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fully of any other member of this society, without a just cause, he shall forfeit two shillings, or be excluded.
V. That if any member in the society's room presume to curse or swear, or tell a lie, to the prejudice of this so> ciety, he shall forfeit six pence, or be excluded.
VI. That any person recommended to join this society, shall be desired, by the president and stewards, to withdraw till the matter be concluded upon by the society.
VII. That during the staled hours, any brother mindful to move any thing in behalf of himself or another, shall stand up to ask leave of the president and stewards to be heard; and when leave is granted, such brother shall be heard without interruption, until he hath ended his discourse; and any brother may second such motion, or with leave reply to it; and only one shall speak at a time, or forfeit two pence to the box; and if any doubt shall arise, the president and stewards shall lay the same before a committee, who shall determine the matter; and whoever finds fault with the said determination, shall forfeit one Chilling, or be excluded.
VIII. That if any member shall declare who is for or against any person, on any trial or reference, he shall forfeit five shillings to the box, or be excluded.
IX. And lastly, that this society and agreement shall subsist, and be binding and conclusive to all parties comprehended therein, according to the true intent and meaning of them, whilst any three of the said society are of one niind to continue the same, for all the ends and purposes aforesaid; and acpording to their several stations shall receive, pay, and be paid, sue and be sued accordingly, sq far as is consistent with, and agreeable to the rules qf this society, and the laws of the realm.
Cwmbirl^nd, >At the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace (to. wit) Jof our Sovereign Lord the King, holden at Cockermouth, in and for the county of Cumberland, on Monday the fourteenth day of January, in the year of our Lord 1799* before James Clark Salterthwaite, John Kay, Esquires, i ad others their fellows, Justices of our said Lord the King, assigned to keep the peace of our said Lord the King, in the same county, and also to hear and determine divers felonies, trespasses, and other misdemeanours in the same county committed:
Ordered^—That these Rules and Regulations be confirmed.
By the Court,
Deputy Clerk of the Peace.
TABLE OF FORFEITS. Art.
1. For attempting to remove the society
2. For refusing to stand president, when elected p— For refusing to serve as steward
— For refusing to serve as warden
3. For the president's neglect of duty
4. For the treasurer's do. do. '•
5. For the stewards' do. do.
6. For the wardens' do. do.
7. For the clerk's do. do,
8. Town's members' neglect of payment first monthly
9. Do. do. for the second month
10. Do. do. for the third month »,
11. Country members within 20 miles, for the first
12. Do. do. for the second quarter's neglect
13. For the stewards' neglecting to visit the sick
14. For the stewards' neglecting to visit the superannu
Art. £. ,. rf.
15. For not attending the funeral of a deceased brother O 2 O
16. For neglect of quarterly payment to the doctor 0 0 6
17. For the doctor's neglect of duty - 0 5 0
18. For conniving" at any fraudulent practice in any
member » - 0 5 0
19. Any member residing 20 miles distant on neglect
ing to pay up his yearly dues - O 10 6
20. Do. do. being seen at work, or drunk, &c.
when on the box - - O 10 6
21. Do. do. departing the room when any particular
matter is in hand * 0 O
•— Do. do. refusing to keep silence, when ordered 0 0 2 — Do. do. not quitting the club-room in peace,
when ordered - - - 0 10
22. For false accusation - * 0 5 Q 23 Fur rejecting the award given by a committee 0 5 0
24. For the president, stewards, treasurer,4cc. not attend
ing in due time - - O 0 (5
25. Officers leaving the room, without leave from the
president - - - O O 6
26. For not attending the anniversary procession O 5 P
27. For proposing to break the Society, or divide the
. cash r r Old 6
Contributed by the Society - - 31 14 6
Mr. Curwen's 3-10ths proportion per rules g 10 4
RULES AND ORDERS to be observed by an AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY of the Servants and Labourers employed at the Schoose Farm, Workington.
To the Agricultural Servants and Labourers employed at the Scboose Farm. THE first object which engages the time and attention of the bulk of mankind) is to provide for the necessities of the present moment. But a small proportion of those who are in possession of youth and health think of the morrow, or make any provision for the time when old age will come
upon upon them; or when sickness, or the accidents to which. human nature is exposed, will put a stop to their labours, and in consequence to their usual means of subsistence. • Engaged &s you are in laborious pursuits which occupy so much of your time, and willing to believe that sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof, you never look beyond it, or lay up in store for a time of need, what could be spared from your presente arnings. Is it not, then, the duty of those materially benefited by your meritorious exertions to think for you, and to provide the means of sheltering you from miseries which are hid from your view? Can any means be devised more likely to effect this purpose than the establishment of a Benefit Society? Wherever they have been established, they have not failed of affording the most material assistance to all the mem^ bers of them; but their beneficial effects have been but partially experienced; the great bulk of the labouring community have either overlooked or undervalued the advan* tages of them. In this neighbourhood, where so much general benefit has been derived, I should hope few argu~ inents are necessary to prove the advantages that will flow from a new institution of a similar nature. .Permit me to ask any one of you who has lived in tolerable comfort, What support would the most liberal parochial relief afford you?—Is it nothing to be subject to control?—Does dependence inflict no wound upon a feeling mind ?—Such, however, must be the situation of those who live from hand to mouth, and have made no provision against sickness, misfortune, or old age.
Wise, just, and humane, are the poor laws of Great Britain, which are exclusively confined to this happy country. These are founded upon the principle, that the earth shall provide nourishment for every human being: but it assumes also, that none shall eat the bread they do not earn, but such as are incapacitated by age or inr