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THE

FARMER'S ALMANACK,

CALCULATED ON A NEW AND IMPROVED PLAN,

FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD

1843;

Being the 3d after Bissextile or Leap Year, and 671h of Am. Independence.

Fitted to the city of Boston, but will answer for the adjoining Slates. Containing, besides the large number of Astronomical Calculations, and the Farmer's Cuendar for every month in the year,

as great a vanty as any other Almanack of
NEW, USEFUL, ANL ENTERTAINING MATTER.

Faite
BY ROBERT B. THOMAS.

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BOSTON: PUBLISHED AND SOLD BY JENKS & PALMER.

Solu, also, by most Booksellers and Traders throughout the New England States. Entered, according to act of Congreu, in the year 1842, by Charles J. Hendee, in the Clerk's Office of!

the District Court of Massachusetts.]

SSSSS Sio

Once more, through divine mercy, we have the gratification of renewing our annual tribute of gratitude to our numerous friends and patrons, for that marked and una. bating courtesy they have shown to our annual labors for half a century.

B. J.'s communications are thankfully received: the only correct way to set a clock is by a meridian line made by dialing, when the sun and clock are together, April and June 15th, August 1st, and September 25th.

J. S. B.'s communications not received in season for our last.

J. W. D.'s lines were seasonably received and were very acceptable, for which the author has the editor's grateful acknowledgements.

C. W.'s cornmunications are ever acceptable--the population of the principal cities is all we have room for at present--other notices will be alienued to.

B. E.'s friendly communication, received with gratitude, has been attended to, agree. ably to a late act of court.

W.'s puzzle properly might be called a jumble-- we confess we see no propriety in calling it a puzzle.

N. B.--Members of Colleges in New England would confer a favor on the editor by handing him a statement of iheir Commencements and their regular Vacations.

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OBSERVATIONS on the Weaiher, &c, the year past; commencing September 1st,

1841, and ending August 31st, 1842. September—4th, 1841, in the evening rain with heavy thunder and lightning, which did much damage in many places--131, light shower-21si, rainy and wet for 10 days past--30th, frost at night, first this season.

October—-3d, fell some inches of snow. -12ih, pleasant for some days—21st, blustering.

November-16th, ve, blustering-18th, much finer, with pleasant sun--251h, extreme cold-28th, fell 6 luches of snow-30th, very fine, nearly summer heat.

December 16th, fell 3 inches of snow-20th, very cold and blustering--25th, much finer--the month very imse led.

January-1st, 1812, little or ne snow to be seen-pleasant for the scason+6th, cold, mer. 4 deg. below 1--19h, 20th and 21st, very fine for the season-220, co!d and very blustering-24th, weather changeable, the wind very frequently S. W.

February-3d, very rainy, wind S. W -5th, uncommonly fine, nó snow to be seen, and the frost nearly out of the ground-Sth, high winds--10th, very fine and calm17th, cold and blustering-26th, the month generally pleasant, with the wind frequently S. W.-20th, the winter to this time has passed without being realized.

March-7th 10 22d, fell 5 inches of wet snow-ground generally being seuiled-25th, much thunder in some places-26th, fell 2 inches of spow.

April-Ist, cold and blustering--7th, frost-8th, very fine-15th, wet and rold-the ground not fit to sow spring grain, in many places--2012, continues cold aid wet26th, becomes very fine for some days; with wind at S. W.

May-7th, quite cool—10th, soine rain-16h, becoming dry and dusty--wind S. W. every 48 hours--21st, cooler and dry-rain is much wanted—25th, much finer27th and 28th, light showers--291h, some rain-SNOWS, the winter past, number 9, depth, 2 feet; most at one zime 6 inches, November 29th-the winter unusually mild, litile sleighing.

June-5th, extreme heat-7th, frequent showers_15th, very rainy-20 much cooler -27th, fine, with the wind S. W.--becoming dry.

July-1st, extreme heat—121h, the heat continues with drought--18th, fine hay weather-25, dry lands suffer much with droughl-water becomes low in the streams --30th, great heat, mer. at 90 degrees, vegetation droops.

August-Ist, heat continues--5th, light showers at S. W.-Sth, quite rainy—121h, rain continues with much heat for some days-spring grain is much injured-many fields of wheat become sprouted while standing-vais are cut and lay in the gavel, generally, and in that situation for 2 or 3 weeks, some of which have become sprout. ed, and almost rotten--the damage done to wheat is very great-20h, becomes fine --26th, more rain, which continues some days--first harvesting good--fruits not ex• tra, apples not plenty, pears sew, peaches plenty--nuts, walnuts, none-chestnuts, few.

BUNKER HILL MONUMENT. The top-stone of this monument to the bravery of our fathers, was placed in its destined position July 23, 1842. The chamber of the monument is 200 feet above high water; the apex 22 feet; the hill upon which the monument stands is 87 jeet, making 309 feet above high water.

The foundation of the State House, Boston, is about 110 feet above high watercupola, 120 feet from foundation ; total, 230 feet above high water. Spire of Park street church, Boston, 217 feet 9 inches-Old South do. 180 feet. St. Paul's Cathedral, at London, is 270 feet high; St. Peter's, at Rome, is 450 feet high; Strasburg, Cathedral is 474 feet; the Pyramid of Cheops, 498, including a base of 150 feet; and the height of St. Rollex Chimney, at Glasgow, is said to be 600 feet above the level of the sea.

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There will be three Eclipses this year, two of the Sun, and one of the Moon.

I. The first will be an Annular eclipse of the Sun, June, 27th day, 2h. 36m. in the evening, invisible in New England--a small eclipse may be seen at New Orleans, and at Austin in Texas, and in some parts of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama, and very little at Natchez, Mobile, &c.

II. The second will be an Eclipse of the Icon, on the 6th day of December, in the evening, visible, as follows. h. m. Beginning,

6 37 Middle,

7 27 Mean time, eve. End,

.8 20 Duration,

1 43 Digits eclipsed 21 on the D's S. limb. Ill. The third will be an eclipse of the Sun, on the 21st day of December, 0h. 25m. morning, invisible in America, but visible and tota, at Malacca, and nearly all over Asia.

THE NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE PLANETS. 0 0 The Sun.

À Mars, CODO The Moon.

2 Jupiter. 8 Mercury.

Saturn. f Venus.

H Herschel.
The Earth.

THE NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE ASPECTS. 6 Conjunction, or in the same & Opposition, 180 degrees. degree.

9 Dragon's Head, or Ascending * Sextile, 60 degrees.

Node.
Quartile, 90 degrees.

8 Dragon's Tail, or Descending A Trine, 120 degrees.

Node.

YEARLY AND QUARTERLY MEETINGS OF FRIENDS IN NEW ENGLAND.

Yearly meeting, beginning with select do., 7th day after 2d 6th day, 6th month, 9th hour morn., at Newport, R. I.--Public meeting for worship Ist day following at Newport and Portsmouth, 10th hour morn. and lih after. Meeting for business at Newport 2d day following, 9th hour morn.

This yearly meeting comprises the Quarterly Meetings of Rhode Island, Salem, Sandwich, Falmouth, Smithfield, Vassalborough, Dover, and Fairfield, held as follows, viz., Rhode Island-On the 1st 5th day, 8th month, Portsmouth; 1st 5th day, 11th month; Somerset; Ist 5th day, 24 monih, Providence; Ist 5th day, 5th month, East Greenwich. Salem-On the 4th 5th day, 5th month, Saybrook; 32 5th day, 8th month, Lynn; 3d 5th day, 10ih month, Ware; 3d 5th day, 1st month, Salem. Sandwich-On the 1st 5th days, 41h and 12th months, New Bedford; 1st 5th day, 7th month, Nantucket; 1st 5th day, 10th month, Sandwich. Falmouth-On the 5th day before the 1st 6th day in the month, at Windham, in the 20 and 9th months; at Falmouth in the 6th, and at Durham in the llih. Smitie field-On the 2d 5th day, 8th month, Bolion ; 2 5th day, 11th month, Northbridge; 2d 5th day, 2d month, Smith: fieldl; 2d 5th day, 5th month, Northbridge. Vassalborough-On the 2d 6th day, 2u 9th, and 11th months; and the 4th day before the last 6th day, 5th month, Vassalborough. Dorer, N. H.-On the 4th 5th day in the month; at Dover, in the 4th; ai North Berwick, in the 8th; at Sandwich, in the 10th; and at Rochester, upper meeting, (Meaderborough,) in the Ist. Fair fild-at Hallowell, on the 4111 day be. fore the 2d 6th day in the ilth month, at Fairfield, on 4th day before the 211 6th days in the 21 and 9th inonths, and at Hallowelin. The last 6th day in the 5th mouth.

HOME QUESTIONS FOR THE NEW YEAR. Are your accounts all balanced up to Jan. 1, 1843? “Short settlements make long friends." Are you insured against fire ? Did you look to the cellar, the roofs of your house and harn, and ine wood-pile, and to pulling away your ploughs and other

litensils before winter set in ? Your children, of course, go to meeting and to school regularly! Do you take a well-conducted newspaper ?' Have you made your will? settled all misunderstandings with neighbors ? and do you avoid endorsing ? The Scriptures, you know, say, "Leave off contention before it be meddled wiih," and also,

He that hateth suretyship is sure!"

Harvard College.--Ist, from the end of the first term, six weeks; 2d, from the end of the second terın, to Friday after Commencement; the academical year being divided into two terms of 20 weeks each.

Amherst College.-Commencement on the 4th Thursday of July. Vacation four weeks from commencement, six weeks from the Wednesday preceding the annual Thanksgiving, two weeks from the 3d Wednesday of April.

Yale College. --Commencement six weeks. First Wednesday in January, two weeks. Last Wednesday in April, four weeks.

Burlington College. --Commencement, four weeks. First Wednesday in January, eight weeks.

Dartmouth College.--Commencement last Thursday of July. Vacation, four weeks from Commencement, four weeks from about the 25th of November, 14 weeks for such as are in schools, seven weeks for others; and from the 2d Wednesday of May, two weeks.

Providence College.- December 10th, three weeks. March 31st, three weeks. July 21st, till Commencement.

Williumstoron College.--Commencement, four weeks. Wednesday after third Wednesday in December, six weeks. First Wednesday in May, three weeks.

Middlebury College. --Commencement, four weeks. Last Wednesday in Novem. ber, one week. Second Wednesday in February, two weeks. Third Wednesday in May, two weeks.

Bowdoin College.-Commencement, three weeks, Friday after the third Wednes. day in December, eight weeks. Friday after the third Wednesday in May, two weeks.

EXECUTIVE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES. JOHN TYLER,

Virginia,

President, W. P. Mangum,

North Carolina, Acting Vice President, Daniel Webster,

Massachusetts, Secretary of State, A P. Upshur,

Virginia,

Secretary of the Navy, John C. Spencer,

New York,

Secretary of War, Walter Forward,

Pennsylvania, Secretary of the Treasury, Chas. A. Wickliffe, Kentucky,

Postmaster General, Hugh S. Legare,

South Carolina, Attorney General,

$25,000

5,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 6.000 4,000

AMERICAN PRESIDENTS. George Washington, Born Feb. 22, 9732 Inaug. 1789 Term exp'd 66th yr. of age. John Adams, Oct. 19, 1735

1797

do. Thomas Jefferson,

April 2, 1743

1801

do. James Madison,

March 5, 1751

1809

do. James Monroe,

April 2, 1759

1817

do. John Quincy Adams,

July 11, 1766

1825

63d. Andrew Jackson, March15, 1767

1829

70th. Martin Van Buren, Dec. 5, 1782

1837

59th. William Henry Harrison, Feb. 9, 1773

1841

69th. John Tyler,

1841

Golden Number
Cycle of the Sun

COMMON NOTES FOR 1843.

1 Dominical Letter

Epact

The Names and Characters of the Twelve Signs of the ZODIAC.
O qp Aries, head.

6 - Libra, reins.
18 Taurus, neck.

7 m Scorpio, secrets. 2 Ü Gemini, arms.

8 # Sagittarius, thighs. 303 Cancer, breast.

9 3o Capricornus, knees. 1 N Leo, heart.

10 m Aquarius, legs. 5 m Virgo, belly.

11 * Pisces, feet.

100 100

LEGAL TENDER OF GOLD AND SILVER COIN. American Eagle coined prior to

French Napoleon, 4 dwt. 34 gr. is $3 R6 July 31, 1831, 270

gr.

is 810 66 Spanish Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is Half Eagle, 135 gr. is

5 33 Mexican Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is Eagles coined since July, 1834 10 00 Peruvian Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is

1 00 Parts in proportion.

Chili Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is

1 00 Doubloon, 17 dwi. 8 gr. is 15 58 Central America, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is

I Half Johamas, 9 dwt. is 8 53 French Five Franc Piece, 16 dwt. is

93 British Sovereign, 5 dwt. 34 gr. is 4 87

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TABLE OF SIMPLE INTEREST AT SIX PER CENT.
1. Week. | 1 Month. 1 Year.

1 Week 1 Month. 1 Year. Principal.

Principal.
D. C. m. D. c. m. D. c. m.

D. c. m.] D. c. m. D. c. m. Cls. 20

0 1 2 Dolls. 2010 2 5 10 1 20 301 0 0 1 1 8

30 0 3 7 0 15 1 80 40 0 1 2

40 0 5 0 0 20 2 40 50 0 0 21 3

500 6 2 0 25 3 00 60 0

2 3

601 0 7 5 0 30 3 60 70 0

3

7010 8 70 35 + 20 80

80 0 0 0 0 40

SO 90

5

90 0 11 2 0 45 5 40 Dolls. 1

1001 0 12 50 50 6 00 2

12

2001 0 25 01 1 00 12 00 3 21 18

3001 0 37 5 60 18 00 24

400 0 50 0 2 00 24 00 30

500 0 62 51 2 50 30 00 36

6001 o 75 0 3 00 36 00 42

7000 87 513 50 42 00 9 48

800 1 000 4 00 48 00 0 4 51 54

900 1 12 5 4 50 54 00 10 1 1 5 01 60 0 1000 i 25 0 5 00 60 00

OLD AND NEW STYLE. The Julian Year, introduced by Julius Cæsar, 45 years B. C., made every fourth year, without exception, a leap year. This was an over correction; an error of 7 days in 900 years. As early as the year 1414, it was perceived that the equinoxes were gradually moving from the 21st of March and September, where they vught always to have fallen had the Julian year been exact. A new reform of the calendar was thus required; and it took place under the poperlom of Gregory XIII., by the omission of 10 noininal days after the 4th of October, 1582, so that the next day was called the 15th, and not the 51h. This change was immediately adopted in all Roman Catholic countries, but tardily in the countries of Protestantism.

In England, THE CHANGE OF STYLE, as it was called, took place after the 2d day of September, 1752, eleven nominal days being then struck out; so that'the last day of Old Siyle being the 20, the first of New Style, (llte next day,) was called the 14th, instead of the 30. The same legislatee enactment which established the Gregorian year in England, in 1752, shortened the preceding year, 1751, by a full quarter. Previous to that time, the year was held to begin with the 25th of March, and the year 1751 accordingly did so; but that year was not suffered to run out, being supplanted on the 1st of January by the year 1752, which it was enacted should commence on that day, Russia is the only country in Europe in which the old style is still adhered to, and the difference between the European and Russian dates is abi two weeks. UNCURRENT AND BROKEN BANK BILLS IN NEW ENGLAND.

Corrected by J. W. Clarke fo Co., Globe Bank Building, Boston. MASSACHUSETTS. UNCURRENT.-Nahant Bank, Lynn. Bank of Norfolk, Roxbury. Commonwealth, Franklin, Lafayette, Middling Interest, and Fulton Banks, Boston. Chelsea Bank, Chelsea. Farmer's and Mechanic's Bank, Adams, South Village. Newbury port Bank, Newburyport. Closed, &c.—Berkshire Bank, Pillsfield. Essex Bank of Salem. Farmer's Bank of Belchertown. Hampshire Bank, Northampton. Mendon Bank, Mendon. Phønix Bank, Nantucket. Sulton Bank, Wilkinsonville. Roxbury Bank, Winthrop Bank, Roxbury. Kilby Bank, Boston.

MAINE. UNCURRENT. - Mercantile, Bangor Commercial. People's, Globe, and Lafayette Banks, Bangor. Old Town, and Stillwater Canal Banks, Orono. Washing. ion County: Calais, and St. Croix Banks, Calais. Westbrook' Bank, Westbrook. Frankfort Bauk, Frankfort. Georgia Lamber Co., Portland. Agricultural Bank, Brewer. Citizens' Bank, Augusta. CLOSED, &c.-City Bank, Portland. Winthrop Bank, Winthrop. Damariscotta Bank, Nobleboro'. "Bangor Bank. Bath Bank, Bath. Castine Bank, Castine. Hallowell and Augusta, and Kennebec Banks, Hal. lowell. Kennebunk Bank, Kennebunk. Passamaquoddy Bank, Eastport. Waterville Bank, Waterville. Wiscas Bank, Wiscassei. Oxford Bank, Fryburg, fraud.

NEW HAMPSHIRE. UNCURRENT. ---Concord Bank, Concord. CLOSED, &c.Hillsborough Bank, Hillsborough. Wolfeborough Bank, Wolfeborough. New Hampshire Bank, Portsmouth.

VERMONT. UNCURRENT. --Bennington Bank, Bennington. St. Albans Bank, St. Albans. Closed. &c.Essex Bank, Guildhall.' Agricultural Bank, Troy, fraud. Commercial Bank of Vermont, fraud. Green Mountain Bank, fraud. Jefferson County Bank, fraud.

RHODE ISLAND. UNCURRENT. -Scituate Bank, Scituate. Farmer's and Me chanic's Bank, Pawlucket. CLOSED, &c. --Burrillville Bank, Burrillville. Farmer's Exchange Bank, Gloucester. Mount Hope Bank, Bristol. Eagle Bank, Newport, fraud. Fariners' Bank, fraud. Franklin Bank, Providence, fraud.

CONNECTICUT: CLOSED, &c. - Derby Bank, Derby. Eagle Bank, New Haven. Bridgeport Manufacturing Company, fraud. Housátonic Rail Road, uncurrent.

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