Page images
PDF
EPUB

and he therefore wished the noble earl to their part, until they became apprized of state, whether it was true that such an the facts of which they were ignorant at engagement had been entered into with the time of their framing it. out any communication having before or The Earl of Darnley still thought their since been made to Parliament.

lordships ought to have been informed of The Earl of Liverpool could only repeat the existence of this Treaty, before they what he had before said, that no such were called upon to vole the Address, engagement could be formed, except suh- He wished to know if the Treaty was now ject to the opinion and control of Parlia. I to be deemed conclusive? ment; and he did not feel himself war- | The Earl of Liverpool replied, that his ranted in giving any further explanation observations referred to circumstances at a at present.

former period, not at the present. Now the Earl Grey remarked, that he must con- | Treaty was unquestionably concluded, sequently understand that the noble eart and directions had been given to our did not deny but that such an engage- | minister to ratify it, subject to an explament had been entered into on the part of nation. this country without any intimation to Parliament.

MOTION RESPECTING THE TRANSFER OF The Earl of Darnley adverted to the Genoa.*] The Marquis of Buckingham statement of the noble earl (Liverpool), in rose to submit to their lordships his momoving a late Address to the Prince Re- tion on the subject of the transfer of Genoa gent, that Parliament was pledged to to the king of Sardinia. When he had nothing by agreeing to that Address, but the honour to call their lordships attention to a consent ihat the country should be to that subject on a former occasion, he placed in a state of preparation. He was informed that the time was not yet understood, however, that at the time of come for entering fully into that question, moving ibat Address, the poble earl had in 1 or giving the necessary explanations rehis possession the Treaty concluded be speciing it. Now, however, the time bad tween the Allies at Vienna, pledging arrived that time so much longed for by themselves to renew the war. The noble the noble earl opposite had at last come; earl ought to have communicated that and he now requested their lordships at. circumstance to the House when he moved tention to the result. He had called for the Address.

information on the subject, and ministers ! The Earl of Liverpool, in reply, stated, had given him half of what he asked. They that by the Address of the rib of April had produced some papers relative to this Parliament had pledged itself only to a transfer, and such papers only as they concurrence in placing the country in a themselves thought fit to produce—and state of preparation, and nothing further. what was the result? The case before He had no hesitation in avowing that on rested on such a statement as he had been the day previous to the vote of that Ad- enabled to make from other sources of dress, his Majesty's Government were in information, and on such arguments as he possession of the Treaty. There were bad been enabled to adduce. It now rested circumstances, however, which rendered on the papers produced by the Executive it improper for his Majesty's ministers to Government themselves; and the result mention it on that occasion. He would was, that every statement he had made state one. He had himself, in moving the had been confirmed that every argument Address on the 7th of April, observed that which he had used was folly supported, it was not the policy of his Majesty's and the whole case completely established. Governient to urge the Continental Foul and disgraceful to the nation as be Powers into any measures beyond their had stated this proceeding to be, it sunk own sense of necessity. The Treaty ad almost to nothing when compared with verted to by the noble earl was signed at the foul and disgraceful proceeding which Vienna on the 25th of March, at which appeared in these papers. When we sumperiod, although the present ruler of moned the nations to rise and oppose the France had reached Paris, yet the Allied violation of treaties and broken faith, we Powers were not in possession of that fact, ought to be sure that we ourselves had or that the King of France had quitted it. Under those circumstances it was not * For copies of the Papers relating to considered just towards our Allies to deem | Genoa, referred to in the course of ibis the Treaty a coaclusive engagement on debate, see p. 387.

not supported a violation of faith and pro- the British Government was pledged to mises solemnly pledged to the Genoese. the restoration of their ancient government Ministers had in these papers made out a to the Genoese. Had they consented to case against themselves. The national | the tranfer of their state to the king of faith had been solemnly pledged to the Sardinia ? Had they not, on the contrary, Genoeze that their former government expressed the utmost objection to it? His should be restored, and that pledge had noble friend opposite had instructed lord been violated. The Genoese had been / William Bentinck to attend to the wishes transferred to the king of Sardinia, and the of the people respecting their government. violation was complete: but still this coun. Don't mind the wishes of the people;' try might do itself the justice to refuse its said lord Castlereagh, “make no arrangeapprobation to the conduct of the Exe-menis without consulting the Austrian cutive.' This was a most important point, commander;' and thus the people of Genoa with a view to the war which appeared to were transferred to a power to wbich they be about to commence. Uncertain and had long been opposed by every feeling contradictory orders and instructions, va. wbich could animale one nation against cillating counsels, violated faith, and broken another. The promises of independence promises, marked the conduct of ministers and restoration to their ancient governthroughout the great crisis which had ment had been liberally made, when it Jately taken place. It appeared that in was problematical whether we should ever 1811 a noble friend of his (marquis Wel. be called upon to make good these prolesley), whom at that moment he did not mises : but when the moment for their fulsee in his place, had recommended the filment seemed fast approaching, then we policy of attempting to rouse the people began to draw back, and to shrink from of Italy to shake off the French yoke, by the performance. At the treaty of Chaupromising them independence and resto. | mont the object of the Allies was declared ration to their ancient governments. That to be the independence of nations, and noble marquis had also sketched out the their restoration to their ancient governplan of co-operation, which had since ments. The Genoese and lord William proved the salvation of Europe, and Bentinck bad heard of this, and reckoned strongly recommended its adoption; and upon it. His lordship had issued his proministers could hardly have been aware of clamation upon these principles, and the the inference that might be drawn from Genoese had assisted him in taking posthat document, otherwise they surely session of their city upon the faith of the would not have produced it: but it showed principles contained in that Treaty. It was clearly, that the object, even at that time, clear it was no conquest, but a voluntary was to endeavour to gain the co-operation admission of our troops, upon the underof the Italian states against the common standing that the British nation stood enemy, by a promise of independence and pledged to restore them their ancient furin a restoration to their ancient governments. | of government. Lord William Bentinck At a subsequent period, his noble friend had been so instructed, and he was sure opposite (earl Bathurst) had sent out a ministers could not deny that such had dispatch lo lord William Bentinck, then been bis instructions. But lord Castle. commanding our forces in Italy, instructe reagh had at last discovered that the ing him not to transfer Genoa to the king proclamation related only to à proviof Sardinia without the entire and direct sional government for Genoa, and the concurrence of the Genoese people. These discovery was made in this way : the duke instructions appeared to have been with of Campo-Chiaro, Murat's minister, had beld by lord Castlereagh, who himself | noticed this proclamation, and finding the acted as the Executive Government; at principle of the restoration of the ancient least he talked of having withheld some governments there stated, he applied to dispatch, which he supposed to be this. lord Castlereagh, who had guaranteed Na[Lord Bathurst said, that was not the dis. ples to his master. This proclamation patch which was withheld.] It was imma proceeds on the principle of restoring their terial to the argument whether it was or ancient governments to the states of Italy, not: but such were the instructions given and in that way Naples would be restored by his noble friend; and upon the faith of to the old family, and in that case what these instructions, Genoa bad been en- becomes of your guarantee? Lord Castletered, and a proclamation had been issued, reagh upon this sent to lord William Benby which, as he contended, the faith of tinck, stating that there were some things in his proclamation which might be liable tries? Spain had been liberated and re. to misconstruction, that nothing ought stored to its ancient government; Por. to be done which should preclude the tugal had also been liberated, and still reeffect of the arrangements which it might tained its ancient government, and the be thought proper to make at the Con same was the case with Sicily. Holland gress, that a provisional government had been liberated, and its ancient governmerely ought to be formed, and the peo- ment restored. The people must bave ple to be kept quiet in the mean time. conceived that their ancient government Lord William Bentinck, who felt like a was to be restored to them; and yet the British soldier, informed lord Castlereagh result was, that in spite of promises and that the people were unanimous in pre- engagements direct and implied, Genoa ferring their ancient government. What was transferred to the king of Sardinia. would have been the reply of an honest And even with respect to the king of Sas. man-be meant of an honest statesman, dinia himself, how was the promise of for he was to be understood always as only restoring the ancient governments and speaking of lord Castlereagh in his public states preserved? The king of Sardioia capacity, what would have been the re was deprived of part of his dominions, ply of an honest statesman? That the and that part was, by the Treaty of Paris, people must have their ancient govern. | given to France. It was the most volment, according to their wishes, and the nerable part, too; opening to the French prospect held out to them. But lord a passage into Italy, without striking a Castiereagh, who, while he had guaranteed blow. It was then necessary to cast about Naples to Murat, appeared to have been for an indemnity to the king of Sardinia, engaged in the design of restoring the old and thus Genoa was delivered up to him. family, proceeded in a different way. The And here he must, once for all, protest Genoese were to await the arrangements of against the plan of a Secretary of State the Congress, and were at last, in direct going abroad, and taking upon bimself the opposition to their wishes and their pro- | whole executive government, which ought test, transferred to the king of Sardinia. | to reside in the Sovereign alone. The It could not surely be pretended, that the noble marquis then examined the spirit in provisional government, established by which the British Government had acted lord William Bentinck, was appointed for as to the Genoese. The general was to the purpose of a temporary adminis. give them their old constitution if they tration, till the determination of the Con- resisted; and they did so, and he then gress was known. A provisional govern- gave them over to the king of Sardinia. ment was appointed, but, certainly, with | Then came lord Castlereagh's cold and no such views as that. He requested their contemptuous note, talking of the Prince lordships' particular attention to the procla. | Regent's generosity, and in the same mation itself. Their lordships would there breath sealing the fate of that ill-used find, beyond all possibility of doubt, that people. Then they were told to apply to the provisional government was framed, Congress, and at Congress they were not with a view to any arrangements at handed over to three commissioners, of the Congress, but merely for the purpose whom the French one, M. de Noailles, deof providing for the administration of the clined having any thing to do with the affairs of the state till the proper steps matter, unless England gave up her treaty could be taken for the restoration of the with Murat. And this was our policy, old form of government. This was un. and this the way Europe was to be recondoubtedly the object and meaning of all ciled! The noble marquis here appealed the parties at the time; and it was, as he to older and wiser men among their lordconceived, impossible to found an argu-l ships than himself, whether it was constiment upon that ground in favour of the tutional in any man to make himself, as conduct of the British Government. The lord Castlereagh had done, a walking national faith, therefore, in this transfer, depositary of royal authority? The conhad been shamefully violated. The con- stitution did not, he was convinced, authoduct of Great Britain in regard to Spain, rize any individual to go out of the counPortugal, Holland, and Sicily, had been try, taking with him the power of the held out to the people of Italy, as exam- Crown, and subsequently issuing instrucples of the integrity and good faith of the tions directly contrary in their spirit 10 British Government: but what was the those which originally emanated froin the proceeding with respect to these coun-Government to which he belonged. He

LT

denied also the right of the great Powers,become what she was in her most pro-
of Europe to constitute themselves into a sperous periods, and what Spain now is.'
tribunal-to summon before them the So- ! 3. “ That it further appears that, pre-
vereigns of independent states not con- vious to the 26th April, 1814, the inhabi.
quered by their arms--to inflict penalties tants of Genoa having been invited to
upon those Sovereigns, and ultimately to vindicate their rights,' as aforesaid, and,
share among themselves the advantages in consequence of such invitation, having
thus obtained. It was, he said, a tame materially contributed to oblige the French
and cold blooded insult on the part of lord garrison to surrender that city, lord Wil.
Castlereagb, and unworthy of an honest liam Bentinck entered Genoa, and issued on
statesman; it was a gross instance of poli. | the said 26th April, 1814, a proclamation
tical hypocrisy, to tell the Genoese how of the following tenor : . Considering that
happy he was to be the instrument of car- the general desire of the Genoese nation
rying into effect the Prince Regent's wish seems to be to return to that ancient form
to watch over their interests, at the very of Government under which it enjoyed
moment that he was consenting to the de- liberty, prosperity, and independence,
struction of their independence. In vain and considering likewise that this desire
did the people of Genoa protest to the last seems to be conformable to the princi-
against iheir annexation to Sardinia. The ples recognized by the High Allied
Congress would not even insert the Ge. Powers, of restoring to all their ancient
noese protest in their protocol. He called rights and privileges, I declare,
on their lordships to wipe off the stain "Ist, That the constitution of the
which the character of the country bad . Genoese states, such as it existed in
received in this transaction. Whatever - 1797, with such modifications as the
mighi be the result of the dreadful contest general wish, the public good, and the
in which we seemed about to be engaged, spirit of the original constitution of 1576,
he was solicitous that at least we should seem to require, is re-established.
not be depressed by the weight of our "3rd, That a Provisional Government,
own delinquency. The noble marquis consisting of thirteen individuals, and
concladed by moving the following Reso | •formed into two colleges, as heretofore,
lutions :

'shall immediately be appointed, and
1. " That it appears to this House that the shall continue in office until the 1st of
earl Bathurst, one of his Majesty's prin- January 1815, when the two Colleges
cipal secretaries of state, in consequence shall be filled up in the number required
of information which had been received by the constitution.
by the British Government respecting the 16th, That the two colleges shall pro-
disposition of the inhabitants of Genoa and pose to the lesser and greater councils all
Piedmont, did, by a letter dated the 28th the measures which they shall judge ne-
December, 1813, instruct lieuto-general'cessary for the entire re-establishment of
Jord William Bentinck, if any circum- the ancient form of government.'
• stances should occur to encourage the 4. “ That in a letter to lord Castlereagh
. inhabitants to rise against the government one of his Majesty's principal secretaries

of France, to lose no time in giving every 1 of state, enclosing the aforesaid proclama.
• possible assistance; and further, pro- tion, and informing him of the measures
• vided it were clearly with their entire which had been taken in consequence
• concurrence, to take possession of Genoa of the unanimous desire expressed by the
• in the name and on the behalf of bis Genoese to return to their ancient state,
- Sardinian Majesty.

lord William Bentinck did, amongst other
2. “ That it further appears to this things, represent that the Genoese uni-
House that lieutenant-general lord William 'versally desired the restoration of their
Bentinck, acting under the aforesaid in ancient republic, and that they dreaded
structions, did, some time previous to the above all other arrangements their an-
141h March, 1814, disembark at Leghorn nexation to Piedmont, to the inbabitants
with the British forces under bis com: 1 of which there had always been a pecu.
mand, and did on that day issue a pro- liar aversion.'
clamation calling on the Italians 'to vin. 1 5. “ That it does not appear that any
• dicate their own rights and to be free,' | subsequent dispatch or instruction from
and concluding with these words, "Only lord Castlereagb, or any other of bis Ma-
• call, and we will hasten to your relief, jesty's ministers, did convey to lord Wil-
• and then Italy, by our united efforts, will liam Bentinck the opinion of the British

Government, that he had exceeded his cember, 1814, in which was enclosed powers in issuing the said proclamation of the final decision of the Powers who the 26th April 1814, or in the proceedings ' signed the Treaty at Paris, annexing the consequent thereon; and that, in point of State of Genoa, under certain conditions, fact, the said proclamation never has been to the crown of Sardinia,' did instruct disavowed in any public act of his Ma- lieuto-general John Dalrymple, then comjesty's Government, or by any letter, dis. manding the British forces in Genoa, 'to patcb, or instruction to lord William Ben- take the necessary measures in concert iinck, or by any declaration to the Genoese with the existing Provisional Government, people.

'to deliver over the same, in conformity 6. “ That it appears that on the 11th of with the decision above mentioned, to May a forcible representation was made the King of Sardinia, or to such persons to lord Castlereagh by M. Pareto, the as his Sardinian Majesty may appoint 10 minister plenipotentiary and envoy extra take charge thereof, continuing bimself ordinary of the Government of Genoa, of 'to act with the tronps under his command the continued desire of the Genoese to as an auxiliary corps at the disposal of return to their ancient government, of bis Sardinian Majesty, until he received

their invincible repugnance to a foreign further orders.' • domination,' of their confident reliance 9. “ That it appears, that, in conformity on the assurances given them by the to the foregoing instructions, the govern. * commander of the British forces, the ment of Genoa was delivered over accord• depositary of the intentions of the British ingly by sir John Dalrymple to the ofh« Government,' and of their just expecta. cers appointed to take charge thereof by tions that his royal highness the Prince his Sardinian Majesty, and that the sub. • Regent, sanctioning what had been done mission of the Genoese to this transfer of

in his name by lord William Bentinck, their government and territory to a foreign • would employ his good offices with the power was secured and enforced, and is • Allied Powers to induce them to acknow. still maintained by the continued occu. • ledge the re-establishment of the repub. pation of that city by a British force. ·lic of Genoa, and of the integrity and 10. “ That the conduct of bis Majesty's contiguity of its territory.

Government, in thus availing itself of the 7. “That similar representations of the occupation of the Gengese territory by a wishes and hopes of the Genoese, together British force, which they owed, in a con. with further representations of the injury siderable degree, to the amicable disposi. which would be done to them by the tion of the inbabitants, in order to make a transfer of their territory to a foreign compulsory transfer of the possession and dominion, not only as it would affect their sovereignty thereof to a Foreign Power, rights and liberties, but their commercial was not only a violation of the promises interests, and the internal prosperity of held out in lord William Bentinck's detheir country, were repeatedly and at claration of the 14th March, and of the various times submitted to his Majesty's fimplied engagement by which the British Government, and more particularly in a troops were received by the Genoese Paper of Observations communicated by nation, but also a manifest breach of the M. Pareto on the 18th of May, and in a public faith, expressly pledged to that Protest against any resolutions that republic by his Majesty's general, suffi• might be taken contrary to the rights ciently autiorized to that effect, and never

and independence of Genoa,' laid before disavowed by his Majesty's Government; their excellencies the ambassadors and and that this measure was also wholly ministers assembled at the Congress at repugnant to those general principles of Vienna oo ibe 10th December 1814, by policy and justice, which it was equally the marquis de Brignoli, the minister ple- the interest and the duty of this country nipotentiary and envoy extraordinary of to uphold in all the discussions respecting that government.

Ja final settlement of the atfairs of Europe.” 8. “ That, notwithstanding these re. The first Resolution being put, peated claims and remonstrances, and in Earl Bathurst observed, that there had violation of the solemn engagements con- been so little reluctance to meet this motracted by lord William Benuinck on the tion, that every paper was given at once; part of the British Government with the but that he was so strongly aware of the Genoese people, it appears that lord Cas- impropriety of discussing these matters tlereagh, in a lelter dated the 17th De. in their present state, that he should only

« PreviousContinue »