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Jeasure for Measure.
SCENE I. — An Apartment in the DUKE's Palace. Ang. Always obedient to your grace's will,
I come to know your pleasure. Enter DUKE, ESCALUS, Lords, and Attendants.
Duke. Angelo, Duke. Escalus,
There is a kind of character in thy life, Escal. My lord.
That, to the observer, doth thy history Duke. Of government the properties to unfold, Fully unfold: Thyself and thy belongings Would seem in me to affect speech and discourse; Are not thine own so proper, as to waste Since I am put to know that your own science Thyself upon thy virtues, them on thee. Exceeds, in that, the lists of all advice
Heaven doth with us as we with torches do; My strength can give you: Then no more remains, Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues But your sufficiency as your worth is able; Did not go forth of us, 't were all alike And let them work. The nature of our people, As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely Our city's institutions, and the terms
The smallest scruple of her excellence,
Both thanks and use. But I do bend my speech I say, bid come before us, Angelo.
To one that can my part in him advertise;
[Exit an Attendant. Hold, therefore, Angelo;
Live in thy tongue and heart: old Escalus,
Take thy commission. Of our own power: What think you of it?
Ang. Now, good my lord, Escal. If any in Vienna be of worth
Let there be some more test made of thy metal, To undergo such ample grace and honor,
Before so noble and so great a figure It is Lord Angelo.
Be stamped upon it.
Duke. No more evasion :
We have with a leavened and preparéd choice Duke. Look where he comes.
Proceeded to you : therefore take your
Our haste from hence is of so quick condition, pirate, that went to sea with the ten commandments,
2nd Gent. Thou shalt not steal ?
1st. Gent. Why, 't was a commandment to comWhat doth befall you here. So, fare you
well : mand the captain and all the rest from their funcTo the hopeful execution do I leave you
tions; they put forth to steal: There's not a solOf your commissions.
dier of us all, that, in the thanksgiving before Ang. Yet give leave, my lord,
meat, doth relish the petition well that prays for That we may bring you something on the way. peace. Duke. My haste may not admit it;
2nd Gent. I never heard any soldier dislike it. Nor need you, on mine honor, have to do
Lucio. I believe thee; for I think thou never With any scruple : your scope is
wast were grace was said. So to enforce or qualify the laws
2nd Gent. No? a dozen times at least. As to your soul seems good. Give me your hand. 1st Gent. What, in meter? I'll privily away: I love the people,
Lucio. In any proportion, or in any language. But do not like to stage me to their eyes :
1st Gent. I think, or in any religion. Though it do well, I do not relish well
Lucio. Ay! why not? Grace is grace, despite Their loud applause and avés vehement:
of all controversy: as for example; thou thyself Nor do I think the man of safe discretion
art a wicked villain, despite of all grace. That does affect it. Once more, fare you well. 1st Gent. Well, there went but a pair of shears
Ang. The heavens give safety to your purposes : between us. Escal. Lead forth, and bring you back in hap- Lucio. I grant; as there may between the lists piness.
and the velvet: thou art the list. Duke. I thank you : fare you
well. [Exit. 1st Gent. And thou the velvet: thou art good Escal. I shall desire you, sir, to give me leave velvet; thou art a three-piled piece, I warrant To have free speech with you; and it concerns me thee : I had as lief be a list of an English kersey, To look into the bottom of my place :
as be piled, as thou art piled, for a French velvet. A power I have; but of what strength and nature Do I speak feelingly now? I am not yet instructed.
Lucio. I think thou dost; and, indeed, with Ang. 'T is so with me :- let us withdraw to most painful feeling of thy speech: I will out of gether,
thine own confession, learn to begin thy health; And we may soon our satisfaction have
but, whilst I live, forget to drink after thee. Touching that point.
1st Gent. I think I have done myself wrong; Escal. I'll wait upon your honor. [Exeunt. have I not ?
2nd Gent. Yes, that thou hast; whether thou art tainted or free.
Lucio. Behold, behold, where Madam Mitigation SCENE II. – A Street.
comes! I have purchased as many diseases under
her roof as come to Enter Lucio and two Gentlemen.
2nd Gent. To what, I pray ? Lucio. If the Duke, with the other dukes, come 1st Gent. Judge. not to composition with the King of Hungary, why 2nd Gent. To three thousand dollars a-year. then all the dukes fall upon the king.
1st Gent. Ay, and more. 1st Gent. Heaven grant us its peace, but not the Lucio. A French crown more. King of Hungary's!
1st Gent. Thou art always figuring diseases in 2nd Gent. Amen.
me: but thou art full of error; I am sound. Lucio. Thou concludest like the sanctimonious Lucio. Nay, not as one would say, healthy; but
so sound as things that are hollow: thy bones are Bawd. And what shall become of those in the hollow : impiety has made a feast of thee. city?
Clo. They shall stand for seed: they had gone Enter Bawd.
down too, but that a wise burgher put in for them. 1st Gent. How now? which of your hips has the Bawd. But shall all our houses of resort in the most profound sciatica?
suburbs be pulled down? Bard. Well, well; there's one yonder arrested Clo. To the ground, mistress. and carried to prison, was worth five thousand of Bavd. Why, here's a change, indeed, in the you all.
commonwealth? What shall become of me? 1st Gent. Who's that, I pray thee?
Clo. Come; fear not you; good counselors lack Baud. Marry, sir, that 's Claudio, Signior Clau- no clients : though you change your place, you need dio.
not change your trade: I'll be your tapster still. 1st Gent. Claudio to prison ! 't is not so. Courage; there will be pity taken on you: you,
Baud. Nay, but I know ’t is so : I saw him ar- that have worn your eyes almost out in the serrested; saw him carried away; and, which is more, vice,- you will be considered. within these three days his head's to be chopped Bawd. What's to do here, Thomas Tapster? off.
Let's withdraw. Lucio. But, after all this fooling, I would not Clo. Here comes Signior Claudio, led by the have it so: Art thou sure of this?
Provost to prison; and there's Madam Juliet. Bawd. I am too sure of it: and it is for getting Madam Julietta with child.
Lucio. Believe me, this may be; he promised to meet me two hours since; and he was ever precise in promise-keeping.
The same. 2nd Gent. Besides, you know, it draws some
Enter Provost, CLAUDIO, JULIET, and Officers; thing near to the speech we had to such a purpose. 1st Gent. But most of all, agreeing with the
Lucro, and two Gentlemen. proclamation.
Claud. Fellow, why dost thou shew me thus to Lucio. Away; let's go learn the truth of it.
the world? [Exeunt Lucio and Gentlemen. Bear me to prison, where I am committed. Bawd. Thus, what with the war, what with the Prov. I do it not in evil disposition, sweat, what with the gallows, and what with pov- But from Lord Angelo by special charge. erty, I am custom-shrunk. How now? what's the Claud. Thus can the demigod, Authority, news with you ?
Make us pay, down for our offense by weight.
The words of heaven; on whom it will, it will ; Enter Clown.
On whom it will not, so; yet still 't is just. Clo. Yonder man is carried to prison.
Lucio. Why, how now, Claudio ! whence comes Bawd. Well; what has he done?
this restraint ? Clo. A woman.
Claud. From too much liberty, my Lucio, libBawd. But what's his offense ?
erty: Clo. Groping for trouts in a peculiar river. As surfeit is the father of much fast, Bawd. What, is there a maid with child by him? So every scope by the immoderate use
Clo. No; but there is a woman with maid by Turns to restraint: Our natures do pursue him : You have not heard of the proclamation, have (Like rats that ravin down their proper bane) you?
A thirsty evil; and when we drink, we die. Bard. What proclamation, man?
Lucio. If I could speak so wisely under an arClo. All the houses in the suburbs of Vienna rest, I would send for certain of my creditors : and must be plucked down.
yet, to say the truth, I had as lief have the foppery
of freedom, as the morality of imprisonment. What I pr'y thee, Lucio, do me this kind service: is thy offense, Claudio ?
This day my sister should the cloister enter, Claud. What but to speak of would offend And there receive her approbation : again.
Acquaint her with the danger of my state; Lucio. What is it? murder ?
Implore her, in my voice, that she make friends Claud. No.
To the strict deputy; bid herself assay him; Inicio. Lechery?
I have great hope in that: for in her youth Claud. Call it so.
There is a prone and speechless dialect, Prov. Away, sir; you must go.
Such as moves men: beside, she hath prosperous Claud. One word, good friend :— Lucio, a word
art, [Takes him aside. When she will play with reason and discourse, Lucio. A hundred, if they 'll do you any good. And well she can persuade. Is lechery so looked after ?
may: as well for the encourClaud. Thus stands it with me: - Upon a true agement of the like, which else would stand under contract
grievous imposition, as for the enjoying of thy life, I got possession of Julietta's bed;
who I would be sorry should be thus foolishly lost You know the lady; she is fast my wife,
at a game of tick-tack. I'll to her. Save that we do the denunciation lack
Claud. I thank you, good friend Lucio. Of outward order: this we came not to,
Lucio. Within two hours,Only for propagation of a dower
Claud. Come, officer, away.
[Eweunt. Remaining in the coffer of her friends; From whom we thought it meet to hide our love Till time had made them for us. But it chances, The stealth of our most mutual entertainment,
SCENE IV. - A Monastery.
Enter DUKE and Friar THOMAS.
Duke. No, holy father; throw away that And the new deputy now for the Duke,
thought: Whether it be the fault and glimpse of newness ; Believe not that the dribbling dart of love Or whether that the body public be
Can pierce a complete bosom : why I desire thee A horse whereon the governor doth ride, To give me secret harbor, hath a purpose Who, newly in the seat, that it may know More grave and wrinkled than the aims and ends He can command, lets it straight feel the spur: Of burning youth. Whether the tyranny be in his place,
Friar. May your grace speak of it ! Or in his eminence that fills it up,
Duke. My holy sir, none better knows than you I stagger in :— But this new governor
How I have ever loved the life removed; Awakes me all the enrolled penalties,
And held in idle price to haunt assemblies, Which have, like unscoured armor, hung by the wall Where youth, and cost, and witless bravery keeps. So long, that nineteen zodiacs have gone round, I have delivered to Lord Angelo And none of them been worn; and, for a name, (A man of stricture and firm abstinence) Now puts the drowsy and neglected act
My absolute power and place here in Vienna, Freshly on me:- 't is surely, for a name. And he supposes me traveled to Poland;
Lucio. I warrant it is: and thy head stands so For so I have strewed it in the common ear, tickle on thy shoulder, that a milkmaid, if she be And so it is received: Now, pious sir, in love, may sigh it off. Send after the Duke, and You will demand of me, why I do this? appeal to him.
Friar. Gladly, my lord. Claud. I have done so, but he's not to be Duke. We have strict statutes and most biting found.
(The needful bits and curbs for headstrong steeds), But rather wishing a more strict restraint Which for these fourteen years we have let sleep; Upon the sisterhood, the votarists of Saint Clare. Even like an o'ergrown lion in a cave,
Lucio. [within.] Ho! peace be in this place ! That goes not out to prey: Now, as fond fathers Isab. Who's that which calls? Having bound up the threatening twigs of birch, Fran. It is a man's voice. Gentle Isabella, Only to stick it in their children's sight
Turn you the key, and know his business of him; For terror, not to use; in time the rod
You may, I may not; you are yet unsworn : Becomes more mocked than feared : so ours de- When you have vowed, you must not speak with
crees, Dead to infliction, to themselves are dead; But in the presence of the prioress : And liberty plucks justice by the nose;
Then if you speak, you must not shew your face; The baby beats the nurse, and quite athwart Or if
your face, you must not speak. Goes all decorum.
He calls again; I pray you answer him. [Exit. Friar. It rested in your grace
Isab. Peace and prosperity! Who is 't that To unloose this tied-up justice when you pleased :
calls ? And it in you more dreadful would have seemed
Lucio. Hail, virgin, if you be; as those cheekSith ’t was my fault to give the people scope, 'T would be my tyranny to strike, and gall them Proclaim you are no less : Can you so stead me, For what I bid them do: For we bid this be done, As bring me to the sight of Isabella, When evil deeds have their permissive pass, A novice of this place, and the fair sister And not the punishment. Therefore, indeed, my To her unhappy brother Claudio ? father,
Isab. Why her unhappy brother? let me ask; I have on Angelo imposed the office;
The rather, for I now must make you
know Who may, in the ambush of my name, strike home, I am that Isabella, and his sister. And yet my nature never in the sight
Lucio. Gentle and fair, your brother kindly To do it slander: And to behold his sway,
greets you : I will, as 't were a brother of
Not to be weary with you, he's in prison.
Lucio. For that which, if myself might be his How I may formally in person bear me
judge, Like a true friar. More reasons for this action He should receive his punishment in thanks : At our more leisure shall I render you;
He hath got his friend with child. Only this one :- Lord Angelo is precise ;
Isab. Sir, make me not your story. Stands at a guard with envy; scarce confesses Lucio. 'T is true. I would not (though 't is my That his blood flows, or that his appetite
familiar sin Is more to bread than stone : Hence shall we see, With maids to seem the lapwing, and to jest If power change purpose, what our seemers be. Tongue far from heart) play with all virgins so:
[Exeunt. I hold you as a thing enskyed and sainted;
By your renouncement, an immortal spirit;
And to be talked with in sincerity,
As with a saint.
Isab. You do blaspheme the good, in mocking Enter ISABELLA and FRANCISCA. Isab. And have you nuns no farther privileges ? Lricio. Do not believe it. Fewness and truth, Fran. Are not these large enough?
't is thus : Isab. Yes, truly; I speak not as desiring more; Your brother and his lover have embraced :