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Goddard, Rev. J., letter of,
mission, 29, 215, 293, 295, 322 ; arrival
moval of Mr. Love to Corfu, 7; appeal acter of the people, 27, 86, 317; journal
359 Nellore, see Teloogoos.
350 New Zealand, political state of, 49; mis-
country, 187,-and death of Mrs. A., 315 348; journal of missionary lour, 230;
224 visit to England, 266 ; its results, 349
Oilawas, mission to,
14 Patras, interesting state of things at, 7, 70, 181,
of more laborers, 290, 295; returu of Mr. report, 263; notices of the missions of, 263, 313
216, 322 Ram Mohun Roy, religious views of, 11
Rangoon, state of the church in, 20, 33, 186, 302
Regulations subscribed by the missionaries, 203
Relations of the Board to the Convention,
151,-10 its missionaries, 156, 203,-10
Resolutions of the Board in reference to
65, 326 Sandwich Islands, missionary statistics of,
210 129; effects of intoxicating drinks, 286
trade and character of the natives, 90,
133; intemperance and crime, 254, 277;
joumals of Mr. Slaster, 226, 266, 346;
the first Siamese convert, 280; missions
of other societies,
132, 264, 330
226, 266, 346; death of,
South Sea Islands, missionary success in,
root, 76; new slations in,
state of the church in, 20, 193, 299; lers of Mr. Wade, 125, 221; state of the
123 church and schools in, 188, 223; a fes-
Teloogoos, mission to, 193, 297; version
country and language,
189; 62, 303, 325
19, 55, 79, 131, 315, 338; call for more, 19,-ai Nellore, 297; letters of,
49 | Wade, Rev. J., letters of, 126 ; on domes-
tic state of the Karens, 221; visit to Maia, 221
Wade, Mrs., letter of,--schools at Tavoy, 223
West Indies, see Jamaica.
THE WORK OF A MISSIONARY.
to every creature" -“ baptizing them EITRACTS FROM AN ADDRESS BY Rev. in the name of the Father and of the John TAYLOR JONES, OF THE SAM Son and of the Holy Ghost”—“teaching Mission, delivered before the Society of them to observe all things whatsoever
The execuInquiry, in Newton Theological Insti- have commanded you. bition at their late Anniversary.
tion of this commission involves many
particulars. We are indebted to the kindness of Mr. Jones
It involves, first, a knowledge of whatevfor a copy of the above address, with liberty er the Savior taught. This may seem a to make such selections from it as are suited 10 truism too simple to be dwelt on here; the columns of our Magazine. We give below but it is not so. It lies at the foundation och ewracts as we are able to make for our of all right conception of the missionapresent bumber.
ry's work. That work requires that he The sentiments contained in this address are should teach, and consequently, should important, and, of themselves, worthy of con- understand—not what men have taught, sederation, but they possess an additional in- but what Christ taught. We would not terest from the fact, that the author has been, confine this to what Christ taught orally fer a number of years, an actual laborer in the to his disciples, but would regard it as inmissionary field. It embodies, on the subjects cluding also what he taught by his Spipresented, the results of experience, of personal them into all truth ;" but it does not in
rit, who, he promised, should “guide observation, and of mature reflection. It ex- clude all the explanations of it, which presses the views and feeliugs of one who is
men have since given, or all the creeds, able to say, "I have tried the missionary work, which men have built upon it. He and found it such as I have described it. I that hath a dream, or a speculation, let have felt the need of such qualifications as I him tell his dream or his speculation, have specified. I feel the urgency of it, and but let him not put either of these into stand ready to resume it as soon as God, in his the place of the gospel of Christ. In so providence, shall open the way.”
doing, he puts in jeopardy his own The address is divided into three general usefulness, and the souls of men, as beads.
well as the general interests of Chris. 1st. The nature and extent of the work.
tianity. 2. The qualifications necessary for ils suc.
The prosecution of the missionary
work involves, secondly, a thorough cessful prosecution. 3d. The demand for missionary labor.
knowledge of the language in which
truth is to be conveyed to the pagan 1. THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF nations. Some knowledge of such THE WORK. This is taught us by the language is generally presupposed ; commission of our divine Redeemer. but I add, it must be thorough—funWhen he had finished the work which damental. Much important truth may was given him, had expired on the be conveyed where this knowledge cross, submitted to the temporary do- is only partial; but it will, in such minion of the grave and risen from it cases, be so commingled with error in triumph, be laid this solemn injunc- and misrepresentation, as almost to tion upon his disciples,—“Go ye into neutralize its effect, or lose its chara all the world and preach the gospel | acter of truth altogether. One imporá VOL. XXI.
tant part of communicating truth, con- I had they been brought into contact sists in so stating it, that it shall not with all the different shapes and phabe misunderstood.
ses which human society now God has mercifully employed hu- sumes; or had they been placed in the man language as a medium for con- circumstances in which modern misveying truth to the human mind. That sionaries often are. Some classes of language missionaries must employ. people are naturally, or by habit, To use any weapon adroitly and suc- thoughtful and speculative; others arcessfully, requires great familiarity. dent and imaginative. In some instanSuch a familiarity with a heathen lan- ces the language of the heathen has guage as will render a missionary sure, never been written-in others, there is when he uses it, that he utters truth in an extensive literature already formed. it, or at any rate, his impressions of These circumstances will reiider diftruth,-cannot be acquired without ferent methods necessary for conveyprotracted and painful effort, nor withing instruction to the mind. I know out the lapse of years. The idea must it may be urged that Christian truth is never be indulged, that a missionary always the same. True; but it does can soon acquire a sufficient know- not hence follow that the mode of ledge of the language, to convey his communicating it should be always ideas to a teacher, so that that teach- the same. Peter preached the truth er may safely be left to convey the to the Jews and strangers on the day missionary's meaning to others. "If he of Pentecost, and Paul preached the does know enough of the language to same, to the Athenians, in the court of convey his meaning to his teacher with Areopagus; but their manner of doing certainty, then he can also convey it to it was very different in the two cases. others, and needs not the intervention This was doubtless a part of the qualiof a teacher. The missionary must, fication which rendered them successin short, be a perfect master of the ful in “ winning souls." So must the language himself; then, and then only, missionary be wise in adapting himcan be successfully communicate the self, and the truth he utters, to the truth by it. No confidence whatever condition and circumstances of those can be placed in books written after whom he would instruct. a year's study, or in accounts of preach A successful prosecution of missionaing after one or two years' study: ry labor requires, fourthly, greater reSome truth may be indeed conveyed gard than is usually had, to division of by them; but so much error or imper- lubor. Should a man, about to build a fection will be mingled with it, that house, cut his own timber, saw his little or no good can be anticipated in own boards, make his own nails, be the result. Truth, like nitric acid and his own mason, painter and glazier, many other chemical agents, is power- would he be deemed wise, or would ful when uncombined and free, but his work be likely to be well done? may be so diluted and commingled, When he could procure tools already that all its native activity shall be lost, made, would it be judicious for him to These remarks are almost equally ap- delay his work till he could make some plicable, whether truth is to be cou- that suited him better? Now, I fear veyed orally, or by written books; but that this is the way in which most livas books are permanent, and are likely ing missionaries have been compelled to make an impression on more miuds, to labor in building the Lord's spirituit is especially necessary that they be al biouse. They liave generally been prepared only by those who are thor- obliged to build, or superintend the ough adepts in the language in which building of their own houses, chapels, they are written.
school houses, printing offices, often The prosecution of the missionary to be type cutters, type founders, suiwork involves, thirdly, a due regaril perintendents of printing offices, proof to adaptation in the mode of commu- readers,-school teachers or superinnicating religious truth. The great tendents, translators, tract writers, exobject of the primitive apostles was plorers,-journal writers for home pe. to persuade all men to be reconcil- riodicals --preachers and pastors--and ed to God through our Lord Jesus in addition to all this, to maintain their Christ. Such should be the object correspondence with the Board which of all propagators of the Christian sustains them, and with their relatives faith. The methods they took to ac- and a numerous circle of friends. In complish this were various, and doubt addition to these duties, some are also less would have been more varied, I called to practise medicine, to enter
tain strangers, to preach to Europeans, umph, because His promise was unassist them, now in sickness, or aid in questionable. Difficulties, instead of their funeral services. All these things being a discouragement, were a stimufrequently come upon a single indi- lus to augmented effort. And success vidual, though not, it is true, at the marked his path. same time. Now the average time of When the work which a missionary a missionary's life is less than ten has to perform is duly weighed, the years,—perhaps less than eighty-and necessity for the most untiring energy four or five of these must ordinari- will be readily perceived. Where this ly be required for learning the lan- quality does not exist, the multiplied guage. Under such disadvantages, how labors, the exhausting studies, the demuch can any single missionary be ex- bilitating climate, the perverseness of pected to effect towards the erection heathen character, will discourage all of the Lord's house? His strength enterprize. But this characteristic is must be spent and his energies nearly wholly diverse from mere recklessness exbausted in collecting the materials. in "going ahead.” It must be a sober Considering the fact that most mis- and cultivated quality. It consists sionaries to the heathen must acquire mainly in a firm adherence to well a new and difficult language before formed purpose, and will enable its they can do any thing directly in their possessor to urge his way onward, surgreat work, is it not evident that they mounting obstacles, and overcoming must have some one definite depart difficulties, until his efforts are crownment in which to labor, in order that ed with complete success. It does not they may be successful? Is it not de- disregard divine aid, but humbly relysirable, then-nay, necessary, that this ing upon it,-because God has promwork should be divided, and each man ised it,-it courageously bids mounhave his particular share assigned him. tains sink and valleys rise—bids light But how can this be done? A difficult to shine and darkness flee away—and question, truly, while missionaries are its bidding is accomplished. It imso deplorably few, and those few are plies action, but well directed action; not, still encompassed with imperfection ? simply,—to use a borrowed figure,
II. QUALIFICATIONS for this work. the ability to “ strike hard, but the acAnd
quired skill, to know where to strike Ist, I mention simplicity of mind. and how to hit.” It is this, which will I use this term not as indicating weak- carry a man through bis enterprize. ness, but rather as referring to ingenu 3d. A thorough acquaintance with huousness in the adoption and statement man character. A man may be ever so of truth. It is only such a mind that pious, ever so liberal, ever so learned, will receive the truth,-Christian truth, and yet fail to be a good missionary. “in the love of it;" and such alone will Unless he possess that tact which enfeel a proper interest in communica- ables him to distinguish differences of ting it to others. A simple mind will character in men, he will never adapt rest satisfied with the truth as God has his measures to their circumstances, revealed it, and with the institutions and his efforts, being ill directed, will which the gospel enjoins, and will not be fruitless. Many men of great enerentangle itself with human systems and gy have labored diligently, have made feel bound to make them its standards. stupendous efforts, and yet their labors This is mischievous enough any where, were all lost, from want of being well but in missionary labor it is one of the directed. “Every man should have direst calamities that can happen. Let, his portion in due season.” then, all who aspire to teach the gos 4th. An aptness for acquiring lanpel of Christ to the nations, diligently guage. Language, for missionary purcultivate simplicity of heart.
poses, must be acquired in a different 20. Energy of character. As an il- and in a more thorough manner than lustration of this characteristic, I would for any other purpose. I do not deny mention Paul. Though distinguished that a man who has po uncommon by the most touching simplicity of mind, tact, if he have iron diligence, and great he was sustained in his arduous enter- energy of resolve, may acquire a good prize by a dauntless courage, an ear- koowledge of a foreign and pagan nestness of purpose which would suf- tongue ; but it will require more time, fer no obstacle to impede him in his and be an exceedingly discouraging career. He moved right onward. He enterprize. It is, at best, a laborious knew his cause was good, because it undertaking, and all who have made was the cause of God—it would tri- I the experiment have learned that they
are prone to estimate their progress as ' and their happiness, yea, and their use -
The wealth wasted in extravagant and 5th. A spirit of humility and of useless expenditure, or boarded by avprayer. I mention these together, not arice, would suffice for this object. because they are not worthy of separate How, then, can they account for it to consideration, but for the sake of bre- the great Head of the church, whom vity. Humility is needed that the mis- they profess to love and serve, that his sionary may be willing to be any thing, command is not fulfilled ? Account that he may, “ by all means, save some.”
." for it they must, and will it not be a The humble man will perceive that fearful reckoning? But I derive an there are many things to be done be- argument for the urgency of the work, fore truth can triumpb in our world, from the fact that it is already begun. and will be willing to do any of them. Many hundreds of the dearest and He shrinks from nothing but guilt,-is most devoted members of the family ashamed of nothing but sin. Where of Christ, have gone forth to the enthis spirit prevails, none will decline terprise. They have given themselves any post in which he can be useful; to the work, amidst many privations; nor will he think he can be useful on- they have labored long, have strugly in some of the, so called, higher de- gled hard, have accomplished much partments of labor. He will not say, preparatory labor. They have a claim if I cannot be the head, I will renounce on the sympathy and encouragement all connection with the body, but will of all the fainily. The most effective rather say, I will occupy the place as- sympathy, the most substantial encoursigned me and will magnify my office, agement which they desire is coöperawhatever it may be.
tion. In some instances, they have acFurther, he must be prayerful. Does quired a new and distinct language, any one need wisdom, to direct bis and prepared facilities by which others plans,--strength, to execute them,- inay acquire it, and proclaim salvation success, to crown them;"let him in it. They know that they shall soon ask of God who giveth to all liberally.” | die. They ask that their brethreu Prayer takes hold of the omnipotence would come, and avail theniselves of of God, and in some sense subjects it those facilities, that all their efforts to the control of inortals, and thus be- may not be lost. They have labored comes the most powerfiil of all wea- for Christ—and they cannot bear the pons for the destruction of Satan's thought that that labor should be wholempire. And when missionaries are ly unavailing. Some have gone furas humble and prayerful as they ought ther. Having acquired the language, to be, and as the exigency demands, they have translated portions of the their trials will be greatly alleviated, Scriptures. They are conscious that