Page images
PDF

2. How do those globes of light exist on high, —
Each in itself a bright immensity?
How from th' infinite distance where they reign,
Each circled with a planetary train,
Comes, through the mighty void, the point of light
Which marks their being to our finite sight?

S. This earth, — how hangs she in this airy space,
Forever, with her stupendous power and grace,
Revolving in her huge apportioned way,
Since first she felt the sun's attracting ray?

4. How doth this wedded mass her balance keep?
What hand sustains her in the vaulted deep, —-
Her frame of iron, and her heart of fire,
With mountains vast, and seas for her attire,
Oft veiled by clouds of every form and hue,
Light-floating in the atmospheric blue,
Bearing the rains, the thunders, and the storms.
And gemmed with wondrous meteoric forms,
While round her play mysterious polar lights,
And shooting-stars add splendor to her nights?

". How from cold water, from the air and earth,
Came substance, hue and fragrance, into birth?
And all the animate and beauteous things
That move around us with sustaining wings,
Or yoise their forms- upon the watery deep,
Or walk upon the earth, or glide, or creep?

D. And man, — the beautiful, the strong, the free,
Heaven's great mystery ! — whence is he?
Yes; whence is he whose intellect has trod
The path of wisdom, and learned of God?
E'en where the light of wisdom hath not shone,
The human intellect hath reared a throne

Higher than earth, and placed upon that shrine
Such image as it deemed were all divine,
Endowed it with the passions and the sway
Which man might fear, and worship, and obey.
Yes; in the lowest place that man has trod,
His darkened intellect has sought a God.

7. God, Light, and Life, — eternal and the same! .
Father of spirits! we have learned thy name;
And, by thine all-pervading influence taught,
We see thee in whate'er thy power hath wrought.
The intellect which thou, O God, hast given,
Looks up through Nature to her Source in heaven,
And reads in earth, in ocean, and in air,
Thy power, thy love, thy beauty everywhere.

(l jfl»TioNS. — 1. What is the subject of this lesson? 1. From what do these myste ries -f ifes;? 1-3. What are they? 4. What is meant by "this wedded mass "? 4. Describe it. 6. What things are mentioned in this stanza? 6. What is said of man? 7. How are these mysteries solved? Who is the Source of all things ? — Which kind of (i-t* Sions prevail in this lesson? With what inflection should they be read?

LESSON LXIII.^y

8. TnouanT'lESS,. wither, reflection. 3. Con'quer, to overcome.

2. Pon'der, to weigh U ti'e mind. 4. Po'lar, pertaining to the pole-star*

2. A-tone', to make satisfaction for. 4. Be-tide', to come to pass.

2. Iucb'less, rash, inconsiderate, 4. Con'flicts, strifes, contests.

Errors.—Geard for guard; rtva**d for round; wal for well} wnd for And; eon'kwetfor conquer (konk'er).

HASTE NOT, REo'T NOT. — Goethe.*

1. Without haste! without rest!
Bind the motto to thy breast;

* Goethe (gurt;her) (John Wolfgang von) was born August 28, 1749, at Frankforton-the-Maine. He was the greatest modern poet of Germany: and he justly occupied an eminent place in European literature. He united, In an extraordinary degree, power of imagination and power of expression, and was pre-eminejitly the poet of phv losophy. He died at Weimar on the 22d of March, 1833.

Bear it with thee as a spell;
Storm or sunshine, guard it well!
Heed not flowers that round thee bloom;
Bear it onward to the tomb!

2. Haste, not; — let no thoughtless deed
Mar for e'er the spirit's speed:
Ponder well and know the right,
Onward then with all thy might:
Haste not; — years can ne'er atone
For one reckless action done!

3. Rest not; — life is sweeping by,
Do not dare, before you die;
Something mighty and sublime
Leave behind to conquer time;
Glorious't is to live for aye,

When these forms have passed away.'

4. Haste not! rest not! calmly wait,
Meekly bear the storms of fate;

Duty be thy polar guide ; — •
Do the right, whate'er betide!
Haste not! rest not! Conflicts past,
God shall crown thy work at last.

5. So, 'mid the contest and toil of life,

My soul! when the billows of rage and strife
Are tossing high, and the heavenly blue
Is shrouded by vapors of somber hue, —
Like the petrel wheeling o'er foam and spray,
Onward and upward pursue thy way.

^motions Wio was Goethe? 1. What is the motto here mentioned? 1. What should you do with it? 2. What advice is here given? 2. Why should you not haste? 8. Why should you not rest? 3. What should you leave behind? 4. What should be your guide? 4. What should you do? 5. What comparison is in this stanza ? — What elocutionary rules are illustrated by this piece?

LESSON LXIV.

1. Vol-ca'noes, burning mountains.

2. E-rup'tiox, a violent emission of flames

and lava from a volcano.

3. Cra'ter, the mouth of a volcano. 3. Orev'ic-es, cracks, fissures.

4. in-tEr-Mrr'trnG, ceasing for a time.
6. Di-am'e-ter, distance through the cental
8. Ag-i-ta'tion, a shaking or trembling.
8. Sub-ter-ra'ke-an, under ground.
8. Pro-ject'ed, thrown out.

Errors. — Sing-'lar for sin'g-w-lar; voy'Ient for vi'o-lent; prin'ci-pul for prin'ci-pal; reg'lar-ry for reg'u-lar-ly; hitke for hcig-Ai (hite); vc'd-dunse for ac'ci-dents,

THE GEYSERS.* —Nordhoff. .

1. Iceland! is noted for the great number of its volcanoes and hot springs. There are thirty known volcanoes; and eight of these have been active within the last hundred years'.

2. It is singular that in the southeastern part of the island, where the ice has long been accumulated in the greatest quantities, the eruptions have been most violent and destructive. The last eruption was in 184G; and Hecla on that occasion did much damage.

3. In the vicinity of the volcanoes, almost the entire surface of the ground is covered with hot springs, and small craters and crevices, from which issue smoke and steam. The most remarkable of the boiling springs are the Geysers.

4. These throw out, at intervals, large streams of water, or mixed mud and water. Sometimes large stones are hurled high in air with the water, such is the force of the fountain. I will give you some account of the principal one of these intermitting fountains.

5. The Great Geyser, as it is called, is situated in the midst of about one hundred other hot and mud springs, of all sizes and shapes. The form of the Great Geyser itself is that of an immense saucer-shaped bowl or basin, perforated at the bottom, the hole extending far into the ground, through which boiling water is constantly ascending.

* Gey'sers, (gy'serz,) the name of several natural fountains in Iceland, which spoW forth boiling water to a great height, t Ice land, a large island in the North Atlantic Ocean.

G. The bowl, which is always filled with water, is about sixty feet across, and four feet deep. The aperture at the bottom of the bowl is from ten to fifteen feet in diameter, and is said to run down perpendicularly nearly seventy feet .

7. The Geysers are not always in full operation. Some play at regular intervals of several hours. The Great Geyser, however, has no regularly recurring periods of display. Its eruptions occur sometimes several times in a day, and at others but once in two or three days.

8. They are preceded by an unusual agitation of the water in the bowl, and a succession of subterranean explosions, which can be heard at some distance. When these have continued several minutes, the water is projected into the air in a massive column twelve or fourteen feet in diameter, — the entire size of the orifice whence it issues!

9. The average height to which the top of' this column reaches has been ascertained to be ninety feet. Just think of a body of water ninety feet high, and more than forty feet in circumference! It continues playing for six or eight minutes; and a loud, roaring noise accompanies the exhibition.

10. In the numerous boiling springs, food can be, and sometimes is, cooked. Meat, potatoes, eggs, or any thing else which can be fitly prepared by boiling, will, if placed in the spring for a few minutes, be perfectly cooked. Some of the springs, however, are sulphurous; and such would give an unpleasant taste to food boiled in them.

11. In many places in the vicinity of the springs, the ground is so soft that persons walking over it are in danger of breaking through. Of course, when such accidents happen, —. and they sometimes do, — the person is more or less scalded by the steam which rushes out wherever an opening is made.

Questions. What are the Geysers? 1. For what U Iceland noted? What is said of Iceland? 2. What 1S mentioned as singular? 3. With what is the ground covered near the volcanoes? 4. What do these Geysers do? 5. 6. What is 6aid of the Great Geyser? 7,8. Describe it previous to an eruption. 8, 9. Describe the column of water projected. 10. What may be cooked in these Fprings? 11. What is said of the ground near the springs 1 — What is the character of the composition of this piece?

« PreviousContinue »