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effect, but by rest and attention the horse has improved in condition, and is returned to its work. The effect of this trial has confirmed the opinion entertained on the experiment of last year, that there is nothing poisonous in. the water extracted from the
potatoe by steaming.
THOMAS MOORE, Groom.
Since the former part of this paper was finished, the price of potatoes has advanced to 6d. per stone, with every appearance of being still higher. In consequence of this, I have found it necessary to be provided with some substitute, as I consider myself bound to stop my steaming whenever this invaluable root exceeds 6dv and to sell my potatoes to the poor. I have doubled the proportion of straw mixed in steaming, and adopted the method used in Scotland,. of steaming a part of the straw. I give only one stone to each horse per day, and on Sundays substitute an additional quantity of can ots in lieu of potatoes: the saving of potatoes is considerably above one-half.
To my farm horses 1 now allow 6lb. of carrots, and 6lb. of oats: Colliery horses, 8lb. of hay and 8lb. of straw, cut together.
The expense of feeding is as follows :•
£ s. d.
7lb. of steamed potatoes, - - 0 O 3y
6ib. of oats, r - - - O O 6
6lb. of carrots, - - - O 0 21
,A. stone of straw, - - • O O 2
O 1 2
£ f. di
8lb. of hay, and 8lb. of straw, - -.0 0 5|
Cutting, - - - - . 0 0 1
7lb. of steamed potatoes, - - 0 Q 3£
12lb. of oats, - . - 0 1 6
Gib. of carrots, - - - - O 0 2g
A man with a boy and horse can cut 80 stone in' three hours:
Say half a day's cutting of 70 stone. £ s. d.'
Man, - - - - - 0 12
Boy, - - - 'i - - 0 0 9 Horse; - * - - - 0 2 6
Or three farthings per,stonel.
Cost of feeding J 00 horses with hay at £ s. d.
9d. per stone, - - - 3 15 0
With hay and straw mixed, £ s. d. 50 stone of hay at 9d. 1 17 0
50 of straw at 2d. - 0 8 4
Cutting at Of d. per stone, 0 6 Sf
Gain per day,-^ ^1 2 ld|
How far this feeding will be found to answer, I will not pretend to say; that it should meet with opposi
lion is natural, from the aversion to every thing that is new. It will, howevtr, be fully proved. 1 am the more encouraged, from the belief that a great part of the subsistence taken both, by man and animals is of no further importance than to fill the stomach, for otherwise how should we account for the labouring classes being better able to support the fatigues of labour than the higher orders, whose food contains a fourth more nourishment than their's; \vith every allowance for habit, still there must be in their food all that is necessary for health and exertion.
Since the preceding hints on feeding of horses were prepared for the press, circumstances have occurred which imperiously command my suspending the further steaming of potatoes for the present season.
The severity with which the winter has commenced, the general deficiency of the potatoe crop, and the great injury which it has sustained by the wet, as well as the further loss of what is now in the ground by being frost-bitten, have combined to advance the price to 7d. and 8d. per stone, and to create a just cause of alarm, lest they should be much higher. A due regard to the interests and comfort of the labouring classes compels me to reserve my potatoes for their use, and to have recourse to other substitutes for feeding my horses. Though I had not half a crop, I have still on hand thirty thousand stone, which will have a powerful influence in keeping down the market price, and insuring a plentiful supply.
My horses being accustomed to warm food, would have suffered much from an entire change of system, particularly the aged horses; I have therefore adopted the plan of steaming cut straw, and mixing their ground oats with it, which I find they eat with avidity. I have had too little experience to pronounce deci^ dedly on its success; but from the trial hitherto had, it has all the appearance of answering extremely well.
The failure of the potatoe crop must force conviction on the public mind, of the advantages which must necessarily result, from a general adoption of my plan. Thus, food which was raised expressly for the purpose of feeding horses, may in a moment of scarcity be" come the support of man. How many thousands will this year participate in the benefit of it! Yet such is the infatuation of the many, that a very little matter would some years ago have induced the mob to pull down my steaming houses, and destroy my apparatus: and now, but for "this plan, they would feel .the most severe pressure from the want of potatoes!
The cost of feeding my Farm Horses upon my present plan will stand thus:
£ s. d,
1 stone of cut straw, steamed, - O O 1\
8lb. of oats, - - - O O 8
6lb. of carrots, . - O O 2|
8lb of straw, - . - - • O O 1
O 1 2
O 1 10|
Hay valued at 8d. per stone; Old. for cutting; straw at 2d. per stone.
Should I find the horses unable to perform theiif work upon this food, I shall make an addition of some few pounds of oats. What price hay may rise to, should the season continue with the severity it has begun, it is difficult to say. By increasing the quantity of oats, I should have very little doubt of being able to do altogether without hay; for example, hay at 12d. per stone, and oats at 14d., I should prefef six pounds of oats, with a stone of cut straw, costing 8d. to a stone of hay at 12d.
When steamed potatoes are given, the less water the horses have the better.
It will naturally be expected of me, that I should not withhold from tie public the result of eight years* practice of feeding horses and work-oxen with steamed potatoes.
If it were in my power to add weight to my former opinions and assertions, I should be justified in declaring that every former predilection for the plan is strengthened, and I have the satisfaction of finding the
D - opinioa