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is not by “ might or power” or by means | walls of the devoted city fell down, and all, never so well devised, in themselves con- both foes and friends, were constrained to sidered; but by the Divine Spirit that the acknowledge in it the hand of God. Now heathen are to be converted. Let us also it is faith like this, I conclude, which God employ the appointed means with a deep requires to insure success in our missionary sense of their incompetency to effect the work. The means which we are instructdesired end of themselves, waiting for, and ed to use, are, it is true, very different earnestly imploring the descent of the Holy from those ordained in the case alluded to Spirit to render them effectual, and we above. Yet, in themselves considered, may expect much more will be accom- they are no more competent to accomplish plished.
the end in view. Our whole dependence It appears to me that in India, if in any must be upon that unseen yet irresistible place, we should honor the blessed Spirit Agent, without whose presence every other by entire dependence upon Him, for there instrumentality will be as unavailing as the is no country where the inefficiency of blast of a trumpet against an impregnable mere human agency is more strikingly fortress. We (missionaries) are prone to manifest. Ignorance, prejudice, an all- feel, oh if we were eloquent—if we anderdominant priest-craft, the fear of persecu- stood the native language, and their modes tion and the loss of all things held dear in of thought as we do our own—if we could this world; all unite to oppose the truth. bring all the power of argument to bear Nearly every class of evidence to which we upon them as we could upon a christian would appeal to convince a candid and audience, then we might hope to accomenlightened mind of the truth of Christian- plish something. Such absurdities as those ity, is lost on a Hindu or a Mohammedan. upon which their religions rest could be A single assertion of the Koran or Shastra demolished with ease, and conviction aloutweighs volumes of the strongest evi- most forced upon them. But experience dence we can produce. This would be proves this all a delusion. Those who are the case even if they had sufficient know- educated in the English language, and who ledge of history and the general laws of can appreciate to a greater extent the evievidence to understand our arguments in dences in favor of Christianity than many all their force, at least in many instances. in Christian lands, though they in many But when we consider their utter ignorance instances acknowledge that these arguments of history, their distrust of statements made are unanswerable, still so far as practice by those whose whole object is to over- is concerned, are as little affected as the throw their national faith, their characteris- ignorant mass. It is not mere force of tic indifference to truth, and a hundred argument that can subdue prejudice and other circumstances which will readily sug- the natural enmity of the unregenerate gest themselves to your mind, we may heart. It is not any array of means that well feel that our only dependence is upon can overthrow the thousand obstacles to the omnipotence of God's gracious spirit. the truth. The spirit of God and that Oh that we could feel this as we ought ! alone can illumine the dark mind of a heaLet this sentiment be ever present in our then-show him his truly wretched state, minds, in our preaching, our teaching, in and discover to him the suitableness of the composition of tracts and books, in the Christ and his salvation to meet his case. circulation of the divine oracles themselves. This truth must be more deeply felt and Let it be constantly impressed upon the more practically aeknowledged in all our minds of the whole church, that it may plans; we must lean more upon the simple duly influence the friends of missions in promises of God and less upon our welltheir prayers, their donations, and in digested plans. Our eyes must be oftener short in every thing they do to aid the directed to the 'Hill of strength, and less cause, and God, if I mistake not, will hon- to men and presses and schools, &c.; then or our efforts to a degree hitherto un will we honor God as he claims to be, and known.
he will honor us by making our efforts to It is not enough that we have a vague prosper, and undefined dependence upon God. It The history of the church will abundantmust be a felt, habitual, practical depend ly corroborate these remarks. It is not to ence. It must be sach à dependence as the power of eloquence—nor to learned Joshua felt when, by divine command, he and logical argument-nor to a costly apinvaded the city of Jericho,-using 90 paratus of schools and presses,' &c., that other instruments than his trumpets of we are mainly indebted for the triumphs of rams' horns. Here the means employed the gospel. That all these things have anwere such as left no foundation for any swered an important end, we do not deny. hope but in the immediate agency and They are means which God has, and will power of God. Hence, in due time, the continue to bless wben used in humble de
CHARACTER AND DEATH OF A NA
pendence upon the spirit of all grace to render them effectual. But whenever these outward instruments become the ful
The following memoir of a converted beacrum, the resting-place, of our faith, instead of the promised assistance of the then, communicated 10 the directors of the LonHoly Ghost, then they become hinderances don Missionary Society, by the Rev. C. Pitand not helps in the work of converting mau, missionary in the South Seas, stationed souls. The simple presentation of bible
at Rarotonga, onder date of June 9, 1840, is truth, whether from the pulpit, in the ba- worthy of an attentive perusal; and it ought to zar, the Bible class, Sunday school, or by fill the christian with hope in reference to the means of tracts and the printed word, is good influences and the ultimate success of the means which God delights to bless. foreign missions. It must be truly cheering to And they are effectual, I suppose, in exact a missionary to meet with such instances of proportion to the degree of simple confiding piety; to find thus early among the heathen a faith in which they are used—faith not in heari so prepared to receive the ingralied word the efficacy of the means, but in the prom- as was the heart of this man. ised gift of the Holy Spirit. Such was the case on the day of Pentecost. The gospel His early services to the Mission. was preached with power it is true: but it
In the afflictions of our poor people we was not the power of man, it was the de- have been much afflicted; hundreds of them monstration of the Spirit which sent home have been called from time into eternity. conviction to the hearts of thousands. The The satisfactory evidence, however, given same is true in regard to every genuine by many, very many, of those taken from revival since. Such is manifestly the case in the Sandwich Islands; we read of hun us, that death” to them was “ gain,” is dreds, who had never or rarely heard a their removal. Death has cut down, with
a great alleviation to the grief occasioned by word from the missionaries, coming to their
an unsparing land, high and low, young and stations to learn how they could be saved. old; and we are left to mourn over the deHow were they convicted of sin and thus vastating effects of this awful visitation. brought to seek the way of escape from The wise, the good, the useful, the careless God's wrath? The answer is plain. The professor, and the openly profane, have Spirit of God, applying the truth of some alike fallen by the devouring sword of this tract, or perhaps casual conversation with a
messenger of death. Amongst the number native helper, fixed their attention and led is one of Rarotonga's best men—a most them to the cross of Christ. Such also valuable assistant of the Mission in this was the case in the great awakening at place, ever since its formation. To me Krishnaghur in Bengal, which occurred a the loss is great indeed, but I desire to few months ago. It was manifestly a work bow with devout submission, to the rightof the Holy Spirit. Thousands were al
eous decision of Him who capnot err. most simultaneously impressed with the
A short account of this good man's relitruth. Many thus impressed had never
gious character, his life, and death, will not, had any personal intercourse with the mis- | i presume, be uninteresting to the Direcsionaries. And indeed no means had been
His name was Tupe. He was one employed, which, judging from past expe- of the chief supporters of idolatry in the rience, could warrant any such effects. reign of superstition. But be attached himBut it pleased God to pour out his Spirit self to us on our first arrival in this place, upon the dark and superstitious minds of in 1827. Ignorant was I then, low Provithese degraded heathen, and results follow-dence had gone before in preparing such a ed wbich even the missionaries themselves valuable assistant in my future labors. In could not have anticipated. But I must the erection of our first chapel, he was one stop— I have already consumed too much of the most laborious in the work. Not time, both my own and yours—I did not soon will it be erased from my memory, the intend to write more than a tithe of what I joy that beamed in his countenance, when have penned. The subject I am persuaded it was told him that I intended to remain is important and practical. But the in this district as their teacher, and that thoughts I have strung together are too brother Williams would reside in the other crude to illustrate it as I wish. Still if I division of the island till a ship arrived to am led by them to realize more fully my convey him to Raiatea. The very first utter dependence upon the grace of the night of our settlement amongst them, he Holy Spirit for success in my work, I shall came to our house to make inquiries rethen become a more efficient laborer, and I specting the truths of the Bible; and, till trust God shall be glorified.
prevented by disease, scarcely a night passed, that he was not present at our friendly meetings for conversation, chiefly
on religious subjects. Often, till near mid-, communicated to the house of his son adnight, have I sat conversing with him on joining, which was speedily destroyed; then the “great salvation.” Nothing, I believe, to our large chapel, which also was soon occupied so much of his attention as the level with the ground. Large flakes of fire concerns of the soul; nor any thing more passed by and over our own dwelling; but desired by him than the wide diffusion of through the timely exertions of the natives divine truth. Indeed, I may say, he was we were mercifully preserved from danger. wholly devoted to the temporal and spir- Soon as I saw him, I said, “ Alas! Tupe.” itual welfare of his countrymen. Inces- " 0 teacher, ," he replied, “the book of sant in labor, and indefatigable in his God is consumed! My house, my property, efforts to forward the cause of God, he as never regard, but oh, my book, my book! sisted me in every good work with un- and, oh, the house of God; will not God wearied diligence, till death.
punish us for this?” The next morning I
had the gratifying pleasure of presenting His public character and sufferings.
him with another copy of the book, which He was a man of considerable influence, he so much prized; it was received with and, on the establishment of laws, was ap- feelings of no small delight. What added pointed chief magistrate for this part of the poignancy to the distress of this good man island, which office for twelve years he was, to hear many of those who passed by faithfully discharged. Well do I remember, leis house when in flames, calling out, eitoa, at a time when we were involved in much kia ka, “ It serves him right, let it barn." perplexity, owing to disputes about land, and all parties were preparing for war, he
Proof of holy courage and ardor. proposed, in person, to go to the opposite The very first thing which occupied the party, if possible amicably to adjust the attention of our valued friend the following points of difference; in doing which he had day, was to see his brother, the chief, and to pass through a district infested by some call a meeting of the under chiefs, that imdesperate young fellows. I stated to him mediate measures be taken for the re-buildthe danger of the attempt, and said, that it ing of the house of God. “ See,” said he might probably cost him his life. “ Does to them, “the house of God in ruins! What the word of God," said he, “justify my shall we do?”.“ Build it again,” was the proceedings ?” I could not but reply in the unanimous reply. Koia ia e tâmâ, mea affirmative. “ Then I go, regardless as meitaki, “ Yes, friends, that's very good,' to the consequences. God can, and will he said, with joy beaming in his counteprotect me." He, without a weapon of nance. • When shall we begin?” he askdefence in his hand, passed through the ed. “ To-morrow," was the universal redistrict of these desperadoes, amidst the ply. He then said to me, “ Teacher, be scoffings and revilings of all. The subject not cast down at what has happened. Let of contention was calmly debated; he re- them burn-we will build. Let them burn turned home, and in a few days, all was it again, we will build; we will tire them quietly settled, and war prevented. out: but, teacher, do not leave us in this
The unflinching conduct of this good wicked land." The very next morning, at man in passing judgment, his impartiality sun-rise, Tupe, with the old warrior, Tuain the administration of justice between ivi, and Pa, our principal chief, were the man and man, and his unwavering deter- first seen passing our dwelling, with their mination to unite with us in seeking the axes on their shoulders, going to the mounadvancement of “ undefiled religion,” rous- tains to cut down timber, for the erection ed some of his inveterate enemies to acts of of another chapel; the whole body of chiefs most cruel revenge; even the destruction and people in their train. of himself and family. This they attempted In calling to mind these by-gone days, by clandestinely setting fire to his house, there is a certain something which fills the when he and his family were asleep. But He mind with pleasure of no ordinary kind, and who neither “ slumbers nor sleeps," mer- leads the observer of Divine Providence to cifully preserved the life of his faithful ser- admire the rich, free, and sovereign grace vant, and of his family. They only escaped, of God, in tbus raising up instruments from however, with what they had on: every thing the rough quarry of nature, to carry on his else was consumed. On discovering the great and eternal purposes of mercy in fire, the first thing he endeavored to secure man's salvation. was what he considered his greatest treasure, a portion of the sacred Scriptures,
His appointment to the office of deacon. viz., the Acts of the Apostles in the Tahi In May, 1833, he was unanimously tian dialect; but this he could not effect, chosen to fill the office of deacon. How and in attempting it, lost his all. The con- faithfully he discharged its important duties sequences of this fire did not end here; it we are all witnesses. Decided piety, deep
-Character and Death of a Native Deacon. [F'ev. humility, and holy zeal for the advance- , well of us, be not deceived, we are a wickment of “pure religion," were the striking ed, deceitful people: stop till you have been characteristics of our valued friend. This, longer with us, and know more of our charI believe, no one who knew him would call acter, and way of living." A few weeks in question. His knowledge of divine truth having elapsed, again I mentioned the subwas by no means inconsiderable; and he ject. « Ah!" said he,“ teacher, you don't was eminently qualified for the responsible know us yet. You think because we come situations in which Divine Providence had to the house of God, and the schools, and do placed him, though he rated very low his what you tell us, that we are good people, own abilities, and almost to the day of his and love God. It is not so; we are dedeath deeply lamented his ignorance. He ceiving you: there is a great deal of private would often revert, with expressions of the wickedness comunitted that you know nogreatest astonishment, to the condescension | thing of. Ere long you will know." His of God in visiting such a sinful land as this. words were verified, and many of those, Conversing with him, as I frequently did, on whom I had fondly thought bad begun to subjects illustrative of the mercy and com- seek the Lord, were clinging to their heapassion of God, he would sit at times for then practices. This discovery led me into hours in deep thought, and was heard mut a more particular investigation of the pritering to himself, “Oh, the love of God! vate character of those who united themthe amazing pity of the Saviour! the depth selves to us, and found that our dear friend of the sacred Scriptures! the hardness of had not in the least exaggerated in what he the human heart! the exceeding sinfulness had told me. In inquiring of bim, from of sin!” The Sabbath he reverenced. The that time, either privately or publicly, the word of God, the house of God, and the character of those making a profession of people of God, he loved; thereby evidenc- religion, I uniformly found him the saine, ing that he was a genuine disciple of the and do not recollect an instance in which Lord Jesus. Unless sickness prevented, he connived at the sins of any. His word or engaged in his official capacity, he was was to be relied upon. Among a people never known to be absent from the house just emerging from heathen superstition and of God at any of its appointed services, idolatry, such a man is to be ranked either on the Lord's day; or the weekly amongst a missionary's greatest blessings. evening lecture; nor from our church meetings for prayer.
His last illness.
But the time came when our friend must His conduct in the office of deacon.
die. About three years ago his health beIt would not be easy to enumerate the gan to decline, and he was much afflicted various ways in which our departed friend with a disease which ate into the soles of rendered asistance to me, and to the mis- his feet, and destroyed the tops of his finsion, in the discharge of important duties. gers. He was, however, able to attend to Every day in the week he was engaged in his varied duties, though afflicted with some religious exercise; and in the exami- much pain, till a few weeks of his decease. nation of candidates for divine ordinances At length his seat in the house of God was he spent no small portion of his time. For empty, and he was confined to his dwelling, this department of labor he was eminently Frequent were my visits to him, and the qualified. He connived at the sins of none. following notes from my journal will tell This trait in his character early began to the state of his mind, when « flesh and display itself. Several years ago, even be- heart began to fail.” fore he gave evidence of decided piety in Sept. 16.-"Spent an hour with deacon himself, our house every night was crowded Tape, a tried and valued friend. His days with people who came to make inquiries on earth are fast closing; he is very weak. respecting the discourses delivered from the · It is something strange,' I said, 'to obpulpit, &c. Observing some more parti- serve your seat empty in the house of God.' cular in their questions, constant in their Ah! he replied, it is the will of God it attendance at the house of God, and very should be so. Here I sit and hear the people active in every thing proposed for the good sing in the chapel, and oh, I wish to be of the community, I, one night as we were there. I give myself to prayer. God is sitting alone, made inquiries into their char- with me. He will not forsake me.' I quoted acters, and said, “I hope by their attach- several passages of sacred scripture for his ing themselves to us, and their ready ac- comfort, and mentioned the texts and outquiescence in putting down existing evils in lines of discourses on the Sabbath. With the land, that they are desirous of becom- these he was acquainted, his wife and chiling disciples of Jesus.” He made no re-dren having given him particulars. He reply; after a few minutes' silence, he said, I ferred to the great advantages afforded to
Teacher, be not in haste; do not think so this people, and asked whether it was not
to see me.
for their sins God was pleased thus to chas- | with him.' I requested an interest in his tise, by cutting off so many by death. He prayers, for myself, iny partner, the church, then spoke of the faithfulness of God in the and the island. I have done,' he said, fulfilment of his promises to his people. With the world. What remains is to set • Not one good thing,' said he, has failed all in order, and think of the cause of of all that God has spoken. He promised Christ.' • I left him with feelings not easily to Israel victory over their enemies, posses- to be expressed, and talked awhile with his sion of Canaan, &c., all of which he ful-daughter in an adjoining room. My soul is filled. After a pause, with much emotion cast down, yet rejoicing in the consideration and feeling, he asked, "Where, oh, where of God's wonderful love to such a worm in is Pitimani vaine,* what detains her?' He thus employing me as an instrument of good thought he should be called away ere her to immortal souls. All glory to God and
the Lamb!" His happiness in the prospect of eternity.
Death of Tupe. Sept. 19.-" In my way home called to Sept. 24.-“ As I was preparing to go to see my faithful friend Tupe. The change is the out-station, a son of 'Tupe came to say great; not long and he will be seen no that his father was much worse, and wished more below. He is, I believe, fixed upon
I immediately went, and perthe Rock of ages. His views are clear and ceived the messenger of death was come to scriptural. We conversed together on our call him hence. He could not see me, but labors from the beginning, and I said it was perfectly sensible. With great effort, gave me great pleasure that he had through and at intervals, he answered a few quesgrace been enabled to hold out to the end. tions. Yes,' said he, we have hitherto been • How is it with the soul?" All well.' permitted to work for God. His goodness Do you find your Savior your support in has been great; his compassion boundless.' | death?' He is.” • Is the pathway clear?' I referred to his sickness, and the constant • No obstruction, the way is clear.' • Have prayers I presented to God on his behalf, you any fear?' • None. Christ is mine.' and how much I had been cast down at the · Your last discourse to the people,' I obprospect of our separation; but had been served, ' was on the death of Stephen, who enabled within the last few days to resign saw the glory of Jesus; are you also lookhim into the hands of God, to do as seemething to him now in your departure?' I dehim good. That,' said he, • is well; do sire to see him, and to be with him.' I said, so. Grieve not. Detain me not. My end Death is come, you will soon leave us, we is near:' and he quoted several passages of shall be left in the wilderness.' “Yes,' he scripture. •Two portions of the word of replied, 'I go, you remain. I am going to God,' he said, afford me much delight; God. I have done with the world, we have that in Isaiah, “ Thine eyes shall see the been long companions, now we part, it is King in his beauty; they shall behold the painful—but let the Lord's will be doneland that is very far off;'' and the words of yes, the Lord's will be done.' I referred Paul, “ having a desire to depart, and to to his family, most of whom were present, be with Christ, which is far better.” I have and said, it was pleasing to see some of no dread of death. Christ is my refuge.' I them uniting with the people of God. • Yes,' said, “You have greatly assisted me in the he said, with effort, and the others will work of God, from my coming to Raro- come.' "What,' I asked, do tonga, and now we shall be separated.' for your children?' He answered, “The • Ah!' he replied, “salvation is all of grace, word of God, the blood of Jesus.' He was through the blood of Jesus. Our work has thirsty, and asked for drink. "That,' I not been in vain. Here I sit, and think, said, is water for our bodily sustenance.' oh! the teacher, the teacher, who will as- · Yes,' he replied, I shall soon drink of sist him ? then I think God is with him.' the water of life.' I then read part of the Looking up, he exclaimed, “Oh! Pitimani fourteenth chapter of John, and expounded vaine, Pitimani vaine, I shall not see her it, asking him a few questions as I proface again.' He went, and I wept,—who ceeded, respecting the mansions provided could belp it? I broke silence, and said, for the righteous. He said, Ere long I • In our Father's house, we shall meet shall be taken to mine, and “ shall see the again.'- • Yes,' was his reply, with an effort King in bis beauty. After commending which almost deprived him of his voice, his soul to God in prayer, I asked him, if • we shall meet in glory.' "No more,' said he heard and understood ? • Quite so.' 1, 'to part.' No,' he replied faintly, to · Now Tupe,' said I, in our separation, be forever with Christ. I long to go to be what shall I say to the church?' Soon as
he heard mention of the church, he exerted * Mrs. Pitman, then in England.
himself to the utmost and said, “Tell the