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THE SELF-TAUGHT BOY. — Pauley's Magazine.

[Before or after reading this exercise on the preceding table, the pupil may first name the Italicized combination in the given word and tell the divisions of the alphabet to which the letters belong, and then proceed 'with the representatives of pure elements, modified elements, and substitutes, as directed in Exercise III. He may next spell the combination by elements and pronounce it correctly, and then spell by elements and correctly pronounce the word in which the combination is contained.]

1. Edmund Stone,* a celebrated mathematician, is an extraoraVnary instance of a man, uninstructeJ and self-taught, acowiring, by dint of perseverance and genius, a borough knowledge of /angrwages and science. • His father was gardener to the oJwkef of Argyle.J

2. Young Stone was eight years old oeforc he learned to read. A servant Aaving by cAance taught him. the tetters of the alphabet, nothing more seemed wanting to expand his genius. 'He applied himself to study; and, by the time he was eighteen, he had attained, without a teacher, a perfect knowledge of geometry.

3. The duke of Argyle, walking one day in his garden, saw a Latin copy of Sir Isaac Newton's § celebrated work, the Priricipia, lying on the grass. He called a servant to pick it up and carry it to his library, from which he supposed it to have been brought. The young gardener told the duke that the Jook belonged to him.

4. "To you I" replied the duke. "Do you understand geometry, Latin, and Newton?"

* Ed'mund Stone was a native of Scotland. He became an eminent mathematician, and published a Mathematical Dictionary, a work on Fluxions, a treatise on Euclid, and other mathematical works. He died in 1703.

t Puke, in Great Britain, a title of honor or nobility next below that of prince.

X Ar-gyle', a maratime county in the southern part of Scotland. Population about 90,000.

§ Sir I'saac New'ton was born in Woolsthorpe in Lincolnshire, Eng., and was the greatest philosopher and mathematician of his age, or perhaps of any age. He died Karch, 1727, in the 8oth year of his age.

6. "I know a ftttle of them," answered the youth with a look of simplicity, arising from a profound ignorance of his own <alcnts and knowledge.

6. The duke was surprised; and he entered into conversation with the young mathematician. He asked him several questions, and was astonished at the force, the accuracy, and the frankness of his answers. ,

7. "But Iiow," asked the duke, "came you by the knowledge of these things'!"

8. Stone replied, "One. of your grace's servants taught me to read about ten years since; and what need one know more, in order to learn any thing he wishes?"

9. The duke's curiosity was still more excited; and he requested him to relate how he had become so learned. "I 'fast learned to read," said the youth. The masons were then, at work upon your house. I.went near them one day, and saw that the architect wsed a rule and compasses, and made calculations. *

10. "I inquired what were the meaning and use of these things; and I was in/ormed that there was a science called Arithmetic. I jtwrchased a book of arithmetic, and learned it. I was told that there was- another science called Geometry. I bought the elementary books, and learned geometry.

11. "By reading, I found that there were good, works on these sciences in Latin. So I bought a dictionary, and learned Latin. I understood, also, that there were excellent books of the same kind in French; and I learned that language in the same way.

12. "And this, my Zord, is simply what I have <fone. It seems to me that we may learn every thing when we once know the letters of the alphabet."

Questions.—How may this exercise be studied? What combination ia Italicized in the word celebrated, in the first line? To what divisions of the alphabet do the Italicized letters belong? Give the element of each, and tell whether it is the representative of a pure or modified element, or is a substitute, &c, &c. Spell the combination by elements, and pronounce it correctly. Now spell the entire word by elements, and enunciate each element properly in the pronunciation. What combinations are Italicized in the word mathematician, in the first line? &c-, &o.

13. The duke was delighted with this account; and he gave the young man an employment which left him sufficient leisure to cultivate his favorite pursuits. He discovered the same genius for music, painting, architecture, and all the sciences which depend ,on calculations and proportions.

Questions Continued. — Point out some combinations which ere not marked. What may you learn from the example of Edmund Stone? Who was he, and what did he become? What is a duke? TFhat is said of Newton 1


l£f. Table Op Sub-vocal And Aspirate Combinations.

Note. — The following table embraces a great variety of the combina-' tions of the sub-vocals and aspirates, all of which, and also the words in which they occur, are found in the book. The class should be frequently exercised upon this table, both individually and in concert. The letters before the colon and dash indicate the sound to be given to the combinations in Italics^the elements of which are to be clearly and distinctly enunciated.

1. Bd:—inscribed, robed, Tabbed. Bl: — Wast, nobler, valuaSZe, marble, semWance. Bid : —gabbled, grumbled, enabled, -warbled. Biz: — tables, trembles, syllaWes, vegetaWcs. Br: — braces, brought, brush. Bz: — ribs, shrubs, prescribes.

2. Ch:—vratch, rich, cheer{\x\. Cht:—scratcAed, searcAed, reached, -vouched.

.* 3. Dl: — paddZe, riddZe, idZeness. Did: — swaddZed, cradled, huddled. Dlz : — -paddles, saddles, huddles. Dn :—. hidden, trodden. Dnd : — reddened, -pardoned. Dnz : — gladdens, burdens. Dr: — children, drudgery. Dst-.—. didst, shouldst. Dth:—breads. Dz:— heads, provides, methods.

4. Fl: — flight, tri/Zing, phlegm. Fid: — stifled, unruf^ed, Flz: — baffles, rifles. Fn: — often, softening. Fr: —frame, fringe, diapAragm. Fs: — proofs, scoffs, blu^s. Ft: — after, lofty, cuffed. Fth ; — fifth. Fts: — the/ts, shifts.

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