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remarkably destructive, and seldom Mary, which was found in the rubfails co make a long stay. The biih of a church there. On the ccemeteries are swelled to a great European side, opposite to the extent round the town, and filled Rhodius, was Cynossema, The Barwith broken columns, pieces of rovi ef Hecuba, which is still very granate, and marble fragments, conspicuous, and within or close
fixed as grave-stones; some carved with Turkish characters in relievo, gilded and painted. In the Armenian burying-ground we discovered a long Greek inscription on a flab of white marble, but not legible. On a rocky eminence on the' side
by the castle.
We returned, when we had finished our survey, to our lodging, where we supped cross-legged, about fun-set. Soon after, when it was dark, three coverlets richly embroidered were taken from a
next the Propontis is a range of press in the room, which we re
The town and castle has on the south a river, which descends from mount Ida. Its source, as we were told, is seven hours up in the country; and its violence, after snow or rain upon the summits, prodigious. A thick wall has been erected, and plane-trees disposed to keep off the torrent, and protect the buildings from its assaults. At the mouth, like the Scamander, it had then a bar of sand. The bed was wide, stony, and intersected with green thickets, but had water in the cavities, at which many women, with their faces mufHed, were busy washing linen, and spreading it on the ground to dry.
Thisjiver enables us to ascertain the site of the inner castles, a point of some consequence in the topography of the Hellespont. Its ancient name, as appears from Strabo, was Rhodius ; and it entered the sea between Dardanus and Abvdos. The remnants of marble, which we saw in the buryinggrounds about the town, have been removed thither chiefly from the ruins of these cities, particularly of the latter, which was the most considerable. The consul shewed ns a head of an image of the Virgin Vol. XVIII.
cupied; and delivered, one to each, of us; the carpet or sopha and a cushion serving, with this addition, instead of a bed. A lamp was left burning on a slielf, and the consul retired to his family, which lay in the fame manner in an adjoining apartment. We pulled oft" our coats and (hoes, and expected to be much refreshed by sleeping on shore. We had not been apprized of a nightly plague, which iMunts the place, or perhaps rather the houses of the Jews. Two of us could not obtain rest for a moment, but waited the approach of dawn with a degreeof impatience equalled only by our bodily sufferings, which cannot be described.
We had agreed in the evening to visit some neighbouring places on the continent, with the principal islands near the mouth of the Hellespont. Early in the morning the consul asked for money to purchase provisions, which, with other necessaries, were put into a scheile or wherry. He embarked with as, between the hours of eight and nine by our watches. We had six Turks, who rowed; a Janizary, and a Jew servant. The two latter, with the consul, sate cross-legged R before before us, on a small carpet; as the iais or master of the boat did behind, steering with the handle of the helm over his shoulder.
We soon crossed the Hellespont, and coasting by the European shore, saw several solitary king - fiihcrs, with young partridge, among vast single rocks. The winter torrents had worn deep gullies, but the courses were dry, except a stream, which we were informed, turns a mill. A narrow valley, or two, was green with the cotton plant and with vines, or sowed with grain.
After pasting the mouth cf a port or bay called anciently Ccelos, we landed about eleven on the Chersonese of Thrace, near the first European castle, within tin-en trance of the Hellespont; and ascended to the miserable cottage of a poor Jew in the town. Here a mat was spread on the mud floor os a room by the sra-fide, and the eatables we had provided, were placed on it. The torn-tide heat at this place was excessive. T he consul retried, as usual, to si ep; while we also rested, or were amuled with the prospect from the window. Beneath us was lhe shining canal, with Cape Mastusia on the right hand ;■ and opposite, the Astatic town and c.lile, with the noble plain divided by the Scamander; and the borrows mentioned before. t«o standing b\ each other not far from the stioie, within Sigcum, and one more remote.
The anci nt name.ot this town, which is exceeoingly me..n and ■Wretched, was hit us. The streets or lanes are narrow and indicate.
It is. on the north side of the castle, and ranges along the brink of a precipice.
When the heat was abated a little, we were informed that tbe governor gave us permission to refresh in his garden. We dismissed his messenger with a bac-stiilh or prestnt of three piasters*, and an excuse, that we were just going away ; but this was not accepted; and we p»id another piaster for seeing a very small spot of groond, walled in, and containing nothing, except two vines, a fig and a pomegranate tree, and a well of excellent water.
The Turks, after we were landed, had rowed the wherry round Mastusia, and waited for us without the point. In our way to them, by the castle-wall, we saw a large Corinthian capital; and an altar, made hollow and used as a mortar for bruising corn. Near the other end of the town is a bare barrow. By this, was formerly the sacred portion of Protesilaus, and his temple, to which perhaps the marble fragments have belonged. He was one of the leaders in the Trojan expedition ; and was killed by HeCtor. Afterward he was worshipped as a hero, and reputed the pjt on or tutelar deity of Elects.
On our arrival at the wherry, which was behind the castie, we found our Turk* sifting on the ground, where they had dined, chiefly on ripe fruits, with ordinary bread. We had there a wide and deep gulf, a portion of the Ægean sea anciently called Mrlas, on our r phi hand; with lmbros toward the entrance, twenty five miles from Maslusia, and twenty - two from Lemaos, which lay before us, and beyond these, other islands and the continent of Europe, in view. We had intended to visit Lemnos, and the principal placet in that quarter, but, the wind pro ving. contrary, we now steered for Tenedos, and, after rowing some time with a rough sea, hoisted sail: we passed by some islets, and about three in the afternoon, reached the town. On opening the harbour, we discovered in it, besides small craft, three Turkish gallies waiting to convey the Venetian bailow or resident, who was expected daily, to Constantinople ; the ships of that republic being by treaty excluded from navigating the Hellespont.
• A piaster is aViout hr.lf-a- crown English, and is cquril in value to thirty peraus. 1 hese ate a small silver coin, about the size of an £ngliw penny.
The island Tenedos is chiefly rock, but fertile. It was anciently reckoned about eighty ltadia or ten miles in circumference, and from Sigeum twelve miles and a half. Its position, thus near the mouth of the Hellespont, has given it importance in all ages; vessels hound toward Constantinople finding shelter in its port, or safe anchorage in the road, during the etesian or contrary winds, and in foul weather. The Emperor Justinian erected a magazine to receive the cargoes of the corn-ships from Alexandria, when detained there. This building was two hundred and eighty feet long, ninety broad, and very lofty. The voyage from Egypt was rendered less precarious, and the grain preserved, until it could be transported to the capital. Afterwards, during the troubles of the Greek empire, Tenedos experienced a variety of fortune. The pirates, which infested these sets, made it for many years their
place of rendezvous; and Othntan seized it in 1302, procured vessels, and from thence subdued the other islands of the Archipelago.
The port of Tenedos has been inclosed in a mole, of which no part now appears above water, but loose ftones are piled on the foundations to break the waves: The basin is encompassed by a ridge of the mountain. On the sou-h side is a row of wind-mills and a small fort ; and on the opposite, a castle by the shore. This was taken in the year 1656 by the Venetians in four days, but soon aster abandoned, as not tenable. The houses, which are numerous, stand at the foot, or on the slope, of an acclivity, with a flat between them and the sea, formed partly by soil washed down from above. They reckon six hundred Turkish families, and three hundred Greek. The church belonging to the latter is decent.
We found here but few remains of antiquity worthy notic: We perceived on our landing a large and entire sarcophagus er stone coffin serving as a fountain, the topstone or lid being perforated to admit a currene of water, which supplies the vent below; and on one side is an inscription. Near this we saw part of a fluted column converted into a mortar for bruising corn ; and in a shop was a remnant of tessellated pavement then recently discovered. In the streets, the walls, and buryinggrour.Js, were pieces of marble, and fragments of pillars with a few inscriptions.
in the evening, this being Sunday and a festival, we were much amused with seeing the Greeks, who were singing and dancing, in several companies, to music, near
R 2 the the town ; while their women were fitting in groups on the roofs of the houses, which are flat, as spectators, at the fame time enjoying the soft air and serene sky.
We were lodged much to our satisfaction in a large room, with a raised floor matted, on which we slept in our clothes, in company with two Jews and several Greeks; a cool breeze entering all night at the latticed windows, and sweetening our repose.
In these countries, on account of the heat, it is usual to rise with the dawn. About day-break we received from the French consul, a Greek with a respectable beard, a present os grapes, the clusters large and rich, with other fruits all frelh gathered. We had, besides, bread and coffee for breakfast, and good wines, particularly one fort, of an
exquisite flavour, called muscadell. The island is deservedly famous for the species of vine which produces this delicious liquor.
We had been told, that an an. cient building remained on the south side of the island, not much out of our way to the ruins of* city called Efki-Stamboul, on the continent of Asia. Our Turks were waiting at the boat, and we just ready to join them, when are were informed that a scheick wat arrived from the Asiatic Dardanell, which we had lately left, and that the presence of the consul was re. quired on some very urgent business at Constantinople. His .brother, who had set sail in the morning early to overtake him, remained with us in his stead, and soon won our regard by his attention and civility.
HISTORY Of EUROPE.
XttrofpeiJive virtu (fajsairt in the colonies in the year 1764. General effeil