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THE

FARMER’S ALMANACK,

CALCULATED ON A NEW AND IMPROVED PLAN,

FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD

1841,

9
Being first after Bissextile or Leap Year, and 65 American

Independence.
Fitted to the city of Boston, but will answer for the adjoining States.
Containing, besides the large number of Astronomical Calculations,
and the Farmer's Calendar for every month in the year,

as great a variety as any other Almanack, of
NEW, USEFUL AND ENTERTAINING MATTER.

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PUBLISHED AND SOLD BY JENKS & PALMER.
Sold, also, by most Booksellere and Traders throughout the New England States.
[Entered, according to act of Congress, in the year 1940, by Charles J. Hendee, in the Clerk's Office of

the District Court cf Massachuselis.)

OS55

TO PATRONS AND CORRESPONDENTS. Our annual tribute is again due to the friends of the Farmer's Almanack; stimula. ted by their long.continued and increasing patronage, we feel anxious to sustain the unprecedented reception we have so long had the happiness to enjoy ; while our numerous competitors are freely assuming our title.

W.H. B. Jr.'s Enigma is wanting in many of the requisites in writing a good Enigma. We have received many offerings of the kind, which bear evident marks of juniorism, which, for our own and the authors' credit, we have withholden from public inspection for this reason only.

Our respected friend J. W. D. is gratefully recognised, to whom we owe our best respects for his acceptable annual contributions to our little work. We feel willing to remunerate him for his constant and unremitting labor,-if he will be so good as to call at the publishers' store. We are sorry to notice that our

correspondents are less numerous the year past than usual, and more particularly our Mathematical friends ; true, ono or two of them have deceased. We shall ever be happy to receive any new improvement in Agriculture, art or science adapted to our small work, as also useful or diverting and amusing Essays, Anecdotes, Enigmas, &c.

NOTE.-Aų communications must be made by the first day of August, to insure an insertion the ensuing year.

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THE NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE PLANETS.
The Sun.

Mars.
O( The Moon.

* Jupiter.
Mercury.

h Saturn Venus.

Herschel © The Earth.

THE NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE ASPECTS. 6 Conjunction, or in the same & Opposition, 180 degrees. degree.

8 Dragon's Head, or ascend* Sextile, 60 degrees.

ing Node. Quartile, 90 degrees.

8 Dragon's Tail, or descend. A Trine, 120 degrees.

ing Node.

OLD AND NEW STYLE. The Julian Year; introduced by Julius Cæsar, 45 years before the Birth of CHRIST, made every fourth year, without exception, a leap year. This, however, was an over correction; for it supposed the length of the tropical year to be 6554 days, which is too great, and induces an error of days in 900 years. Accordingly, as early as the year 1414, it was perceived that the equinoxes were gradually moving from the 21st of March and September, where they ought always to have fallen, had the Julian year been exact. A new reform of the calendar was thus required; and it took place under the popedom of Gregory XIII. by the omission of 10 nominai days after the 4th of Oc. tober, 1582, so that the next day was called the 15th, and not the 5th.

This change was immediately adopted in all Roman Catholic countries, but tardily in the countries of Protestantism.

In England, THE CHANGE OF STYLE, as it was called, took place after the 2d day of September, 1752, eleven nominal days being then struck out; so that the last day of Old Style being the 2d, the first of New Style, (the next day,) was called the 14th, instead of the 3d. The same legislative enactment which established the Gregorian year in England in 1752, shortened the preceding year, 1751, by a full quarter. Previous to that time, the year was held to begin with the 25th of March, and the year 1751 accordingly did so; but that year was not suffered to run out, being supplanted on the 1st of January by the year 1752, which it was enacted should commence on that day.

Russia is now the only country in Europe in which the old style is still adhered to, and the difference between the European and Russian dates amounts, at present, 26 about two weeks.

UNITED STATES HOTEL IN BOSTON. This Hotel is the largest public house in New England; situated at the termination of the Norwich, Western and Worcester Railroad. It is six stories high, contain: ing about 300 rooms. As many as 500 persons can find accommodations. It has been erected at an expense of $200,000.

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There will be six Eclipses this year, four of the Sun, and two of the Moon.

I. The first will be a small eclipse of the Sun, on the 22d day of January, near 12 at noon; invisible to all on the earth; visible only in the southmost ocean. II. The second will be a total eclipse of the Moon, February the 5th, as follows: Beginning,

7h 36m Total immersion,

8 30 Middle,

9 16
End of total darkness, 10 10

Mean time, even.
End,

11 6 Duration of total darkness, 1 40 III. The third will be a very small eclipse of the Sun, February 21st, 6h. 37m, in morning, invisible, except in the most northern latitudes.

IV. The fourth, likewise, will be a small eclipse of the Sun, July 18th, 9h. 29m. in morning, invisible in the United States.

V. The fifth will be a lotal eclipse of the Moon, partly visible, August 2d, as follows, viz: Beginning,

3h 19m
Beginning of total darkness, 4 25 Mean time, morn.

Moon sets nearly totally ecl., 4 55 VI. The sixth will be another small eclipse of the Sun, August 16th, 4h. 49m. in the evening, visible only in the extreme southern latitudes.

Very cold.

OBSERVATIONS on the Weather, &c., the year past, beginning September 1st, 1839,

and ending August 31st, 1840. September-13th, 1839, at night, first frost worth noticing—the month generally fine and pleasant, though rather dry-little rain fell during the month.

October 4th, hard frost which reaches high lands--12th, dry and pleasant-21st, a powerful rain-26th, continues pleasant to the end of the month.

November-6th, very fine for several days—13th, generally pleasant since the month came in-230, very cold, mer. down to 12 deg. above zero in the morning.-28th, very fine again to the end of the month.

December-3d, some snow, the first to whiten the ground-gone directly-8th and 9th, much rain and high wind from S. W.-15th, snow and rain--16th, continues snowing and blowing until the snow was 2 feet on a level, and so drifted and com. pact that shovelling was resorted to to move cattle-most snow falling at once that has been for 40 years past-27th and 28th, fell 12 inches of snow with rain--30th, ? feet snow and very solid, bearing a man ; no breaking out without shovelling, and

January--Ist, 1840, cold, and snow deep-10th, 2 inches snow and very light12th, very cold week, mer. 15 deg. below zero-21st, very fine--23d high wind at N. W.

February-Ist, snowy-5th, very cold, mer. 6 deg. below zero--8th, thawy and mild-220, no sleighing in the road. The month generally pleasant.

March-2d, remarkably fine--snow out of the road-7th, high winds and cold17th, 4 inches wet snow—23d, cold and rough. Month rather cold-No. of snows, 12 -depth, 6 feet.

April-2 Fast-20th, very fine for some days-28th, much rain, rain streams higk.

May-4th and 5th, very rainy-18th, extreme warmth, mer. 74 dog.-20th, cool winds.

June-Ist, misty_5th, fine--llth, rain begins to be wanted—13th, fine, but dryEnglish grass very forward and abundant-many are haying.

July 4th, fine but dry--7th, vegetation hegins to droop_15th, great heat, mer. up to 90 deg:- 19th, light shower, first for five weeks past—29th, some rain.

August-3d, continues dry--Šth, extreme dry-vegetation has suffered much, early potatoes in particular, the tops withered up, and will grow no more, rain or no rain-Indian corn on dry lands becomes white-Ilth, thunder and lightning, and some rain-13th, some--20th, great heat-23d, powerful rain-vegetation revives.Hay, bountiful crops- Indian corn forward, crop medium-potatoes very light-fruits plenty, especially apples and peaches-nuts doubtful.

LEGAL TENDER OF GOLD AND SILVER COIN. American Eagle coined prior to

French Napoleon, 4 dwt. 3} gr. is, $3 86 July 31, 1834, 270 gr. is, $10 66 Spanish Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is,

1 00 Half Eagle, 135 gr. is, 5 33 Mexican Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr.is,

1 00 Eagles coined since July, 1834, 10 00 Peruvian Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is, 100 Parts in proportion.

Chili Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is, 1 00 Doubloon, 17 dwt. 8 gr. is, 15 58 | Central America, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is,. 1 00 Half Johannas, 9 dwt. is,

8 53 French Five Franc Piece, 16 dwt. io, 93 British Sovereign, 5 dwt. 34 gr. is, 4 87

do.

Harvard College.--Ist. From the end of the first term, six weeks. 2d, from the end of the second term, to Friday after Commencement; the academical year being divided into two terms of 20 weeks each.

Amherst College.--Commencement, six weeks. Second Wednesday in January, two weeks. First Wednesday in May, two weeks.

Yale College.--Commencement, six weeks. First Wednesday in January, two weeks. Last Wednesday in April, four weeks.

Burlington College.--Commencement, four weeks. First Wednesday in January, eight weeks.

Dartmouth College.--Commencement, four weeks. Last Monday in December, six and a half weeks. Thursday preceding the last Wednesday in May, two and a half weeks.

Providence College.- December 10th, three weeks. March 31st, three weeks. July 21st, till Commencement.

Williamstown College.-Commencement, four weeks. Wednesday after third Wednesday in December, six weeks. First Wednesday in May, three weeks.

Middlebury College.---Commencement, four weeks. Last Wednesday in November, one week. Second Wednesday in February, two weeks. Third Wednesday in May, two weeks.

Boudoin College.—Commencement, three weeks. Friday after the third Wednes. day in December, eight weeks. Friday after the third Wednesday in May, two weeks.

EXECUTIVE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES. Salary: MARTIN VAN BUREN, New York, President,

825,000 RICHARD M. JOHNSON, Kentucky, Vice-President,

5,000 John Forsyth,

Georgia,
Secretary of State,

6,000 James K. Paulding,

New York, Secretary of the Navy, 6,000 Joel R. Poinsett, South Carolina, Secretary of War,

6,600 Levi Woodbury,

New Hampshire,

Secretary of the T'reasury, 6,000 John M. Niles,

Connecticut, Postmaster. General, 6,000 Henry D. Gilpin, Pennsylvania, Attorney-General,

4,000 AMERICAN PRESIDENTS. George Washington, Born Feb. 22, 1732 Inaug. 1789 Term expired 66th yr. of age. John Adams,

Oct. 19, 1735

1797

do. Thomas Jefferson,

April 2, 1743

1801 James Madison,

Mar. 5, 1751

1809

do. James Monroe,

April 2, 1759

1817

do. John Quincy Adams,

July 11, 1766

1825

63d. Andrew Jackson, Mar. 15, 1767 * 1829

70th Martin Van Buren, Dec. 5, 1782

1837

RATE OF POSTAGE. Every letter of a single sheet, not over 30 miles, 6 cents; over 30 and not exceeding 80, 10 cents; over 80 and not exceeding 150, 124 cents; over 150 and not exceeding 400, 184 cents; over 400, 25 cents.

Letters composed of two pieces of paper, double postage; three pieces, triple, and four pieces, quadruple.

Packets composed of one or more pieces of paper, or one or more other articles, and weighing one ounce, quadruple those rates, and in proportion for all greater weight.

Every article sent in the mail, which is not either a newspaper, magazine, pam. phlet, or legislative journal, is subject to letter postage, excepting printers' bills to their subscribers, which may be sent in a newspaper, magazine, &c.

Every ship letter, originally received at an office for delivery, 6 cents, and if for. warded by post, with the addition of two cents to the ordinary rates of postage.

Letters by steam-boats are subject to postage as if carried all the way by land.

Newspapers, not over 100 miles, 1 cent; over 100 miles, lf cent; to any distance in the state where printed, I cent. Magazines and pamphlets, not over 100 miles, 4 cents per sheet, that is, 4 cents for every 4 pages folío, 8 quarto, 16 octavo, or 24 duodecimo, or of a smaller size ; over 100 miles, 6 cents. But if published periodically, the postage is, not over 100 miles, if cent; over 100 miles, 2 cents. Magazines and pamphlets must be marked with the number of sheets they contain.

home COMMON NOTES FOR 1841. Golden Number

18

Dominical Letter
Cycle of the Sun

23. Epacta

7 The Names and Characters of the Troelde Signs of the ZODIAC. Dogo Aries, head.

6 Libra, reins. 1.8 Taurus, neck.

mig m Scorpio, secrets. * 2 I Gemini, arms.

8 | Sagittarius, thighs. zise 3 Cancer, breast. 1970 Capricornus, knees. 4 & Leo, heart.

10 m Aquarius, legs. 5 mg Virgo, belly.

11 * Pisces, feet.

TABLE OF SIMPLE INTEREST AT SIX PER CENT.
1 Week 1 Month.) 1 Year.

1 Week 1 Months 1 Year. Principal.

Principal.
D. c. m. D. c. m. D. c. m.

D. c. m. D. c. m. D. C. m.

Cts. 20 0 0

1 2 | Dolls. 200 2 50 10 1 20 30 0 0 1 1 8

300 3 70 15 1 80 40 0 1 2

400 5 00 20 2 40 50 0 2

500 6 20 25 3 00 60 2

600 7 50 30 3 60 70

700 8 70 35 4 20 80 3

8010 10 00 40 4 80 90

9010

20

45 5 40 Dolls. 1

1002 12

50 6 00 2000 25

01

00 12 00 18

3000 37 51 50 18 00 24

4000 50 02 00 24 00 2 30

5000 62 52 50 30 00 3 36 60010 75 03 00

36 00 3 42

7000 87 53 50 42 00 9 48

8001 00 04 00 148 00 9 1 0 5 54 9001 12 54 50

54 00 101 1 1

60
1000'1 25 015 00

160 00 N. B. To understand the use of this table--against 2 dolls. for one week, you will find the interest to be 1 mill-one month, 1 çent-one year, 12 cents.

OTA LA WOOOOOOOOOO

50

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OOOOOOOOOOOONOOMA ON

YEARLY AND QUARTERLY MEETINGS OF FRIENDS IN N. ENGLAND.

Yearly meeting, beginning with select do., 7th day after 2d 6th day, 6th month, 9th hour morn.,

at Portsmouth, R. I.-Public meeting for worship Ist day following at Newport and Portsmouth, 10th hour morn. and 4th after. Meeting for business at Newport 2d day following, 9th hour morn.

This yearly meeting comprises the Quarterly Meetings of Rhode Island, Salem, Sandwich, Falmouth, Smithfield, Vassalborough, and Dover, held as follows, viz: Rhode Island-On the 1st 5th day, 8th month, Portsmouth; 1st 5th day, 11th month, Somerset; Ist 5th day, 2d month, Providence; Ist 5th day, 5th month, East Green. wich. Salem-On the 4th 5th day, 5th month, Saybrook ; 3d 5th day, 8th month, Lynn; 3d 5th day, 10th month, Ware; 3d 5th day, 1st month, Salem.SandwichOn the 1st 5th days, 4th and 12th months, New Bedford; Ist 5th day, 7th month, Nantuckct; Ist 5th day, 10th month, Sandwich. Falmouth-On the 5th day before the 1st 6th day in the month, at Windham, in the 2d and 9th months; at Falmouth, in the 6th, and at Durham in the 11th. Smith field-On the 2d 5th day, 8th month, Bolton ; 21 5th day, Ilth month, Northbridge; 2d 5th day, 2d month, Smithfield ; 2d 5th day, 5th month, Northbridge. Vassalborough-On the 5th day before thé 2d 6th day, 2d, 9th, and 11th months; and the 5th day before the last 6th day, 5th month, Vassalborough." Dover, N. H.-On the 4th 5th day in the month; at Dover, in the 41h; at North Berwick, in the 8th; at Sandwich, in the 10th; and ai Rochester, upper meeting, (Meaderborough,) in the 1st.

LIST OF BROKEN BANKS IN NEW ENGLAND. Corrected by J. W. Clarke go Co., Globe Bank Building, Boston. Burrilville, Rhode Island.

Passamaqnoddy, Eastport, Me. Commonwealth, Boston.

Wiscasset. Maine. Chelsea Bank, Chelsea, Mass. Roxbury Bank, Roxbury. Castine, Maine.

Oxford, Fryburg, Mc.
Derby, Connecticut.

Wolfborough, N. H.
Eagle, New Haven, Conn.

Essex, Guildhall, Vt.
Franklin, at South Boston.

Old Town, Orono, Me, Farmers', Belchertown, Mass.

Farmers' and Mechanica', Adams, Kennebec, Maine.

South Village, Mass.
Lafayette, South Boston.

Middling Interest, Boston.
Nahant Bank, Lynn, Mass.
List of Banks in New England whose Charters have expired.-*Kilby

Bank, *Fulton Bank, *Hancock Bank, Commonwealth Bank, *Commercial Bank, Boston, Mass ; Chelsea Bank; Nahant Bank, Lynn; Sutton Bank, Wilkinsonville, Mass. ; Farmers' and Mechanics", Pawtucket, R. I.; Bath Bank ; Winthrop Bank ; Bangor Bank; Saco Bank, Maine; Kennebunk Bank, at Arundel, Me.; Damariscotta Bank, at Damariscotta, Maino; *Old Cumberland Bank, Portland; Newburyport Bank; *Waterville Bank; Concord, (Sparhawk, cashier,) N. H.; *Mendon Bank; Phønix Bank, Nantucket; *Hampshire Bank, at Northampton, Mass.

* The bills of these banks are still paid.

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