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1. We stand upon that ever-memorable spot,* where, at the outbreak of the American Revolution, in the first battletwilight of a new star dawning upon American hopps, that lofty spirit of patriotism was displayed, which has exalted our country to its present height of greatness. This spirit was of no common mold, — no mere, naked, uninformed natural impulse: it was an impulse seasoned by knowledge, and enlightened by foresight.

2. It comprehended a rich and vast throng of associations, derived from a long experience of civilization. It knew well the inexhaustible resources of the New World, and foresaw its rising greatness in the sunshine of peace; and, it therefore toiled at the battle of Bunker Hill,* not alone for the America of the Revolution, but for the America of all time.

3. It fought that fight, in order that the people whom it inspired, might not only gloriously vindicate their own fundamental rights, but plant, for posterity, as well as for themselves, far beyond the tornado's power, that Tree of Liberty, whose is the golden fruitage of a national civilization, happiness, and glory, which, it was hoped, would endure forever.

4. To a spirit of patriotism thus pure, thus heroic, thu3 enlightened, — here, upon this spot, its early home, its bloodstained altar, but not, thank God, its grave, — here, let us all bend in reverence, as to the Mecca f of our civil faith, oiir

* Bchb'er Hill. See note, p. 211.

t Mec'ca, the most celebrated city of Arabia, and the seat of the Mohammedan religion. It is said to contain the three holiest things in the Mohammedan world, — tha Well Zemzem, the Eaba or House of God, and the Black Stone; and hence the devo tees of this religion are taught that an annual pilgrimage there is one of their most tiered duties and meritorious acta


tutelary shrine, the trysting-place of our republican love,—i here, let us bend, and drink deep draughts from its inspiration!

5. Calling to us, from the bones of those patriots who here immolated their lives, — pointing to us, with a finger blazing as of sapphire, from their tombs, —this spirit bids us love the land that gave us birth. "The laws that protect you," it says, "the institutions which form you, the customs you obey, the habits in which you take comfort, the home histories, the dear traditions, and legends, in which you rejoice, — these are your country.

6. "The skies you see above, the earth you gaze upon, those sVeet spots upon its surface — especially where you drew the first luscious breath of life, and were hushed by the soft-flowing lullabies of home — the waters that refresh that natal earth, the living things that dwell upon it, the sustenance it yields, the fruits with which it abounds, the songs with which it is vocal, — these are your country.

7. "The villages, the towns, the cities you inhabit, the family loves you cherish, the pious devotions to which you cling, the social ties that bind you, the anxieties you indulge, the sorrows you feel, the hopes that warm you into life, the good deeds you perform, and those accomplished by your fellows, the good names you establish, and those established around you, — these are your country.

8. "Your country it is that wrapped its folds around you, when first you saw the light. With its loving folds it has encircled you ever since; and it will enshroud you gently with them when you die. Make your country, then, the idol of your heart. Should it acquire new honors, glory in them; should it receive wounds, which Heaven forefend, approach them as you would the wounds of a parent, —' with pious awe, and trembling solicitude,' and tenderest ministration. Die for your country, should peril ever require the sacrifice!"

9. Thus does the spirit of patriotism appeal to us from this hallowed spot. May we all respond to the appeal! May the shadows of the patriots, who here offered up their lives, float ever through our households! Allying ourselves ever closely to them, — " the boldest and most noble men of progress that the world has ever seen," may we ally them, through us, to generations yet to come, — we being, in the sublime language of that immortal man who inaugurated the corner-stone of this proud monument, "but links in that great chain of being, which, beginning with the origin of our race, runs onward through its successive generations, binding together the past, the present, and the future, and terminating at last, with the consummation of all things earthly, at the throne of God!"

Questions.—1,2. Wh'at place is referred to in thejirst paragraph J 1, 2. What event took place there? Can you mention any of the causes that occasioned this battle? Who commanded the colonists in the conflict? Who led the English forces? What distinguished patriot and scholar was killed at that time? 9. What have the patriots who offered mp their lrves in this contest been called? Who laid the cornerstone of Bunker Hill Monument? For what purpose was- this monument raised? 9. What words of Webster close this piece?

Errors. — Du'cut for duc'at; ap-pear/uth for ap-pear'eth ; sec'unZ for aec'ond; thttn for than,


[Characters. Duke, the chief magistrate of Venice. Antonio, a merchant of Venice. Shylock, here represented as a Jew t who had loaned Antonio three thousand ducats, and taken from him a bond, by which he was entitled to one pound of the merchant's flesh, nearest his heart,.in case the payment was not made at the specified time. Bassanio, Salanio, and Gratiano, the friends of Antonio. Portia, here acting as a Doctor of Laws. Antonio having forfeited his bond, this extract, from the drama entitled the "Merchant of Venice," represents his trial before the Duke. Before reading it in the class, study the character and the language of each speaker faithfully. See Rule, page 125.]

* Vrn'ice, formerly, for many centuries, one of the first maritime and commercial cities in the world. At the present time, a fortified city of Austrian Italy, and one of the two capitals of the Lombardo-Venetian Kingdom.

t See note, p. 70.

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1. Duke. What! is Antonio here?

2. Ant. Ready; so please your grace.

3. Duke. 'Go, one, and call the Jew into the court.

• 4. Sal. He's ready at the door: he comes, my lord.

[Enter Shylock.]

5. Duke. Make room; and let him stand before our face. Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too,

That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice

To the last hour of act; and then, 't is thought,

Thou 'It show thy mercy, and remorse, more strange

Than is thy strange, apparent cruelty;

And, where thou now exact'st the penalty — .

Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh —

Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture,

But, touched with human gentleness and love,

Forgive a moiety of the principal;

Glancing* an eye of pity on his losses,

That have of late brought down such ruin on him, —

Enough to make a royal merchant bankrupt.

We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.

6. Shy. I have possessed your grace of what I purpose And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn

To have the due and forfeit of my bond:

If you deny it, let the danger light

Upon your charter, and your city's freedom.

You '11 ask me, why I rather choose to have

A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive

Three thousand ducats. I '11 not answer that;

But, say, it is my humor. Is it answered?

What if my house be troubled with a rat,

And I be pleased to give ten thousand ducats

To have it baned? What, are you answered yet?

7. Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man, To excuse the current of thy cruelty.

8. Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my answer,

9. Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not love?

10. Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not kill?

11. Bass. Every offense is not a hate at first.

12. Shy. What! wouldst thou have a serpent sting thee twice?

13. Ant. I pray you, think, — you question with the Jew. You may as well go stand upon the beach,

And bid the main flood bate his usual height;
You may as well use questions with the wolf,
Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb;
You may as well forbid the mountain pines
To wag their high tops, and to make no noise,
When they are fretted with the gusts of heaven,
As try to melt his Jewish heart to kindness.
Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will.

14. Bass. For thy three 'thousand ducats, here are six.

15. Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats Were in six parts, and every part a ducat,

I would not draw them: I would have my bond.

16. Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rendering none?

17. Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no wrong? The pound of flesfcp which I demand of him,

Is dearly bought: 't is mine; and I will have it.

[Enter Portia, dressed like a Doctor of Laws.]

18. Duke. Give me your hand. Came you from old


19. Por. I.did, my lord.

20. Duke. You are welcome: take your place. Are you acquainted with the cause in question?

21. Por. I am informed thoroughly of the case. Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew?

22. Duke. Antonio and Shylock, both stand forth.

23. Por. [To shylock ] Is your name Shylock?

24. Shy. Shylock is my name.

25. Por. (ffo Ant.] You are obnoxious to him, are you not T

26. Ant. Ay; so he says.

27. Por. Do you confess the bond?

28. Ant. I do.

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