Page images









KING GEORGE THE SECOND OF ENGLAND, died on Saturday, the 25th of October, in the year 1760, and was succeeded by his grandson, the late venerable and lamented George the Third. The Gazette, which bore the date of the subsequent day, announced this national event to the public in the following terms:

Whitehall, Oct. 26, 1760. YESTERDAY in the morning, between the hours of seven and eight, Our late most gracious Sovereign, King George the Second, was suddenly seized, at his Palace at Kensington, by a violent disorder, and fell down speechless, and soon expired, notwithstanding all possible methods used for his recovery. His Majesty departed this life in the seventy-seventh year of his age, and the thirty-fourth of his reign; beloved, honoured, and regretted by his subjects for his eminent and royal virtues.

As is usual in similar instances, the Council immediately met, to deliberate upon the best measures for proclaiming the new King, and for issuing those orders which were requisite upon the occasion. The conduct of the Sovereign at this Council was such as must have endeared him to


all his subjects, as it gave evident presages of the glory of his future reign, and of that innate goodness of heart and principle which dictated the sentiments he then uttered. An extract, however, from the official proceedings of this meeting, will convey a better idea of his generous assurances to the Kingdom, than any description.

At the Court at Carleton House, the 25th day of October, 1760,

PRESENT—The King's Most Excellent Majesty in Council.

His Majesty being this day present in Council, was pleased to make the following declaration, viz.

“ The loss that I and the nation have sustained by the death of the King, my grandfather, would have been severely felt at any time, but coming at so critical a juncture, and so unexpected, it is by many circumstances augmented, and the weight now falling upon me much increased : I feel my own insufficiency to support it as I wish ; but, animated by the tenderest affection for this my native country, and depending on the advice, experience, and abilities, of your Lordships, on the support and assistance of every honest man, I enter with cheerfulness into this arduous situation, and shall make it the business of my life to promote, in every thing, the glory and happiness of these Kingdoms, to preserve and strengthen both the Constitution in Church and State; and as. I mount the Throne in the midst of an expensive, but just and necessary war, I shall endeavour to prosecute it in the manner most likely to bring on an honourable and lasting peace, in concert with my allies.”

Whereupon the Lords of the Council made it their humble request to his Majesty, that this his Majesty's most gracious declaration to their Lordships might be made public, which his Majesty was pleased to order accordingly. At the Court at Carleton House, the 25th day of October, 1760.

His Royal Highness the Viscount Falmouth,

Duke of Cumberland, Viscount Barrington,
Archbishop of Canterbury, Viscount Ligonier,
Duke of Leeds,

Lord Anson,
Duke of Newcastle, Lord Mansfield,
Earl of Holdernesse, Mr. Vice Chamberlain,
Earl of Cholmondeley, Mr. Secretary Pitt,
Earl Waldegrave,

Henry Fox, Esq.
Earl Gower,

Sir Thomas Robinson.

His Majesty, at his first coming into the Council, was this day pleased to declare, that understanding that the law requires he should, at his accession to the Crown, take and subscribe the oath relating to the security of the Church of Scotland, he was now ready to do it this first opportunity; which his Majesty was graciously pleased to do, according to the forms used by the law of Scotland, and subscribed two instruments thereof, in the presence of the Lords of the Council, who witnessed the same; and his Majesty was pleased to order, that one of the said instruments be transmitted to the Court of Session, to be recorded in the Books of Sederunt, and afterwards to be forthwith lodged in the public Register of Scotland. And that the other of them remain among the Records of the Council, and be entered in the Council book.


About noon, on Sunday, the 26th, the new. King was first proclaimed opposite Saville-house in Leicester-fields, by the officers of arms, on foot; afterwards they mounted on horseback, and then it was done at Charing Cross; thirdly, within Temple Bar; fourthly, at the end of Wood-street in Cheapside; and, lastly, at the Royal Exchange, in the following terms: Whereas it has pleased Almighty God to call to his mercy

Our late Sovereign Lord King George the Second, of blessed memory, by whose decease the Imperial Crowns of Great Britain, France, AND IRELAND, are solely and rightfully come to the high and mighty Prince, GEORGE Prince of Wales; We, therefore, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of this Realm, being here assisted with these of his late Majesty's Privy Council, with numbers of other principal gentlemen of quality, with the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of London, do now hereby, with one voice and consent of tongue and heart, publish and proclaim, that the High and Mighty Prince, George Prince of Wales, is now, by the death of Our late Sovereign, of happy memory, become Our lawful and rightful liege Lord GEORGE THE THIRD, by the Grace of God, King of Great BRITAIN, PRANCE, and IRELAND, Defender of the Faith, and so forth: To

We do acknowledge all faith and constant obedience, with all . hearty and humble ffection, beseeching God, by whom Kings and

Queens do reign, to bless the Royal Prince George THE THIRD with long and happy years to reign over us.

Given at the Court at Carleton House, this twenty-fifth day of October, 1760.


The above proclamation was signed by His Royal Highness Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, Dr. Thomas Secker, Lord Archbishop of Canterbury; the Duke of Leeds, the Earls of Holdernesse and Cholmondely, the Duke of Newcastle, Viscount Falmouth, Lord Mansfield, Earls Waldegrave and Gower, Lord Anson, Viscounts Barrington and Ligonier, Mr. Secretary Pitt, the Hon. W. Finch, Vice Chamberlain; Henry Fox, Esq. Paymaster General; Sir Thomas Robinson, Sir Thomas Chitty, Lord Mayor; and thirty-four other Noblemen and Gentlemen.

This proclamation having been first read at Saville House, the winter residence of his late Majesty, when Prince of Wales; the procession was then continued to the other places, in the following order

Farriers of the Horse Grenadier Guards with Axes erect.

French horns of the Regiment.
Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards.

Two Knight Marshal's Men.
Knight Marshal and his Men.

Household Drums.
Kettle Drums.


Serjeant at Arms, King at Arms.

S Serjeant at Arms, with his Mace.

with his Mace. The Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr. Thomas Secker),

in his Coach.
Lord Viscount Falmouth, Captain of

the Yeomen of the Guard.
'Troop of Horse Guards.

After the second reading of the proclamation at Charing Cross, the procession came to Temple Bar, the gate of which was shut, and the usual ceremonies of demanding admittance having passed, it entered, and the King was again proclaimed at Chancery-lane end: the Lord Mayor and Aldermen having then taken their places, the cavalcade proceeded through the city with the following additions coming immediately behind the heralds:

City Drum.

Sheriff's Officers.
City Band of Music.
Two City Marshals.

Lord Mayor's Officers.
The Lord Mayor, (Sir Thomas Chitty, Knt.) in his State Coach.

Archbishop of Canterbury.

Lord Viscount Falmouth.
Aldermen of London above the Chair,

Sir Robert Ladbroke.—Francis Cockayne, Esq.
Robert Alsop, Esq.- Thomas Rawlinson, Esq.

Sir Richard Glyn, Bart.
Sir William Moreton, Recorder.
Aldermen of London below the Chair,
Robert Scott, Esq.-Sir W. Stevenson.

Francis Gosling, Esq.

The two Sheriffs.
George Errington, Esq.-Paul Vaillant, Esq.

Sir Thomas Harrison, Chamberlain.
Sir James Hodges, Knt. Town Clerk.

Troop of Horse Guards.
On Thursday, October the 30th, says

the Public Advertiser of the following day, “the Right Honourable Earl Cornwallis, Constable of his Majesty's Tower of London, and Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets, came to the Tower in his chariot drawn by six horses, and was there attended by George Pawlett, Esq. Lieutenant of the Tower, and a great number of the Deputy Lieutenants and Gentlemen in the Commission of

« PreviousContinue »