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devotion to the fair sex, in whose cause, as the Champion of the defenceless, and Protector of the oppressed, he was always ready to take arms. Ar lady's interest being often the object, and sometimes her person the prize of a combat, she was supposed to inspire his 'courage; and, as he was to be not less distinguished for Politeness than Valour, he affected an air of submissive obedience, while she, by the courtesy of Knighthood, was allowed to assume a stile of superiority and command. To carry these manners into ancient Greece and Rome, and weave them into a conspiracy there, betrays want of judgment. This drama is carried on in the strain of Romance. The lady enjoins her Lover to kill Augustus ; that adventure atchieved, he is to hope for her hand; his glory is to be derived from her acknowledging him worthy of it; she is continually exhorting him to deserve the honour of being beloved by her. The fate of Augustus, of the Roman empire, all the duties of the citizen and the friend, are to depend on her
decision. 241 decision. She says to Augustus, when he has discovered the conspiracy, as a fufficient vindication of her lover; .. ... Qui, tout ce qu'il'a fait, il l'a fait pour me plaire,
Et j'en étois, seigneur, la cause et le salaire. The author certainly intended to recoma mend Cinna to his spectators merely as a loyal lover, according to the phrase of romance : in every other light he appears contemptible, and indeed suffers himself to be used with the greatest contempt and indignity. As Shakespear laboured to shew that the motives of Brutus were untinctured by any bad passion ; every movement in the nind of Cinna has on the contrary the chaTar of baseness, and whether he conspires
her he repents of it, he is still, as he acknowleu os himself to be,
Un esprit malheureux,
From this unhapk. Wretch, who basely conceives a generous delig let us turn to Brutus. There we shall fee
judgment and genius of the artists. Brutus and Cinna are drawn in the same situation, conspiring against the foremost man of all this world: in the one we have the features and complexion of a Villain, in the other the high-finished form of a noble Patriot.