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ever could authorize his attainment of it. Let tragedy-writers who make princes prate with pages and waiting-women of their murders and treasons, learn for once, from rude and illiterate Shakespear, how averse pride is coolly to confess, and prudence to betray, what the fever and deliriums of ambition have prompted us to do.
Falstaffe appears with his former dispositions, but in new situations; and entertains us in a variety of scenes.
Hotspur is as it were revived to the spectator, in the following charactergiven of him by his lady, when she diffuades Northumberland from joining the forces of the archbishop.
Who then perfuaded you to stay at home ?03 7879
There were two honours loft ; yours and your fon's, "For yours, may heav'nly glory brighten it! Asiw
For his, it ftruck upon him as the fun 36 etsin
Did all the chivalry of England move 009 si abing 1. To do brave acts. He was indeed the glass, siis
Wherein the noble youth did dress themselves.
With others; than with Him, Let them alone :
Justice Shallow is an admirably well drawn comic character, but he never appears better, than by reflection in the mirror of Falstaffe's wit, in whose descriptions he is most strongly exhibited. It is said by some, that the Justice was meant for a particular gentleman, who had profecuted the author for deer-stealing. I know not whether that story be well grounded. The Shallows are to be found every where, in every age: but they who have least character of their own, are most formed and modified by the fashion of the times, and by their peculiar profession or calling. So though we often meet with a resemblance to this Justice, we shall never find an exact parallel to him, now manners, are so much changed.--History or Philosophy cannot better set forth the superior dan
ger of a rebellion fanctified by the Church, than by the following worợs of Morton :
With well appointed powers. He is a man,
My lord, your fon had only but the corps, '.
But shadows, and the shews of men to fight; . For that same word, rebellion, did divide ,: The action of their bodies from their fouls,
And they did fight with queasiness, constrain’d,
As men drink potions, that their weapons only
But now, the bishop
Nor can the indecency of a prelate's appearing in arms, and the abuse of an authority derived from the facred function, be more strongly arraigned, than in the speeches of Westmorland, and John of Lancaster.
Then, my lord, Unto your grace do I in chief address The substance of my speech. If that rebellion Came like itself, in base and abject routs, Led on by bloody youth, goaded with rage, And countenanc'd by boys and beggary ; I say, if damn'd commotion so appear'd In his true, native, and most proper shape, You, reverend father, and these noble lords, Had not been here to dress the ugly form Of base and bloody insurrection, With your fair, honours. You, my lord archbilhop, Whose see is by a civil peace maintain'd, Whose beard the silver hand of peace hath touch’d, Whose learning and good letters peace hath tutor’d, Whose white investments figure innocence, The dove and very blessed spirit of peace ;