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parent, and (what is perhaps of more impolicy of binding parish apprentices in consequence) ibe superintendence of the the manner in which they are usually officers of the parish by which they were bound, and attempting to make regulations bound. That ihis is not attended with with a view to their belter treatment, if much difficulty seems evident, from the these wholesome regulations can be enfact that many parishes have never fol. tirely done away by the act of two ma. lowed the practice of binding their poor gistrates for Middlesex or Surrey, who children to a distance, though quite as can, without any notice or previous inti. numerous as those in which this practice mation, defeat these humane objects, by has prevailed; und that some parishes binding scores or even hundreds of chile which had begun it, have long discon- | dren lo manufacturers in a distant county, tinued it.
and thus increase the very evil which it In making these observations, your bas been endeavoured to check or preventi Committee beg to be understood as not | Indeed in so slovenly and careless a man. extending them to the sea service, in fa. ner is this duty frequently performed, and vour of which they make a special reser- with so little attention to the future con. vation, on account of considerations of dition of the children bound, that in frethe highest political importance connected quent instances the magistrales have put with the maritime interests of the country. their signatures to indentures not executed They therefore carefully abstain from re- by the parties. Two of these indentures commending any interference with the have been submitted to the inspection of law as it now stands, which admit of your Committee, purporting to bind a boy binding parish apprentices to the King's or and a girl from a parish in Southwark to merchants' naval service.
a cotton manufacturer in Lancashire, and The system of binding parish appren- | though signed by two justices for the tices, in the manner in which they are county of Surrey, neither dated nor exeusually bound, to a distance from their cuted by the parish officers, nor by the parents and relations, and from those master to wliom the children were bound. parish officers whose duty it is to attend Under these indentures, however, they to their moral and physical state, is in served ; and un the failure of their master, deed highly objectionable; but the de | about two years after this binding was tails and the consequences are very little supposed to have taken place, these poor known, except to those persons to whom children, with some hundreds more, were professional employment, local situation, turned adrift on the world, one of them or accident, may have afforded the means | being at the age of nine, and the other of of inquiry and information on the subject. | ten years. There are, without doubt, instances of It is obvious that these considerations masters, who in some degree compensate apply equally to the assignment of parish to children for the estrangement which apprentices as to their original binding, frequently takes place at a very early age and therefore the restriction of distance, from their parents, and from the nurses proposed in the latter case, should be exand women to whom they are accustomed tended to all parish apprentices, who in the Work houses of London, and who during the term of their apprenticeship pay due and proper attention to the health, are assigned to another master; nor should education, and moral and religious conduct | any master have power to remove his ap. of their apprentices; but these exceptions prentice beyond the limited distance, as to the too general rule, by no means shake such power would have a direct and im. the opinion of your Committee as to the mediate tendency to defeat the object of general impolicy of such a system.
these regulations. The consideration of the inconvenience Your Committee forbear to enter into and expense brought on parishes, by bind many delails connected with the subject of ing apprentices from a distance, is of no apprenticeship of the poor, which, though weight, when compared with the more in the highest degree interesting and worimportant one of the inbumanity of the thy of the attention of the House, are yet practice: but it must not be kept out of in some measure foreign to the immediate right, that the magistrates of the Wost object of their inquiry. They cannot, Riding of Yorkshire, or of Lancashire, however, avoid mentioning the very early who are of all others the most conversant age at which many of these cbildren are with the subject, may in vain pass rezo- | bound apprentices. The evils of the sys. lutions, as they have done, declaring the tem of these distant removals, at all times
severe, and aggravating the miseries of dividuals, by which means the present poverty, are yet 'felt, more acutely and building was erected at an expense of with a greater degree of aggravation, in nearly 12,000l. sterling: the case of children of six or seven years " That during the years of trouble and of age, who are removed from the care of desolation which followed the French in. tbeir parents and relations at that tender vasion, this building became seized by time of life; and are in many cases pre- that government, and suffered the greatest maturely subjected to a laborious employ- | abuses, by being converted into an hos. ment, frequently very injurious to their pital, and afterwards a storehouse : health, and generally highly so to their That during the interval of peace in morals, and from which they cannot hope | 1802, the period was too short to reinstate to be set free under a period of fourteen or the building, and make it fit for resuming fifteen years, as, with the exception of two Divine Service; the war soon broke out, parishes only in the metropolis, they in the church was again seized by the French, variably are bound to the age of twenty- and threatened to be confiscated as a na one years.
tional domain belonging to British subWithout entering more at large into the jects, which however was with difficulty inquiry, your Committee submit, That resisted by some of your petitioners, but enough has been shown to call the atten. | who could not prevent the French govern.' tion of the House to the practicability of ment from appropriating it to the service finding employment for parish appren- of the marine, who cut down the oak tices, within a certain distance from their pews, destroyed the organ, took up the own homes, without the necessity of hav- pavement, broke all the windows and ing recourse to a practice so much at ceiling, while the roof, gutters, timbers, variance with humanity.
and principal parts of the outside of the The said Report was ordered to be church were year after year suffered to go printed.
to decay, for want of the necessary repairs;
which your petitioners had not the means PETITION FROM THE BRITISH INHABI- | or power to prevent: TANTS OF Rotterdam.] The following « The glorious successes of Great Bri. Petition from the British Inhabitants of tain and her Allies, having among other Rotterdam ; praying for pecuniary Aid to nations happily delivered this country. repair and reinstate the English Episcopal from foreign oppression, and restored to Church there; was laid before the House, it its former free and protective Governand ordered to be printed.
inent: your petitioners, anxious to be " To the Right Hon. the Lords Commis.
enabled again to assemble themselves tosioners of his Majesty's Treasury.
gether in the worship of the Church of The bumble Petition of the under. |
: England, most humbly approach your signed British Inhabitants of Rot
lordships, praying that they will be terdam, and Members of the Esta.
pleased to grant them the necessary pecu.,
niary aid to accomplish so desirable an blished Church of England,
object for the benefit of themselves and • Sheweth,
their children, as well as the numerous « That your petitioners having, until class of his Majesty's subjects constantly the year 1794, enjoyed the free use and employed in the shipping trade between comfort of their religion, were, most of Great Britain and this Country: them, from the invasion of this country « Your petitioners beg humbly to state, by the French armies, obliged to quit it, that according to an accurate survey made together with their clergyman, at that by the government architect of this deperiod :
partment of Holland, he bas reported that « That their Church is a handsome de- it will take the sum of 4,500l. sterling, to tached brick building, and was erected in put the Episcopal Church in complete 1706 and 1707, by means of the liberal repair, and reinstate the same as it was contribution of her majesty queen Anne heretofore fit for the performance of Di. of glorious memory, his grace the duke of vine Service, the brick-work and outside Marlborough, and the officers and privates shell of the building being still in good of her majesty's army and navy; to which order. were added subscriptions from the two " Your petitioners are under the neUniversities of England, dignified and cessity of stating to your lordships, their other clergy as well as nobility, and in-utter inability to raise the sum, or any
part of it, and your petitioners will still P. Becher, Catherine Bastre, Anna Mary have to provide the necessary funds for Johnston, James Henry Turin; for George the annual stipend of their clergyman, Rex Curtis, and Margaret Jackson, James whose appointment is with the right rev. Henry Turin; John Turin, Edmund Mita lord bishop of London, and whose fixed chell, J. Jones, James Smith, Robert Twiss, pay from the Crown is only net about George Craufurd, Wm. Collings, Thomas 831. sterling a year. Your petitioners Maingy, Shad' Jones, James Martin, John humbly hope your lordships will graci. Locke, Mary Lloyd, Charles Ley, Adah ously take their case into consideration; / Vardy, Jane Gibson, Mary Ann Paget, C. and, as in duty bound, they will ever R. Hake, C. Crabb, John Ferguson, Widow pray, &c.
A. Hill, Wm. Smith, John Dixon, Thomas - Rotterdam, July, 1814.
Atkinson.” “ (Signed) James Le Marchant, jun. G.
ACCOUNT RESPECTING THE Management of the Public Debt.] The following Account was laid on the table of the House :An Account of the Amount charged by the Bank of England, against the Public, for
the Management of the Public Debt, including the Charge for Contributions on Loans and Lotteries, in the Years 1792, 1793; 1813 and 1914 ; for each Year respectively; slating the Rate of Charge on the Amount of the National Debt, and on Contributions on Loans and Lotteries; and the whole Amount of such Charge
under each head respectively. Charge for Management of the Public Debt, from 5th July 1791 to 5th a. s. d. £. s. d. · July 1792, at the rate of 2.450 per Million on the Amount of the
National Debt.................................................................. 98,803 12 5 ... Do... for receiving Contributions on the Lottery, for the Service of the Year 1792.....
1,000 0 0
99,803 12 5 CHARGE for Management of the Public Debt, from the 5th July 1792
to the 5th July 1793, at the rate of £.450 per Million on the
Amount of the National Debt .............................................. 98,273 19 3 ...Do...for receiving Contributions on the Loan for the Service of the Year 1793, at the rate of £.805 15 10 per Million ............ .....3,626 1 3 .......Do............on the Lottery............... Do ...... 1,000 0 0
-- 102,900 6 Charge for Management of the Public Debt, for one Year ending 5th
April 1814, at the Rate of £.340 per Million on £.600,000,000 of the National Debt, and at the rate of £.300 per Million on the Remainder ..........
...... 217,665 9 1 ...Do......Do......of Life Annuities for Do......... at the rate of £.310
per Million on the amount of Stock transferred ........ .............. 678 15 3 ...Do...for receiving Contributions on the Loan for the Service of the Year 1813, at the rate of £.800 per Million ........
21,600 0 Do...for........Do.....on Debentures.........Do...... Do.........
659 8 9 ...Do...for .....Do......00 Six Lotteries ...Do... at the rate of £.1,000, for each Contract ....
3,000 0 0
---213,553 il CHARGE for Management of the Public Debt, for oue Year ending the
5th April 1815, at the rate of £.340 per Million on £.600,000,000 of the National Debt, and at the rate of £.300 per Million on the Remainder ............
............ 241,971 4 21 ...Do...Do......of Life Annuities, for Do....., at the rate of £.340 per Million on the Amount of Stock transferred...........
. 793 3 7 ...Do...for receiving Contributions on the First Loan, for the Service of the Year 1814, at the Rate of £.800 per Million...........
17,600 0 0 ...Do......Do......on the Second Loan, for.........Do.........DO ......... 19,198 19 2 ...Do......Do......on Four Lotteries, for............Do......... at the rate of £1,000 for each Contract................ ........
2,000 0 0
----281,568 6 111
£.727,855 11 54 RECAPITULATION : The Total Amount of Charge of Management............................... Q£.658,191 2 3 : ................ Do ............ for receiving Contributions on Loans ...... 62,025 0 5 ................ Do ............................Do..................on Debentures 639 8 9 ................ Do ...........................Do...................on Lotteries... 7,000 0 0
HOUSE OF LORDS.. person referred to from power, and se-
condly, the provision of adequate means
against his return to power, in order to Escape Of BUONAPARTE FROM ELBA.) avert the resurrection of that mischief The Marquis Wellesley rose, pursuant to which had so long agitated and afflicted potice, to call the attention of the House mankind. On the propriety of guarding to the Treaty entered into with Buona. against such peril, he calculated upon the parté at the conclusion of the late concurrence and sanction of the noble earl war. Notwithstanding, he said, the com- (Liverpool); yet what was the conduct of manding situation which we , occupied our minister upon the occasion alluded to? at the close of that war, and notwith. On that occasion, he contended, it was standing the glorious achievements which the duty of our Government to take th we had performed in the course of it, a lead. Inasmuch as it had taken such a work if not so glorious, yet still more distinguished lead in carrying on ibe war, important, remained to be accomplished, and in bringing it to such a glorious ler. namely, to provide for the complete and mination, it became the province of this permanent exclusion from power of that country to take a transcendent part in the person who had so long continued to dis transaction upon which he was about turb, or he might say, to desolate the to animadvert. Our Government, then, world. With respect to the character of should not have shrunk from its duty; and that person, he bad on both sides of the it had a most important duty to perform-House expressed, as he entertained, one not a duty, perhaps, so much covered with uniform opinion. He had ever considered laurels, but one certainly as important to that person as the main spring of the system the happiness of mankind, and to the inwhich it was peculiarly the duty and the terests of this country, as any that could interest of this country to resist; but be imagined; for it then remained to although he had so regarded that person, arrange how the world was to be protceted although he had viewed in him the from the return of that calamity to which most active and efficient advocate or it had been so long subjected. After all leader of that system which the French the sufferings and endurances which this Revolution had produced, still he had country had undergone after greater never ceased to think that person most sufferings, perhaps, than any nation in the likely to expose this very system to de history of the world had ever experienced struction, provided there was sufficient -after we had so nobly and gloriously concert among the Powers of Europe to struggled, our minister was bound to take, avail themselves of his errors. So that nay, bound to insist upon a lead in the from the character of that very person, transaction that was completely to termi. who was the champion of this perilous nate the conflict, by putting an end for system, he was led to calculate upon its ever to the power of that person who was dissolution, provided the other Powers ils principal cause and support. But this were in a state to take advantage of the duty was neglected, and the opportunity circumstances which his indiscretion was was lost of rendering a most material likely to create. Such were the general service to Europe and to this country. principles which prevailed in his mind, Ministers, however, offered some excuse and he must suppose that such was the for their conduct, in declining to do that impression of the noble lords on the minis. which ought to have been done, and from terial bench; for they always declared which no rational or firm statesman would that they considered the person alluded have shrunk:-but this excuse was really to as the main, if not the sole, spring of such, that he should have thought it a libel the system against which this country upon ministers to advance that which was had waged war, and of course, according gravely stated in the Papers upon the
o their sentiment, the permanent exclusion table. In these Papers it was alleged, of that person from power was a most truly, that another Power had entered into important object to this country and to the an engagement before ourminister came up, world. Under these circumstances, then, that is, a day or two before our minister's he could scarcely apprehend any contro. arrival at Paris; and nothing, therefore, versy upon this proposition--that the two remained for our minister, but to accede first objects for consideration, when the to that engagement, or to continue the Allies were in possession of Paris and of war, and to involve France in convulsion. France, were, first, the exclusion of the Such was the allegation; or excuse, and he (VOL. XXX. )
I (2 N)
declared that he should have been ashamed line of conduct adopted? When the to prefer that as an accusation against Allies were in possession of Paris, they these ministers, which they themselves declared they would not treat with that stated as a defence for their conduct. He person. The doctrine was, indeed, gene. would ask, whether there could not, and rally promulgated, and particularly by whether there should not have been some | ministers, that no treaty was held bind. general concert among the Allies, as to ing by that man that there was no secu. the course to be pursued upon the proba-rity whatever for his observance of any bility of such an event, or something obligation; yet, in the instance under nearly similar? What, in fact, was ad consideration, a treaty was concluded vanced by ministers as an excuse, formed with that person, for the observance of an aggravation of their misconduct. For, which there was no security whatever but from the reduced power, from the dis- | his own. Such was the faith reposed in tressed state of Buonaparté, there was him, who was said to be utterly incapable every reason to calculate that he was of any faith; and this faith, too, was likely to fall into the hands of the Allies. reposed on a point of the utmost importe Yet such a result never appears to have ance to France, to Europe, and to the been contemplated, and therefore no pro- world. Yet for the accession of our vision was made for it. His belief was, minister to such an extraordinary prothat in point of fact the success which had ceeding the main excuse advanced is the occurred was never anticipated, or at least previous acquiescence of another Power, to the extent to which it took place. But, and this is the apology for relying upon even ordinary statesmen, much less states. the promise of a man whose faith would men in any degree capable of managing not be relied upon in any other transac. the great transaction to which he referred, tion whatever." Our minister stated, that ought to have foreseen and provided for he truly had an objection to the provi. such a result. For himself, he was ready | sions of the Treaty with Buonaparté, but to declare that he had always looked for, that his objection was over-ruled, not only nay, that he had always felt confident of by the previous engagement of Russia, complete success. But miserable must be but by a consideration of the internal state the mind, abject and wretched the intellect and general condition of France. To this of those who never contemplated the suc- statement he should only say, that the cess of that principle which they had so plea of this minister furnished a proof of long struggled to attain, and always de- the want of that due precaution and foreclared attainable, while they made no sight to which he had already referred ; concert whatever with their allies in the while he had no hesitation in asserting, event of that success-while they arranged | that it completely proved the general in. no ultimate provision for the great object capacity of ministers; and this was the of their struggle.
answer he would give to the noble earl's Hence, when the success took place, all contemptuous mode of expressing himself. was hurry and confusion there was no ! (Hear, hear ! on the Opposition benches.) time for deliberation, and there being no | He repeated, that ministers manifested a previous arrangement, the opportunity was total want of providence and foresight. lost of securing to this country and the But they were not, in fact, by any means world the great benetfis of the just fruits prepared for the result which placed Boo. of victory. Thus, from improvidence, an naparte in their power; and it was known, engagement was entered into the most that if it were not for the infatuation of dangerous and the most disgraceful this that person, which betrayed him into false country had ever concluded. To this en. | movements, such an event might not have gagement, therefore, he contended, that taken place. Of this, indeed, he was asthis country ought never to have acceded. sured by competent observers, who were The first point he maintained was, that with the army at the time, and whose our ministers should have been, by con- évidence he was ready to adduce at the cert with the Allies, prepared for the bar. But yet he was prepared to contend, event of the war; and the second, that it that Buonaparté was not, under any view, was the duty of this country on that event in such a situation as to command such to take a lead with a view to provide for terms as the Treaty under consideration the gratification of all our hopes, by contained—such as, he maintained, were guarding against the possible revival of inconsistent with our security and that of Buonaparte's power. But what was the Europe. Admitting, however, the capa.