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THE

FARMER’S ALMANACK,

CALCULATED ON A NEW AND IMPROVED PLAN

FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD

1844;

Being Bissextile or Leap Year, and 68th of Am. Independence. Fitted to the city of Boston, but will answer for the adjoining Slates. Containing, besides the large number of Astronomical Calculations, and the Farmer's Calendar for every month in the year,

as great a variety as any other Almanack of

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The year that 's past, where has it gone, its charms and pleasures sped ?
The sunny hours that o'er us shone, where has their splendor fled ?
Into the silent lapse of years! and we are left to mourn,
And pay the tribute of our tears, to memory's icy urn.

BOSTON: PUBLISHED AND SOLD BY JENKS & PALMER.

Solil, also, by most Bookse!lers and Traders throughout the New England Stalos. [Entered, according to act of Congress, in the year 1813, by Charles J. Hendee, in the Clerk's Office of

the District Court of Massachusetts. ]

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TO PATRONS AND CORRESPONDENTS AGAIN we are permitted to offer our renewed and oft-repeated thanks for obligations which we are under to our friends and patrons, for their continued and increasing patronage, for an unprecedented length of time.

S. H.'s problem is attended with a tedious solution, and it is doubtful whether two persons would solve it alike, and each contend to be correct -a circle reduced to a square is attended with minute calculation, not adapted to our purpose. Our young friend's first

query

is very ingenious, but have not room for itmay nay. w. des contributions will ever be received with gratitude.

Observations on the Weather, f-c., were correctly transcribed from minutes made by the editor, and forwarded to the publishers by a trusty person, as we thought, but they were never received by the publishers. The original, after copying, was destroyed.

In a few copies of our first impression, the Court of Common Pleas al Plymouth was put down as occurring on the third Monday of August; it should read second Monday.

ELECTION OF PRESIDENT.-As before our next number this subject will be agitating the land, we have given the following statement of the Electoral Votes each State is entitled to under the new apportionment of Congress. It is from the N. Y. Tribune. See also page 45. States. Pres. Electors. States. Pres. Electors. States. Pres. Electors. Maine, 9 Maryland, 8 Obio,

23 New Hampshire, 6 Virginia,

17 Indiana,

12
Massachusetts, 12 N. Carolina, 11 Michigan,
Vermont,
6 S. Carolina,

9 Illinois,
Rhode Island,
4 Georgia,
10 Missouri,

7
Connecticut,
6 Alabama,
9 Arkansas,

3
New York,
36 Louisiana,

6
New Jersey,
7 Mississippi,

6 Total,

275 Pennsylvania, 26 Tennessee,

13 Required to elect, 138 Delaware, 3 Kentucky,

12 To know how many members of the House any State is entitled to, subtract two (for Senators) from its quota of Electors above, and the remainder will be the number of its Representatives.

5

Variations of Time in different parts of the United States. At 12 o'clock at noon in Boston, the time in the places mentioned below is as follows: Eastport, Me. 12, 16, 33. Mobile,

10, 50, 33. New Haven, Conn. 11, 52, 26. Louisville,

ll, 02, 17. New York, 11, 48, 12. Cincinnati,

11, 06, 29. Philadelphia, 11, 43, 33. St. Louis,

10, 45, 53. Baltimore,

11, 38, 6. Little Rock, Ark. 10, 35, 29. Charleston, S. C.

11, 24, 27.'

LOWELL.-They make nearly a million and a quarter yards of cotton cloth at Lowell per week; employ about 9,000 operatives, (6400 females) and use about 450,000 lbs. of raw cotton per week. The annual amount of raw cotton used, is about twenty-three millions of lbs., enough to load more than fifty ships of 350 tons each, and of cotton manufactured over seventy-five millions of yards.-100 lbs. of raw cotton will produce about 89 yards of cloth. It is said that to supply one of the mills (the Middlesex) with wool in the year, it would require the fleeces of three hundred and seventy-four thousand four hundred sheep.

EDUCATION. A wealthy farmer in Kentucky says, “I would rather be taxed for the education of the boy, than the ignorance of the man. or the other, I am compelled to be."

For one

ECLIPSES IN 1814.
There will be five Eclipses this year, three of the Sun, and two of the Moon.
1. The first will be a total eclipse of the Moon, May 31st, visible, as follows:
Beginning,

4h. 20m.
Total immersion,

5 28 Middle,

6 5

Appar. time, eve.
End,

7 44
H. The second will be a partial eclipse of the Sun, June 15tlı, 7h. 42m. evening,
invisible in N. America.

III. The third will be a partial eclipse of the Sun, November 10th, 4h. 52m. morn-
ing, invisible in the northorn hemisphere.
IV. The fourth will be a total eclipse of the Moon, November 24th, partly visible,
Beginning, .

4h. 52m.
Total immersion,

14 Moon rises,

38 Appar. time, eve. Midle,

54 End,

50 V. The fifth will be a small and partial eclipse of the Sun, December 9th, visible, as follows. Beginning,

3h. 46m. Middle,

30 Mean time, eve. End. O sets,

29 Digits eclipsed 2 on O'S N. limb.

6
6
6
8

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THE NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE PLANETS. 00 The Sun.

f Venus.

24 Jupiter, (ODO The Moon. The Earth.

h Saturn. & Mercury.

Herschel

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THE NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE ASPECTS. 6 Conjunction, or in the same : Opposition, 180 degrees. degree.

8 Dragon's Head, or Ascending * Sextile, 60 degrees.

Node. Ò Quartile, 90 degrees.

8 Dragon's Tail, or Descending A Trine, 120 degrees.

Node.

1

YEARLY ANÐ QUARTERLY MEETINGS OF FRIENDS IN NEW ENGLAND.

Yearly meeting, beginning with select do., 7th day after 24 6th day, 6th month, 9th hour, morn., at Newport, R.I.-Public meeting worship day following at Newport and Portsmouth, 101h hour, raorn. and 4th after. Meeting for bersiness at Newport 211 day following, 9th hour morn.

This yearly meeting comprises the Quarterly Meetings of Rhode Island, Salen, Sandwich, Falınouth, Smithfield, Vassalborough, Dover, and Fairield, held as follows, viz., Rhode Island--On the 1st 5th day, 8th month, Portsmouth ; 1st 5th day, 11th inonth, Somerset 1st 5th day, 24 month, Providence ; 1 st 5th day, 5th month, East Greenwich. Salem-On the ith 5th day, 5th month, Saybrook; 3:1 5th day, 8th month, Lynn ; 31 5th day, 10th month, Ware; 3d 5th day, 1st month, Salem. Sandwich-On the 1st 5th days, 4ih and 12th months, New Bedford; Ist 5th day, 7th month, Nantucket; 1st 5th day, 10th month, Sandwich. Falmouth-On the 5th day before the 1st 6th day in the month, at Windhain, in the 24 and 9th months; at Falmouth in the 6th, and at Durham in the lith. Smith field-On the 21 5th day, 8th month, Bolton; 2d 5th, day 11th month, North lyridge.; 2d 5th day, 24 inonth, Smithfield ; 21 5th day, 5th month, Northbridge. Vassalborough-On the 2d 6th day, 20, 9ch, and 11th months; and the 4th day before the last 6th day, 5th month, Vássalborough. Dover, N. H.-011 the 4th 5th day in the month ; at Dover, in the 4th ; at North Berwick, in the 8th; at Sandwich, in the 10th; and at Rochester, upper meeting, (Meaderborough,) in the Ist. Fairfield--At Hallowell, on the 4th day before the 26th day, in the lith month; at Fairfield, on the 4th day before the 211 6th days in the 2d and 9lla months, and at Hallowell on the last 6th day in the 5th month.

this year.

HOME QUESTIONS FOR THE NEW YEAR. Last year we asked some "heme questions” in regard to balancing accounts, insurance, newspaper's, schools, &c., which we presune may be profitably referred to

We would now ask whether you have made any real improvements in your business the past year ? Were there any books or tools in your house on the 1st of January, that were borrowed of neighbors, and should have been returned ? Did you show your thankfulness for a good harvest, by dropping a few bushels of potatoes, or some wood, at the poor widow's"? down the lane?" If you forgat it in the fall

, it is not 100 late now! Do you avoid running into debl for articles that you can do without ? Have you cast up your receipts and expenses, so that you know whether it has been a making or lesing year with you? Temperance, you know, is as fashionable now-adays, as it is reputable and profitable--you encourage this of course by precept and examnple! Did you ever see a man who was proinpt, honest, industrious, econoinical, satisfied with regular gains, courteous, energetic, moral, and temperate, who did not succeed in whatever he undertook, whether as farmer, mechanic, or merchant ? Did you ever see a man, the reverse of these, who did succeed ?

Harvard College. -Ist, from the end of the first term, six weeks ; 2d, from the end of the second terni, to Friday after Commencement; the academical year being divided into two terms of 20 weeks each, and beginning at Commencement, the 4th Wednes. day of August.

Amherst College.-Commencement on the 4th Thursday of July. Vacation four weeks from Commencement, six weeks from the Wednesday preceding the annual Thanksgiving, two weeks from the 3d Wednesday of April.

Yale College.-Commencement six weeks. First Wednesday in January, two wecks. Last Wednesday in April, four weeks.

Burlington College. -Commencement, four weeks. First Wednesday in January, eight weeks.

Dartmouth College.-Commencement last Thursday of July. Vacation, four weeks from Commencement, four weeks from about the 25th of November, 14 weeks for such as are in schools, seven weeks for others; and from the 2d Wednesday of May, two weeks.

Providence College.- December 10th, three weeks. March 31st, three weeks. July 21st, till Commencement.

Williainstown College.—Commencement, four weeks. Wednesday after third Wednesday in December, six weeks. First Wednesday in May, three weeks.

Middlebury College.--Commencement, four weeks. Last Wednesday in November, one week. Second Wednesday in February, two weeks. Third Wednesday in May, two weeks.

Bowdoin College.-Commencement, three weeks. Friday after the third Wednesday in December, eight weeks. Friday after the third Wednesday in May, two weeks.

EXECUTIVE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES. JOHN TYLER, Virginia,

President, W. P. Mangun,

North Carolina, Acting Vice President, A. P. Upshur,

Virginia,

Secretary of State, David Henshaw,

Massachusetts, Secretary of the Navy, J. M. Porter,

Pennsylvania, Secretary of War, John C. Spencer, New York,

Secretary of the Treasury, Chas. A. Wicklifie, Kentucky,

Postmaster General, John Nelson,

Maryland,

Allorney General.

$25,000

5,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 4,000

AMERICAN PRESIDENTS. George Washington, Born Feb. 22, 1732 Inaug. 1789 T'erm esp'd 66th yr. of age. John Adams,

Oct. 19, 1735

1797

do. Thomas Jefferson,

April 2, 1743

1801

do. James Madison,

March 5, 1751

1809

do. James Monroe,

April 2, 1759

1817

do. John Quincy Adams, July 11, 1766

1825

63d. Andrew Jackson,

March 15, 1767

1829

70th. Martin Van Buren,

Dec.
5, 1782
1837

59th. William Henry Harrison, Feb. 9, 1773

1841

69th. John Tyler,

March 29, 1790

1841

COMMON NOTES FOR 1844.
Golden Number

2

Dominical Letter
Cycle of the Sun

5

Epact

GF 22

The Names and Characters of the Twelve Signs of the ZODIAC. o qo Aries, head.

6 Libra, reins. 18 Taurus, neck

7 m Scorpio, secrets. 2 I Gemini, arms

8 Sagittarius, thighs. 30 Cancer, breast.

9 y Capricornus, knees. 4 & Leo, heart.

10 Aquarius, legs. 5 mg Virgo, belly.

11 * Pisces, feet.

LEGAL TENDER OF GOLD AND SILVER COIN. American Eagle, coined prior to

French Napoleon, 4 dwt. 34 gr. is $3 86 July 31, 1834, 270 gr. is $10 66 Spanish Hollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr.

is Half Eagle, 135 gr. is

5 33 | Mexican Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is Eagles coined sizce July, 1834 10 00 Peruvian Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is Parts in proportion.

Chili Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is Doubloon, 17 dwi. 8 gr. is

15 58 Central America, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is Half Johannas, 9 dwt. is

8 53 French Five Franc Piece, 16 dwt. is 93 British Sovereign, 5 dwt. 34 gr. is

4 57

1 00 100 100 100 100

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TABLE OF SIMPLE INTEREST AT SIX PER CENT.
1 Week 1 Month. 1 Year.

1 Week. | 1 Months 1 Year. Principal.

Principal.
D. c. m. D. C. m. D. C. m.

D. C. m. D. c. m. D. c. m. Cls. 20 0 0

0 1 2 Dolls. 200 2 5 0 10 1 20 30 0

1 8

30) 0 3 71 O 15 1 80 40

0
1 2 4

401 0
5 0 0 20

2 40 50

0
2 3 01

50 0 6 2 0 25 3 00 60

2 3

601 0 51 O 30 3 60 70

3 4
70 8 7 0 35

4 20 80

3

80 0 10 0 0 40 4 80 5

30 0 1 2 045 5 40 Dolls 1

5

1000 12 5 050 6 00

200) 0 25 01 00 12 00 18

300 o 37 5 1 50 18 00 24

400 50 02 00 24 00 30 0

5001 062 52 50 30 00 36 0

6000 75 03 00 36 00 42

700 87 5 3 50 42 00 48 8001 1

148 00 54 0

900 1 12 5 4 50 64 00 10

I 5 01 60 01 10001 1 25 05.00 160 00

OLD AND NEW STYLE. The Julian Year, Introduced by Julius Cæsar, 45 years B..C., made every fourth year, without exception, a leap year. This was an over correction; an error of 7 days in 900 years. As early as the year 1414, it was perceived that the equinoxes were gradually moving from the 21st of March and September, where they ought always to have fallen had the Julian year been exact. A new reform of the calendar was thus required; and it took place under the popedom of Gregory XIII., hy the omission of 10 nominal days after the 4th of October, 1582, so that the next day was called the 15th, and not the 5th. This change was immediately adopted in all Roman Catholic countries, but tardily in the countries of Protestantism.

In England, TRB CHANGE OF STYLE, as it was called, took place after the 20 day of September, 1752, eleven nominal days being then struck out; so that the last day of Old Sty e being the 20, the first of New Style, (the next day,) was called the 14th, instead of the 3d. The same legislative enactment which established the Gregorian year in England, in 1752, shortened the preceding year, 1751, by a full quarter. Previous to that time, the year was held to begin with the 25th of March, and the year 1751 accondingly did so ; but that year was not suffered to run out, being supplanted on the 1st of January by the year 1752, which it was enacted should commence on that day. Russia is ihe only country in Europe in which the old style is still adhered to, and the difference between the European and Russian dates is about two weeks.

UNCURRENT AND BROKEN BANK BILLS IN NEW EYGLAND.

Corrected by J. W. Clarke & Co., Globe Bark Building, Boston. MASSACHUSETTS. UNCURRENT. - Nahant Bank, Lynn. Bank of Norfolk, Roxbury. Commonwealth, Franklin, Lafayette, Middling Interest, and Fulcon Banks, Boston. Chelsea Bank, Chelsea. Farmer's and Mechanic's Bank, Adams, South Village. Newburyport Bank, Newburyport. Phønix Brnk, Charlestown. CLOSED, &c.--Berkshire Bank, Pittsfield. Essex Bank of Salem. Farmer's Bank of Belchertown. Hampshire Bank, Northampton. Mendon Bank, Mendon. Phoenix Bank, Nantucket. Sulton Bank, Wilkinsonville. Roxbury Bank, Wintbrop Bank, Roxbury. Kilby Bank, Boston.

MAINE. UNCURRENT.—Mercantile, Bangor, Comniercial, People's, Globe, and LaPiyelte Banks, Bangor. Old Town, and Stillwater Canal Banks, Orono. Wask. inylon County, Calais, and St. Croix Banks, Calais. Westbrook Bank, Westbrook. Frankfort Bank, Frankfort. Georgia Lumber Co., Portland. Agricultural Bank, Brower. Citizens' Bank, Augasta. CLOSED, &c. -City, Exchange, and Maine Banks, Portland. Winthrop Bank, Winthrop. Damariscoila Bank, Nobleboro'. Bangor Bank. Bath Bank, Bath. Castine Bank, Castine. Hallowell and Augusta, and Kennebec Banks, Hallowell. Kennebunk Bank, Kengebunk. Passamaquoddy Bank, Fastport. Waterville Bank, Waterville. Wiscasset Bank, Wiscasset. Ox. ford Bank, Fryburg, fraud.

NEW HAMPSHIRE. UNCURRENT.--Concord Bank, Concord. Claremont Bank, Claremont. CLOSED, &c.--Hillsborough Bank, Hillsborough. Wolfeborough Bank, Wolfeborough. New Hampshire Bank, Portsmouth.

VERMONT. UNCURRENT.-Bennington Bank, Bennington. St. Albans Bank, St. Albans. CLOSED, &c.-Windsor Bank, Windsor. Essex Bank, Guildhalt. Agricul. lural Bank, Troy, fraud. Commercial Bank of Vetinont, fraud. Green Mountain Bank, fraud. Jefferson County Bank, fraud.

RHODE ISLAND. UNCURRENT.-Scituate Bank, Scitaate. Farmer's and Mechanic's Bank, Pawtucket. CLOSED, &c.--Burrillville Bank, Burrillville. Farmer's Exchange Bank, Gloucester. Mount Hope Bank, Bristol. Rhode Island Agricultural Bank, Johnsion. Pascoag Bank, Pascoagville. Eagle Bank, Newport, fraud. Farmer's Bank, fraud. Franklin Bank, Providence, fraud.

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