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2. How do those globes of light exist on high, —
S. This earth, — how hangs she in this airy space,
4. How doth this wedded mass her balance keep?
". How from cold water, from the air and earth,
D. And man, — the beautiful, the strong, the free,
Higher than earth, and placed upon that shrine
7. God, Light, and Life, — eternal and the same! .
(l jfl»TioNS. — 1. What is the subject of this lesson? 1. From what do these myste ries -f ifes;? 1-3. What are they? 4. What is meant by "this wedded mass "? 4. Describe it. 6. What things are mentioned in this stanza? 6. What is said of man? 7. How are these mysteries solved? Who is the Source of all things ? — Which kind of (i-t* Sions prevail in this lesson? With what inflection should they be read?
8. TnouanT'lESS,. wither, reflection. 3. Con'quer, to overcome.
2. Pon'der, to weigh U ti'e mind. 4. Po'lar, pertaining to the pole-star*
2. A-tone', to make satisfaction for. 4. Be-tide', to come to pass.
2. Iucb'less, rash, inconsiderate, 4. Con'flicts, strifes, contests.
Errors.—Geard for guard; rtva**d for round; wal for well} wnd for And; eon'kwetfor conquer (konk'er).
HASTE NOT, REo'T NOT. — Goethe.*
1. Without haste! without rest!
* Goethe (gurt;her) (John Wolfgang von) was born August 28, 1749, at Frankforton-the-Maine. He was the greatest modern poet of Germany: and he justly occupied an eminent place in European literature. He united, In an extraordinary degree, power of imagination and power of expression, and was pre-eminejitly the poet of phv losophy. He died at Weimar on the 22d of March, 1833.
Bear it with thee as a spell;
2. Haste, not; — let no thoughtless deed
3. Rest not; — life is sweeping by,
When these forms have passed away.'
4. Haste not! rest not! calmly wait,
Duty be thy polar guide ; — •
5. So, 'mid the contest and toil of life,
My soul! when the billows of rage and strife
^motions —Wio was Goethe? 1. What is the motto here mentioned? 1. What should you do with it? 2. What advice is here given? 2. Why should you not haste? 8. Why should you not rest? 3. What should you leave behind? 4. What should be your guide? 4. What should you do? 5. What comparison is in this stanza ? — What elocutionary rules are illustrated by this piece?
1. Vol-ca'noes, burning mountains.
2. E-rup'tiox, a violent emission of flames
and lava from a volcano.
3. Cra'ter, the mouth of a volcano. 3. Orev'ic-es, cracks, fissures.
4. in-tEr-Mrr'trnG, ceasing for a time.
Errors. — Sing-'lar for sin'g-w-lar; voy'Ient for vi'o-lent; prin'ci-pul for prin'ci-pal; reg'lar-ry for reg'u-lar-ly; hitke for hcig-Ai (hite); vc'd-dunse for ac'ci-dents,
THE GEYSERS.* —Nordhoff. .
1. Iceland! is noted for the great number of its volcanoes and hot springs. There are thirty known volcanoes; and eight of these have been active within the last hundred years'.
2. It is singular that in the southeastern part of the island, where the ice has long been accumulated in the greatest quantities, the eruptions have been most violent and destructive. The last eruption was in 184G; and Hecla on that occasion did much damage.
3. In the vicinity of the volcanoes, almost the entire surface of the ground is covered with hot springs, and small craters and crevices, from which issue smoke and steam. The most remarkable of the boiling springs are the Geysers.
4. These throw out, at intervals, large streams of water, or mixed mud and water. Sometimes large stones are hurled high in air with the water, such is the force of the fountain. I will give you some account of the principal one of these intermitting fountains.
5. The Great Geyser, as it is called, is situated in the midst of about one hundred other hot and mud springs, of all sizes and shapes. The form of the Great Geyser itself is that of an immense saucer-shaped bowl or basin, perforated at the bottom, the hole extending far into the ground, through which boiling water is constantly ascending.
* Gey'sers, (gy'serz,) the name of several natural fountains in Iceland, which spoW forth boiling water to a great height, t Ice land, a large island in the North Atlantic Ocean.
G. The bowl, which is always filled with water, is about sixty feet across, and four feet deep. The aperture at the bottom of the bowl is from ten to fifteen feet in diameter, and is said to run down perpendicularly nearly seventy feet .
7. The Geysers are not always in full operation. Some play at regular intervals of several hours. The Great Geyser, however, has no regularly recurring periods of display. Its eruptions occur sometimes several times in a day, and at others but once in two or three days.
8. They are preceded by an unusual agitation of the water in the bowl, and a succession of subterranean explosions, which can be heard at some distance. When these have continued several minutes, the water is projected into the air in a massive column twelve or fourteen feet in diameter, — the entire size of the orifice whence it issues!
9. The average height to which the top of' this column reaches has been ascertained to be ninety feet. Just think of a body of water ninety feet high, and more than forty feet in circumference! It continues playing for six or eight minutes; and a loud, roaring noise accompanies the exhibition.
10. In the numerous boiling springs, food can be, and sometimes is, cooked. Meat, potatoes, eggs, or any thing else which can be fitly prepared by boiling, will, if placed in the spring for a few minutes, be perfectly cooked. Some of the springs, however, are sulphurous; and such would give an unpleasant taste to food boiled in them.
11. In many places in the vicinity of the springs, the ground is so soft that persons walking over it are in danger of breaking through. Of course, when such accidents happen, —. and they sometimes do, — the person is more or less scalded by the steam which rushes out wherever an opening is made.
Questions. — What are the Geysers? 1. For what U Iceland noted? What is said of Iceland? 2. What 1S mentioned as singular? 3. With what is the ground covered near the volcanoes? 4. What do these Geysers do? 5. 6. What is 6aid of the Great Geyser? 7,8. Describe it previous to an eruption. 8, 9. Describe the column of water projected. 10. What may be cooked in these Fprings? 11. What is said of the ground near the springs 1 — What is the character of the composition of this piece?