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Marshals receive a small salary and fees, others only receive fees; besides the fees, some of the clerks of the courts receive a per diem allowance, during the session of the court.

A Chargé des Affaires is entitled to 4500 dollars per annum, and the same for an outfit. Ministers Plenipotentiary also receive a year's salary as an outfit of the Consuls in Europe, three are also Agents, and receive 2000 dollars per annum each; the other European Consuls receive no salary. In Barbary the Consul-General receives 4000 dollars per annum, and the Consuis 2000 dollars per annum each. The Commissioners of Loans received in the aggregate 15,630 dollars; the clerks in the aggregate received 12,195 dollars per annum. No Collector of the Customs is allowed more than 5000 dollars per annum; some are paid as low as 150 dollars per annum; others receive a salary and a commission per cent on the amount received, and some of them only receive a commission on the monies received. The compensations to the Surveyors and Naval Officers, vary from 150 to 3000 dollars per annum each. The aggregate compensation paid to the Collectors of the Direct Ta for 1815, amounted to 299,642 dollars, 44 cents; this sum included the payments to deputies and clerks The principal Assessors receive each 200 dollars per annum, and 3 dollars for every one hundred taxable persons on their lax list, besides reasonable expenses for books and stationery; no allowance was made to an Assessor when the State assumed the payment of the tax.

Each Superintendent of a Light-House receives two-and-a-half per cent, on the amount of his disbursements.

Two of the Registers of the Land Offices receive 200 dollars per annum, and 1 per cent. ; sixteen of them receive 500 dollars per annuir, and 1 per cent. Two of the Receivers are paid 200 dollars per annun, and 11 per cent.; sixteen of them 500 dollars per annum, and 13 per cent, on the amount received.

The Deputy Post-Masters are compensated by commission on the postages collected, which, in no case, is allowed to exceed 2000 dollars per annum. The compensation for the transportation of the Mail, is in proportion to the distance.

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(Extract from the Charter, vide p. 147 and 162.)

“ EDWARD the Sixth, by the grace of God of England, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, and in Earth of the Church of England and Ireland Supreme Head, To all whom the present letters shall come greeting. Whereas, We, pitying the miserable state of the POOR FATHERLess, decrepid, aged, sick, infirm, and impotent persons, languishing under various kinds of diseases; and also of our special grace, thoroughly considering the honest pious endeavours of our most humble and obedient subjects, the Mayor, Commonality, and Citizens of our city of London, who by all ways and methods, diligently study for the good provision of the poor,


and of every sort of them, and, that by sucli reason and care, neither children yet being in their infancy shall lack good education and instruction, nor when they obtain riper years, shall be destitute of honest callings and occupations, whereby they may honestly exercise themselves in some good facully and science, for the advantage and utility of the commonwealth, nor that the sick and diseased, when they shall be restored to health, may remain idle and lazy vagabonds of the state, but that they, in like manner may be coinpelled to labour at honest wholesome employments : Know ye, that We, as well for the considerations aforesaid, as of our special grace, and of our certain knowledge and meer motion, desirinig not only the progress, amplification, and increase of so honest and noble a work, but also condescend in our name, and by our royal authority, to take upon ourself the patronage of this most excellent and most holy foundation now lately established, have given and granted, and by these presents do give and grant, to the Mayor and Commonality; and Citizens of our city of London, all that our manor, capital, messuage," &c.

The Charter then enumerates the tenements, edifices, and hereditaments, &c. for the aforesaid purpose of providing for the “ aged, sick, and infirm."


(Extract from the Charter, vide p. 149 and 162.)

“Knowe ye therefore that we graciouslye affecting so good and charitable a worke, of our princelye disposition and care for the furtherance thereof, and of our especiall grace, certaine knowledge, and meer motion, have given, granted and confirmed, and by these presents, do give, grante, and confirme, for us, our heires, and successores, unto the said Thomas Sutton, his heires, successors, administrators, and assignes, and to every of them, full power, license, and lawfull authoritie, at all times hereafter, at his and their will and pleasure, to place, erect, found, and establish, at, or in the saied house, called the late dissolved Charter-house, besides Smithfield, and other the premises within our saied countie of Middlesex, one hospital house or place of abiding, for the finding sustentation and reliefe of POORE, AGED, MAIMED, NEEDY, OR IMPOTENT PEOPLE.-And further, we of our saied especiall 'grace, certaine knowledge, and meer motion, have given, granted, and confirmed, and by these presents, do gire, grante, and confirme, for us, our heires and successors, unto the saied Thomas Sutton, his heires, executors,


administrators, and assignes, and to every of them, at his, and their wills and pleasures, full power, license, and lawfull authoritie, at all times hereafter, to place, erect, found, and establish, at, or in the saied house, called the late dissolved Chárter-house, besides Smithfield, and other the premises, in our saied countie of Middlesex, one FREE SCHOOLE, for the instructing, teaching, maintenance, and education of POORE CHILDREN OR SCHOLLARS, and that the saięd Thomas Sutton, during his life, and after his decease the governors hereafter named and their successors, and survivor of them, and his and their successors for ever, and the governors of the 'saied hospitall for the tyme being, and their successors shall have full power, license, and law. full authoritie, at his, and their wills and pleasures, from tyme to tyme, and at all tymes hereafter, to place therein such number of POORE CHILDREN or schollars, as to him the said Thomas Sutton, during his life, and after his death to the saied governors and their successors, and to the survivors and survivor of them, and his and their successors, and to the governors of the saied hospitall for the tyme being, and their successors shall deem convenient, and likewise one able learned and sufficient person to be schoollmaster of the said schooll, and one other able learned and sufficient person to be usher thereof, to teache and instructe the saied children in grammar, and also one godlie preacher, to preach and teache the worde of God to all the saied persons, POORE PEOPLE and children, members and officers, at or in the said house."

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CITY'S ESTATE. Under this name are various funds in the City of London arising from tolls, markets, bequests, sale of freedoms and of offices, sheriff fines, &c. We insert an abstract of the receipts and payments from these sources, presented to the Cominon Council, in the year ending 31st December, 1815. RECEIPTS.

£ d.
By balance of cash in hand, 31st Decem-
ber; 1814...

14,997 3 23
Rents and quit-rents

Markets, tolls, offices, and bequests,
heretofore called rent-farms

45,194 3 81

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Brokers' rents and admissions
Freedoms, enrolments, &c.
Casual receipts
Sheriffs fines
Sales and alienation of offices
Fines for leases
Fines for leases in Conduit Mead
Insurance of officers lives ....
Interest on government securities. .....
Money borrowed.....
Sales of securities..

£ S. d.
2,590 0 0
1,122 17 6
6,191 17 3
9,200 0 0

221 ( 0
3,004 18 2

244 25
534 3 0

629 6 0
9,000 0 0



£138,779 19 11%
Guildhall, April 2, 1816.
Richard Clark, Chamberlain.

£ d.
Rents and Quit Rents

1,511 1 7
Mansion House ..

3,730 14 11

11,500 0 0
Extraordinary Works,

18,619 18 8
Foreign Charges...

30,102 4.5
Assessments, Tythes, &c. .

2,225 11 24
Market Charges..

5,129 14 34
Courts of Conservancy

1,309 1 2
Gifts and Rewards

10,917 4 2
Remembrancer, Solicitors' Bills, &c.... 7,383 3 11
Fees, Pensions, and Liveries

22,709 7 1
Bequests ....

358 3 4
Insurance paid

450 0
Ipterest and Annuities

9,197 6 3
Purchase of Securities

504 12 7
For Account of the Entertainment to his

Royal Highness the Prince Regent,
and his Illustrious Visitors, and the
Duke of Wellington

7,879 9 5
» Balance of Cash in Hand, Dec. 31, 1815 2,663 19 45

£138,779 19 111

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Abbey, see Monastery.
Ale-drinkers, curious anecdote of a rev. Dean poisonilig, 228.
America, comparison of salaries in that country and England, 129.
Appropriations, nature of, explained, 280.

, Thomas, on the conception of the Virgin, 275.
Archdeacons, their office, 284--incomes, 303.
Aristocracy, influence of, 389_rental thirty-six millions a year, 392—increase in

different reigns, te ure on which they received their estates, 390-church livings
in their gift, 391-engross all offices in the army, navy, revenue, church, and
state, except those requiring industry and talents, ib. - List of the Aristocracy,
showing their family connexions, parliamentary influence, and the places and

pensions held by themselves and relations, 394.
Attorneys, number of, in London, 2000, 217--in the country, about 4000, ib. - the
clerks and their salaries, 218-incomes of attorneys, ib.

Bailey, Mr. Justice, memorable instance of judicial ignorance, 189.
Bank of England, 238_number of country banks, 240-the connexion with the

system, ib.-yain about three millions amually, 243-history of the Bank,
originally pawnbrokers, 245-no notes issued under £20, 246—increases its
advances to government in proportion to the increase in the issues of its notes,
247-terrible laws enacied to uphold its credit, ib. - becomes a mere government
office, 248--origin of the Restriction-Act, 249-juggle between Mr. Pitt and the
directors, 250.--base hypocrisy of the latter, ib.-- history of the renewals of the
stoppage, 251---inquiry into the possibility of cash payments, 252 -- supply of
specie obtained only tvý balance of trade, 254–quantity of specie yearly ir-
ported into Europe from the New World, 255--BANK HANGINOS, more than
four hundred victims to the paper Moloch, 256—prosecutions for forgery before
and after the stoppage, 257-horrible obstinacy of the Bank, 259--execution of
Cashinani and Driscoll, 260.expense of prosecutions, 262--number of notes
rejected as forgest proved to be genuine. Bank profits, sources of, 263--salaries
to clerks and expen: (s of management, ib.mnet profits, besides dividends and
bonuses in 'nieteen years after the stoppage, THIRTEEN MILLIONS, 266- briet
history in nineteen years, Bank hanged and transported eight hundred persons,
and in addition to old dividends made a profit of 300 per cent. 263- state of the

debits and credits of the Bank in 1819.
Benfield, Paul, account of, 367.
Burrington, George, anecdote of, 103.
Beckett, John, judge-advocate, 18--history of, 19-curious anecdote, ib.
Bentham, his work on * Church of Englandism,” 276-remarks on the Cate ,

chisin, 277-on the bishop of London's charge to the clergy, 336–on the

patronage of the Church of Scotland, 320.
Bentinck, lord William, clerk of the pipe, degrading office, 19.
Bishops, not a part of Christianity, 289--base treatment of their secretaries, 294–

incomes of Irish bishops, 312.

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