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the hearts of our Hamburg brethren have been steadfastly stayed on God. Mr. Oncken writes from his prison-house," I rejoice to say that the Lord is keeping me in perfect peace, and free from anxiety as to the result of the present struggle. All power in heaven and earth is in the hands of Him who is upholding the universe only for one purpose—his own glory in the ingathering aud eternal salvation of his elect.” Mr. Oncken has since walked at large, and has regularly preached the gospel to large collections of people at bis “own hired house."
It is with extreme reluctance that we append to the preceding narrative a statement of a similar character in relation to the kingdom of Denmark. Mr. Oncken writes, under date of Feb. 26, “ The Danish Government is proceeding against our breibren in Copenhagen, in the course adopted by the Senate of this city against us. Br. Peter Munster, the pastor of the church, has been upward of ten weeks confined to a prison, simply for preaching and administering the ordinances of Christ according to his express commands.” Mr. Oncken proceeds to state that Mr. Munster and two other brethren had been directed by the court of chancery to leave his Majesty's dominions within a month, on pain of the severest measures; and that, inasmuch as they bad decided to remain and abide the consequences, a regular process had been instituted against them. “Our brethren,” he remarks, “ will be charged with being Anabaptists, and the antiquated law against that deluded sect will be brought forth against them.” Much, it was supposed, would depend, at the trial, on satisfactory proof that the church at Copenhagen is recognized by American and English Baptisis, as a regularly constituted Baptist church, and that the pastor had been regularly inducted into his office as a Baptist minister. Testimonials to this effect, duly authenticated, have been forwarded by the Board to Mr. Oncken. “ The case is exciting general interest in Denmark, and especially at the capital. Two of the principal lawyers in Copenhagen have, of their own accord, offered to defend our brother, and the president of one of the courts has called on the Lord's prisoner, and assured him that he would do what he could to bring the matter to a favorable close."*
In addition to the above, repeated instances of persecution and imprisonment have occurred in various parts of Germany; at Vierlanden, a district ten or twelve miles above Hamburg; at Döbeln, in Prussia; at Belitz, between Potsdam and Halle ; at Leipsic; at Baireuth, in Bavaria ; and other places. The German mission appears to be set not only for the propagation and defence of the gospel, but to assert the claims of humanity and the rights of conscience. The principles of the Reformation need to be planted again on their own nata) soil. The sufficiency of the Scriptures as the only rule of faith and practice, and the right of every individual to walk hy that rule, subject only to His authority who gave it, must be re-asserted and vindicated where Luther lived.
of the progress of the gospel in Germany the past year, the following is a brief summary of what has been communicaied.
On the release of Mr. Oncken from prison, public religious services were immediately resumed by him, though attended with much inconvenience. The church was accustomed to assemble at 16 little meetings, on the Sabbath, and the sacrament of the Lord's supper was administered to one or another group every Sabbath evening. At a more recent period, about 130 assembled for wor. ship at the house of Mr. Oncken on the Sabbath, and half that number on other stated evenings. Sixteen were added to the church prior to September 23.
Ten persons have been added to the church at Jever, and about 20 to the Stuttgart church.
Four churches have been constituted at Othfresen, near the Hartz mountains, at Bitterfelds, near Leipsic, at Baireuth, in Bavaria, and at Marburg, in Hessia. Two other churches are about to be organized ; one at Memel, on the Baltic, and the other in Shwabia. "The prospects of the church in Berlin are brightening."
The colporteurs and other assistants have labored with assiduity and effect. Many thousand tracts have been distributed in Mecklenburg, Eastfriesland,
* Since the above was written we learn that Mr. Oncken has proceeded to England, partly to plead in behalf of the Copenhagen church, and induce our English brethren to forward petitions, &c.
and orber districts of Germany; and for Denmark, 40,000 Danish tracts have been printed, and an edition of 5,000 Danish Scriptures is in course of pubEcation.
The progress of the mission in Denmark has been peculiarly cheering. "Strange to say," writes Mr. O., “while our brother is retained in prison, the meetings for preaching are allowed to go on, and are visited by between 200 od 300, not a few of whom have been converted, and have offered themselves iar baptism." The church now contains more than 30 members. Mr. Munster was installed to the pastoral charge of it in June,
À church has been constituted at Langeland, in the Great Belt; nine were beptized on that occasion, and others have been added to the number. Sevwa bave also been baptized, and a church has been organized, at Alborg.
Mission to Greece.
Corrt. (Ionian Republic).-H. T. Love, R. F. Buel, preachers, Mrs. Love, Mrs. keL, VRS. H. E. Dickson, school-teacher. Apostolos, nalive assistant. PATRAS. 2 stations ; 2 preachers, 3 female assistants, = 5.—1 native assistant.
Mr. Love and family with Mrs. Dickson removed to Corfu in April, on account of the injurious effects of the climate of Patras on bis enfeebled constitution. The temperature of Corfu was manifestly more congenial, yet even there be bas suffered repeated attacks of his former maladies, and has been brought nigh unto death. Whether he is yet living, is subject of painful solicitude. Our last advices are only to Nov. 14; he was then partially recovered from a dangerous illness, but was anticipating a renewed atiаck in about four weeks from that date.*
Mrs. Dickson left Corfu in May for Scotland, her native country, with a view to the restoration of her health, but would probably return to Corfu about the middle of April. Mr. and Mrs. Buel took passage for Corfu via Malta from Boston the 27th inst.
The progress of the mission has, of course, been inconsiderable during the past year. At Patras, previously to Mr. Love's removal, the daily and Sabbath services were continued a short season, with more than ordinary interest. And when Mr. Love was sick, they were conducted a few weeks with great acceptance by Apostolos. Three young men of promise attended these means of grace daily, and four others, “ to whom age had given judgment and respect in society,” aud who had been reading the Scriptures a number of months, solicited the same privilege. Apostolos was brought to a knowledge of the truth at Patras; and an English woman, for thirty years a member of the Greek church, was deeply impressed with a sense of her sins, aud gave some encouragement to hope that she had become a child of God.
At Corfu, Mr. Love's operations have been limited chiefly to preaching in English two months during the absence of Mr. Lowndes, the distribution of tracts in the citadel through the instrumentality of some pious Wesleyan soldiers, and directing the labors of the native assistant Apostolos. The truth preached was listened to with apparent interest, and a few conversions ensued. The tracts were extensively read, and two of the four conversions appear to bare resulted from their influence. A bookseller's shop was opened on one of the main streets of the city, and Apostolos stationed in it, as a “ fearless and faithful champion for the truth.” A few Greeks began to listen to the word of God. On the 12th of August, Apostolos was baptized. From that time, the spirit of inquiry seemed to be greatly on the increase. “ There are, perhaps, 12 or 15 intelligent Greeks in Corfu,” said Mr. Love Oct. 8, “ who have been met inch by inch on the whole system of Christianity, according to the New Testameut, and completely vanquished. They are now searching the Scriptures to see if these things be so.'”
The last letter from Mr. Love is of thrilling interest, pleading as from the tomb on behalf of the Greek mission. Having spoken of some recent attacks
*Since the Report was read, we have learned indirectly that Mr. Love survived the apprehended illoess.
of a spasmodic affection, which had well vigh closed his earthly existence, and of his expectation of another attack on the 4th or 5th of Dec., he adds, “ I come now to the burden of my soul. Fathers and bretliren, pardon me, in the few words I am able to speak. I call you this day to record, that if this mission fail, I wash my hands in innocency. I have said what I could, I have done what I could. Oh God! have mercy on me that I have been no more holy! Have mercy on my brethren bought by the Lamb's redeeming blood, and disobeying the last command of their risen Lord! Have mercy on the churches,-satisfied themselves with the bread of life, and withholding it from the famishing !"
Having stated the importance of having three additional laborers in the mission, one to be stationed at Corfu, and two at Patras, the safety of the mission requiring at least two stations, he reverts particularly to Corfu, and in the language of one on the verge of life and ready to take his departure, he gives this solemn attestation : “As for Corfu, I regard the experiment as baving been fully made and a great victory won. Supremacy of conscience-strict adherence to the word of God-individual responsibility—the cessation of an earthly priesthood—the spirituality of religion-voluntariness in its profession—faith in Christ crucified and arisen-redemption through His obedience, blood, and intercession-are principles which we have most openly and fearlessly declared. Such have been our principles; and for our practice, we have in the sight of all southern Europe, amid the fears of friends and threats of foes, baptized a convert to these principles, into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. The dark waters of spiritual death have curled and murmured. But our Father has permitted no angry billow to roll over us. From the date of that event—the baptism)-the interest of our labors has increased in a ten-fold degree, and the enemy are this day on the retreat.
“In respect to the principles above stated, only give them free course, and spiritually enslaved minds will receive an impulse that will heave the throne of despotism from its base, and Christianity in Europe will again be free, pure, and lovely.”
The only mission of the Board in Africa, exclusive of the one which it is proposed to establish on the banks of the Niger, is the
Mission to the Basas.
EDINA.-L. CLARKE, preacher, Mrs. CLARKE. Kong Koba, native assistant. Temporarily resident, A. A. CONSTANTINE, preacher, Mrs. CONSTANTINE.
MADEBLI.-W. CROCKER, preacher.
3 stations; 3 preachers, 1 preacher and school-teacher, 2 female assistants, 6. I native assistant.
Mrs. Crocker, formerly Miss Warren,* died of fever at Madebli, August 28. “Had her life and health been preserved, she would, no doubt, have been eminently useful. Her prudence, self-denial, deadness to the world, and devoted. ness to the cause of God, peculiarly qualified her for the station she occupied.”. Her remains were interred in the mission lot at Edina.
With the exception of the inroads of death, and the severe sickness of Mr. Crocker, who has regained his health, the affairs of the mission have been prosperous during the past year. At Ediva a church was organized near the close of 1839, of 14 members from the Básá Cove church, resident on the Edina side of the St. John river, (leaving 32 at Básá Cove,) and Mr. Day was chosen their pastor. Since his removal to Bexley, June 14, the care of the church in part, numbering 15 in January, has been devolved on Mr. Clarke, yet not so as to prevent his frequently visiting and preaching at King Joe's and Tatu's villages as heretofore. Preaching is also regularly maintained at Madebli and Bexley.
* Miss Warren was married to Mr. Crocker at Edina, June 2.
The school operations are in good progress. “The natives manifest an increasing interest in the education of their children.” 40 children are connected with the school at Edina, under the care of Mr. and Mrs. Clarke,—28 boys ad 12 girls. Mr. Crocker has 7 boys in his school at Madebli, and expects to ad 5 or 6 more. Mr. Day at Bexley, 6 miles above Edina, on the St. John, has 31 scholars, of whom 12 are native boys. 3 of the scholars at Edina are supperied by friends in Liberia,* one by Gov. Buchanan, one by the Edina Misbobary Society, and one by Gov. Russworm of Cape Palmas; (the last by the dance of Calvin Stockbridge, in memory of a brother who assisted Gov. Russworm in his education, and whose praise still lives in the churches of Maine.) The expense of a boy at school at Edina is estimated at 25 dollars, and of a gri at 20.
Some progress bas been made in the preparation of books for the Básás. A Basa spelling book, of 32 pp. large 12mo, prepared by Mr. Clarke, was printed at Cape Palmas, without charge, by the Cape Palmas mission, in an edition ef 200 or 900 copies; also a Básá hymn book, 32mo, containing 10 hymns, prepared by Mr. Crocker, 250 copies. The gospels by Matthew and John are revised for the press. A printing press and other apparatus, with materials for a printing office, &c., were sent out to the mission in August.
Messrs. Fielding and Constantive and their wives arrived at Edina, Dec. 3. They were to remain at that place until past their acclimation, and were then expected to proceed to the interior by the way of Fernando Pó, and the river Niger.t
Missions to Burmah and the Karens. MATLMAIN Mission. 6 stations and 3 out-stations.
MAULMAIN.-A. JUDSON, preacher and translator; S. M. Osgood, preacher and printer;
AXHERST.-J. M. HASWELL, preacher, Mrs. HASWELL,= 2.
CHET'THING'SVILLE, (Sgau Karen.)-Ko Chelthingpreacher, Kah Pau, Pruh Kah, Zu
Dos-Yann, (Pgho Karen.)-Bah Mee, preacher; Ko Myat Kyau, Ko Chung Pau, Ko A
Bootah, (Sgau Karen.)— Taunah, preacher; Tah Oo, Pah Boo, T'ah Bau Ko, assistants in preaching.=4.
Oui-stations, Bulu Island, Tenobo (Sgau Karen), Teranah (Peguan). Total, 3 preachers, 1 printer and preacher, 3 teachers and preachers, 7 female assistants,= 14. 23 preachers and assistant preachers, 2 translating assistants, and 5 teachers, = 30 native assist. ants.
Miss E. Macomber, teacher at Don-Yahn, died at Maulmain, of fever, April 16, 1810. “Her mind was perfectly clear and calm to the last, and she was enabled to look forward to the period of her dissolution with evident pleasure.”
The health of Mr. Judson, at the date of our last information (Dec. 22), was
Mr. Sheridan has proposed giving ten acres of land to the school at Bexley, as a fouodation for a manual labor school
. The Board have also the pleasure to acknowledge a donation of $50 to the mission, from Dr. Johnson, colonial physician.
+ Since this Report was put to press, the mournful tidings have reached us of the death of Mrs. Fielding on the 3d of January after an illness of about nine days, and of Mr. Fielding a fortnight afterwards.
partially restored. The invitation of the Board to revisit his native country, reached him in August, at which time he was suffering under a relapse of his former coinplaint. He recovered, however, more rapidly than ever before, and his cough nearly subsided. In reply to the invitation, he writes, under the above date, “I cannot persuade myself that it is my duty to leave iny work at present, but to wait and see whether I shall well sustain the next rainy season. If, notwithstanding continued care, I should experience a severe relapse, and my brethren should concur in the measure, I would avail myself of the invitation of the Board, as a last resort, and turn my face, with a clear conscience and many delightful anticipations, towards my native land.”
Preaching, as in former years, is regularly maintained by the missionaries and native assistants, in their several departments. Mr. Judson, though unfitied for laborious effort, is able to conduct a morning service on the Sabbath for the Burman church, as forıerly. He has also the more immediate charge of the Burman preaching assistants, “who are employed in going about the town and neighboring villages, occupying zayats, and making known the gospel to all who will give them a hearing." They meet Mr. J. at the native chapel every morning, report the labors of the preceding day, and pray for a divine blessing on the day before them. The church contained in October last 145 pative inembers, of whom 16 had been received during the year. There were also several applicants for baptism, some of whom had been approved by the church. The English church, in charge of Messrs. Stevens and Simons, have also regular worship in the chapel, permission having been given to the soldiery “10 attend divine service on the Sabbath, at such place and in such manner as their denominational views inclined them."
The labors of Mr. and Mrs. Vinton have been distributed, as heretofore, among the Karen stations during the dry season, the alternate season being devoted to the charge of a Karen boarding-school at Maulmain.
At Amherst, preaching is conducted both in English and the native tongue, and excursions have been made by the assistants to neighboring villages, with good encouragement.
The whole nuinber of preaching places, exclusive of out-stations, is 12; average aggregate attendance abont 800.
The followiog is a table of churches and baptisms, &c., as reported July 1, 1840.
1 1 2
Chh. Bap. R’d. by let. Exclu. Susp. Died. Dism. Pres. No. Maulmain 2
170 Anherst 1
16 Chet'ihingsville 1
112 Don-Yabu 1
454 Schools.—Eleven schools are in operation,-including the Karen boardingschool, with an average attendance of 60 pupils, in charge of Mr. Vinton ; the Eurasian school, taught by Mr. Simons; the Maulmain high school, taught hy Mr. Howard; and the theological school, under the care of Mr. Stevens. The theological school had 10 pupils in the earlier part of the year. The extract which follows is from the report of the school for the term commencing July 20, and ending Nov. 11, 1840.
“ The studies pursued have been chiefly the New Testament and a brief outline of ecclesiastical history given in ihe forin of lectures. In the New Testament, the class has completed the Life of Christ, having gone through the thirty-five last sections of the work, together with the epistles of Hebrews, James, first and second of Peter, first, second and third of John, and the epistle of jude. The method of study has been the same as that heretofore pursued-explanatory remarks being made and passages of scripture given for reference, all which are required to be committed to writing.
“ The lectures on ecclesiastical history embraced a brief outline of the history of the church from the birth of Christ to the present time. The class were required to note them down as delivered, and, since the course was completed, have been occupied a part of each day in studying what they had thus written. The subject being one of novelty 10 ihem, and much time being necessarily occupied in securing a fair and correct copy of the lectures, they have studied the history only as far as the account of Mahome. They seemed interested in the study, and I trust ihe lime devoted to it has not been misapplied.