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the doctrines of protestantism, and of ex. because it has some reference to the labors tolling those of popery. The labors and of our departed brother Williamu. It appablications of the Evangelical and Bible pears before us as the fruit of a word spoSocieties are denounced in the nost awsul ken in season by our brother; the result of and app:irently pions language; but the which yet renains to be disclosed to hitn rites, ceremonies, and doctrines of their own in eternity. church, are descanted on with all the fer My first conversation with the lad was as vor that superstition and interest lend to follows: bigotry. “The regular priesthood, strength “I have,” he said, “long wished to ened and carried onwards by these power converse with you." ful streams, manfully play their part in the “On what subject,” I inquired, “ do confessional, the pastoral visit, and the you wish to converse?" pulpit. The superior clergy are not less “On the subject of baptism." zealous. Their word and authority are “Tell me first what you think of bapconstantly set in opposition to the labors tism?” of the Evangelical Society and the word of “I think it to be a sign, by which to God.

show that our hearts are entirely defiled by ". Every day they augment their power, sin, and that except we are renewed by the they increase their influence, and multiply Holy Spirit, we cannot be saved." their numbers. Funds are willingly and " Are all men fit subjects for baptism?" abundantly placed at their disposal by their “ No, none but those who hate sin, and followers. They can purchase ornaments, who have run to Jesus, and desire to bepaintings, saints, bnildings for schools, for come entirely his disciples.” benevolent institutions, for churches, for “ Do you remember being taken by your convents; in short, all they need or wish. father to Williamu?"

They are determined to work whilst Yes, quite well.” it is called to-day, and whatever their hands “ Have you been a steady, thoughtful find to do, they do it with all their might.' lad?”

“ And shall not we be . zealously affected “ No, far from it. I have been a very in a good thing;' • knowing that our labor wicked boy. I would not live at home; I is not in vain in the Lord?'

joined, as often as I could, a set of wild “ The constitution of the nation gives lads with whoin I used to steal, and comthe greatest freedom to religious effort. No mit all kinds of sin." country can boast of laws affording so much “ That was, indeed, an awful condition,” religious liberty. No legal hindrance can I observed. interpose to stay the zeal of Roman Catho “ I have not told you all,” he replied: lic or of protestant missionary. The field is “ I cannot. I have been, indeed, a very open to both; the one goes forth manfully, wicked boy." and as a host: the other as a persecuted “ But," I continued, “ I am surprised band, feeble and few.

at what you say, because since my resi(lence here, I have known you as a steady

lad in the school. What first wrought & CHRISTIAN EXPERIENCE OF A HEA

change in your conduct?”

“ While I was so wicked, I frequently The Rev. William Gill, a missionary of the had thoughts of fear in my heart, but they London Missionary Society, at Rarotonga, a were not lasting, until one day just before slation on one of the South Sea Islands, writes, Williamu was going to England, he came March 26, 1841, as follows

here to preach, and afterward to address Our schools are well attended, and, I am induced to go end hear him. He told os it

the children; being his last address, I was happy to state, afford many blossoms of hope. Some of the children were

was an evil and bitter thing to sin against time since tempted to join in a heathen God, and exhorted us to go to Jesus for dance, got up by the “ 'Tuteauri," but the pardon and salvation. He told us we ought majority are constant in their attendance,

to go at once and not delay.”

“Well, how did this address affect you?" and make good progress. Several among the teachers have given pleasing evidence

“ It caused fear to grow in my heart, of a renowed heart; and others, both because I then saw my sin, and it also ex

cited teachers and elder scholars, are among the

my desire to speak to Williamu.” inquirers. I could mention the cases of

“Well, did you speak to him?”

“Yes," replied the young man. several, hat at the present time will refer with another went and begged a little book,

« 1 only to one, that of a young man about that I might learn, for I did not then know 18 years old.

I do so the more willingly | how to read.” *Rejectors of Christianity.

“How did you succeed?" 30

THEN BOY.

some

VOL. XXII.

234 Ability of the Bap. Denomination to Support Foreign Missions. (AUGUST,

“ asked for a book, and Williama look-tended the schools and the house of prayer. ed at me and said, · Are you come for a I used sometimes to pray, but my heart book? Why, I know you to be a very was the same as formerly. I did not hate wicked boy, and besides you cannot read; all evil. I did not desire Jesus with all how is it that you are come to beg a book?' my heart.” I then told himn all he had said was true. “ But do you think that your heart is I was a very wicked boy, but from what I interested about these matters now?” had heard that morning, I was full of fear Oh, yes!” he replied, “I feel very because of my great sins, and now desired different inside now to what I did formerto learn, and would try to cast off my for- ly; my heart is become soft, and my eyes mer habits."

are opened.” “ Well," I inquired, “what did Wil “ Has this been a sudden change?" I inliamu say then?”

quired. “ He exhorted me to learn to read, and “ No, it has grown very softly.” read the good word of God, and to pray for “But are you sure this change has taka new heart."

en place? What are the signs?” “ But,” I continued, “this is a long “I think my heart is changed. This I time since, upwards of six years ago. Have know, sin is become a very wicked thing you attended to Williamu's advice, and to me; I rejoice in private prayer to God; been a praying lad ever since?

my heart is made light, and I des to “ From that time I have been a steady found in Jesus, that he should be my Lord lad, I have obeyed my father, I have at- I and Master, and I become his servant.”

American Baptist Board of Foreign Missions.

THE

PROBABLE

ABILITY

OF

T

BAPTIST DENOMINATION

TO SUP

PORT FOREIGN MISSIONS.

more, that every person of good morals feels bound to contribute to the support of foreign missions, according to his ability

and the relative claims of other objects of This is a subject upon which we cannot' benevolence ; and upon the supposition, reason with the precision of mathematical too, that all these various claims are justly demonstration. Before we could proceed estimated. Have the Baptists of the Uniwith that method of proof, certain princi- ted States, who, since 1814, have been ples of duty must be established, capable sending Christian missionaries into various of universal application ; and all the facts quarters of the world, among the unevanin the case nust be in our possession, as it gelized portions of mankind, reached the regards the actual means of each individual, extent of their ability ? The Board of and all the various other claims upon him, Missions have obviously proceeded upon &c., &c.; but all these conditions are the supposition, that our actual ability for wanting. The question of duty to the sustaining foreign missious bas, as yet, heathen is variously interpreted; though it been but partially developed. They have may be generally admitted that there is commenced missions at various points, in some obligation, the degree of indebted the expectation that the number of laborers ness would be estimated variously by indi- would be greatly augmented. It is only viduals of the same ability. Nor will the upon this supposition, that their wisdom can degree of obligation felt, always corres- be justified. Our missions, at present, are pond with the strength of moral feeling ; , evidently too much extended to be prosea person of correct moral sensibilities may cuted advantageously, onless the number have been badly educated.

of laborers shall be considerably increased. We will proceed with the inquiry upon Have the managers of our missionary conthe supposition that the question of duty is cerns been mistaken? Have they estima80 far settled, that every Christian, and ted the ability, and the integrity, and the

fidelity of their brethren too highly? What they are meeting? We are almost afraid have we done? The amount of our annual 10 altempt to describe these things, lest we contributions, including what has been should do it irreverently, or with too little given to this object through the Bible So- humiliation and tenderness of feeling. Has ciety, will not much exceed $60,000. the Lord Jesus ('hrist any claim upon us ? Supposing the number of our communi. Can that claim be estimated in dollars and cants to be 600,000, a contribution of cents ? Are the offerings which we make $60,000 would be equal to ten cents for to the glorious Redeemner, of less value each member. Are we told that one half than those which the heathen make to deof this number are poor? We admit it. mons, with the hope of so appeasing them as We will suppose that their condition is not to escape from some temporary evils, which better than that of the majority of those who they vainly suppose these imaginary beings are supported in the alms-houses of New have the power of inflicting upon them ? England, (which is not the case,) and no Lest we do an injustice, let it be stated man will deny the ability of this class that there are many among us who have even, to raise for the procurement of any ob- come up to a very high standard of liberalject which they really desired, a single dime, ity in their contributions for foreign misin the space of a twelve-month, or even sions. Let not the admission, however, ibree times that amount. But let us cast displace from our minds the fact, that we off this class, the one half, 300,000,* have three hundred thousand members of and see what we can make of the re- competent means, who are each on an avmainder.

erage, giving annually for the accomplishThe reader need bave no fears that we ment of so magnificent a design as that of are going to deceive ourselves by a mathe- evangelizing the world, less than twenty matical deduction,—that, because we find cents. The question before us is—if it be by a calculation in figures, based upon a allowable to ask if that be true which every given estimate, that there is ability to send one knows to be false—have we reached the gospel to the heathen, that, therefore, the maximum of our ability ? The fact the heathen will be evangelized. The ob- that a few are seen so far in advance of all ject of our inquiry is, is it just and right the rest, affords some evidence on this point. for us to set ourselves at work in good To exhibit this subject in a strong point earnest to induce the people in this Chris- of view, we should need to know the actian and highly favored land to convey the cual income of each individual, the amount blessings of salvation to the perishing hea- of his expenditure, and the various items then? We have in our churches 300,000 for which expenses are incurred. These communicants who are in the condition, at facts, however, are in the possession of no least, of good livers,—who are annually one; and we have no adequate means of obaccumulating property ; and is it not prob- taining even an approximate view of them. able, that the Lord Jesus Christ has a The annual expenses of each individual in claim upon them, on account of the hea- the class of persons of whom we are now then, infinitely greater than that which speaking, is doubtless equal, on an average,

to $200 per annum. Admitting, then, that . If the division which we have now made, by their contributions for missions are twenty drawing an imaginary line, could actually take

cents each, it would appear that a thonplace, and the parties be accurately surveyed, some very curious facts would, no doubt, be sandth part of their expenses is for this developed. It niight be found that the poor, object, which places the claim of the heawhom we have cast off as being of no account, then upon us at a pretty low point. were aclually sustaining the greater share of Nothing is more true than that a false this labor—that the miles of poor widows even, method of reasoning is generally adopted constituted a very considerable sum in the general aggregate collected for missionary pur

the subject of Christian benevolence.

upon poses.

The too common custom is to satisfy every

actual and even imaginary want, before we tain a serious loss; that there was in their come to the question of giving. You take hands at the time of the failure, $7,347, op the inquiries, what is spent in pleasure, sabject to the order of our missionaries in what for the gratification of appetite, &c., Asia. What portion of this' sum will be and the amount, compared with that ex- recovered, is uncertain. The Board have pended in doing good, is enormous. been informed that creditors of such houses

Estimating the cost of distilled spirits, as have transacted this kind of commission, consumed in the United States, at twenty have sometimes allowed the whole amount five cents per gallon, the amount expended to be paid; and they have taken measures for this article, in 1839, was ten millions to secure this result if possible. two hundred and sixty-six thousand three The Buard is liable to lose the greater part hundred and thirty-three dollars, at an av- of this sum, and for the time being, the whole era ge expense, for each individual, of sixty- amount is unavailable to our missionaries. six cents and six mills. Now the individ- But for the liberality of several English genuals of whom we are speaking, either use tlemen at Calcutta and in other places, where this article or they do not. If they use it our missionaries are known and the credit of as a beverage, their condition would be the Board is established, our brethren must improved by discontinuing it, and by pay- bave suffered a very great inconvenience. ing the amount thns expended with posi This loss is the more painfully selt, at tive injury to themselves, for the support this time, from the fact that the Board were of foreign missions ; and if they do not use beginning to adopt measures for re-inforcit, they can certainly afford to pay to this ing several of the missionary stations by object what others can pay for a needless sending out additional missionaries. How thing. If 300,000 contribute each sixty far their designs may be interrupted by cents, it gives $180,000.

this loss, cannot be determined. The annual cost of coffee consumed in I here has been of late a manifest increase the United States, estinating the cost of in the contributions to the funds ; and it is the article at 9 7-10 cents per pound, is hoped that the knowledge of this loss will $7,763,462, which is equal to an average only call forth a more liberal expression of cost to each person of 451 cents.

interest in behalf of the heathen. Shall Our limits do not allow us to pursue this loss fall on ourselves or on the heathese inquiries any farther at this time. then, who are dependent on us for the Our object has been to make it appear that bread of life? The English Baptist Miswe are able to double and treble our con- sionary Society in 1812, when much weaktributions for foreign missions, and that er than we are, lost by the burning of their the neglecting to do so, argues a criminal printing office at Serampore, about $50,000 indifference to the subject. To correct -which was more than supplied within a this great evil, we must begin individually, single year, by the extra contributions of just as Christianity makes its aggressions the friends of missions. This event is upon human society ; and this process must strictly providential. It has occurred from go on until the whole mass becomes affect- no want of care or economy on the part of ed. In fact, this is Christianity in one of the Board. It is an event that can rarely its bearings. Let us begin, and let the occur if the same care he exercised : and question be, What do I owe unto my yet its possibility is proved by the sad Lord ?

reality.

The Board has now carried on its opeTAILURE OF AGENTS IN CALCUTTA. rations in different and remote parts of the

At a recent meeting of the Board, the world for nearly thirty years, during which Treasurer reported that by the late failare time, its losses have been so few and unof the house of Boyde & Co., our agents important, that they scarcely deserve to in Calcutta, the Board is liable to pus. be mentioned. Indeed the Board feel that

now

THE FARMERS

THEIR OFFERINGS.

or more.

they have abundant occasion to acknow being either too poor to contribute any thing, ledge the special providence of God in or as being too inefficiently managed to do their behalf.

any thing for the benevolent objects of the

day. And then let us inquire how much ARE COMING WITH the remaining '2000 might be suppog

ed to contribute annually, provided the An increase of interest in our missionary subject was properly brought before them. affairs is becoming obvious ; it is not the Is there a school among this remaining 2000, result of a momentary excitement, awaken which could not contribute $3,00 a year. ed by some adventitious circumstances, This would be, for a school of 25 scholars, but it arises, obriously, from a deep, set-only one cent a month for each pupil. But tled conviction of duty. The yeoipapry the sum of all the schools, at ibat rate, are coming with their offerings, a class who would be $6000, a tenth of all that is now do not move so soon as some others, but raised for Foreign Missions by the Baptists when they have made up their minds, in this country. But the greater nomber the thing is certain. We recently had oc- of the schools could easily give $12,00 casion to speak of the liberality of Mr. in a year, which, in all, would amount to Follet, of Vermont. The treasurer reports $24,000. There are many schools which in the present number of the Magazine, could contribute 20, 30, 50, and even 100, the receipt of $500 from Mr. Robert Fran

If we mistake not, there is one cis of Weathersfield, Ct. Mr. Francis, school, which, the last year, has raised for too, is a farmer, who has accumulated his Foreign Missions about $120. Hitherproperty by his own industry, and though to, however, but little has been done for now an old man, he still eats his bread by Foreign Missions by Sabbath schools. The the sweat of his brow.

whole amount, it is believed, does not exceed $500, or $600, yearly.

2. Another reason for enlisting the feelTo Superintendents and Teachers of Sabbath ings and co-operation of the young in beSchools.

half of Foreign Missions, is, that it will exBRETHREN,-Permit me to call your ert a good moral influence on the youthful attention to the claims of the missionary contributors themselves. The habit of concause on the youth and children under your tributing, at stated periods, in aid of the religious instruction. One of the many ef- Missions, would induce frequent little acts forts now making to promote missionary of economy and self-denial, whose silent feeling and action in this country, is that of influence would aid in the formation of a enlisting the sympathies of Sabbath school good character, the object of all education. scholars in behalf of the heathen.

It would afford to the Teachers and Su. There are a few very plain reasons for perintendents the means of greater variety directing the attention of the young to this and interest in their weekly instruction, by subject, and for calling in their aid.

missionary anecdotes, by allusions to pagan 1. Fur the heathen's sake. The sum character and customs. The monotony of that may be contributed by them for the Sabbath schools is one of their present obsupport of missions to pagan lands, is by stacles to success. no means trifling. It is not known how

The missionary information given, would many Baptist Sabbath schools there are in cultivate a compassionate spirit; and the America; but they are believed to be not practice of contributing would form the habless than 3000. This is on the supposition it of doing good. It is difficult to induce that one half of the Baptist churches in this an old man, who was not accustomed in country have attached to them a Sabbath early life to deeds of charity, to give liber. school. It is hoped a greater proportion have ally to any object. This early formation them. But from the 8000, deduct 1000, as of a habit of benevolence is of incalculable

JUVENILE FOREIGN MISSIONARY

SOCIETIES.

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