which the shad and

herring will receive, as they deserve, a large of attention. Several gentlemen commenced in the last summer, the collection and preservation of plants for the purpose of forming a herbarium—they will probably during the present season be able to show a classified collection of plants, embracing all the classes and orders of a complete system of Botany, and also to describe the habitudes and varieties of the most valuable natives of the county. Should these reasonable anticipations be realized—and no but a reprehensible remissness on

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