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Aug, 23. 1807
FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD
Being 3rd after Bissextile or Leap Year, and 71 st of Am. Independence.
Fitted to the city of Boston, but will answer for the adjoining States. Containing, besides the large number of Astronomical Calculations,
and the Farmer's Calendar for every month in the year,
as great a variety as any other Almanack of NEW, USEFUL, AND ENTERTAINING MATTER.
ESTABLISWED IN 1793,
BY ROBERT B. THOMAS.
Be gracious, Heaven! and when laborious man
Clerk's Office of the District Court of Massachusetts.)
TO PATRONS AND CORRESPONDENTS. In presenting to our friends the Fifty-fifth Number of the Almanac, our pleasure is saddened by deep and heartfelt regrei, at having to announce the death of the senior editor of the work, whose name it bears. He died May 19th, 1846, aged 80, after a long and useful life, beloved and respected by all who knew him, in deed and in truth, "that noblest work of God, an honest man.” We feel that it is due to him, that this testimony to the purity of his character should be recorded here. He was a man of strong practical good sense, “ kind of heart and open of hand,” virtuous, upright, and scrupulously honorable in all his dealings.
Previous to Mr. T.'s death, arrangements were made with the Publishers of the Almanac, for its continuance, and matter for succeeding numbers having been fur nished us, it will be issued annually as heretofore, and we hope, with the assistance and encouragement of the friends of the work, numerous and kind as they have ever been, to continue the Almanae, (the ollest one in the country,) through the present century, at least.
Under these circumstances, and from respect to the memory of Mr. T. who first planned the Almanac, and has edited it so long, and whose name is associated with it in the minds of the friends of the work, that name will always be connected with it in future as in past time.
We trust as its old familiar face greets those who have been its friends for many years, it will ever be found as worthy of their patronage and regard, as in its, and their own, more youthful days, and increasing in usefulness as it increases in years, its hundredth number, greeting in mutual prosperity, them, their children, or their children's children, may be found the same valued companion that it has ever been.
No pains or expense have been spared to make the Almanac conect, in its various particulars, where corrections were required. The Courts have been revised by the most recent records of changes in the times of holding them, and it will be our aim to keep them correct in future numbers.
J. W. D. and B. B., (who has been our contributor for forty years,) will please accept our thanks for their contributions. We hope they will continue their favors.
Our acknowledgments are due to A. F., J. W. W., and M. T.; also to Mr. J. W., of E. G. in Rhode Island, who sent us the revised Courts in that state.
The Fitchburg R. R. made one dividend of 4 per cent. in 1845, the road not having been in operation the whole year. In a few copies, Florida was accidentally inserted as a territory, on page 45. The State was admitted to the Union in 1845, with 3 Electoral votes.
We shall feel obliged for any corrections of Courts, &c., and if correspondents and friends will forward their favors, directed to the Editor of the Old Farmer's Almanac, care of the Publishers, by the first of July in each year, they will meet attention.
Gift of A.E. Writoont of transocki, WN
OBSERVATIONS ON THE WEATHER THE YEAR PAST, COMMENCING SEPT. 1, 1845, AND
September - 3d, 1845, fine rain; Sth to 12th, pleasant; 13th, white frost: 14th, SE rain all day; 15th, fine; 21st, rain all day ; 234, some white frost ; 241h, NE storm; 27th to 30th, pleasant.
October - 1st, rain; 5th and 6th, rain ; 8th, pleasant ; 9th to 11th, east storm; 12th, rain; 13th, pleasant ; 16th and 17th, hard frost; 21st, very cold; 27th, pleasant.
November-20, east storm till 4ih, P. M., with thunder and lightning; 5th, pleasant; 18th, rain; 24th, pleasant; 271h, rain, Thanksgiving ; 301h, first snow.
December -- Ist, heavy rain; 2d, pleasant; 4th, 3 inches snow, A. M., rain, P. N.; 5th, trees covered with ice, sleighing; 22d, rain, sleighing gone; 20th, 2 inches snow; 21st to 23d, pleasant : 25th and 26th, snow storm, excellent sleighing.
January -1, 1846, pleasant; 2d, rain, sleighing gone; 30 to 6th, pleasant; 7th, rain; 17th, NE snow storm, about 10 inches snow, badly drifted; 220, blustering and cold; 26th, sleighing gone ; 30ih and 31st, rain, very muddy.
February — Ist, storm continues; 7th, light snow ; 8th to Oth, pleasant ; Ilth, easterly snow storm --5 inches snow; 12th, pleasant, excellent sleighing ; 15th, very severe snow storm, with high wind, 12 inches snow; 191h, coldest morning; 20th, violent yale and snow storm; 26th, very cold and windy.
March — 1st, pleasant; 14th, rain; 15th, snow all gone; 16th, easterly storm; 17th, pleasant, but windy; 24th, blue-birds appear ; 25th to 26th, easterly storm; 28th, pleasant.
April - 1st to 8th, pleasant; 15th, rain; 16th to 29th, pleasant; 28th, cherries and plums full blossom; 30th, rain. Very dry April.
May -- Ist, pleasant, A. M., rain, P. M.; 7th, white frost ; 10th, rain ; 13th, pleasant, white frost ; 21st, frost near Boston ; 23d and 24th, rain; 25th to 31st, rainy.
June - 1st, cloudy, A. M., pleasant, P. M.; 4th, pleasant, very warm ; 6th, cool; 19th, showers, with thunder ; 201h, storm with lightning; 220 to 29th, rather cool.
July - 1st, easterly rain all day ; 2d to 6th, pleasant ; 10th, very hot; 11th, very hot, with shower, P. M. ; 13th, pleasant and cool ; 18th, rain, wind east; 23d, heavy shower; 25th, NE storm ; 28th to 31st, pleasant.
August - Ist to 9ih, pleasant; 10th, heavy showers, with much thunder and lightning; 11th to 15th, pleasant. Grass this season better than usual, English grain and corn uncommonly fine ; fruits fair; apples rather scarce; nuts very plenty.
Sir, I say, that it is EMPLOYMENT that makes the people IIAPPY."-Webster.
ECLIPSES IN 1847.
I. The Moon will be partially eclipsed March 31st; invisible at this place, but vis ible to nearly the whole of the Eastern Continent.
II. The Sun will be totally eclipsed April 141h and 15th; invisible here. The line of central and total eclipse will pass over the Indian Ocean, and the northern part of Australia.
III. The Moon will be partially eclipsed September 24th-invisible.
IV. The Sun will be annularly eclipsed October 9th-invisible at this place. This eclipse will be visible to the whole of Europe, nearly the whole of Asia, and the northern part of Africa.
THE NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE PLANETS.
The Earth. h Saturn.
H Herschel Mercury.
A Pallas. 24 Jupiter. Venus.
THE NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE ASPECTS. o Conjunction, or in the same degree. Opposition, 180 degrees. * Sexiile, 60 degrees.
Dragon's Head, or Ascending Node. o Quartile, 90 degrees.
Dragon's Tail, or Descending Node. A Trine, 120 degrees.
THE NEW ENGLAND STATES-MASSACHUSETTS-BOSTON.
The New England States had in 1910, 2,235,000 inhabitants. New York state had then 2,400.000. (London, the greatest length of which is 8 miles, had, in 1011, 2,103,000.) Massachusetts has the densest population of any state in the Union, being 94 io the square mile, Rhode Island has 80, Connecticut 66, New Hampshire 30, Vermont 2s, Maine 15, leaving off fractions in each case. The last three being engaged largely in agriculture will account for the lowness of the ratio. The people of Massachusetts annually produce 50 per cent. more property than any equal population in the United States. Though not one sixth of New York in extent, she has 700 miles of rail-roads in operation, while New York has only about half this. Vermont, of the several States, takes the lead in the amount produced by agriculture per head, and must be considered the most thrifty and industrious state
in this respect. The average number of inhabitants each square mile in the United States is 161. In England the population to a square mile is 260; if Massachusetts was as densely peopled it would contain about 2,000,000, or nearly as any inhabitants as the whole New England States did in 1840. If the whole United States were as populous per square mile as England, they would contain 270 millions of persons. According to the existing ratio of increase, this will be brought about in 100 years. In a summary of industrial statistics of Massachusetts, compiled hy J. G. Palfrey, Esq., Secretary of State, agreeably to instructions from the Legislature, to the year ending April, 1845, a copy of which is before us, he gives the amount of 114 millions of dollars as the annual product of in dustry in this state, and the capital employed in various pursuits, as 59 millions. Number of hands employed in those pursuits 153 thousand. The cattle and stock re. turned were about 802 ihousand-value, 10 and a quarter millions of dollars. The citizens of Boston alone have 20 millions of dollars invested in rail-roads; they have bestowed, within the present century, upon various objects, educational, charitable, and miscellaneous, nearly five millions of dollars. The people of the New England States have never been so energetic in efforts for Education as now. Mass., Vt., and R. I. have taken the lead in the cause, and the other States are fast following their noble example, thus laying the best foundation for permanent prosperity.
HOME QUESTIONS FOR THE NEW YEAR. Do you take receipts for the cash you pay away? A receipt book costs but little, and it would take many to pay the expenses of one lawsuit. Do you absolutely forbid the putting of ashes into wooden boxes, barrels, or other things of wood, in or about your preprises ? Do you know two worse incendiaries than neglected ashes and friction matches about the house? Look out for them! Would not it be better, conduce more to our own happiness and that of those around us, if, instead of trying to see in how many things we differed, and could argue about. we tried to find in how many points we could agree? Good farmers say that a plough-share should always be kept bright! Do you know of a better way of keeping yours so, than by constantly working it through your soil? Have you a regular habit of doing what you are to do. promptly at the proper time, without procrastination? Are your children regular in their attendance at school? Do you forbid the use of fire-arms about your premises? Do you realize that you are unjust as well as annoying when you are not punctual ? and that it is no more "three o'clock until it is four,'' as tardy people sometimes say, than it is New Year's day until December? Are all your family vaccinated ?
COLLEGE VACATIONS. HARVARD.-Ist, from the end of the first term, 6 w.; 2d, from the end of the second term, to Fri. after Com. ; the academical year being divided into 2 terms of 20 weeks each, and beginning at Com., the 4th Wed. of Aug.
AMHERST.-Com. on the 2d Thur. of Aug. Vacation 4 w. from Com. ; 6 w. from the Wed. preceding the annual Thanksgiving; 2 w. from the 3d Wed. of April.
YALE.- Com. 6 w. (34 Thur. in Aug.) First Wed. in Jan., 2 w. Last Wed. in April, 4 w. BURLINGTON.-Com., 4 w. 1st Wed. in Dec. 8 w. and I w. from 2d Wed. in May. DARTMOUTH.-Com. last
. Thur. of July. Vacation, 4 w. from Com., 7 w. beginning in Nov., and two w. in May.
PROVIDENCE.- Dec. 10th, 3 w. March 31st, 3 w. July 21st, till Com.
WILLIAMSTOWN.-Com. 4 w. Wed. after 3d Wed. in Dec., 6 w. First Wed. in May, 3 w.
MIDDLEBURY.Com. 4. w. Last Wed. in Nov. 8 w. 1 w. from 4th Wed. in April.
Bowdoin.-Com., 4 w. Fri. after the 3d Wed. in Dec. 8 w. Fri, after the 3d Wed. in May, 2 w.
EXECUTIVE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES, (Aug. 1846.) JAMES K. POLK, Tennessee,
$25,000 George M. Dallas, Pennsylvania,
5,000 James Buchanan,
Secretary of State,
6,000 George Bancroft,
6,000 William L. Marcy,
6,000 Robert J. Walker, Mississippi, Secretary of the T'reasury, 6,000 Cave Johnson,
6.000 John Y. Mason, Virginia,
AMERICAN PRESIDENTS. George Washington, Born Feb. 22, 1732 Inaug. 1789 Term exp'd 66th yr. of age. John Adams,
Oct. 19, 1735
do. Thomas Jefferson, April 2, 1743 1801
do. James Madison,
March 5, 1751
do. James Monroe,
April 2, 1759 1817 John Quincy Adams, July 11, 1767 1825
63d. Andrew Jackson,
March 15, 1767
70th. Martin Van Buren, Dec. 5, 1782 1837
59th. William Henry Harrison, Feb. 9, 1773
69th. John Tyler,
March 29, 1790
5lst. James K. Polk,
COMMON NOTES FOR 1847.. Golden Number 5 Dominical Letter C. Roman Indiction 5 of the Sun 8 Epact
14 Julian Period 6560 THE NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE TWELVE SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC. o qp Aries, head.
R Leo, heart.
8 # Sagittarius, thighs. 1 8 Taurus, neck.
in Virgo, belly.
91 Capricornus, knees, 2 0 Gemini, arms. 6 - Libra, reins.
10. Aquarius, legs. 30 Cancer, breast. 7 m Scorpio, secrets. 11 # Pisces, feet.
LEGAL TENDER OF GOLD AND SILVER COIN. American Eagle coined prior to | Florin of Austrian Empire and July 31, 1834, 270 gr. is $10 66
city of Augsburg,
454 Half Eagle, 135 gr. is
5 33 Specie Dollar of Sweden & Norway, 1 06 Eagles coined since July, 1834, 10 00
1 05 Parts in proportion.
Thaler of Prussia & Northern States
69 Half Johannas. 9 dwt. is
8 53 Pound of N. Scotia, New BrunsBritish Sovereign, 5 dwt. 3. gr. is 4 87 wick, Newfoundland, and French Napoleon, 4 dwt. 34 gr. is. 3 86 Canada,
4 00 Spanish Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is 1 00 Lira of the Lombardo Venetian Mexican Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is 1 00 Kingdom, and Tuscany,
16 Peruvian Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is 1 00 Franc of France and of Belgium Chili Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is
and Livre of Sardinia, 18 6-10 cts. Central America, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is 1 00 Ducat of Naples,
80 cts. Florin of Southern German Šlates, 40 Piastre of Turkey,
4 2-5 cts. MOVABLE FEASTS AND FASTS FOR 1847. Septuag. Sunday, Jan. 31/ EASTER SUNDAY, April 4 Whit Sunday, Shrove Sunday, Feb. 14 Rogation Sunday, May 9 Trinity Sunday, Ash Wednesday, 17 Holy Thursday, 13 Advent Sunday,
Nov, 28 First Sun. in Lent,
WORTHLESS AND UNCURRENT BANK NOTES IN NEW ENGLAND.
Corrected by Wetherbee, Brothers, 29, State Street, Boston. Aug. 1846. MASSACHUSETTS. (New Hampshire Bk.,
Wiscasset Bk., Wiscasset. Worthless. mouth.
Winthrop Bk., Winthrop. Pemigewasset American Bank.
Uncurrent. mouth. Commercial Bk.
Bangor Commercial Bk., Commonwealth Bk.
CONNECTICUT. Bangor. Franklin Bk.
City Bk., Portland. Fultan Bk.
Citizens Bk., (old plate,)
Mercantile Bk., Bangor.
Uncurrent. Westbrook Bk., Westbrook. Amherst Bk., Amherst. Housatonic Bk., Bridgeport. VERMONT. Berkshire Bk., Pittsfield.
Worthless. Agricultural Bk., Troy.
Commercial Bk. of Vermont, Hampshire Bk., Northamp-Castine Bk., Castine.
Citizen's Bk., (new plate,) Essex Bk., Guildhall. Mendon Bk., Mendon. Augusta.
Vermont State Bk., (and Newburyport · Bk., New- Damariscolta Bk., Noble- branches.) bury port.
Windsor Bk., of Windsor. Phenix Bk., Charlestown. Exchange Bk., Portland.
Georgia Lumber Co., Port-St. Albans Bk., of St. Albans. Sutton Bk., Wilkinsville. land.
Hallowell and Augusta Bk., Franklin Bk., Providence.
Burrillville Bk., Burrillville.
Eagle Bk., Newport. Cohannet Bk., Taunton.
bunk. Manf. & Mech. Bk., Nan- Lafayette Bk., Bangor.
Farmers' & Mechanics' Bk.,
Mount Hope Bk., Bristol. NEW HAMPSHIRE. Oxford Bk., Fryeburg.
R. I. Agricultural Bk., John-
port. Claremont Bk., Claremont.
Peoples Bk., Bangor.
Pascoag Bk., Pascoag VilSaco Bk., Saco.
lage. rough. Wolfborough Bk., Wolfbe
St. Croix Bk., Calais. rough.
Stillwater Canal Bk., Orono. Beware of altered bills;
they may often be detected by Uncurrent.
Washington Co., Calais. holding them before a strong Grafton Bk., Haverhill. Waterville Bk., Waterville slight.
FOR OLD AND NEW STYLE, SEE ALMANAC FOR 1846. YEARLY AND QUARTERLY MEETINGS OF FRIENDS IN NEW ENGLAND.
Yearly meeting, beginning with select do., 7th day after 2d 6th day, 6th month, Sth hour, morn., at Newport, R. I. - Public meeting for worship 1st day following, at Newport and Portsmouth, 10th hour, morn. and 4th after. Meeting for business at Newport 2d day following, 9th hour, morn. This
yearly meeting comprises the Quarterly Meetings of Rhode Island, Salem, Sandwich, Falmouth, Smithfield, Vassalborough, Dover, and Fairfield, held as follows, viz., Rhode Island - On the 1st 5th day, 8th month, Portsmouth; Isi 5th day, 11th month Somerset ; Ist 5th day, 24 month, Providence ; 1st 5th day, '5th month, East Greenwich. Salem-On the 4th 5th day, 5th month, Saybrook; 3d 5th day, 8th month, Lynn; 3d 5th day, 10th month, Ware; 3d 5th day, ist month, Salem. Sandwich On the 1st 5th days, 411 and 12th months, New Bedford; Ist 5th day, 7th month, Nantucket; 1st 5th day, 10th month, Sandwich. Falmouth - On the 5th day before the 1st 6th day in the month, at Windhain, in the 24 and 9th months; at Falmouth in the 6th and at Durham in the 11th. Smith field - On the 2d 5th day, 8th month, Bolton; 2d 5th day, 11th month, Northbridge; 2d 5th day, 2d month, Smithfield; 20 5th day, 5th month, Northbridge. Vassalborough-On the 2d 6th day, 2d, 9th, and 11th months; and the 4th day before the last 6th day, 5th month, Vassalborough. Dover, N. H. - On the 4th 5th day in the month; at Dover, in the 4th; at North Berwick, in the 8th ; at Sandwich, in the 10th; and at Rochester, upper meeting, (Meaderborough,) in the 1st. Fairfield — At Hallowell, on the 4th day before the 2u 6th day, in the 11th month; at Fairfield, on the 4th day before the 2d 6th days, in the 20 and 9th months: and at Hallowell on the last 6th day in the 5th month.