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THE

LONDON ENCYCLOPÆDIA,

OR

UNIVERSAL DICTIONARY

OF

SCIENCE, ART, LITERATURE, AND PRACTICAL MECHANICS,

COMPRISING A

POPULAR VIEW OF THE PRESENT STATE OF KNOWLEDGE.

ILLUSTRATED BY

NUMEROUS ENGRAVINGS, A GENERAL ATLAS

AND APPROPRIATE DIAGRAMS.

Sic oportet ad librum, presertim miscellanei generis, legendum accedere lectorem, ut solet ad convivium conviva civilis.
Coavtrator a..nititur omnibus satisfacere; et tamen si quid apponitur, quod hujus aut illus palato non respondeat, et hic et ille
arbage dissimulant, et alia fercula probant, ne quid contristent convivatorem.

Erasmus
a reader should sit down to a book, especially of the miscellaneous kind, as a well-behaved visitor does to a banquet. The
master of the feast exerts himself to satisfy his guests; but if, after all his care and pains, something should appear on the table
that does not suit this or that person's taste, they politely pass it over without notice, and commend other dishes, that they may not
distress a kind host.

Translation

BY THE ORIGINAL EDITOR OF THE ENCYCLOPÆDIA METROPOLITANA.

ASSISTED BY EMINENT PROFESSIONAL AND CTHER GENTLEMEN.

IN TWENTY-TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. XVII.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR THOMAS TEGG, 73, CHEAPSIDE;

SOLD BY N. HAILES, PICCADILLY ; E. WILSON, ROYAL EXCHANGE; J. MASON, CITY ROAD :

BOWDERY & KERBY, OXFORD STREET :
GRIFFIN & CO. GLASGOW: J. CUMMING, DUBLIN : M. BAUDRY, PARIS: F. FLEISCHER, LEIPSIC :
AND WHIPPLE & LAWRENCE, SALEM, NORTH AMERICA.

1829.

AE

5

$87

V. 17

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PERCEPTION is a word which is so well under- And nests in order ranged stood that it is difficult for the lexicographer to Of some villatic fowl. Milton's Agonistes. give any explanation of it. It has been called the Glory, like the dazzling eagle, stood first and most simple act of the mind, by which Perched on my beaver in the Granic flood; it is conscious of its own ideas. This definition, And the pale fates stood frighted on the shore.

When fortune's self my standard trembling bore however, is improper, as it confounds perception

Lee. with consciousness; although the objects of the

For the narrow perch I cannot ride. Dryden. former faculty are things without us, those of the

They winged their flight aloft, then, stooping low, latter the energies of our own minds. Percep. Perched on the double tree, that bears the golden tion is that power or faculty, by which, through bough.

Id. the medium of the senses, we have the cogni- Let owls keep close within the tree, and not perch zance of objects distinct and apart from ourselves, upon the upper boughs.

South. and learn that we are but a small part in the

PERCH, n. s. Fr. perche ; Lat. perca. A fish. system of nature. By what process the senses

The perch is one of the fishes of prey, that, like give us this information is one of the most in- the pike and trout, carries his teeth in his mouth : he teresting enquiries in metaphysics. See Meta- dare venture to kill and destroy several other kinds of PHYSICS.

fish: he has a hooked or hog-back, which is armed PERCEVAL (Spencer), second son of John, with stiff bristles, and all his skin armed with thick second earl of Egmont, was born in 1762, and hard scales, and hath two fins on his back: he received his education at Harrow, and Trinity spawns but once a year, and is held very nutritive. College, Cambridge, of which he became a mem

Walton's Angler. ber about the year 1775. On quitting the uni- Perch, in ichthyology. See Perca. versity he entered of Lincoln's Inn, with the view

PERCHANCE, adv. Per and chance. Perof following the profession of the law at the

haps; peradventure. Chancery bar. In this pursuit he soon distin

How long within this wood intend you stay? guished himself, and obtained a silk gown. Ip

-Perchance till after Theseus' wedding day. 1796 he represented Northampton in parliament,

Shakspeare. and, five years after, his legal abilities and family

Finding him by nature little studious, she chose influence raised him to the office of solicitor- rather to endue him with ornaments of youth; as general. In 1802 he was made attorney-general, dancing and fencing, not without aim then perchance and filled that situation till 1807, when, on the at a courtier's life.

Wotton. death of Mr. Fox, he was appointed chancellor Only Smithfield ballad perchance to embalm the of the exchequer. In this high post he continued memory of the other.

L'Estrange. till the 11th of May, 1812, when, while approach- Stranger, I sent for thee, for that I deemed ing the door of the house of commons, a person Some wound was thine, that yon free band might named Bellingham discharged a pistol at him in

chafe,the lobby, the bullet of which, entering his breast, Perchance thy worldiy wealth sunk with yon wreck

Maturin. deprived bim almost instantly of life. The Such wound my gold can heal. assassin avowed that he had been waiting with PERCIVAL (Thomas), M. D., a physician, the view of destroying lord Leveson Gower, late born at Warrington, Lancashire, in 1740, studied ambassador to the court of St. Petersburgh, for medicine at the universities of Edinburgh and some alleged negligence of his mercantile in- Leyden, and returning to England, in 1765, terests, and was brought to trial on the 15th. settled at Manchester. He was the author of a Although a plea of insanity was set up by his variety of numerous able tracts on scientific subcounsel, he was found guilty, and executed on jects, especially Observations on the Deleterious the 18th of the same month.

Qualities of Lead and Medical Ethics; A FaPERCH, n. 8., 0.n., & v.a. Fr. perche, percher; ther's Instructions to his Children ; Moral and Lat. pertica. A rod; measure; that on which Literary Dissertations, &c.; and papers in the birds sit and roost: to sit or roost; place on a Transactions of the Manchester Philosophical perch.

Society, of which ae •vas the founder and first He percheth on some branch thereby,

president. He also attempted to establish public To weather him and his moist wings to dry. lectures on mather satics, the fine arts, and com

Spenser.
The world is grown so bad,

merce, in that town; and sought to obtain supThat wrens make prey where eagles dare not perch.

port for dissenting academies at Warrington and

Manchester, but was in both these last attempts Shakspeare.

unsuccessful. Dr. Percival died, highly reThe morning muses perch like birds and sing Among his branches.

Crashaw. spected both for talents and conduct, on the 30th An evening dragon came,

of August, 1804. His works were published in Assailant on the perched roosts,

1807, in 4 vols. 8vo. by his son. Vol. XVII.--Part 1.

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PERCLOSE', n. s. Per and close. Con- name of Percy Islands. The largest is about clusion; last part. Obsolete.

thirteen miles in circuit, and 1000 feet high. By the perclose of the same verse, vagabond is They are only occasionally visited by the Indians understood for such an one as travelleth in fear of from the main land for turtle. The large vamrevengement.

Raleigh. pyre bat was frequently found hanging by the PER COLATE, v.a. Lat. percolo. To strain claws, with its head downwards, under the palm through.

trees. Experiments touching the straining and passing of PERDICCAS I., II., and III., kings of Mabodies one through another, they call percolation. cedonia. See MACEDON.

Bacon. PERDICIUM, in botany, a genus of the The evidences of fact are percolated through a vast polygamia superflua order, belonging to the synperiod of ages. Hale's Origin of Mankind. Water passing through the veins of the earth is method ranking under the forty-ninth order,

genesia class of plants ; and in the natural rendered fresh and portable, which it cannot be by any percolations we can make, but the saline particles compositæ. The receptacle is naked; the papwill pass through a tenfold filtre.

Ray.

pus is simple; the florets bilabiate.

PERDITION, n. s. Fr. perdition ; Lat. PERCUSS', v. a.

Lat. percussio.

To

perditio. Destruction; death : ruin; eternal Percuss'ion, n. s. strike: the act of strik

death. Percu’TIENT, adj. ing; effect of sounds striking the ear : percutient being the corre

While I was with hem I kept hem in thi name, thilke sponding adjective.

that thou ghauest to me I kept, and noon of hem With thy grim looks, and

perisschide but the son of perdicivun. The thunder-like percussion of thy sounds,

Wiclif. Jon. xvii. 12. Thou mad'st thine enemies shake. Shakspeare.

As life and death, mercy and wrath, are matters Flame percussed by air giveth a noise; as in blow

of knowledge, all men's salvation and some men's ing the fire by bellows; and so likewise flame per

endless perdition are things so opposite that whoever cussing the air strongly.

Bacon.
doth affirm the one must necessarily deny the other.

Hooker. Some note, that the times when the stroke or percussion of an envious eye doth most hurt are when

Upon tidings now arrived, importing the meer the party envied is beheld in glory.

perdition of the Turkish fleet, every man puts himself Inequality of sounds is accidental, either from the

in triumph.

Shakspeare. roughness or obliquity of the passage, or from the Men once fallen away from undoubted truth, do doubling of the percutient.

ld.

after wander for ever more in vices unknown, and In double rhymes the percussion is stronger.

daily travel towards their eternal perdition. Rymer.

Ruleigh's History. The vibrations or tremors excited in the air by

We took ourselves for free men, seeing there was percussion continue a little time to move from the no danger of our utter perdition, and lived most joyplace of percussion in concentric spheres to greatfully, going abroad, and seeing what was to be seen. distances. Newton's Opticks.

Bacon. Marbles taught him percussion and the laws of

Quick let us part! Perdition's in thy presence, motion, and tops the centrifugal motion. Arbuthnot.

And horror dwells about thee! Addison's Cato. PERCUSSION, in mechanics, the impression PERDIX, in ornithology, a genus of birds, a body makes in falling or striking npon another; belonging to the order of gallinæ, ranked by Linor the shock of two bodies in motion.

næus along with the genus tetrao, or grous; but PERCY (Thomas), a learned prelate, related now very properly disjoined by Dr. Latham, and to the family of Northumberland, was born at classed as a distinct genus, of which he describes Bridgenorth in Shropshire in 1728, and educated the following characters :— The bill is convex, at Christ Church, Oxford, where he took his strong, and short; the nostrils are covered above master's degree in 1753, and, on entering into with a callous prominent rim: the orbits are orders, was presented to the vicarage of Easton papillose; the feet naked; and most of the Mauduit in Northamptonshire, which he held genus are furnished with spurs. There are fortywith the rectory of Wilby. In 1769 he was eight species, of which the two principal are the made chaplain to the king, in 1778 promoted to partridge and quail. the deanery of Carlisle, and in 1782 advanced to 1. P. communis, the common partridge, is so the bishopric of Dromore in Ireland, where he well known, that a description of it is unnecesdied in 1811. His works are, 1. Han kiou sary, and we have not room to describe the Chouan, a translation from the Chinese ; 2. Chi- foreign species. We refer those who wish comnese Miscellanies; 3. Five Pieces of Runic Po- plete information to Dr. Lathanı's valuable Sysetry, translated from the Icelandic Language. tem of Ornithology. Partridges are found in 4. A new Translațion of the Song of Solomon; every country and in every climate; as well in 5. Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, 3 vols.; the frozen regions about the pole, as the torrid 6. A key to the New Testament; 7. The Nor- tracks under the equator. In Greenland, the thumberland Household Book; 8. The Hermit partridge, which is brown in summer, as soon as of Warkworth, a poem, in the ballad style; 9. the icy winter sets in, is clothed with a warm A Translation of Mallet's Northern Antiquities. down beneath; and its outward plumage assumes

Percy Isles, a chain of islands in the South the color of the snow among which it seeks Pacific, near the north-east coast of New Holland. its food. Those of Barakonda, on the other They extend from about lat. 21° 32' to 21° 45'S., hand, are longer legged, much swifter of foot, and are distant about thirty miles from the main and choose the highest rocks and precipices to land. They were visited by Flinders in 1802, reside in. They all, however, agree in one chavbo laid down their bearings, and gave them this racter, of being immoderately addicted to venery.

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