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“ united provinces, and other magistrates (that are “ harsh both in mind, and manners) refrain from “ violence against our religion, and your tender “ breasts seem not to harbour the least compassion “ or pity?

These barbarous people sequester none for “ their faith, but for transgression against the state. “ Nor is the whole party involved in the crime of “a few, but every man suffers for his own and

proper fault. Do you then the like, and he that “offends, let him die without mercy.

“And think always, I beseech you, of Cromwell's “ injustice; who, for the actions of some against his “pretended laws, drew thousands into decimation,

even ignorant of the thing, after they had vastly paid for their security and quiet.

“We have no other study, but the glory of our “sovereign, and just liberty of the subjects.

"Nor was it a mean argument of our duty, when every catholic lord gave his voice for the restora“tion of bishops; by which we could pretend no “ other advantage, but that twenty-six votes (sub

sisting wholly by the crown) were added to the "defence of kingship, and consequently a check to "all anarchy and confusion.

“ 'Tis .morally impossible but that we, who ap"prove of monarchy in the church, must ever be “ fond of it in the state also.

“ Yet this is a misfortune, we now plainly feel, " that the longer the late transgressors live, the "more forgotten are their crimes, whiles distance " in time calls the faults of our fathers to remem“brance, and buries our own allegiance in eternal “ oblivion and forgetfulness.

My lords and gentlemen, consider, we beseech you,

the sad condition of the Irish soldiers now in England; the worst of which nation could be « but intentionally so wicked, as the acted villainy “ of many English, whom your admired clemency

pardoned. Remember how they left the Spanish “ service when they heard their king was in France; “and how they forsook the employment of that “ unnatural prince, after he had committed the “ never-to-be-forgotten act of banishing his dis“ tressed kinsman out of his dominions. These

poor men left all again to bring their monarch to “ his home: and shall they then be forgotten by

you? or shall my lord Douglas and his brave “ Scots be left to their shifts, who scored to re“ceive wages of those who have declared war against England ?

“ How commonly is it said that the oath of re“nouncing their religion is intended for these, “ which will needs bring this loss to the king and you, that either

you

will force all of our faith to lay down their arms (though by experience of

great integrity and worth), or else, if some few " you retain, they are such whom necessity hath “ made to swear against conscience, and who “ therefore will certainly betray you, when a greater " advantage shall be offered. By this test then you “ can have none, but whom (with caution) you ought to shun. And thus must you

And thus must you drive away “ those who truly would serve you; for had they “ the least thought of being false, they would

gladly take the advantage of gain and pay to

“ deceive you.

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“ We know your wisdom and generosity, and “ therefore cannot imagine such a thing ; nor do “ we doubt when you show favour unto these, but “ you will use mercy to us, who are both your fel“ low subjects, and your own flesh and blood also;

forsake us, we must say the world decays, « and its final transmutation must needs follow

quickly.'
“ Little do

you

think the insolencies we shall “ suffer by committee men, &c. whom chance and “ lot hath put into petty power. Nor will it choose “ but grieve you to see them abused (whom formerly

you loved) even by the common enemies of us o both.

“When they punish, how will they triumph and say, take this (poor romanists) for your love to kingship;-and again this, for your long doat

ing on the royal party, all which you shall receive “ from us commissioned by your dearest friends, “ and under this cloak we will gladly vent our private spleen and malice. “We know, my lords and gentlemen, that from your hearts you do deplore our condition; yet per“ mit us to tell you, your bravery must extend thus

far, as not to sit still, with pity only, but each is “ to labour for the distressed, as far as in reality his “ ability will reach : some must beseech our gracious

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sovereign for us, others again must undeceive “the good, though deluded multitude: therefore “ all are to remember who are the prime raisers of " the storm; and how, through our sides, they would “ wound both the king and you : for though their “ hatred to us ourselves is great, yet the enmity out “ of all measure increases, because we have been yours, and so shall continue even in the fiery day of trial.

“ Protect us, we beseech you, then, upon all your “ former promises, or if that be not sufficient, for " the sakes of those that lost their estates with

you; many of which are now fallen asleep: but if this “ be still too weak, we must conjure you, by the

sight of this bloody catalogue, which contains the

names of your murthered friends and relations, “ who in the heat of the battle perchance saved “ many of your lives, even with the joyful loss of " their own."

LXV.4.

Oates's Plot. We now reach the event in this monarch's reign, in which the English catholics are most interested ;-the plot charged on them by Titus Oates. The facts relating to it, are so well known, as to render any particular mention of them, in this place, altogether unnecessary.—The account, which Hume gives of it, is one of the most highly finished parts of his history; and probably has been perused by every reader of these pages. A more ample account of it, and a collection of

the principal documents relating to it, have lately appeared, in an historical account of it recently published *.

In his History of James the second, the late Mr. Fox presents the following summary view of the parties concerned in the fabrication or prosecution of the plot. Although, upon a review of this " truly shocking transaction, we may be fairly “ justified in adopting the milder alternative, and “ in imputing the conduct of the greater part of « those concerned in it, rather to an extraordinary “ degree of blind credulity, than the deliberate s wickedness of planning and assisting in the pre“paration of legal murders; yet, the proceedings « in the popish plot must always be considered as “ an indelible disgrace upon the English nation, in « which the king, parliament, judges, juries, wit" nesses, prosecutors, have all their respective, but

certainly not their equal, shares. Witnesses of “ such a character, as not to deserve credit, in the “ most trifling cause, -upon the most immaterial “ facts,-gave evidence so incredible, or, to speak

more properly, so impossible, that it ought not to “ have been believed, if it had come from the mouth “ of Cato; and, upon such evidence, from such wit

nesses, were innocent men condemned and exe

* " An Historical Account of the horrid Plot and Con“spiracy of Titus Oates, called the Popish Plot, in its various i branches and progress ; selected from the most authentic « Protestant Historians; to which are added, some cursory “ Observations on the Test Act. London, published by M. E. Andrews, 5, Orange-street, Red-lion-square.

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