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law of the Slave Power— was vitalized by the breath of juries and enforced by the decrees of courts, till in all our broad land, from the Lakes to the Gulf and from Ocean to Ocean, not an inch of ground could be found which was not mortgaged to slavery-not a spot large enough for the sole of a man's foot could the eye of Omniscience discover, over which the agis of the law was spread to protect the rights and liberties of the people. Not only was there no temple of Freedom and no city of Refuge for the slave, but there was no immunity for the persons and liberties of the free. We might any of us be enslaved on the oath of a slave claimant, or be fined and imprisoned for per forming an act of charity, in obedience to the dictates of humanity and the law of the living God.
The spirit of freedom met the spirit of slavery right here in deadly encounter for the permanent possession of the Government. It was revolution meeting revolution - the moral power of the ballot against the logic of the pistol and the bowie-knife--the spirit of liberty against the law of brute force, and the issue of the contest was whether this country should be “all free or all slave." · The people rescued the Government from the clutches of the slaveholders, trampled their armed legions in the dust, blotted out slavery and the slave code from our statutes, and proclaimed "liberty throughout all the land, to all the inhabitants thereof." They established the supremacy of the Declaration of Independence as the fundamental law of the land, as part and parcel of the United
States Constitution — as it always had been—underlying and permeating the whole, and proceeded to conform their legislation to its principles and spirit. And now it only remains for Congress and the people to go one step further, and, by a Constitutional amendment, ordain impartial manhood suffrage by organic law.
Is it objected that most of the arguments I have adduced in favor of universal suffrage for men apply with equal force to the enfranchisement of women? That is no fault of mine, but of the facts and arguments which cluster thickly on every side, and are patent to all who have eyes to see them. I know of no objections or obstacles to such enfranchisement,save the indifference of women and the opposition of men to the measure, and these, formidable as they now seem to many, will be overcome in due time. I cannot consent to postpone manhood suffrage, for which the people are now ripe, for the consummation of a measure for which they are not prepared, and for which the great majority of women themselves neither ask nor wish. I regret that it is so, for I know of no valid objection to suffrage for women, and we need their restraining and haland we need the lowing influence at the polls. But time, patience and well-directed efforts will secure to them this right. It is the next great reform, the success of which will make our Government a more perfect reflection of the popular will, and bless humanity, by purifying the foun. tains of our legislation and jurisprudence.
ACADIA: THE LAND OF THE MAYFLOWER.
BY MRS. M. L. RAYNE.
. “We bloom amid the snows.” THERE is no country, perhaps, in English in 1813, and ever since has
1 the civilized world of equal im- been under British dominion. portance, which is so little known out. Halifax is the capital; an old-fashside of its own boundaries, as Nova ioned place, with its houses of a subScotia. Ask the first American you dued mouse color, with none of that meet where it is, and he will tell you American dash and magnificence which "in Canada;" an Englishman would characterize the United States, but say, unless he had been there, “in Aus- with a great, deal of solid comfort tralia," and at the hub of knowledge, lying perdu under its strata of old some learned Professor, with his brain fogyism. A quaint gabled, picturesque stored with Greek roots, would gravely old town, flanked by the finest harbor assure you that it was in New Bruns in the world, where the Union Jack rick, and you will actually have as much proudly rides at anchor; nay, where the trouble in locating it properly as in find flag of every nation on the earth is uning Captain Kidd's buried treasure. furled to the breeze-a town insignifi
Nova Scotia, or New Scotland, is one cant enough to look at, but rich in of the Provinces of British North Amer- historic association, peopled with repreica, and is situated on the eastern side sentatives of all parts of the world, and of the North American Continent, and defended by a Citadel bristling with sol. connected with the main land by an diers, as if the whole place were a lump isthmus six miles in breadth. It is sepa- of gold in an antique setting, to be rated from the neighboring province of guarded at the point of the bayonet. Cit. New Brunswick by the Bay of Fundy, adel Hill and the Navy Yard, Province an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, cele Building and Dalhousie College, are brated for its remarkable tides. Those points of interest to all strangers. liring always within the tame, monot. The presence of the military keeps ODOOS view of the placid lakes which the place always gay. It is somewhat bound our western vision, can form no demoralizing, too, for their manners are idea of the grandeur, the magnificence, better than their morals; but the gay of that wondrous tidal force, which plumes and red coats of the soldiers are fears its mighty crested head sixty feet very attractive on the foggy streets. above the level of the sea, racing past A week's travel from Chicago, fortythe rocky shores like some fearful de- eight hours distant from Boston, the stroying power; with the thundering Province of Nova Scotia offers many roar that, like a giant bass, underlies inducements to the tourist; a salubrious the great volume of water, moving along climate — bracing sea air— a good fish like a ponderous living wall.
diet - cool days in summer and glorious Acadia, the place was first named, by sleighing carnivals in winter — girls the French. It was of this place Long with a bloom on their cheeks that cannot fellow wrote, in Evangeline, " This is the be rubbed off - hardly by time, and the forest primeval.” It was ceded to the right hand of hospitality everywhere;
less magnificence, but more home com- a great deal of imaginary hardship to fort, than can be found anywhere else, capture their game, but it is in reality : and a rare, rich character, developed by quite tame sport. The hunters make a blending of English and Scotch na- the most of it, however, and occasionally tionality, in the person of a ripe Nova succeed in shooting each other or themScotian.
selves. I remember once a party went The government is an off-shoot of the out to hunt a moose, which had eluded British home power. It is administered capture for innumerable seasons. It by a chief executive officer appointed was bullet proof, and one of the hunt. by the Queen. There is an Executive ers, taking the advice of his guide, Council and a Legislative Council, and sought the counsel of an old Indian a House of Assembly, consisting of sibyl, who, for a consideration, gave him members elected every four years by the à crooked sixpence with which to try his counties and townships. Its acts are luck. He loaded his rifle with it, fired decisive upon the authority of Great and killed the old stag, who had about Britain. The judicial court represents a pound of lead imbedded in his skin, that of the mother country. Law is without even appearing to be the worse administered in the most solemn and of it. pompous manner, consequently there The Indians have a birch bark call, are fewer of the petty cases which fill to represent the voice of the female American courts. The population of moose. It is singularly sweet and shrill the Province is 350,000. It is now and easily lures the male within the united with Canada, New Brunswick hunter's range. and Cape Breton, as a dominion, the Catching smelts in early spring by seat of government being at Ottawa. torchlight, is another favorite sport.
The climate of Nova Scotia is partic- The rivers at such times look grandly alarly salubrious. It is never very beautiful -- the tide flowing swiftly warm. There is a bracing freshness the dusky guides holding aloft the flarabout the air even in the middle of July, ing torches — the rest leaning over the that makes a blanket comfortable at side of the boat, intent upon the long night, and mingled with this is the fra handle of the scoop net they hold, and grant piquancy of the salt water breeze, which they soon bring up filled with the which roves at will over the country. tiny shining fish, glistening like silver, Then, there are the great forests of pine while on the outer edge of the group lie and hemlock, freighting the air with motionless canoes, packed with young. their elixir of life. The forests of Nova sters, boys and girls, listening and watchScotia are dark and dense; pines talling the fun. and spreading with the weight of years, The Stewiacke river, a branch of the spruces and birch trees, and an under-' Shubenacadie, is one of the most beau. growth singularly free from venomous tiful rivers in the Province. The tide reptiles or hurtful animals. The moose flows from the Bay of Fundy into the roams there at will through some sea- Shubenacadie, thence into the Stewiacke, sons of the year; but hunting is a where it has become subdued, and does tempting sport, and moose steak a de- not come in higher than ten feet. It cided luxury, so parties are always out, is a very interesting sight to watch. in the winter, in pursuit of the noble There lies the river between its high game. The English officers are very green banks, fringed with willow; the fond of the sport, and hire Indians or water as tranquil and blue as the clear Negroes as guides to show them where sky overhead, and the small canoes of the best can be found. They go through wood or bark, and larger boats, safely
moored to the stakes driven in on the crossing in a small canoe, a huge fellow shore. There is a distant rushing made a leap into the air and came sound — a faint mirage passes over the down into our boat, when we immewater like the essence of a sigh; then diately secured him. At low water a long rippling roll — the boats dance up they are speared; but it is regarded and down, and swing out to the length by fishermen as an illegitimate sport, of their ropes, a loud crash of falling something like snaring deer. waters, and like a flash the sea horse has The smelt is the first fish which raced past; the banks have disappeared, comes after the ice; then the gaspeathe water is red and muddy, and flow-, reaux, a fish the size of a herring, and ing swiftly in circles and eddies, and with a fine, white flesh, and one bone; running up stream, and the boats ride then the salmon, which comes with the high, but so securely, that the Indian June fire-flies and the wild strawberpapoose strapped to a board, and tucked ries; and after them, an infinite variety under the seat of one of the canoes, to of cod, haddock, mackerel, shad, etc. &wait its mother's return, does not Traveling through the country roads, awaken.
we perceive a dense smoke rising to When the water rises to its highest, the tops of the pine trees, and, upon it is still, for a brief time, before the tide examination, find a family of squatter turns. It is then so easy to cross & Indians, dwelling in a birch bark tent river that often a child's hand will pad- or camp, as they call it there. No dle the light canoe over. There is no romance can make heroes out of them. regularity to the rivers; they run They are dirty, lazy and thievish, and straight through a village, and then, prefer to live as they do. The Mictarning abruptly, thread their way Macs are quite numerous, and have a through soft, emerald meadows, where settlement of their own somewhere the bending willows touch hands across. among the Rawdon Hills, in another No flowers grow on the banks, or at part of the Province, where they actuleast very few, for the soft, rank marsh ally live in frame houses. Their govermud is obnoxious to their bloom, but nor or chief, Goreham Panl, was much rare shrubs, filled with the nests of sand respected, and combines many of the peeps and swallows, bend and sway best qualities of a white man with the above the tide; holes similar to gopher savage instincts of his race. They had holes in this country, are seen all along a white woman named Mary Paul, the banks, made in the solid mud. whom they had raised and adopted ; These are filled with swallows. The who would never marry among the sand peep will attract your attention by Indians, nor live among the whites. a lond, piping noise, and will run with She retained the prejudices of her own every appearance of a broken leg or people among the surrounding influwing, limping distressfully. When you ence of her adopted friends. have sympathetically followed it for half Nova Scotia is famous for her coal a mile or so, it will suddenly fly away, mines - large and valuable, but indifand leave you at a safe distance from ferently worked; for her iron and limeits nest.
stone, and her valuable and extensive At the time of the tide, the net, fisheries, of which the exports are which is strung across the banks, re. enormous, and for her great marine ceives the salmon as they go down to advantages. She is proud, too, and the mouth of the river. The water is justly so, of the eminent men, of ensometimes almost alive with them, at terprising character, whom she has certain places. I remember once, when given to the world. Samuel Cunard, once a poor boy, then a studious youth, do not bind themselves into societies, 1 anon the developed man'who gave to or seek each other, and, being ex- 1 the Ocean its first complete line of tremely reticent of their nativity, and 1 steamships, and who has retired now as betraying it by no peculiarity of speech, : Sir Samuel Cunard. General Beck as foreigners do, they pass for citizens with, the great and good soldier, who, bred and brought up under the Amerimaimed and wounded in the battle can flag. Yet a true Nova Scotian is of Waterloo, turned his attention to more English in his tastes and habits Christianity, and, among the lowly than your native born Briton. He people of the Swiss valley, expiated in sees the idols and institutions of his deeds of love and kindness the unbe. mother country through the romantic lief of his early years, and became a haze of distance; he accepts every na. missionary of the Cross in his old age, tional prejudice and peculiarity as his receiving from the King of Sardinia especial birthright, and becomes an the Legion of Honor for his noble ac- autocrat upon the outskirts of a montivity in Christian service. Edward archical government. And he never M. Archibald, at one time British con. gets over it. He may be the citizen of sul to New York; Judge Marshall, the a republican government, fight for it, zealous advocate of the temperance die for it; but threaten the flag he was cause; Sir James Cochrane, chief jus- born under, or dare to uncrown, in tice of Gibraltar; Capt. Parker, the speculative ideas, the monarch he once brave, daring young soldier; Judge gave allegiance to, and the British lion Haliburton, known the world over as glares at you through his threatening the humorous author of “Sam Slick;" eyes, and he does another loyal deed Joseph Howe, the great political leader for the country he adopts, to convince of the Liberal party, and hundreds of you it was only the mark of his birth others. I must not forget Donald Mc. which you caught a glimpse of. Kay, who, if of Scotch people, belongs, I will close this article with a brief by birth and education, to Nova Scotia; summary. Halifax, Truro, Picton, Ansince he whittled his first ship out of a tagonishe, Windsor- these are noted pine shingle with his jack-knife. The places. There are the beautiful valleys great shipbuilder acquired his fame of Cornwallis and Horton, the Acadia of there. The great Republic was one of which poets love to sing. Here it was his triumphs; but he can build as com- Evangeline dwelt. Here the innocent plete a small ship as any man in the French people, with their simple ways, world. A great many brilliant naval “Dwelt in the love of God and of man; and military heroes have emanated Alike were they free from fear that from Nova Scotia, of whom she is ten- reigns with the tyrant and Envyderly proud. In the wilds of Africa, the vice of republics." The old French the sultry depths of India, on the Cri. dykes still exist, and it is not so very mean battle fields, in far distant coun- long since a farmer, plowing a field that tries, among heathen barbarians, as had never been furrowed, fell stumbling are numbered in living ranks and in through earth and stones into a rotten soldiers, missionaries, teachers, her sons' hogshead, empty to be sure, but which, silent graves.
upon being moved, disclosed rusted There are six thousand Nova Sco- gold and silver coin, which had fallen tians in Boston; we may safely aver through the chinks prior to the removal that there is twice the number in New of treasure buried and resurrected by York. In Chicago there may be five unknown hands. hundred. They are clannish; but they A hundred and a half miles in an.