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the Westminster Choir singing Purcel's Anthem, taken from Psalm cxxii. v. 1---7. “I was glad when they said unto me, ‘ Let us go into the House of the Lord.'
During the Anthem, as their Majesties passed through the body of the Church, the Ceremony of placing the remainder of the Procession was continued. The Serjeants at Arms, the Gentlemen Pensioners, and the Barons of the Cinque-Ports who bore the Canopies, were left a short distance within the Choir, or else immediately at the entrance; but the Archbishop and the supporting Bishops, the Dean of Westminster, the Great Officers of State, the Lords who bore the Regalia, and Garter, were placed immediately about their Majesties. After the Anthem, the Choristers passed on to their gallery at the back of the Choir, and the Prebendaries to their stations at the South-side of the Altar. When the King and Queen arrived at their Chairs, after their private devotions, both were seated; and upon the conclusion of the Anthem, the Archbishop of Canterbury, together with the Lord Chancellor, the Lord Great Chamberlain, the Lord High Constable, the Earl Marshal, and Garter going before them, proceeded to the East-side of the Theatre, and afterwards to the South, West, and North, where his Grace made
Sirs, I here present unto you King George the Third, the undoubted King of this Realm; wherefore all you who are come this day to do your Homage, are you willing to do the same?
The reply to this demand was loud and repeated acclamations from all present, of “God save King George the Third.” At every different time the Recognition of his Majesty was made, he turned to that side of the Theatre where the Archbishop and the Great Officers were standing, and at the last time the
Trumpets flourished. After the Recognition followed another Anthem, taken from Psalm xxi. v. 1–6. “The King shall rejoice in thy strength, O Lord,” which was sung by the Choir, their Majesties being seated in their Chairs of State.
The Altar and the passage to it were then prepared for the King's first Oblation; the former by having the Bible, Paten, and Chalice, placed upon it, and the latter by Carpets and Cushions being spread on the floor by the Officers of the Wardrobe. Then the Archbishop of Canterbury having put on his Cope, and the Bishops who were to sing the Litany being also vested, his Majesty, attended by the two Bishops who supported him in the Procession, the Dean of Westminster, and the Lords bearing the Regalia, passed onward to the Altar, where, uncovered and kneeling upon the steps, he made his Offering. This consisted of a Pall or Altar-covering of cloth of gold, and an Ingot of the pure metal of one pound in Troy weight. The first of which was provided by the Master of the Great Wardrobe, and the second by the Treasurer of the Household. They were then given by these officers to the Lord Great Chamberlain, by him to the King, who delivered them to the Archbishop, by whom the one was placed upon the Altar, and the other in the Oblation-bason. The Queen's Offering was next made in a similar manner, and consisted of an Altar-cloth as before. Before their Majesties arose from their knees, the following Prayer was said by the Archbishop :
O God, who dwellest in the high and holy place, with them also who are of an humble spirit, look down mercifully upon these Thy Servants, GEORGE our King, and CHARLOTTE our Queen, here humbling themselves before Thee at Thy footstool, and graciously receive these Oblations, which in humble acknowledgement of Thy Sovereignity over all, and of Thy great bounty to them in particular, they have now offered up unto Thee, through Jesus Christ our only Mediator and Advocate. Amen.
At the conclusion of this prayer, their Majesties were conducted to the Chairs of State on the South-side of the Altar, where they kneeled during the Litany which followed. The Lords who carried the Regalia then came in order to the Altar, whereon the whole was laid, with the exception of the Swords; after which ceremony they returned to their former situations. Dr. Edmund Keene, and Sir William Ashburnham, Bart. the Bishops of Chester and Chichester, then sung the Litany, while the Choir of Westminster sang the Responses to the organ. At the end of the Litany, and immediately after the Prayer used “in the Time of War and Tumults, * " the following Collect was added, peculiar to the Coronation Service. :
O God, who providest for Thy people by Thy Power, and rulest over them in Love; grant unto this Thy Servant George our King, the Spirit of Wisdom and Government, that being devoted unto Thee with all his heart, he may so wisely govern this Kingdom, that in his time Thy Church and people may continue in safety and prosperity; and that persevering in good works unto the end, he
may, through Thy mercy, come to Thine everlasting Kingdom, through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord. Amen.
In the Communion Service, which followed, there was not any thing unusual; the Epistle was selected from 1 Peter ii. 18. “ Submit yourself to every ordinance of man, for the Lord's sake," and the Gospel from St. Matth. xxii. 15 : “ Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in his talk." Both of these portions of Scripture were afterwards retained in the Form of Prayer and Thanksgiving, proper to the Service for his Majesty's Accession on the twenty-fifth of October. The Sermon, which directly succeeded, was a short, plain, and appropriate discourse, preached by Dr. Robert Drummond, then Lord Bishop of Salisbury, but who, before the end of September, was translated to the Archiepiscopal See of York, which was at that time vacant, in consequence of the decease of Dr. John Gilbert, who died on July 9th, 1761. The text of this Sermon, which was published by Special Command, was taken from 1 Kings, x–9. “Because the Lord loved Israel for ever, therefore made he Thee King, to do judgment and justice.” The Bishop, from these words, shewed, firstly, that when good Kings reign, they are the means by which a people are blessed, as the advantage was not so much to Solomon as to Israel: and, secondly, that the duty of Royalty was to do Judgment and Justice. The concluding part of this discourse, time has since shown to have been almost a prophecy, at the least it was the best prayer which loyalty could offer to Heaven for a Beloved Monarch, and has been amply fulfilled; as, therefore, it is by far the finest portion of the Sermon, a transcript of it is here given :
* It will be remembered that England was at that time engaged in an arduous contest with France; although it is probable that few Coronations have taken place under more auspicious circumstances. The British Arms had been attended with considerable success, the Sovereign was young, handsome, and esteemed one of the most perfect gentlemen of his time, and the Queen herself was as much an object of interest as the Coronation. The spirits of the Nation were also greatly exhilarated by the circumstance, that his Majesty's Accession to the Throne took place on the Anniversary of the glorious battle of Agincourt.
"What the remains, but to exhort you; and what can be more becoming this great and solemn occasion, than to offer up the most fervent supplications, with one mind, to Heaven; that the Holy Spirit of that God, in whose presence the King and people are preparing to declare their mutual engagements, may pour into their the hearts a sincere zeal for each others' happiness, and unite them in strictest bands of affection : May the Sacred Oath which our Sovereign takes at the Altar of the King of Kings, ever recur to his mind,
* The Editor is indebted to the Rev. H. J. Todd, Keeper of the Archiepiscopal Records at Lambeth Palace, for the use of bis copy of Dr. Drummond's Coronation Sermon, which has now beocme a scarce and valuable publication.
as the genuine intentions of his own heart! May the homage which we pay him in all truth and faithfulness, be bound upon our hearts and minds with the ties of duty, gratitude, and love; and from us may unfeigned loyalty spread itself through all ranks, give a right temper to the conduct of all his subjects, and establish his Kingdom! May Justice and Judgment be the habitation of his Throne ! May mercy and truth go before his face! May the Almighty mark every year with fresh instances of his goodness to him, and to his people! May every happiness of private life alleviate the cares of Royalty, and every blessing of public prosperity, yea and abundance of peace be in his day! Late may he be called to an Heavenly crown of Eternal Glory, and here, through the mercy of the Most High, to these Kingdoms, long with unsullied lustre may his Crown flourish, under the guidance of that wisdom, in whose right hand are length of days and honour! Amen."
During the Sermon, the King, who had before been uncovered, wore a cap of crimson velvet turned up with ermine; on his right hand stood the Bishop of Durham and the Lords who carried the Swords, and upon his left the Bishop of Bath and Wells, and the Lord Great Chamberlain. The Queen was attended in a similar manner by the Bishops her supporters, and the Ladies her train-bearers; while the other principal assistants in the Ceremony were placed as follow: the Archbishop of Canterbury, in his purple velvet chair, on the Northside of the Altar, with Garter King of Arms standing beside him. A part of the Bishops were seated on forms near the wall of the Church, between the Archbishop and the pulpit, and the remainder of them who had any part in the Service, stood with the Dean and Prebendaries of Westminster, upon the South-side of the Altar.
When the Sermon was concluded, the Archbishop of Canterbury went up to the King, and, standing before him, said,
Is your Majesty willing to make the Declaration? To which the King answered,
I am willing