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their fare, immediately another way, to Angel-Court and GreatGeorge-Street.*

And whereas His Majesty hath commanded that care be taken that the Church and Choir of Westminster-Abbey be kept free for their Majesties' Proceeding, no Person whatsoever is to be admitted within the Door of the Choir (but such as shall produce Tickets signed and marked with my Name and Seal) till the entrance of their Majesties' Proceeding.–And Persons who shall have such Tickets, are to come in at the North or South-East Doors of the Abbey.t

And further, to warn all Persons concerned, that none shall be admitted into any of the Galleries in the Abbey (without the Choir) after Seven of the Clock on Tuesday Morning next.

And it is also ordered, that no Person whatever who shall be present at the said Coronation (either attending the Proceeding, or as Spectators) do appear in Mourning Habits on that Day.

EFFINGHAM, M. 17th. September, 1761.

These Instructions were succeeded by others from the Duke of Ancaster, Lord Great Chamberlain, concerning the attendance of those who had Tickets for Westminster Hall; and which were to the following effect :

All those who have Tickets for the Peers' Gallery in Westminster-Hall, are desired to quit their Coaches at the Opening that is left in the Procession Platform at the bottom of ParliamentStreet, from thence to walk along the Platform to the Great NorthDoor of Westminster-Hall, facing New Palace-Yard. Their Coaches will proceed as has been directed by the Earl Marshal.

The Chairs that are intended for the North-Door of Westminster-Hall, facing New-Palace-Yard, are to come down the Eastside of Parliament-Street, next to Privy-Gardens, and to turn immediately on the Left-Hand in New Palace-Yard, from thence proceed to a Bar in the Platform which conveys them to the Hall Door.

Most of the streets, &c. mentioned in this order, were situated too much to the North and West, to be exhibited in the accompanying plan.

These Doors were opened at Four o'Clock.

Those Chairs to go back through Channel-Row and Privy-Gardens, and not to return till the Hours appointed by the Earl Marshal.

The Chairs that are intended for that entrance in Old-PalaceYard which leads to the House of Peers, the Court of Requests, Painted-Chamber, &c. are to come down the East-side of ParliamentStreet next to Privy-Gardens, and to continue the line (ať a place) made over the Platform to the East-Side of St. Margaret's-Street and Old-Palace-Yard, and when discharged to cross the Platform in OldPalace-Yard, and go off through Abingdon-Street, and the different avenues from the same, and not to return till the Hours appointed by the Earl Marshal.

The Coaches that are intended for that entrance in Old-PalaceYard, which leads to the House of Peers, Court of Requests, Painted Chamber, &c. are to set down at the Opening that is left in the Platform which crosses Old-Palace-Yard, and then to proceed ås has been directed by the Earl Marshal.

The Tickets for the Boxes of Great Officers, and Peers' Daughters, will be admitted at the entrance of the House of Peers in Old Palace-Yard, if they think that the most convenient access to the Hall.

The Hall Doors will be opened as soon as it is Day-light, on Tuesday Morning; and for the greater conveniency of having a proper access to the Scaffold in the Hall, it is requested that the Ladies will not appear in Hoops.

ANCASTER, G. C. Berkeley Square, September 20th.

Beside the above Orders, several others were also published less connected with the Heraldic ceremonies of the day; such as a command from the Earl Marshal to the workmen engaged in preparing the platform, &c. that to prevent fires, lanthorns only should be used: orders from the Lords of the Council to Hackney Coachmen and Chairmen, for regulating their attendance and fares on the day of the Coronation ;* notices from the various Magistrates for the prevention of fireworks, bonfires, or other disorderly rejoicings; and instructions to the Police of Westminster to be in attendance. *

* These orders were issued in consequence of the Hackney-coach and Chairmen having entered into a combination not to attend their duties on the

All the preparations being completed, on the day appointed for the Coronation before nine o'clock, their Majesties came in their chairs, through the Park to Westminster-Hall; when the King retired into the Prince's Chamber, and the Queen into that belonging to the Usher of the Black Rod. The Peers in the meantime had assembled in the House of Lords, the Peeresses and the Dukes of Normandy and Acquitaine in the Painted Chamber, and the remainder of the persons forming the Procession, in the Court of Requests. From these several apartments they

Coronation-day, but at exorbitant rates. In consequence of this, the Lords of the Privy Council not only ordered that such persons should be out with their Coaches and Chairs by four o'clock in the morning, but that their duty should be faithfully performed without any advance in their demands, under pain of being proceeded against with the utmost severity. This order had not the intended effect; and it is doubtful if they would have plied at all, had not the matter been compromised by an eminent Sedan-chair-maker, who advised them to trust to the generosity of the public; in which they were not disappointed, as a guinea was frequently given as the fare from any of the Squares at the Court end of the town, to Westminster Abbey and the places adjacent. Refreshments, indeed, were not in so small a proportion, sixpence being readily paid for a glass of water, and one shilling for a roll.

Many other precautions were taken for the advantage and safety of the Metropolis and the people. Sir John Mordaunt's Light-horse patrolled the streets all the Coronation-day and the night before; Sir Robert Rich's Dragoons were placed at Charing-Cross, St. James's Square, and in the Park, at the end of George Street, for the same purpose; and the nearest Hospitals were cleared for the reception and relief of the unfortunate, if any accidents had taken place.

+ The Bishops robed in the Jerusalem Chamber, on the right hand side of

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were summoned, by the Officers of Arms, down into the Hall; and the Proceeding was then drawn out, by placing all the former part of it to the Peeresses behind the tables, the Peers and their Ladies before them; and, in consequence of the extraordinary number of persons, a double row was placed at the lower end of the building. About eleven, His Majesty left his chamber, attended by the Officers in waiting, and preceded by the Great Officers, Garter King of Arms, and the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, and then seated himself beneath his State, at the upper end of the Hall. The Queen also came in a similar manner to her State, on the King's left hand, conducted by her Lord Chamberlain and Vice Chamberlain. When their Majesties were seated, the Lord Great Chamberlain, the Lord High Constable, the Earl Marshal, and Garter, placed themselves on the outer side of the table, before the King; when the Master of the Jewel House brought the Sword of State to the Lord High Constable, who delivered it to the Lord Great Chamberlain, by whom it was laid upon

the table. Then Curtana,* or the Sword of Mercy, was also presented, drawn from its scabbard by the Lord Great Chamberlain, and laid naked

the West entrance to the Abbey, and afterwards passed through the great Cloister on to the platform which led from the South-door of the Church at Poets' Corner, to the passage going into the House of Lords.

* The word Curtana signifies a sword whose point is broken off, and therefore fit to represent the Sword of Mercy. The word is derived from the Latin adjective curtus, mutilated, broken, or imperfect.

on the table before his Majesty. After a similar manner the two Swords of Justice and the gold Spurs, were next presented, and placed by the former. A procession, consisting of the Dean, Prebendaries, and Choristers, of Westminster, then came from the lower end of the Hall, bearing with them the Holy Bible and the following Regalia * belonging to the King : Saint Edward's Crown upon a velvet cushion fringed with gold, the Mound or Orb with the Cross, the Sceptre with the Dove, the Sceptre with the Cross, and Saint Edward's Staff. The Dean was received at the top of the Steps by Garter, and being conducted to the table, delivered the Crown to the Lord High Constable, who gave it, as already stated, to the Lord Great Chamberlain, who placed it before the King. The Crown was afterwards followed by the remainder of the Regalia; then that belonging to the Queen was brought, and was, with similar ceremonies, presented to her Majesty.-Sandford, in his very accurate and admirable work on the ceremony of crowning King James the Second, has preserved an account of this short procession of the Dean and Prebendaries of Westminster, which, as there are no particulars recorded of that made at the Coronation of King George the Third, is perhaps worthy of being reprinted; it was as follows:

Vide Plate 4, and the annexed account of the Regalia, for a more particular description.

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