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THE

FARMER’S ALMANACK,

CALCULATED ON A NEW AND IMPROVED PLAN,

FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD

1842;

Being the 2d after Bissextile or Leap Year, and 66 of Am. Independence.

Fitted to the city of Boston, but will answer for the adjoining States. Containing, besides the large number of Astronomical Calculations, and the Farmer's Calendar for every month in the year,

as great a variety as any other Almanack of NEW, USEFUL, AND ENTERTAINING MATTER.

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1851 Tart

“ TIME whirls round, his years roll away,

The child in his cradle minds little its sway,
And youth spurns its buds for its thorn hidden bloom,
Manhood seeks bright phantoms-finds Age and a tomb."

BOSTON:
PUBLISHED AND SOLD BY JENKS & PALMER.

Sold, also, by most Booksellers and Traders throughout the New England States, Entered, according to act of Congres, in the year 1841, by Charien J. Hendee, in the Clerk's Office of

the District Court of Massachusetts.)

55SSE

FIFTY YEARS AGO! It is just fifty years, Friends and Patrons, old and new-we know not which are the most numerous, or the most kind, you who have gone hand in hand with us for half a century, or you who have known us but a few short summersit is just fifty years since we started our un pretending, but, as we trust, useful annual! Fifty years! It is a life by itself!- In that time how many millions, who were, half a century ago, living, breathing and moving, full of hope, of young life, of energy and of vigor, have gone down to the silent grave! In that time what countless millions of the human race have been called " to sleep the sleep that knows no waking!" It is now Sut a little over fifty years since the immortal Franklin, author of that quaint, but time-honored work, "Poor Richard's Almanac," died; he who “ wrested the light. ning from the heavens, and the sceptre from the tyrant." Fifty years since, and the high and pure-souled Washington, one of the noblest characters that our country, ay ! or any country has produced, was alive, directing with his wisdom, and giving, by his presence and counsels, new vigor to those energies which the people of ihese United States hardly dared to hope that they possessed !

Within fifty years, while we have gone on, in the even tenor of our way, our blessed country has stretched upward, from the lithe and pliant sapling, to the strong and mighty tree, spreading abroad her majestic branches, giving shade and protection to all who have sought her shelter, and firmly establishing herself among the other nations of the earth, with a population increased, during that time, from hardly four millions w seventeen millions.

Fifty years ago, and cities, now full of thousands of souls, were the hunting.ground of the Indian, and covered only by the forest or the swamp. Fifty years ago, and the city of New York contained but about 33,000 inhabitants; it has now 312,000. Boston then about 18,000, now 93,000. Philadelphia then about 40,000, now 260,000. Baltimore, which then had but about 13,000, has now 100,000.

Fifty years ago, and we had nothing of the gigantic wonders of steam; we had no boiling cauldrons traversing the land and water, putting and groaning, and pulling or pushing enormous masses with fury along, now here, now there, as the master spirit which controlled them might dictate. Fifty years ago, the worthy fathers and mo. thers of the present generation were willing to dress in their own homespun; the busy wheel was whirring by the kitchen fireside, the knitting needles were plied, and the wool woven in the house, and the finer fabrics dressed at the fulling.mill, which has given away to the spacious factory. The waterfall and steam engine, ihe improved spindles and other machines, manufacture nov millions of yards, where fifty years since only hundreds were made, and that by the industrious and thrifiy hands of the mothers and daughters of the hardy farmers of those days.

With all the changes that have been going on in the great world, the course of our America has been "onward and upward." We have had as presidents, our Wash. ington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Adams, father and son, Jackson, Van Buren, Harrison, and now Tyler. England has had her Georges III. and IV., her William IV., and now has her Victoria. France has had more changes, has been the scene of more violence and more exciting and terrible commotions, than almost any other part of the civilized world, and from which, thanks to a kind Providence, we have been measurably exempt. Within fifty years Russia and all the countries of the old world have had their changes, some natural, others startling and impressive. The South Sea Islander has become converted to the gospel-the whole continent of New Holland, fifty years since a barren wilderness, has been partly peopled. The Turk has recognized the Jew as a human being and a brother; he has exchanged dress with the Christian.

Within the past fifty years science has done wonders for the human race; she has by her discoveries, the facilities she has created, the powers she has developed, added to the wealth and happiness of almost every class in our land. The farmer, among others, is indebted to her for his well constructed ploughs, his improved breeds of catile and swine, new varieties of seeds and grain, as well as trees, shrubs, and vines, and his improved implements of every kind, from the simple apple-peeler to the steam threshing machine. Domestic economy too has been indebted to science for imple. ments to add to our convenience and oomfort. Within the past fifty years, commerce has made brethren and friends of the remote inhabitants of the earth, the cause of Peace has, as we trust, been progressing, that of Philanthropy and Temper. ance is rapidly advancing, and we trus as nations grow wiser, betier acquainted, more civilized, tħat vice and ignorance will give place to virtue and knowledge, and the horrors of war to the quiet blessings of peace and good fellowship.

Though we have now accomplished what has seldom been done in this or any other country, as we believe, the getting up and publication for half a century of a manual, edited by the same person, even as unpretending as our modest and homely annual, we do not mean to rest here; should we be spared, we shall go on, as we trust, to “a good old age," and though we may not reach the 100th number of the “OLD FAR. MER'S ALMANAC," yet we shall endeavor to improve as we progress, and continue to unfold our yearly budget to our patrons as long as Providence permits, hoping al. ways to meet them with a smiling face, and that they will not be disposed to cut our acquaintance, as a modern dandy would a rusty cousin from the backwoods, because we look, as we pride ourselves in looking, a litile old-fashioned, a litle too independent to hange our dress for each “new-fangled notion”-a little'" t'other side of fifty."

Friends and Patrons! The form of the editor who has jogged along side by side with the older ones of you for fifty years, will, with many other forms now full of life anni vigor, before another half century, be crumbling in the dust! The world that now seems so joyous will ere that time have passed away from many millions now alive, it may be from the reader as well as from us; and if so, may we receive the reward of the pure in heart, may our sins be forgiven us, and may our virtues be held in fond remeinbrance by those who have best known ús on earth, and may we pass to our final account as those

"* * * * * wlio wrap the drapery of their couch
About them, and lie down to pleasant dreams!"

Aro Phomas

.

ECLIPSES IN 1842.
There will be five Eclipses this year, three of the Sun, and two of the Moon.

1. The first will be an annulai of the Sun, January, 11th day, near 12h. in the morning, invisible in the United States, but visible in the Southern ocean.

II. The second will be a partial eclipse of the Moon, January 26th, near 12h. at noon, invisible to all in North America.

III. The third will be a total eclipse of the Sun, July 8th, near 2h. In the morning, invisible.

IV. The fourth will be a partial eclipse of the Moon, July 22d, 6h. in the morning, invisible in New England.

V. The fifth will be an annular eclipse of the Sun, December 31st, invisible in
North America, but visible and central in South America.
THE NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE PLANETS.
The Sun.

Mars.
DO The Moon.

i Jupiter.
Mercury.

Satum.
Venus.

# Herschel © The Earth.

THE NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE ASPECTS. 6 Conjunction, or in the same & Opposition, 180 degrees. degree.

8 Dragon's Head, or ascending * Sextile, 60 degrees.

Node.
Quartile, 90 degrees.

8 Dragon's Tail, or Descending A Trine, 120 degrees.

Node.

OLD AND NEW STYLE. The Julian Year, introduced by Julius Cæsar, 45 years B. C., made every fourt year, without exception, a leap year. This was an over correction; an error of 7 days in 900 years. As early as the year 1414, it was perceived that the equinoxes were gradually moving from the 21st of March and September, where they ought always to have fallen had the Julian year been exact. A new reform of the Calendar was thus required; and it took place under the popedom of Gregory XIII. by the omission of 10 nominal days after the 4th of October, 1582, so that the next day was called the 15th, and not the 5th. This change was immediately adopted in all Roman Catholic countries, but tardily in the countries of Protestantism.

In England, THE CHANGE OF STYLE, as it was called, took place after the 20 day of September, 1752, eleven nominal days being then struck out; so that the last day of Old Style being the 2d, the first of New Style, (the next day,) was called the 14th, instead of the 3d. The same legislative enactment which established the Gregorian year in England, in 1752, shortened the preceding year, 1751, by a full quarter. Previous to that time. the year was held to begin with the 25th of March, and the year 1751 accordingly did so; but that year was not suffered to run out, being supplanted on the 1st of January by the year 1752, which it was enacted should commence on that day. Russia is now the only country in Europe in which the old style is still adhered to, and the difference between the European and Russian dates amounts, at present, to about two weeks.

Harvard College. Ist, from the end of the first terin, six weeks ; 2d, from the end of the second term, to Friday after Commencement; the academical year being divided into two terms of 20 weeks each.

Amherst College.-Coinmencement on the 4th Thursday of July. Vacation four weeks from Commencement, six weeks from the Wednesday preceding the annual Thanksgiving, two weeks from the 30 Wednesday of April.

Yale College.--Commencement, six weeks. First Wednesday in January, two weeks. Last Wednesday in April, four weeks.

Burlington College. -Cominencement, four weeks. First Wodnesday in January, eight weeks.

Dartmouth College. - Commencement, last Thursday of July. Vacation, four weeks from Commencement, four weeks from about the 25th of November, 14 weeks

for such as are in schools, seven weeks for others, and from the 2d Wednesday of May, two weeks.

Proridence College.- December 10th, three weeks. March 31st, three weeks. July 2Lst, til! Commencement.

Williamstown College.--Commencement, four weeks. Wednesday after third Wednesday in December, six weeks. First Wednesday in May, three weeks.

Middlebury College. - Commencement, four weeks. Last Wednesday in Novem. ber, one week. Second Wednesday in February, two weeks. Third Wednesday in May, two weeks.

Boudoin College.-Commencement, three weeks. Friday after the third Wednes. day in December, eight weeks. Friday after the ihird Wednesday in May, two weeks.

EXECUTIVE GOVERNMENT, OF U. &

.8 JOHN TYLER,

Virginia,
President,

$25,000 SAMUBL L. SOUTHARD,

New Jersey, Acting Vice President, 5,000
Daniel Webster,
Massachusetts, Secretury of State,

6,000 A. P. Upshur,

Virginia,

Secretary of the Navy, 6,000
John C. Spencer,

New York,
Secretary of War,

6,600 Walter Forward,

Pennsylvania, Secretary of the Treasury, 6,000 Chas. A. Wickliffe, Kentucky, Postmaster Generat,

6,000 Hugh S. Legare, South Carolina, Allorney General,

4,000

AMERICAN PRESIDENTS
George Washington, Born Feb. 22, 1732 Inaug. 1789 Term exp'd, 66th yr. of

age. John Adams,

Oct. 19, 1735

1797

do. Thomas Jefferson,

April 2, 1743

1801

do. James Madison,

March 5, 1751

1309

do. James Monroe,

April 2, 1759

1917

do. John Quincy Adams, July 11, 1766

1825

63d. Andrew Jackson,

Marcb15, 1767

1829

70th. Martin Van Buren,

Dec. 5, 1782

1837

59th. William Henry Harrison, Feb.

9, 1773
1841

69th.

Golden Number
Cycle of the Sun

COMMON NOTES FOR 1842.

19 Dominical Letter

Epact

18

The Names and Characters of the Twelde Signs of the ZODIAC. 0 go. Aries, head.

64 Libra, reins. 18. Taurus, neck.

7 m Scorpio, secrets. 2 0 Gemini, arms.

8 #Sagittarius, thighs. 30 Cancer, breast.

9 zgo Capricornus, knees. 4 l Leo, heart.

10 m Aquarius, legs. 5 mg Virgo, belly.

11 * Pisees, feet.

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LEGAL TENDER OF GOLD AND SILVER COIN.
American Eagle coined prior to French Napoleon, 4 dwt. 34 gr. is $3 86

July 31, 1834, 270 gr. is $10 66 Spanish Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is 1 00
Half Eagle, 135 gr. is

ñ 33 Mexican Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is 100 Eagles coined since July, 1834 10 00 Peruvian Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is 1 00 Parts in proportion.

Chili Dollar, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is

1 00 Doubloon, 17 dwt. 8 gr. is

15 58 | Central America, 17 dwt. 7 gr. is 1 00 Half Johannas. 9 dwt. is

8 53 French Five Franc Pieco, 16 dwt. is 93 British Sovereign, 6 dwt. 84 gr. is 4 87

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00 60 00 N. B. To understand the use of this table--against 2 dolls. for one week, you will find the interest to be 1 mill-one month, 1 cent--one year, 12 cents. YEARLY AND QUARTERLY MEETINGS OF FRIENDS IN NEW ENGLAND.

Yearly meeting, beginning with select do., 7th day after 2d 6th day, 6th month, Ith hour morn., at Portsmouth, R. I.--Public meeting for worship 1st day following at Newport and Portsmouth, 101h hour morn. and 4th aster. Meeting for business at Newport 2d day following, 9th hour morn.

This yearly meeting comprises the Quarterly Meetings of Rhode Island, Salem, Sandwich, Falmouth, Smithfield, Vassalborough, and Dover, held as follows, viz. : Rhode Island-On the 1st 5th day, 8th month, Portsmouth ; Ist 5th day, 11th month, Somerset ; Ist 5th day, 2d month, Providence; lst 5th day, 5th month, East Greenwich. Salem-On the 4th 5th day, 5th month, Saybrook; 3d 5th day, 8th month, Lynn; 3d 5th day, 10th month, Ware; 3d 5th day, 1st month, Salem Sandroich On the 1st 5th days, 4th and 12th months, New Bedford; 1st 5th day, 7th month, Nantucket; Ist 5th day, 10th month, Sandwich. Fulmouth-On the 5th day before the 1st 6th day in the month, at Windham, in the 2d and 9th months ; at Falmouth in the 6th, and at Durham in the 11th. Smith field-On the 2d 5th day, 8th month, Bolton; 2d 5th day, Ilth month, Northbridge ; 2d 5th day, 24 month, Smithfield; 2d 5th day, 5th month, Northbridge. Vassalborough-On the 5th day before the 2d 6th day, 2d, 9th, and 11th months; and the 5th day before the last 6th day, 5th month, Vassalborough. Dorer, N. H.-On the 4th 5th day in the month ; at Dover, in the 4th; at North Berwick, in the 8th ; at Sandwich, in the 10th; and at Rochester, upper meeting, (Meaderborough,) in the 1st.

UNCURRENT AND BROKEN BANK BILLS IN NEW ENGLAND.

Corrected by J. W. Clarke & Co., Globe Bank Building, Boston. MASSACHUSETřS. UNCORRENT.-Nahant Bank, Lym. Bank of Norfolk, Roxbury. Commonwealth, Franklin, Lafayette, Middling Interest, and Fulton Banks, Boston. Chelsea Bank, Chelsea.' Farmer's and Mechanic's Bank, Adams, South Village. Newburyport Bank, Newbury port. Closed, &c.-Berkshire Bank, Pittsfield. Essex Bank of Salem. Farmer's Bank of Belchertown. Hampshire Bank, Northampton. Mendon Bank, Mendon. Phænix Bank, Nantucket. Sutton Bank, Wilkinsonville. Roxbury Bank, Roxbury. Kilby Bank, Boston.

MAINE UNCURRENT. — Mercantile, Bangor Commercial, People's, Globe, and Lafayette Banks, Bangor. Old Town, and Stillwater Canal Banks, Orono. Washington County, Calais, and St. Croix Banks, Calais. Westbrook Bank, Westbrook. Frank fort Bank, Frankfort. Georgia Lumber Co., Portland. Agricultural Bank, Brewer. Citizens Bank, Augusta. Closed, &c.-City Bank, Portland. Winthrop Bank, Win. throp. Damariscoita Bank, Noblesboro'. Bangor Bank. Bath Bank, Bath.' Cas. tine Bank, Castine. Hallowell and Augusta, and Kennebec Banks, Hallowell. Kennebunk Bank, Kennebunk. Passamaquoddy Bank, Eastport. 'Waterville Bank, Waterville. Wiscasset Bank, Wiscasset.

NEW HAMPSHIRE. UNCURRENT.-Concord Bank, Concord. CLOSED, &c.Hillsborough Bank, Hillsborough. Wolfeborough Bank, Wolfeborough.

VERMONT. UNCURRENT.-Bennington Bank, Bennington. CLOSED, &c -Essex Bank, Guildhall.

RHODE ISLAND. UNCURRENT.Scituate Bank, Scituate. Farmer's and Me chanic's Bank, Pawtucket. CLOSED, &c.-Burrillville Bank, Burrillville. Farmer's Exchange Bank, Gloucester. Mount Hope Bank, Bristol.

CONNECTICUT. CLOSED, &c. - Derby Bank, Derby. Eagle Bank, New Haven.

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