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Has God, thou fool! work'd solely for thy good,
Thy joy, thy pastime, thy attire, thy food ?
Who for thy table feeds the wanton fawn,
For him as kindly spread the flow'ry lawn:
Is it for thee the lark ascends and sings?

Joy tunes his voice, joy elevates his wings. - Is it for thee, the linnet pours his throat ?

Loves of his own and raptures (well the note.
The bounding fteed you pompously bestride,
Shares with his lord the pleasure and the pride.
Is thine alone the feed that strews the plain?
The birds of heav'n shall vindicate their grain,
Thine the full harvest of the golden year?
Part pays, and justly, the deserving steer:
The hog, that plows not, nor obeys thy call,
Lives on the labours of this lord of all.

Know, Nature's children shall divide her care ;
The fur that warms a monarch, warm'd a bear.
While Man exclaims, " See all things for my use!”

See man for mine?replies a pamper'd goofe:
And just as short of reason He must fall,
Who thinks all made for one, not one for all.
i Grant that the pow'rful still the weak controul;
Be Man the Wit and Tyrant of the whole:
Nature that Tyrant checks; He only knows,
And helps, another creature's wants and woes.
Say, will the falcon, stooping from above,
Smit with her varying plumage, fpare the dove?
Admires the jay the insect's gilded wings ?
Or hears the hawk when Philomela sings?
Man cares for all ; to birds he gives his woods,
To beats his pastures, and to fish his foods;
For some his int'reft prompts him to provide,
For more his pleasure, yet for more his pride :

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All feed on one vain Patron, and enjoy
Th' extensive blessing of his luxury.
That very life his learned hunger craves,
He faves from famine , from the favage faves ;
Nay, feasts the animal, he dooms his feast,
And, 'till he ends the being, makes it bleft;
Which sees no more the stroke, or feels the pain,
Than favour'd Man by touch etherial slain.
The creature had his feast of life before ;
Thou too must perish, when thy feast is o'er !

To cach unthinking being , Heav'n a friend,
Gives not the useless knowledge of its end :
To man imparts it; but with such a view
As, while he dreads it, makes him hope it too:
The hour conceal'd, and so remote the fear,
Death ftill draws nearer, never seeming near.
Great standing miracle! that Heav'n allign'd
Its only thinking thing this turn of mind.

II. Whether with Reason , or with Instinct blest,
Know, all enjoy that pow'r which suits them beft;
To bliss alike by that direction tend,
And find the means proportion'd to their end.
Say, where full Instinct is th' unerring guide,
What Pope or Council can they need beside ?
Reafon, however able, cool at best,
Cares not for service, or but ferves when prest,
Stays 'till we call, and then not often near;
But honest Instinct comes a volunteer ,
Sure never to o'er-shoot, but just to hit !
While still too wide or short is human Wit;
Sure by quick Nature happiness to gain,
Which heavier Reason labours at in vain.
This too serves always ,· Reason never long;
One must go right, the other may go wrong.

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See then the acting and comparing pow'rs
One in their nature, which are two in ours;
And Reason raise o'er Instinct as you can,
In this 'tis God directs, in that 'tis Man.

Who taught the nations of the field and wood
To shun their poison, and to chuse their food ?
Prescient, the tides or tempests to withstand,
Build on the wave, or arch beneath the fand ?
Who made the spider parallels design,
Sure as Demoivre, without rule or line?
Who bid the stork, Columbus-like, explore
Heav'ns not his own, and worlds unknown before ?
Who calls the council, states the certain day,
Who forms the phalanx, and who points the way?

III. God, in the nature of each being, founds
Its proper bliss, and sets its proper bounds:
But as he fram'd a Whole, the Whole to bless,
On mutual Wants built mutual Happiness :
So from the first, eternal ORDER 'ran,
And creature link'd to creature , man to man.
Whate'er of life all-quick’ning æther keeps ,
Or breathes thro' air, or shoots beneath the deeps,
Or pours profuse on earth, one nature feeds
The vital flame, and swells the genial feeds.
Not man alone, but all that roam the wood,
Or wing the sky, or roll along the flood,
Each loves itself, but not itself alone,
Each sex desires alike, 'till two are one.
Nor ends the pleasure with the fierce embrace;
They love themselves, a third time, in their race.
Thus beast and bird their conimon charge attend,
The mothers nurse it, and the fires defend;
The young dismiss’d to wander earth or air,
There stops the Instinct, and there ends the care;

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The link dissolves, each seeks a fresh embrace ,
Another love succeeds, another race.

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A longer care Man's helpless kind demands;
That longer care contracts more lasting bands :
Reflection, Reason, ftill the ties improve,
At once extend the int'rest, and the love ;
With choice we fix, with sympathy we burn; 135
Each Virtue in each Passion takes its turn;
And still new needs, new helps, new habits rise,
That graft benevolence on charities.
Still as one brood, and as another rose,
These nat'ral love maintain'd, habitual those :

140 The last, scarce ripen'd into perfect Man, Saw helpless him from whom their life began : Meni'ry and fore-cast just returns engage, That pointed back to youth, this on to age; While pleasure, gratitude, and hope, combin'd,

145 Still spread the int'rest, and preserv'd the kind.

IV. Nor think, in Nature's Srate they blindly trod; The state of Nature was the reign of God: Self-love and Social at her birth began, Union the bond of all things, and of Man.

ISO Pride then was not; nor ts, that Pride to aid ; Man walk'd with beast, joint tenant of the shade; The same his table, and the same his bed; No murder cloath'd him, and no murder fed. In the same temple, the resounding wood,

155 All vocal beings hymn'd their equal God: The shrine with gore unstain'd, with gold undrest, Unbrib'd, unbloody, stood the blameless priett; Heav'n's attribute was Universal Care, And man's prerogative to rule, but spare.

160 Ah! how unlike the man of times to come! Of half that live the butcher and the tomb;

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Who, foe to Nature, hears the gen’ral groan,
Murders their species, and betrays his own.
But just disease to luxury succeeds ,
And ev'ry death its own avenger breeds ;
The Fury-passions from that blood began,
And turn'd on Man a fiercer savage, Man.

See him from Nature rising slow to Art !
To copy Instinct then was Reason's part;
Thus then to Man the voice of Nature spake ---
9? Go, from the Creatures thy instructions take :

Learn from the birds what food the thickets yield;

Learn from the beasts the physic of the field; „ Thy arts of building from the bee receive;

Learn of the mole to plow, the worn to weave ;

Learn of the little Nautilus to sail, » Spread the thin oar, and catch the driving gale.

Here too all forms of social union find,
» And hence let Reason, late, instruct Mankind:

Here fubterranean works and cities see;
There towns aerial on the waving tree.

Learn each fmall People's genius, policies, » The Ant's republic, and the realm of Bees;

How those in common all their wealth bestow, » And Anarchy without confusion know,

And these for ever, tho' a Monarch reign,
Their sep’rate cells and properties maintain.
Mark what unvary'd laws preserve each state,
Laws wise as Nature, and as fix'd as Fate.

In vain thy Reason finer webs shall draw, » Entangle Justice in her net of Law,

And right, too rigid, harden into wrong;
Still for the strong too weak, the weak too strong.
Yet go! and thus o'er all the creatures sway,
Thus let the wifer make the rest obey;

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