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increasing the happiness of individuals and society at large?

It would be contrary to all views I have taken of the subject, to make the contributions compulsory; that would destroy the independency of character I could wish to establish; the loss of which is one great and primary cause of many of the evils of the present system.

In seeking to make it a legislative measure, my object would be to obtain a power of granting aid from the parish rates to the funds of the societies. By making them general, it would put it in the power of any individual who contributed to a society, to remove to any other situation, and to transfer the value of his annuity into the funds of the society where he was settled. The effects of this would be to put an end in a very short period, to all the expense and trouble of litigation respecting settlements.

At some given period, (not to bear upon those at present advanced in life) it would be reasonable and just to treat such as become chargable from neglecting or refusing to contribute towards their support, as "culpable poor." In proportion as (he morals and sentiments of the labouring classes were improved and enlightened, so would the fear of disgrace operate as a punishment; and there would be, were the plan of benefit-societies generally established, a fair criterion to distinguish between the meritorious and culpable poor, which does not at present exist, and wichh thereby renders the existing laws on that head nugatory.

Attached

Attached to no particular scheme, and having but one object in view, the investigation of truth, I have endeavoured to convey my sentiments honestly, and with the warmest desire to promote the interest and prosperity of the country, founded on tho facts which have occurred within my own experience. Others may have been led to opposite conclusions; and the same credit of good intentions which I am willing to bestow, I desire to claim for myself. The state of the country is unparalleled, and the maxims of political economy which have prevailed in tranquil times, may now be found inadequate for the preservation of an isolated, but proudly independent nation. To avast extension of our agriculture, and to the availing ourselves of all the bounties which a beneficent Providence places within our reach, I look forward with the most ardent wishes 5 and may the advancement of true morality and virtue (those best supports of any government) go hand in hand with the patriotic endeavours of the enlightened and liberal promoters of their country's honour!

Wtrkington Hall, Feb. 10, 180».

THE SND.

INDEX.

ACCOUNTS, 216, 248

Acland, Rev. T. 359

Aldington, Mr. 146

Agricultural meetings, 258

Agriculture, great change in, within the last fifty years, 130

Antijacolin Review, 85

Apprentices, 218

Bailiffs, 233., 250

Barley, consumption of, in this country, 146

—— culture of, 204, 223

Bates, Mr. 135, 138, 185

Boyle, Mr. 135

Beddoes, Dr. 89 note, 102

Bedford, Duke of, 15, 17, 184, 241

Beer inferior to milk as beverage for hard working people, 90

Bell, Mr. 363

Blitb's Survey of Husbandry surveyed, 201

Bolton, Mr. 354 ,

Books on agriculture, 240

Bouyer, Mr. John, letter from, 9?

Bread, 86

Breakfast, comparison of milk with tea for, 85

Britain, only danger to, 103

number of horses in, 142

•• "agricultural commerce of, 145

3 B 4 Britain,

Britain, foreign trade oF, MS

— commercial population of, 149
—— agricultural population of, ib.

■ i importance of agriculture to, 150

Butler, method of preventing a disagreeable taste in, 68, note

■' proportion of, to milk, 69, 93, 9*

Cabbages as food for cattle, 41, 43, 44, 62

-culture of, 211, 212, 270, 272

Calves, melasses or brown sugar not fit food for, 92, note

Campbell, Mr. D. 278

Carron company, 16

Carrots, a good substitute for oats, 11, 60, 175

— substituted for potatoes, 29
—• profit of, 60, 176

. their tops good for cows, 166

—— compared with oats, 177 •
»" ' '- method of keeping, 17 8, 266

- preparation of the seed, 179

culture of, 262

Carls, single horse, preferable to waggons, 18, 251'
'Cato, 200
Cattle, sea-sand used as bedding for, 67

sale of, in Smithfield, 131

increase in size of, ib.

«——short-horned, 133, 13$
—— long-homed, 133

'kylo, 140, 186

r on soiling, 161, 194

Children, easy and advantageous mode of providing clothing

for, 327
—— illegitimate, 370
—— sent to manufactories, 370
China, 151, 231
Churns^ 69, 70

Cleaning

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